List of women in mathematics
This is a list of women who have made noteworthy contributions to or achievements in mathematics.^{[1]}^{[2]}^{[3]} These include mathematical research, mathematics education,^{[1]}^{:xii} the history and philosophy of mathematics, public outreach, and mathematics contests.
A
- Tatyana Afanasyeva (1876–1964), Russian–Dutch researcher in statistical mechanics, randomness, and geometry education
- Maria Gaetana Agnesi (1718–1799), Italian mathematician and philosopher, possibly the first female mathematics professor
- Ilka Agricola (1973–), German expert on differential geometry and its applications in mathematical physics
- Dorit Aharonov (1970–), Israeli specialist in quantum computing
- Beatrice Aitchison (1908–1997), American topologist who became a leading transportation economist in the US civil service
- Grace Alele-Williams (1932–), first woman to lead a Nigerian university
- Stephanie B. Alexander, American differential geometer
- Florence Eliza Allen (1876–1960), second female and fourth overall mathematics PhD from the University of Wisconsin
- Linda J. S. Allen, American mathematician and mathematical biologist
- Elizabeth S. Allman, American mathematical biologist
- Ann S. Almgren, American applied mathematician who works on computational simulations of supernovae and white dwarfs
- Yvette Amice (1936–1993), French expert on p-adic analysis who became president of the French mathematical society
- T. A. Sarasvati Amma (1918–2000), Historian of ancient Indian mathematics
- Astrid an Huef, New Zealand expert on functional analysis, president of New Zealand Mathematical Society
- Nalini Anantharaman (1976–), French mathematical physicist, winner of the Henri Poincaré Prize
- Annie Dale Biddle Andrews (1885–1940), algebraic geometer, first female PhD from the University of California, Berkeley
- Grace Andrews (mathematician) (1869–1951), one of only two women listed in the first edition of American Men of Science
- Kathleen Antonelli (1921–2006), Irish–American programmer of ENIAC, the first general-purpose electronic digital computer
- Maria Angela Ardinghelli (1730–1825), Italian translator of Stephen Hales, mathematician, physicist and noble
- Marie-Claude Arnaud, French expert in dynamical systems
- Natascha Artin Brunswick (1909–2003), German–American mathematician, photographer, and journal editor
- Winifred Asprey (1917–2007), helped establish the first computer science lab at Vassar
- Michèle Audin, French researcher in symplectic geometry
- Tamara Awerbuch-Friedlander, American biomathematician and public health scientist
- Hertha Ayrton (1854–1923), English engineer, mathematician, physicist, and inventor, winner of the Hughes Medal
B
- Wealthy Babcock (1895–1990), American mathematician, namesake of Kansas University mathematics library
- Hajer Bahouri, Franco-Tunisian mathematician interested in partial differential equations
- Rose Baker, British physicist, mathematician, and statistician
- Viviane Baladi (1963– ), Swiss-French expert on dynamical systems
- Deborah Loewenberg Ball, American mathematics education researcher
- Hélène Barcelo (1954– ), mathematician from Québec, editor-in-chief of Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A
- Grace Marie Bareis (1875–1962), American group theorist, first mathematics Ph.D. at Ohio State, and founding member of the MAA
- Nina Bari (1901–1961), Soviet mathematician known for her work on trigonometric series
- Ruth Aaronson Bari (1917–2005), American mathematician known for her work in graph theory and homomorphisms
- Mildred Barnard (1908–2000), Australian biometrician, mathematician and statistician
- Janet Barnett, American mathematician known for integrating the history of mathematics into her teaching
- Ida Barney (1886–1982), American mathematics professor and astronomer
- Charlotte Barnum (1860–1934), mathematician and social activist, first female mathematics PhD from Yale
- Lida Barrett (1927– ), second female president of the MAA
- Jean Bartik (1924–2011), one of the original programmers for the ENIAC computer
- Estelle Basor, American mathematician interested in operator theory and the theory of random matrices
- Grace Bates (1914–1996), one of few women in the United States to be granted a PhD in mathematics in the 1940s
- Patricia E. Bauman, studies the mathematics of liquid crystals and superconductors
- Agnes Sime Baxter (1870–1917), second Canadian and fourth North American woman to earn a mathematics PhD
- Eva Bayer-Fluckiger (1951– ), Hungarian-Swiss mathematician, proved Serre's conjecture on Galois cohomology of classical groups
- May Beenken (1901–1988), American mathematician
- Alexandra Bellow (1935– ), Romanian researcher in ergodic theory, probability and analysis
- Margherita Piazzola Beloch (1879–1976), Italian researcher in algebraic geometry, algebraic topology and photogrammetry
- Suzan Rose Benedict (1873–1942), first woman to earn a PhD from the University of Michigan
- Georgia Benkart, American expert on Lie algebras
- Sylvie Benzoni, French expert in fluid dynamics and partial differential equations, director of the Institut Henri Poincaré
- Bonnie Berger, American mathematician and computer scientist, researcher in computational molecular biology
- Marsha Berger (1953– ), American researcher in numerical analysis, computational fluid dynamics, and parallel computing
- Nicole Berline (1944– ), French researcher on index theory of elliptic differential operators
- Natalia Berloff, professor of applied mathematics at the University of Cambridge
- Dorothy Lewis Bernstein (1914–1988), applied mathematician, first female president of the MAA
- Valérie Berthé (1968– ), French researcher in symbolic dynamics, combinatorics on words, and discrete geometry
- Andrea Bertozzi (1965– ), American researcher in partial differential equations, studies mathematics of urban crime
- Vasanti N. Bhat-Nayak (1938–2009), professor of combinatorics and head of mathematics at the University of Mumbai
- Ushadevi Bhosle (1949–), Indian expert on vector bundles
- Miggy Biller, British mathematician and mathematics educator
- Sara Billey (1968– ), American algebraic combinatorialist
- Joan Birman (1927– ), American braid and knot theorist
- Gertrude Blanch (1897–1996), American numerical analyst
- Lenore Blum (1942– ), distinguished professor of computer science at Carnegie Mellon University
- Jo Boaler, British–American promoter of mathematics education reform and equitable mathematics classrooms
- Mary L. Boas (1917–2010), author of Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences
- Natashia Boland (1967–), Australian mathematician and operations researcher
- Alicia Boole Stott (1860–1940), Irish–English four-dimensional geometer
- Mary Everest Boole (1832–1916), self-taught author of didactic works on mathematics
- Liliana Borcea, Romanian–American applied mathematician, expert on wave propagation
- Valentina Borok (1931–2004), Soviet Ukrainian mathematician who studied partial differential equations
- Celia Grillo Borromeo (1684–1777), Genovese mathematician and scientist, discovered Clélie curve
- Maria Fernanda Botelho, Portuguese–American functional analyst
- Mireille Bousquet-Mélou (1967– ), French combinatorialist
- Sylvia Bozeman (1947– ), African-American mathematician and academic administrator
- Lillian K. Bradley (1921– ), first African–American woman to earn a doctorate in any subject at the University of Texas
- Dorothy Brady (1903–1977), American mathematician and economist
- Bodil Branner, founder of European Women in Mathematics, chair of the Danish Mathematical Society
- Hel Braun (1914–1986), German number theorist
- Marilyn Breen, American geometer
- Susanne Brenner, expert in the numerical solution of differential equations
- Kathrin Bringmann (1977– ), German number theorist, expert on mock theta functions, winner of SASTRA Ramanujan Prize
- Barbara M. Brizuela, American researcher on mathematics education in early childhood and elementary school
- Lia Bronsard (1963–), Canadian expert on interface dynamics, president of Canadian Mathematical Society
- Susan Brown, English fluid mechanics researcher, possibly first female applied mathematics professor in UK
- Marjorie Lee Browne (1914–1979), one of the first African-American women to receive a doctorate in mathematics
- Sophie Bryant (1850–1922), Anglo-Irish mathematician, educator, feminist and activist
- Annalisa Buffa (1973– ), Italian specialist in numerical analysis for partial differential equations
- Regina S. Burachik, Argentine–Australian researcher in convex analysis, functional analysis and non-smooth analysis
- Leone Burton (1936–2007), British researcher in ethnomathematics, founded book series on women in mathematics
- Ida Busbridge (1908–1988), studied integral equations and radiative transfer, first female mathematics fellow at Oxford
- Margaret K. Butler (1924–2013), computer programmer, director of the National Energy Software Center at Argonne
C
- Angelina Cabras (1898–?), Italian mathematician, physicist, and theoretical mechanics professor
- Maria-Carme Calderer, Spanish–American researcher in applied mathematics
- Nora Calderwood (1896–1985), Scottish mathematician, namesake of Birmingham University's Calderwood Prize
- Lucia Caporaso, Italian algebraic geometer
- Sunčica Čanić, Croatian–American expert in modeling the cardiovascular system and devices for treating it
- Ana Caraiani, Romanian–American IMO medalist, Putnam fellow, expert in algebraic number theory and the Langlands program
- Sally Elizabeth Carlson, first woman to obtain a doctorate in mathematics at the University of Minnesota
- Mary Cartwright (1900–1998), British mathematician, one of the first to analyze a dynamical system with chaos
- María Andrea Casamayor (1700–1780), only 18th century Spanish scientist whose work is still extant
- Bettye Anne Case, American mathematician and historian of mathematics
- Emma Castelnuovo (1913–2014), Italian mathematics educator and textbook author
- Beatrice Mabel Cave-Browne-Cave (1874–1947), English pioneer in the mathematics of aeronautics
- Frances Cave-Browne-Cave (1876–1965), English mathematician and computer, taught at Girton College, Cambridge
- Anny Cazenave, French space geodesist, pioneer in satellite altimetry
- Zoia Ceaușescu (1949–2006), Romanian functional analyst, daughter of Communist leader
- Sue Chandler, author of English secondary-school mathematics textbooks
- Sun-Yung Alice Chang (1948– ), Chinese–American mathematical analyst, member of National Academy of Sciences
- Josephine Chanler (1906–1992), American mathematician
- Mei-Chu Chang, Taiwanese–American expert in algebraic geometry and combinatorial number theory
- Vyjayanthi Chari, Indian–American expert in quantum algebra
- Ruth Charney, American expert on geometric group theory and Artin groups, president of AWM
- Marie Charpentier (1903–1994), first woman to earn a doctorate in pure mathematics in France and second to obtain a faculty position there
- Émilie du Châtelet (1706–1749), French translator and commentator of Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica
- Zoé Chatzidakis, French researcher in model theory and differential algebra
- Jennifer Tour Chayes (1956– ), expert on phase transitions in networks, founder of the theory group at Microsoft Research
- Karine Chemla (1958– ), French historian of Chinese mathematics
- Margaret Cheney, American expert on inverse problems
- Miranda Cheng, Taiwanese–Dutch mathematician and theoretical physicist, formulated umbral moonshine
- Eugenia Cheng, English category theorist and pianist, uses analogies with food and baking to teach mathematics to non-mathematicians
- Graciela Chichilnisky (1944– ), Argentine–American mathematical economist and authority on climate change
- Phyllis Chinn (1941– ), American graph theorist and historian of mathematics
- Grace Chisholm Young (1868–1944), English mathematician, first woman to receive a German doctorate
- YoungJu Choie, Korean number theorist
- Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat (1923– ), French mathematician and physicist, first woman elected to the French Academy
- Maria Chudnovsky (1977– ), Israeli–American graph theorist, MacArthur Fellow
- Fan Chung (1949– ), Taiwanese–American researcher in random graphs
- Julia Chuzhoy, Israeli expert in approximation algorithms and graph minor theory
- Mónica Clapp, Mexican researcher in nonlinear partial differential equations and algebraic topology
- Joan Clarke (1917–1996), English code-breaker at Bletchley Park, numismatist
- Doris Cohen, American mathematician, first female author in the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
- Marion Cohen (1943– ), American poet and mathematician, teaches the relationship between art and mathematics
- Miriam Cohen (1941– ), Israeli researcher in Hopf algebras, quantum groups and non-commutative rings
- Amy Cohen-Corwin, American expert in the Korteweg–de Vries equation and cubic Schrödinger equation
- Coralie Colmez, French writer on legal mathematics
- Pamela Cook, American expert in fluid dynamics, president of SIAM
- Frances Cope (1902–1983), American researcher on differential equations, namesake of the Thorndike nomogram
- Minerva Cordero, Puerto Rican expert on finite geometry
- Elizabeth Buchanan Cowley (1874–1945), American mathematician, advocated high school teaching of solid geometry
- Annalisa Crannell, American expert on water waves and geometric perspective
- Marie Crous, 17th century mathematician who introduced the decimal system to France
- Marianna Csörnyei (1975– ), Hungarian researcher in real analysis, geometric measure theory, and functional analysis
- Helen F. Cullen (1919–2007), American topologist
- Louise Duffield Cummings (1870–1947), Canadian–American expert on Steiner triple systems
- Susan Jane Cunningham (1842–1921), founded the mathematics and astronomy departments at Swarthmore College
D
- Donatella Danielli, Italian–American specialist in partial differential equations
- Christine Darden (1942– ), American aeronautical engineer who researches sonic booms
- Geraldine Claudette Darden (1936– ), one of the first African-American women to earn a PhD in mathematics
- Panagiota Daskalopoulos, Greek–American differential geometer
- Ingrid Daubechies (1954– ), Belgian physicist and mathematician, known for wavelets
- Chantal David, Canadian analytic number theorist and arithmetic statistician
- Valeria de Paiva, Brazilian researcher in categorical logic
- Lisette de Pillis, American researcher on the mathematics of cancer growth
- Winifred Margaret Deans (1901–1990), British translator of German mathematics and physics texts into English
- Mary Deconge (1933– ), one of the first African-American women to earn a PhD in mathematics
- Huguette Delavault (1924–2003), French mathematical physicist, activist for women in mathematics
- Ermelinda DeLaViña, Hispanic American graph theorist
- Laura DeMarco, American researcher in dynamical systems and complex analysis
- Shakuntala Devi (1939–2013), Indian child prodigy, writer, and mental calculator
- Ineke De Moortel, Belgian mathematician who studies the sun's corona; president of Edinburgh Mathematical Society
- Cécile DeWitt-Morette (1922– ), French founder of l'École de physique des Houches
- Alicia Dickenstein (1955– ), Argentine algebraic geometer, vice-president of the International Mathematical Union
- Caren Diefenderfer (1952–2017), American mathematician, president of National Numeracy Network
- Ada Dietz (1882–1950), American weaver who used algebraic expressions to design textiles
- Irit Dinur, Israeli researcher in probabilistically checkable proofs and hardness of approximation
- Mary P. Dolciani (1923–1985), developed modern method for teaching high school algebra in the United States
- Yvonne Dold-Samplonius (1937–2014), Dutch historian of Islamic mathematics
- Suzanne Dorée, American group theorist and mathematics educator
- Yael Dowker (1919– ), Israeli researcher in measure theory and ergodic theory
- Agnes Meyer Driscoll (1889–1971), American cryptanalyst during both World War I and World War II
- Cornelia Druțu, Romanian mathematician, won Whitehead Prize for research in geometric group theory
- Marie-Louise Dubreil-Jacotin (1905–1972), first woman full professor of mathematics in France, expert in fluid mechanics and abstract algebra
- Moon Duchin, American expert in geometric topology, geometric group theory, and Teichmüller theory
- Ioana Dumitriu (1976– ), Romanian–American numerical analyst
E
- Annie Easley (1933–2011), African-American computer scientist, mathematician, and rocket scientist
- Sheila May Edmonds (1916–2002), British mathematician, Vice-Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge
- Mary Edwards (c. 1750–1815), human computer for the British Nautical Almanac
- Constance van Eeden (1927–), Dutch nonparameteric statistician who contributed to the development of statistics in Canada
- Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest (1905–1984), Dutch researcher in combinatorics and graph theory
- Andrée Ehresmann, French category theorist
- Carolyn Eisele (1902–2000), American mathematician, historian of mathematics, expert on Charles Sanders Peirce
- Kirsten Eisenträger, German–American researcher in computational number theory
- Nicole El Karoui (1944– ), Tunisian–French pioneer in mathematical finance
- Jo Ellis-Monaghan, American mathematician interested in graph polynomials and topological graph theory
- Susanna S. Epp, American researcher in discrete mathematics and mathematical logic
- Karin Erdmann (1948– ), German researcher in modular representation theory and homological algebra
- Anna Erschler (1977– ), Russian–French expert on random walks on groups
- Hélène Esnault (1953– ), French algebraic geometer, winner of the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize
- Maria J. Esteban (1956– ), Basque-French applied mathematician, president of International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
- Alison Etheridge FRS (1964–), English researcher in theoretical population genetics and mathematical ecology
F
- Vera Faddeeva (1906–1983), Russian expert on numerical linear algebra
- Fariba Fahroo, Persian-American expert in pseudospectral optimal control, winner of AIAA Mechanics and Control of Flight Award
- Etta Zuber Falconer (1933–2002), one of the first African-American women to receive a PhD in mathematics
- Martha Isabel Fandiño Pinilla, Colombian and Italian mathematics educator
- Marie Farge (1953– ), French mathematician and physicist known for her research on wavelets and turbulence in fluid mechanics
- Mary Celine Fasenmyer (1906–1996), Catholic nun whose research on hypergeometric functions prefigured WZ theory
- Lisa Fauci, American applied mathematician who applies computational fluid dynamics to biological processes
- Philippa Fawcett (1868–1948), English educationalist, first woman to obtain the top score in the Cambridge Mathematical Tripos
- Joan Feigenbaum (1958– ), theoretical computer scientist, co-inventor of trust management
- Genevieve Grotjan Feinstein (1912–2006), helped decipher Japanese Purple cryptography, worked on Venona counter-intelligence
- Käte Fenchel (1905–1983), Jewish German researcher on non-abelian groups
- Elizabeth Fennema (1928– ), researched attitudes of young women towards mathematics and their classroom interactions
- Anuška Ferligoj, Slovenian mathematical sociologist and researcher in network analysis
- Jacqueline Ferrand (1918–2014), French researcher on conformal representation theory, potential theory, and Riemannian manifolds
- Antonia Ferrín Moreiras (1914–2009), Spanish mathematician and first Galician woman astronomer
- Joan Ferrini-Mundy, American researcher in mathematics education
- Irene Fischer (1907–2009), Austrian–American geodecist for Mercury and Apollo spaceflights, member of National Academy of Engineering
- Mary Flahive, American mathematician, author of books on difference equations and diophantine approximation
- Sarah Flannery (1982– ), winner of the EU Young Scientist of the Year Award for her teenage research on cryptography
- Erica Flapan, American researcher in low-dimensional topology and knot theory
- Irmgard Flügge-Lotz (1903–1974), German aerodynamics researcher, first female engineering professor at Stanford
- Irene Fonseca (1956– ), Portuguese–American director of the Center for Nonlinear Analysis at Carnegie Mellon University
- Phyllis Fox (1923– ), American mathematician and computer scientist, collaborator on the first LISP interpreter
- Marguerite Frank (1927– ), French–American pioneer in convex optimization theory and mathematical programming
- Hélène Frankowska, Polish–French control theorist and set-valued analyst
- Ailana Fraser, Canadian researcher on geometric analysis and the theory of minimal surfaces
- Herta Freitag (1908–2000), Austrian–American expert on Fibonacci numbers
- Susan Friedlander (1946– ), English–American researcher in fluid dynamics, first female editor-in-chief of the Bulletin of the AMS
- Charlotte Froese Fischer (1929– ), Canadian–American expert on atomic-structure calculations who predicted negative calcium ions
- Hannah Fry, English complex systems theorist and public speaker
G
- Isabelle Gallagher (1973– ), French researcher in partial differential equations
- Irene M. Gamba, Argentine–American applied mathematician
- Svetlana Gannushkina (1942–), Russian mathematician and human rights activist
- Nina Gantert, Swiss and German probability theorist
- Mary Cleophas Garvin (1899–1990), American mathematician
- Hilda Geiringer (1893–1973), Austrian researcher on Fourier series, statistics, probability, and plasticity, refugee from Nazi Germany
- Anne Gelb, American mathematician interested in numerical analysis, partial differential equations, and Fourier analysis of images
- Ruth Gentry (1862–1917), American geometer
- Sophie Germain (1776–1831), French number theorist, physicist, and philosopher, correspondent of Gauss
- Irène Gijbels, Belgian mathematical statistician and expert in nonparametric statistics
- Anna C. Gilbert, American expert in streaming algorithms and matching pursuit
- Jane Piore Gilman, topologist and group theorist, distinguished professor of mathematics at Rutgers University
- Gloria Ford Gilmer, American ethnomathematician
- Josephine Burns Glasgow (1887–1969), American group theorist, active in American Association of University Women
- Heide Gluesing-Luerssen, German mathematician specializing in algebraic coding theory
- Julia Gog, English mathematical biologist, uses mathematics to study the spread of infectious diseases
- Lisa Goldberg, American mathematical finance scholar and statistician
- Rebecca Goldin, American expert in symplectic geometry
- Catherine Goldstein (1958–), French number theorist and historian of mathematics
- Shafi Goldwasser (1958– ), American-born Israeli theoretical cryptographer
- Sherry Gong, second American gold medal winner at International Mathematical Olympiad
- Maria Gordina, Russian–American mathematical analyst
- Carolyn S. Gordon, isospectral geometer who proved that you can't hear the shape of a drum
- Mary de Lellis Gough (1892–1983), American mathematician
- Alice Bache Gould (1858–1953), American mathematician and historian
- Gene Grabeel (1920–2015), American mathematician and cryptanalyst who founded the Venona project
- Judith Grabiner (1938), American historian of 18th and 19th century mathematics
- Evelyn Boyd Granville (1924– ), one of the first African-American women to receive a PhD in mathematics
- Antonella Grassi, mathematician specializing in algebraic geometry and string theory
- Marion Cameron Gray (1902–1979), Scottish telephone engineer, discoverer of the Gray graph
- Mary W. Gray (1939– ), author on mathematics, mathematics education, economic equity, discrimination law, and academic freedom
- Judy Green, logician and historian of women in mathematics
- Anne Greenbaum, American expert in theoretical and numerical linear algebra
- Catherine Greenhill, Australian graph theorist
- Cindy Greenwood, Canadian statistician, winner of Krieger–Nelson Prize
- Ruth Gregory, British mathematical physicist specializing in general relativity and cosmology
- Margaret Greig (1922–1999), English applied mathematician, developed theory for worsted spinning
- Lois Wilfred Griffiths (1899–1981), American expert on polygonal numbers
- Elisenda Grigsby, American low-dimensional topologist
- Margaret Grimshaw (1905–1990), English mathematician at Cambridge and author on Hilbert spaces
- Birgit Grodal (1943–2004), Danish mathematical economist, studied atomless economies
- Edna Grossman, German-born American designer of the Data Encryption Standard and of the slide attack in cryptography
- Helen G. Grundman, American number theorist
- Weiqing Gu, Chinese–American researcher on differential geometry and the mathematics of cancer growth
- Laura Guggenbühl (1901–1985), American mathematician known for her work in triangle geometry and the history of mathematics
- Colette Guillopé, French researcher in partial differential equations and fluid dynamics, former president of femmes et mathématiques
- Alice Guionnet, French probability theorist
- Geneviève Guitel, French mathematician who studied natural-language numbering systems
- Kanta Gupta, Indian–Canadian researcher on abstract algebra and group theory
- Neena Gupta, Indian mathematician who solved the Zariski cancellation problem
H
- Ruth Haas, American mathematician known for prolific mentorship of other women mathematicians
- Marjorie Hahn, American probability theorist and tennis player
- Deborah Tepper Haimo (1921–2007), Ukrainian-Palestinian-American classical analyst, third female president of the Mathematical Association of America
- Susie W. Håkansson (1940– ), mathematics educator, director of the California Mathematics Project
- Ursula Hamenstädt (1961– ), German differential geometry
- Christine Hamill (1923–1956), English mathematician specializing in group theory and finite geometry
- Frances Hardcastle (1866–1941), group theorist, one of the founders of the American Mathematical Society
- Valentina Harizanov, Serbian–American researcher in computability and model theory
- Jenny Harrison, American expert on generalized functions and minimal surfaces
- Kathryn E. Hare, Canadian expert in harmonic analysis
- Frances Harshbarger (1902–1987), one of the first female American mathematicians to receive a doctorate
- Shelly Harvey, American researcher in knot theory, low-dimensional topology, and group theory
- Maria Hasse (1921–2014), German graph theorist, set theorist, and category theorist, first female professor in science at TU Dresden
- Deanna Haunsperger, American mathematician, president of the Mathematical Association of America
- Jane M. Hawkins, American researcher in dynamic systems, complex dynamics, cellular automata, and Julia sets
- Megumi Harada, Canadian expert on equivariant symplectic and algebraic geometry
- Louise Hay (1935–1989), founding member of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Ellen Hayes (1851–1930), American mathematician, astronomer, and political radical
- Euphemia Lofton Haynes (1890–1980), first African-American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics
- Olive Hazlett (1890–1974), American algebraist at the University of Illinois
- Katherine Heinrich, Canadian combinatorialist, first female president of Canadian Mathematical Society
- Cora Barbara Hennel (1888–1947), American mathematician, first woman to earn a doctorate in mathematics at the Indiana University
- Dagmar R. Henney (1931– ), German–American expert on additive set-values and Banach spaces
- Inge Henningsen (born 1941), statistician, writer and feminist
- Rebecca A. Herb (1948– ), American researcher in abstract algebra and Lie groups
- Grete Hermann (1901–1984), German mathematician and philosopher also noted for her work in physics and education
- Patricia Hersh, American expert on algebraic and topological combinatorics
- Kathryn Hess, American mathematician who uses algebraic topology to understand structures in neurology and materials science
- Gloria Conyers Hewitt (1935– ), early African-American female mathematics PhD, MAA governor
- Aparna Higgins, Indian-American graph theorist known for encouraging undergraduate research
- Nancy Hingston, American differential geometer
- Hoàng Xuân Sính, first female Vietnamese mathematician, student of Grothendieck, founder of Thang Long University
- Dorit S. Hochbaum, American expert on approximation algorithms for facility location, covering and packing, and scheduling
- Judy A. Holdener (1965– ), American number theorist who simplified the proof of Touchard's theorem on perfect numbers
- Barbara R. Holland, New Zealand born Australian phylogeneticist
- Tara S. Holm, American algebraic geometer and symplectic geometer
- Olga Holtz (1973– ), Russian numerical analyst, winner of the European Mathematical Society Prize
- Grace Hopper (1906–1992), American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral
- Anette Hosoi, American mechanical engineer, biophysicist, and mathematician, studies fluid dynamics, robotics, and bio-inspired design
- Susan Howson (1973– ), British mathematician known for work on algebraic number theory and arithmetic geometry
- Celia Hoyles (1946– ), British mathematician, president of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications
- Hu Hesheng (1928– ), differential geometer, president of Shanghai Mathematical Society, member of Chinese Academy of Science
- Verena Huber-Dyson (1923– ), Swiss–American group theorist and logician, expert on undecidability in group theory
- Annette Huber-Klawitter (1967– ), German algebraic geometer, expert in the Bloch–Kato conjectures
- Anne Lester Hudson, American expert in topological semigroups, mathematics educator, and mathematics competition coach
- Hilda Phoebe Hudson (1881–1965), English researcher on Cremona transformations in algebraic geometry
- Sabine Van Huffel (1958– ), Belgian applied mathematician, expert on total least squares and applications to medical diagnostics
- Rhonda Hughes (1947– ), American wavelet researcher, president of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Deborah Hughes Hallett, mathematics education reformer
- Birge Huisgen-Zimmermann, German–American representation theorist and ring theorist
- Mabel Gweneth Humphreys (1911-2006), Canadian-American number theorist and namesake of the M. Gweneth Humphreys Award
- Fern Hunt (1948– ), American mathematician known for her work in applied mathematics and mathematical biology
- Joan Hutchinson (1945– ), American graph theorist who extended the planar separator theorem to graphs of higher genus
- Marie Hušková (1942– ), Czech mathematician who worked in theoretical statistics and change-point problems
- Hypatia (died 415), head of the Neoplatonic school at Alexandria, murdered by a Christian mob
I
- Milagros D. Ibe, Filipino mathematics educator, vice chancellor of the University of the Philippines Diliman
- Eleny Ionel, Romanian–American symplectic geometer
- Ilse Ipsen, German–American expert in numerical linear algebra
- Shihoko Ishii, Japanese mathematician specializing in algebraic geometry
- Vanaja Iyengar (died 2001), founding vice chancellor of Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, a women's university in Andhra Pradesh, India
J
- Trachette Jackson (1972– ), researcher in mathematical oncology, second African-American woman to become a Sloan Fellow in mathematics
- Jessie Marie Jacobs (1890–1954), fired from mathematics instructorship for having a child, aided husband Hermann Muller's Nobel-winning genetic research
- Lisa Jeffrey FRSC, Canadian expert in symplectic geometry and quantum field theory
- Svetlana Jitomirskaya (1966– ), Ukrainian mathematician working on dynamical systems and mathematical physics
- Katherine Johnson (1918– ), calculated the trajectory for Project Mercury and the 1969 Apollo 11 flight to the Moon
- Eleanor Jones (1929– ), one of the first African American women to achieve a PhD in mathematics
- Nataša Jonoska, Macedonian–American expert in DNA computing
- Nalini Joshi, researcher in differential equations, Australian Laureate Fellow, Hardy Lecturer, president of Australian Mathematical Society
K
- Margarete Kahn (1880–c. 1942), one of the first female German doctorates, contributed to Hilbert's sixteenth problem
- Suzan Kahramaner (1913–2006), one of the first female mathematicians in Turkish academia
- Gabriele Kaiser, German mathematics educator
- Eva Kallin, American researcher in geometric axiom systems, functional algebra, and polynomial convexity
- Shoshana Kamin (1930– ), Soviet–Israeli mathematical physicist, wrote about parabolic partial differential equations
- Sister Mary Cordia Karl (1893–1984), American geometer
- Carol Karp (1926–1972), American researcher on infinitary logic, viola player
- Yael Karshon, Israeli–Canadian expert on symplectic geometry
- Svetlana Katok (1947– ), Jewish Russian-American founder of Electronic Research Announcements of the AMS
- Bruria Kaufman (1918–2010), Israeli theoretical physicist who collaborated with Einstein on general relativity
- Linda Keen (1940– ), American mathematician and computer scientist, president of AWM
- Lyudmila Keldysh (1904–1976), Russian set theorist and geometric topologist
- Ruth Kellerhals (1957– ), Swiss expert on hyperbolic geometry, geometric group theory and polylogarithm identities
- Julia Kempe, French, German, and Israeli researcher in quantum computing
- Claribel Kendall (1889–1965), one of the founders of the Rocky Mountain Section of the MAA
- Patricia Clark Kenschaft, American mathematician, prolific book author, and activist for equity and diversity
- Leah Keshet, Israeli–Canadian mathematical biologist, first female president of the Society for Mathematical Biology
- Barbara Keyfitz (1944– ), Canadian–American researcher on nonlinear partial differential equations, president of AWM and ICIAM
- Olga Kharlampovich, Russian–Canadian group theorist who solved the Tarski conjecture on first-order theories of free groups
- Ju-Lee Kim, Korean–American expert on the representation theory of p-adic groups
- Angie Turner King (1905–2004), American mathematics and chemistry educator
- Faina Mihajlovna Kirillova, Belarusian optimal control theorist
- Ellen Kirkman, American algebraist
- Frances Kirwan (1959– ), British specialist in algebraic and symplectic geometry
- Tinne Hoff Kjeldsen, Danish researcher in mathematics education and the philosophy and history of mathematics
- Erica Klarreich (1972– ), American geometer and writer
- Maria Klawe (1951– ), Canadian–American theoretical computer scientist, president of Harvey Mudd College
- Genevieve M. Knight (1939– ), African-American mathematics educator
- Julia F. Knight, American specialist in model theory and computability theory
- Tamara G. Kolda, American applied mathematician at Sandia National Laboratories
- Nancy Kopell (1942– ), American researcher in the dynamics of the nervous system
- Yvette Kosmann-Schwarzbach (1941– ), French differential geometer, namesake of the Kosmann lift
- Sofia Kovalevskaya (1850–1891), first major Russian female mathematician, worked in analysis, differential equations and mechanics
- Bryna Kra (1966– ), American mathematician who applies dynamical systems in number theory and combinatorics
- Edna Kramer (1902–1984), American mathematician and author of mathematics books
- Cecilia Krieger (1894–1974), third person and first woman to earn a Canadian mathematics PhD, translator of Sierpiński
- Anna Zofia Krygowska (1904–1988), Polish mathematician known for her work in mathematics education
- Ewa Kubicka, Polish–American graph theorist and actuarial scientist
- Vera Kublanovskaya (1920–2012), Russian inventor of the QR algorithm for computing eigenvalues and eigenvectors
- Daniela Kühn, German–English combinatorialist, expert on infinite graphs, winner of the Whitehead Prize
- Krystyna Kuperberg (1944– ), Polish–American topologist who found a smooth counterexample to the Seifert conjecture
- Rachel Kuske, American–Canadian expert on stochastic and nonlinear dynamics, asymptotic methods, and industrial mathematics
L
- Izabella Łaba (1966– ), Polish–Canadian specialist in harmonic analysis, geometric measure theory, and additive combinatorics
- Carole Lacampagne, American mathematician known for her work in mathematics education and gender equality
- Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847–1930), American psychologist, logician, and mathematician
- Jeanne LaDuke, American child actress, mathematical analyst, and historian of mathematics
- Olga Ladyzhenskaya (1922–2004), Soviet mathematician, proved convergence of a finite difference method for Navier–Stokes
- V. Lakshmibai, Indian–American expert on flag varieties and Schubert varieties
- Susan Landau (1954– ), American mathematician and computer scientist, known for internet security and denesting radicals
- Glenda Lappan (1939– ), developed Connected Mathematics curriculum, led National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
- Jean Ann Larson, American set theorist and historian of mathematical logic
- Irena Lasiecka, Polish–American expert in control theory of partial differential equations
- Renu C. Laskar, Indian–American graph theorist, specialist in domination numbers and circular arc graphs
- Monique Laurent, French-Dutch expert in mathematical optimization
- Kristin Lauter, American researcher in elliptic curve cryptography, president of AWM
- Ruth Lawrence (1971– ), child prodigy, British–Israeli researcher in knot theory and algebraic topology
- Anneli Cahn Lax (1922–1999), American mathematician, winner of the George Pólya Award
- Anita Layton, Hong Kong–American applied mathematician who studies mathematical models of kidney function
- Lê Thị Thanh Nhàn (1970– ), Vietnamese mathematician, vice rector for Science at Thái Nguyên University, won Kovalevskaya Prize
- Alice Lee (1858–1939), helped discredit craniology
- Joceline Lega, French applied mathematician interested in nonlinear dynamics
- Emma Lehmer (1906–2007), Russian–American mathematician known for work on reciprocity laws in algebraic number theory
- Marguerite Lehr (1898–1987), pioneer in the use of television to teach mathematics
- Joan Leitzel (1936–), American mathematics educator and university administrator
- Miriam Leiva, Cuban-American mathematics educator
- Suzanne Lenhart, American researcher in partial differential equations, president of AWM
- Marta Lewicka, Polish expert in nonlinear elasticity
- Florence Lewis (1877–?), American mathematician and astronomer
- Sherry Li, Chinese–American developer of sparse parallel solvers for systems of linear equations
- Winnie Li (1948- ), Chinese–American researcher in number theory, coding theory, automorphic forms, and spectral graph theory
- Paulette Libermann (1919–2007), French specialist in differential geometry
- Lillian Rosanoff Lieber (1886–1986), American mathematics professor and author of popular books on science and mathematics
- Elizaveta Litvinova (1845–c. 1919), Russian mathematician and biographer, defied czar's order forbidding women to study abroad
- Marie Litzinger (1899–1952), American number theorist
- Chiu-Chu Melissa Liu (1974– ), Taiwanese–American researcher in algebraic geometry and symplectic geometry
- Deborah Frank Lockhart, administrator at the National Science Foundation
- Susan Loepp, American algebraist and cryptographer
- Mayme Logsdon (1881–?), American algebraic geometer and mathematics educator
- Ling Long (mathematician), Chinese–American expert on modular forms, elliptic surfaces, and dessins d'enfants
- Lynette Long, American psychologist, mathematics educator, and textbook author
- Judith Q. Longyear, American researcher in graph theory and combinatorics
- Ada Lovelace (1815–1852), wrote the first computer program as part of her work on Babbage's Analytical Engine
- Katarzyna Lubnauer, Polish probability theorist and politician
- Edith Hirsch Luchins (1921–2002), Polish–American mathematician, experimented on psychology of mathematical problem solving
- Monika Ludwig (1966– ), Austrian researcher in convex geometry, member of Austrian Academy of Sciences
- Élisabeth Lutz (1914–2008), French student of Weil, showed how to compute torsion subgroups of elliptic curves
- Julie Lutz, American astronomer and mathematician who studies planetary nebulae and symbiotic binary stars
M
- Marta Macho Stadler (1962– ), Basque expert on foliations and mathematical blogger
- Barbara MacCluer, American expert on operator theory and author on functional analysis
- Sheila Scott Macintyre (1910–1960), Scottish researcher on the Whittaker constant, co-author of German–English mathematics dictionary
- Chrystal Macmillan (1872–1937), Scottish Liberal politician, barrister, feminist and pacifist, first female honours graduate in mathematics from University of Edinburgh
- Jessie MacWilliams (1917–1990), English researcher on error-correcting codes
- Isabel Maddison (1869–1950), British mathematician known for her work on differential equations
- Penelope Maddy (1950– ), American philosopher of mathematics
- Dorothy Maharam (1917–2014), American mathematician who made important contributions to measure theory
- Carolyn A. Maher, American expert in mathematics education
- Carolyn Mahoney (1946– ), African-American combinatorialist, president of Lincoln University of Missouri
- Maryanthe Malliaris, American mathematician specializing in model theory
- Vivienne Malone-Mayes (1932–1995), fifth African-American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics, researcher in functional analysis
- Eugenia Malinnikova, Russian–Norwegian expert in functional analysis and partial differential equations
- Matilde Marcolli (1969– ), Italian mathematical physicist
- Fotini Markopoulou-Kalamara (1971– ), Greek theoretical physicist interested in foundational mathematics and quantum mechanics
- Laura Martignon, Colombian–Italian researcher in neuroscience and decision-making
- Emilie Martin (1869–1936), American group theorist
- Katalin Marton (1941–), Hungarian information and probability theorist
- Vera Nikolaevna Maslennikova (1926–2000), Russian researcher on partial differential equations, hydrodynamics of rotating fluids, and function spaces
- Claire Mathieu, French algorithms researcher
- Gordana Matic, Croatian–American low-dimensional topologist, expert on contact topology
- Kaisa Matomäki (1985–), Finnish number theorist known for her work on multiplicative functions over short intervals
- Lola J. May (1923–2007), American mathematics educator and early proponent of new math
- Svitlana Mayboroda (1981– ), Ukrainian–American expert on boundary value problems for elliptic partial differential equations
- Shirley McBay (1935– ), first African-American doctorate at the University of Georgia
- Dusa McDuff FRS (1945– ), English researcher on symplectic geometry, winner of Satter Prize, first female Hardy Lecturer
- Lois Curfman McInnes, American researcher on numerical solution of nonlinear partial differential equations for scientific applications
- Camille McKayle (1964– ), Afro-Jamaican-American mathematician and academic administrator
- Danica McKellar (1975– ), American actor, author, mathematician, and education advocate
- Joyce McLaughlin, American researcher in inverse problems
- Florence Marie Mears (1896–1995), American specialist in summation methods
- Helen Abbot Merrill (1864–1949), American mathematician, educator and textbook author
- Winifred Edgerton Merrill (1862–1951), first woman with a degree from Columbia University and first American female doctorate in mathematics
- Uta Merzbach (1933–2017), German–American historian of mathematics, first Smithsonian curator of mathematical instruments
- Jill P. Mesirov, American mathematician, computer scientist, and computational biologist, president of AWM
- Ida Martha Metcalf (1857–1952), second American female doctorate in mathematics
- Catherine Meusburger, German mathematical physicist interested in string theory
- Marie-Louise Michelsohn (1941– ), American researcher on complex geometry, spin manifolds, the Dirac operator, and algebraic cycles
- Kaisa Miettinen (1965–), Finnish industrial optimization researcher and academic administrator
- Alison Miller, first American female gold medalist in the International Mathematical Olympiad, three-time Elizabeth Lowell Putnam award winner
- Margaret Millington (1944–1973), English expert on modular forms
- Maryam Mirzakhani (1977–2017), first female Fields medalist; researcher on the symmetry of curved surfaces
- Irina Mitrea, Romanian–American researcher in partial differential equations known for outreach to women and minorities
- Colette Moeglin, French expert on automorphic forms
- Susan Montgomery (1943– ), American researcher in noncommutative algebra
- Sophie Morel (1979– ), French number theorist and contributor to the Langlands program, first female tenured mathematics professor at Harvard
- Joan Moschovakis, American intuitionistic logician
- Cathleen Synge Morawetz (1923–2017), Canadian–American researcher on the partial differential equations governing fluid flow
- Ruth Moufang (1905–1977), German researcher on non-associative algebraic structures, namesake of Moufang loops
- Edith Alice Müller (1918–1995), Swiss mathematician and astronomer, studied the group theory of Moorish tile designs
- Anna Mullikin (1893–1975), American mathematician, early investigator of point set theory
- Emmy Murphy, American symplectic geometer
N
- Anna Nagurney, Ukrainian–American mathematician, economist, educator and author in operations management
- Andrea R. Nahmod, American expert in nonlinear Fourier analysis, harmonic analysis, and partial differential equations
- Pia Nalli (1884–1964), Italian researcher in functional analysis and tensor calculus
- Seema Nanda, Indian researcher in applications of mathematics to biology, engineering and finance
- Mangala Narlikar, Indian number theorist, author of Marathi-language mathematics books for schoolchildren
- Caryn Navy (1953– ), blind American researcher in set-theoretic topology and Braille technology
- Gabriele Nebe, German researcher on sphere packings, lattices, and codes
- Deanna Needell, American applied mathematician, won 2016 IMA Prize in Mathematics and Applications
- Sara Negri (1967– ), Italian–Finnish proof theorist
- Evelyn Nelson (1943–1987), Canadian researcher in universal algebra with applications to theoretical computer science
- Claudia Neuhauser, German–American mathematical biologist whose research concerns spatial ecology
- Hanna Neumann (1914–1971), German-born mathematician who worked on group theory
- Mara Neusel (1964–2014), German–American invariant theorist and advocate for women in mathematics
- Mary Frances Winston Newson (1869–1959), first female American to receive a PhD in mathematics from a European university
- Aoibhinn Ní Shúilleabháin (1983–), Irish celebrity and mathematics lecturer
- Nancy K. Nichols, British applied mathematician and numerical analyst
- Olympia Nicodemi, American mathematician and mathematics educator interested in wavelets and the history of mathematics
- Phyllis Nicolson (1917–1968), British developer of the Crank–Nicolson method for solving partial differential equations
- Barbara Niethammer (1963– ), German expert on the growth of particles in liquids
- Wiesława Nizioł, Polish researcher in arithmetic algebraic geometry
- Emmy Noether (1882–1935), German researcher in abstract algebra and theoretical physics, named "the greatest woman mathematician of all time"^{[5]}
- Margarita Nolasco Santiago, Mathematics textbook author, member of Puerto Rico Senate
- Isabella Novik, Israeli–American expert on algebraic and geometric combinatorics
- Frieda Nugel (1884–1966), one of the first German women to obtain a doctorate in mathematics
- Helena J. Nussenzveig Lopes, Brazilian mathematician known for her research on incompressible Euler equations
O
- Ortrud Oellermann, South African and Canadian graph theorist
- Hee Oh (1969– ), Korean–American dynamical systems theorist, expert on equidistribution in fractal structures
- Kathleen Adebola Okikiolu (1965– ), British–American researcher on differential operators, developed curricula for inner-city children
- Dianne P. O'Leary (1951– ), American expert on scientific computing, computational linear algebra, and the history of scientific computing
- Olga Oleinik (1925–2001), Soviet researcher on partial differential equations, elastic media, and boundary layers
- Dorte Olesen (born 1948), first Danish mathematician to be appointed full professor
- Gloria Olive (1923–2006), American-born New Zealand mathematician
- Kathleen Ollerenshaw (1912–2014), British mathematician and politician, mayor of Manchester, educational advisor to Margaret Thatcher
- Hinke Osinga, Dutch expert in dynamical systems, crocheted the Lorenz manifold
- Barbara L. Osofsky, American algebraist, first woman in 50 years to address a national AMS meeting, first female AMS journal editor
- Marie Françoise Ouedraogo (1967–), Burkinabé expert on pseudodifferential operators and superalgebras, president of African Women in Mathematics Association
- Helen Brewster Owens (1881–1968), American suffragette, associate editor of the American Mathematical Monthly
P
- Erika Pannwitz (1904–1975), German geometric topologist who proved that every knot has a quadrisecant
- Raman Parimala (1948– ), Indian mathematician known for her contributions to algebra
- Haesun Park, Korean–American researcher in numerical analysis and the data sciences
- Karen Parshall (1955– ), American historian of mathematics
- Bozenna Pasik-Duncan, Polish–American control theorist and mathematics educator
- Maria Pastori (1895–1975), Italian mathematician, specialist in rational mechanics
- Barbara Paulson (1928–), American human computer at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory
- Nataša Pavlović, Serbian–American expert in fluid dynamics and nonlinear dispersive equations
- Sylvie Paycha, French mathematician working in operator theory
- Sandrine Péché (1977– ), French expert on random matrices
- Irena Peeva, American researcher in commutative algebra and its applications
- Jeanne Peiffer (1948– ), Luxembourgian historian of mathematics
- Magda Peligrad, Romanian probability theorist known for her work on stochastic processes
- Rose Peltesohn (1913–1998), German–Israeli researcher in additive combinatorics
- Bernadette Perrin-Riou (1955– ), French number theorist, winner of the Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize
- Laura Person, American low-dimensional topologist
- Rózsa Péter (1905–1977), recursion theorist, first woman elected to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences
- Stefanie Petermichl (1971– ), German–French mathematical analyst, first female winner of the Salem Prize
- Linda Petzold (1954– ), researcher in differential algebraic equations and simulation, member of National Academy of Engineering
- Julia Pevtsova, Russian–American representation theorist
- Flora Philip (1865–1943), first female member of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society
- Cynthia A. Phillips, American expert on combinatorial optimization
- Dominique Picard (1953– ), French expert on the statistical applications of wavelets
- Sophie Piccard (1904–1990), Russian-Swiss mathematician, first female full professor in Switzerland
- Ragni Piene (1947– ), Norwegian algebraic geometer, member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
- Marie Anne Victoire Pigeon (1724–1767), French mathematician, writer, and teacher
- Faustina Pignatelli (d. 1785), princess of Colubrano, second woman elected to the Academy of Sciences of Bologna
- Gabriella Pinzari, Italian expert on the n-body problem
- Jill Pipher (1955– ), researcher in harmonic analysis, Fourier analysis, differential equations, and cryptography, president of AWM
- Elena Cornaro Piscopia (1646–1684), Italian philosopher, musician, and mathematics lecturer, first woman to earn a doctorate
- Toniann Pitassi, American–Canadian computational complexity theorist, expert on proof complexity
- Vera Pless (1931– ), American mathematician specializing in combinatorics and coding theory
- Kim Plofker (1964), American historian of Indian mathematics, winner of the Brouwer Medal
- Harriet Pollatsek (1942– ), Lie theorist who has applied difference sets to error correcting codes and coding theory
- Pelageya Polubarinova-Kochina (1899–1999), Soviet researcher in fluid mechanics, hydrodynamics, and history of mathematics
- Cheryl Praeger (1948– ), Australian researcher in group theory, algebraic graph theory and combinatorial designs
- Malabika Pramanik, Indian–Canadian harmonic analyst
- Emma Previato, researcher in algebraic geometry and partial differential equations
- Rachel Justine Pries, American arithmetic geometer and Galois theorist
- Hilary Priestley, British mathematician who used topological methods to study distributive lattices
- Mileva Prvanović (1929– ), Serbian differential geometer, first to earn a doctorate in geometry in Serbia
Q
- Jennifer Quinn, American combinatorialist
R
- Ami Radunskaya, American mathematician, specializes in dynamical systems and applications to medical problems, president of AWM
- Virginia Ragsdale (1870–1945), American specialist in algebraic curves, formulated the Ragsdale conjecture
- Kavita Ramanan, Indian–American probability theorist
- Susan Miller Rambo (1883–1977), second woman awarded a PhD from the University of Michigan, delegate to 1928 ICM
- Sujatha Ramdorai, Indian–Canadian algebraic number theorist, expert on Iwasawa theory
- Helena Rasiowa (1917–1994), Polish researcher in the foundations of mathematics and algebraic logic
- Marina Ratner (1938–2017), Russian–American ergodic theorist, member of National Academy of Sciences
- Ethel Raybould (1899–1987), Australian mathematician and mathematics benefactor
- Mary Rees (1953– ), British specialist in complex dynamical systems
- Mina Rees (1902–1997), first female President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
- Sarah Rees, British group theorist
- Karin Reich (1941– ), German historian of mathematics and biographer of mathematicians
- Anna Barbara Reinhart (1730–1796), Swiss mathematician, wrote commentary on Newton's Principia
- Idun Reiten (1942– ), Norwegian representation theorist, member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
- Yuriko Renardy, Australian–American expert in fluid dynamics
- Ida Rhodes (1900–1986), American pioneer in computer programming, designed the first computer used for Social Security
- Marjorie Rice (1923–2017), American amateur mathematician who discovered new pentagon tilings
- Christine Riedtmann (1952–), Swiss algebraist, president of Swiss Mathematical Society
- Catherine A. Roberts (1965–), American applied mathematician and executive director of the American Mathematical Society
- Julia Robinson (1919–1985), American researcher on diophantine equations, contributed to solution of Hilbert's Tenth Problem
- Alvany Rocha, American specialist in Lie groups, computed characters of the Virasoro algebra
- Alice Rogers, English expert on supermanifolds
- Judith Roitman (1945– ), American specialist in set theory, topology, Boolean algebra, and mathematics education
- Frances A. Rosamond, Australian researcher in parameterized complexity, advocate for women in computer science and mathematics
- Mary G. Ross (1908–2008), first Native American female engineer, studied mathematics for aeronautics and celestial mechanics
- Alice Roth (1905–1977), Swiss mathematician who made significant contributions to approximation theory
- Linda Preiss Rothschild (1945– ), president of AWM, vice-president of AMS, co-editor-in-chief of Mathematical Research Letters
- Christel Rotthaus, German–American researcher in commutative algebra
- Christiane Rousseau (1954– ), French–Canadian mathematician, president of the Canadian Mathematical Society
- Marie-Françoise Roy (1950– ), French expert in real algebraic geometry, co-founder of two organizations for women in mathematics
- Mary Ellen Rudin (1924– ), constructed many counterexamples in topology
- Iris Runge (1888–1966), German applied mathematician, translator and biographer
- Mary Beth Ruskai (1944– ), proved subadditivity of quantum entropy, bounded the electrons in an atom, advocate for women in mathematics
S
- Cora Sadosky (1940–2010), Argentinian–American analyst, president of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Laure Saint-Raymond (1975– ), French specialist in partial differential equations, member of the French Academy of Sciences
- Graciela Salicrup (1935–1982), Mexican pioneer in categorical topology
- Judith D. Sally (1937– ), American researcher in commutative algebra, Noether lecturer
- Jean E. Sammet (1928– ), supervised the first scientific programming group, helped develop COBOL
- Mildred Sanderson (1889–1914), American mathematician, established a correspondence between modular and formal invariants
- Marta Sanz-Solé (1952– ), Catalan researcher on stochastic processes, president of the European Mathematical Society
- Winifred Sargent (1905–1979), English researcher on integration theory and BK-spaces
- Ruth Lyttle Satter (1923–1989), American researcher on circadian rhythms, namesake of Ruth Lyttle Satter Prize in Mathematics
- Lisa Sauermann (1992– ), German mathematician ranked third in the International Mathematical Olympiad Hall of Fame
- Carla Savage, American researcher on parallel algorithms and combinatorial generation, secretary of AMS
- Karen Saxe, American expert on functional analysis and social choice theory
- Jane Cronin Scanlon (1922– ), American researcher in partial differential equations and mathematical biology
- Alice T. Schafer (1915–2009), American differential geometer, founding member of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Mary Schaps, Israeli mathematician and academic administrator, researcher in deformation theory, group theory, and representation theory
- Doris Schattschneider (1939– ), American mathematician known for writing about tessellations and the art of M. C. Escher
- Michelle Schatzman (1949–2010), French numerical analyst
- Tamar Schlick, American applied mathematician who develops and applies tools for biomolecule modeling and simulation
- Leila Schneps (1961– ), American–French analytic number theorist and arithmetic geometer, archivist of Grothendieck's works
- Maria E. Schonbek, Argentine–American researcher in fluid dynamics and associated partial differential equations
- Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb, Austrian mathematician known for her research in image analysis
- Marie-Hélène Schwartz (1913–2013), French mathematician known for her work on characteristic numbers of spaces with singularities
- Jeanette Scissum, American mathematician known for her work on sunspot prediction
- Charlotte Scott (1858–1931), British mathematician who promoted mathematical education of American women
- Jennifer Seberry (1944– ), Australian cryptographer, mathematician, and computer scientist, one of the founders of Asiacrypt
- Rose Whelan Sedgewick (c. 1904–2000), first person to earn a PhD in mathematics from Brown University
- Esther Seiden (1908–2014), Polish–Israeli–American mathematical statistician known for her research on design of experiments and combinatorial design
- Annie Selden, American mathematics educator, one of the founders of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Marjorie Senechal (1939– ), American expert on quasicrystals, author on history of science, editor-in-chief of The Mathematical Intelligencer
- Seo Yeongsuhap (1753–1823), Korean poet and mathematician
- Sylvia Serfaty, French expert on superconductivity, winner of the European Mathematical Society Prize
- Vera Serganova, Russian-American researcher on superalgebras and their representations
- Caroline Series (1951– ), English specialist in hyperbolic geometry, Kleinian groups and dynamical systems
- Lily Serna (1986– ), Israeli–Australian arithmetical guru of the SBS game show Letters and Numbers
- Brigitte Servatius (1954– ), Austrian-American expert on matroids and structural rigidity
- Nataša Šešum, expert in geometric flows
- Mamokgethi Setati (1966– ), first black female South African to earn a PhD in mathematics education
- Betty Shannon (–2017), computer at Bell Labs, assisted husband Claude Shannon with his research
- Tatyana Shaposhnikova, Russian–Swedish researcher on multipliers in function spaces, partial differential operators, and history of mathematics
- Mei-Chi Shaw (1955– ), Taiwanese–American researcher on partial differential equations
- Diana Shelstad (1947– ), Australian–American mathematician, formulated the fundamental lemma of the Langlands Program
- Brooke Shipley, American expert in homotopy theory and homological algebra
- Lesley Sibner (1934–2013), American differential geometer and Hodge theorist, produced a constructive proof of the Riemann–Roch theorem
- Martha Siegel, American probability theorist and mathematics educator
- Mary Silber, American expert in bifurcation theory and pattern formation
- Alice Silverberg, American number theorist and cryptographer
- Ruth Silverman, American computational geometer, founder of Association for Women in Mathematics
- Evelyn Silvia (1948–2006), American functional analyst and mathematics educator
- Rodica Simion (1955–2000), Romanian–American pioneer in the study of permutation patterns
- Valeria Simoncini, Italian numerical analyst
- Hourya Sinaceur, Moroccan expert in the theory and history of mathematics
- Nathalie Sinclair, Canadian researcher in mathematics education
- Ajit Iqbal Singh (1943–), Indian researcher in functional analysis and harmonic analysis
- Lucy Joan Slater (1922–2008), British expert on hypergeometric functions and the Rogers–Ramanujan identities
- Marian Small, Canadian proponent of constructivist mathematical instruction
- Ionica Smeets (1979– ), Dutch number theorist and science communicator
- Karen E. Smith (1965– ), American specialist in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry, MAA Hedrick Lecturer, AWM-AMS Noether Lecturer
- Kate Smith-Miles, Australian applied mathematician, president of Australian Mathematical Society
- Agata Smoktunowicz (1973– ), Polish–Scottish researcher in abstract algebra, constructed noncommutative nil rings
- Nina Snaith (1974– ), British researcher in random matrix theory, quantum chaos, and zeta functions
- Priyanshi Somani (1998– ), Indian mental calculator
- Mary Somerville (1780–1872), Scottish science writer and polymath, one of two first female members of the Royal Astronomical Society
- Christina Sormani, American researcher on Riemannian geometry, metric geometry, and Ricci curvature
- Vera T. Sós (1930– ), Hungarian number theorist and combinatorialist
- Laila Soueif (1956–), Egyptian mathematics professor and women's rights activist
- Diane Souvaine, American computational geometer, advocate for women and minorities in mathematics and gender neutrality in teaching
- Ayşe Soysal (1948– ), Turkish mathematician, president of Boğaziçi University
- Angela Spalsbury (1967– ), American functional analyst and academic administrator
- Birgit Speh, American expert in Lie groups, namesake of Speh representations
- Domina Eberle Spencer (1920– ), researcher on electrodynamics and field theory, founded fringe science organization Natural Philosophy Alliance
- Pauline Sperry (1885–1967), mathematician, musician, and astronomer, unconstitutionally fired from UC Berkeley for refusing to sign a loyalty oath
- Dolores Richard Spikes (1936–2015), African-American mathematician, first female university chancellor and first female president of a university system in the US
- Vera W. de Spinadel (1929–2017), Argentine–Austrian researcher on metallic means
- Jean Springer (–2007), Jamaican–Canadian specialist in abstract algebra and academic administrator
- Bhama Srinivasan (1935– ), representation theorist, president of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Hema Srinivasan, Indian–American mathematician specializing in abstract algebra and algebraic geometry
- Gigliola Staffilani, Italian–American researcher on harmonic analysis and partial differential equations
- Helene Stähelin (1891–1970), Swiss mathematician, editor of Bernoulli family letters, and pacifist
- Gwyneth Stallard, British expert on complex dynamics and the iteration of meromorphic functions
- Zvezdelina Stankova, Bulgarian–American expert on permutation patterns, founder of the Berkeley Math Circle
- Nancy K. Stanton, American researcher on complex analysis, partial differential equations, and differential geometry
- Marion Elizabeth Stark (1894—1982), one of the first female American mathematicians to receive a doctorate
- Jackie Stedall (1950–2014), British historian of mathematics
- Angelika Steger, German–Swiss expert on graph theory, randomized algorithms, and approximation algorithms
- Irene Stegun (1919–2008), American mathematician who edited a classic book of mathematical tables
- Elizabeth Stephansen (1872–1961), first Norwegian woman to receive a mathematics doctorate
- T. Christine Stevens, American researcher on topological groups, history of mathematics, and mathematics education, associate executive director of AMS
- Angeline Stickney (1830–1892), American suffragist, abolitionist, and mathematician, namesake of the largest crater on Phobos
- Anne Penfold Street (1932–2016), Australian combinatorialist, third woman mathematics professor in Australia
- Ileana Streinu, Romanian–American computational geometer, expert on kinematics and structural rigidity
- Catharina Stroppel, German researcher on representation theory, low-dimensional topology, and category theory
- Bella Subbotovskaya (1938–1982), Soviet founder of the Jewish People's University
- Indulata Sukla (1944– ), Indian researcher on Fourier series, author of textbook on number theory and cryptography
- Catherine Sulem, Algerian-born Canadian mathematician and violinist, expert on singularities in wave propagation
- Louise Nixon Sutton (1925–2006), first African-American woman to earn a mathematics PhD at New York University
- Thyrsa Frazier Svager (1930–1999), African–American mathematician, donated entire salary to support African–American women in mathematics
- Marcia P. Sward (1939–2008), executive director of the Mathematical Association of America
- Lorna Swain (1891–1936), British fluid dynamics researcher, early female lecturer at Cambridge
- Henda Swart (1939– ), South African geometer and graph theorist, editor-in-chief of Utilitas Mathematica
- Esther Szekeres (1910–2005), Hungarian–Australian mathematician posed the happy ending problem in discrete geometry
- Wanda Szmielew (1918–1976), Polish logician who proved the decidability of the first-order theory of abelian groups
T
- Daina Taimina (1954– ), Latvian–American mathematician, crochets objects to illustrate hyperbolic space
- Tan Lei (1963–2016), Chinese–French specialist in complex dynamics and functions of complex numbers
- Rosalind Tanner (1900–1992), English mathematician and a historian of mathematics
- Éva Tardos (1957– ), Hungarian–American researcher in combinatorial optimization algorithms
- Olga Taussky-Todd (1906–1995), Austrian and later Czech–American advocate of matrix theory
- Jean Taylor (1944– ), American mathematician known for her work on soap bubbles and crystals
- Mina Teicher, Israeli algebraic geometer
- Montserrat Teixidor i Bigas, Spanish–American expert on moduli of vector bundles on curves
- Keti Tenenblat (1944– ), Turkish-Brazilian differential geometer
- M. B. W. Tent, American mathematics educator, mathematical biographer
- Chuu-Lian Terng (1949– ), Taiwanese–American differential geometer
- Susanna Terracini (1963– ), Italian mathematician known for her research on chaos in Hamiltonian dynamical systems
- Audrey Terras (1942– ), American number theorist specializing in quantum chaos and zeta functions
- Ngamta Thamwattana, Thai–Australian expert in granular materials and nanotechnology
- Theano (6th century BC), one or possibly two different Pythagorean philosophers
- Sister Mary Domitilla Thuener, American mathematician, founder of Thomas More College, Kentucky
- Janet Thomas, founder of the Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute
- Rekha R. Thomas, American mathematician and operations researcher
- Abigail Thompson (1958– ), American low-dimensional topologist, educational reformer
- Gillian Thornley (1940–), New Zealand differential geometer, first woman President of the New Zealand Mathematical Society
- Ulrike Tillmann FRS (1962– ), German–English algebraic topologist
- Sheila Tinney (1918–2010), Irish mathematical physicist, first Irishwoman with a mathematical doctorate
- Françoise Tisseur, French–English numerical analyst
- Jacqueline Naze Tjøtta (1935–2017), French–Norwegian researcher in kinetics, magnetohydrodynamics and theoretical acoustics
- Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann FRSC, Polish–Canadian geometric functional analyst
- Antoinette Tordesillas, Australian applied mathematician
- Paula Tretkoff, Australian–American researcher in number theory, noncommutative geometry, and hypergeometric functions
- Olga Tsuberbiller (1885–1975), Russian analytical geometer and textbook author
- Reidun Twarock, German-born mathematical biologist
- Regina Tyshkevich, Belarussian graph theorist, co-invented split graphs
U
- Olabisi Ugbebor, first female mathematics professor in Nigeria
- Karen Uhlenbeck (1942– ), American mathematician, MacArthur Fellow, National Medal of Science, Leroy P. Steele Prize
- Corinna Ulcigrai (1980– ), Italian researcher on dynamical systems, won European Mathematical Society Prize and Whitehead Prize
- Nina Uraltseva (1935– ), Russian mathematical physicist, specialist in nonlinear partial differential equations
V
- Brigitte Vallée (1950– ), French mathematician and computer scientist, expert in lattice basis reduction algorithms
- Pauline van den Driessche, British–Canadian pioneer in combinatorial matrix theory and mathematical biology
- Maria Eulália Vares, Brazilian expert in stochastic processes
- Dorothy Vaughan (1910–2008), African-American mathematician at NASA
- Mariel Vázquez, Mexican mathematical biologist specializing in DNA topology
- Argelia Velez-Rodriguez (1936– ), Black Cuban–American differential geometer
- Tatyana Velikanova (1932–2002), Soviet mathematician, computer programmer, dissident, and political prisoner
- Michèle Vergne (1943– ), French specialist in analysis and representation theory, member of French Academy of Sciences
- Siobhán Vernon, first Irish-born woman to get a PhD in pure mathematics in Ireland
- Katalin Vesztergombi (1948– ), Hungarian graph theorist and discrete geometer
- Maryna Viazovska (1984– ), Ukrainian mathematician, solved the sphere packing problems in dimensions 8 and 24
- Eva Viehmann, German arithmetic geometer
- Marie-France Vignéras (1946– ), French mathematician who proved that one cannot hear the shape of a hyperbolic drum
- Marie A. Vitulli, American algebraic geometer, union organizer, and proponent for women in mathematics on Wikipedia
- Roxana Vivian (1871–1961), first female mathematics doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania
- Karen Vogtmann (1949– ), American geometric group theorist, namesake of Culler–Vogtmann outer space
- Claire Voisin (1962– ), French expert on Hodge structures and mirror symmetry, member of French Academy of Sciences
- Elisabeth Vreede (1879–1943), Dutch mathematician, astronomer and Anthroposophist
W
- Michelle L. Wachs, American specialist in algebraic combinatorics
- Grace Wahba (1934– ), American pioneer in methods for smoothing noisy data, member of National Academy of Sciences
- Erica Walker, American mathematician, studies racial and gender equity in mathematics education
- Muriel Kennett Wales (1913–2009), Irish-Canadian mathematician
- Judy L. Walker, American algebraic coding theorist
- Lynne H. Walling, British number theorist
- Marion Walter (1928– ), German-born mathematician who wrote about using mirrors to explore symmetry
- Wang Zhenyi (1768–1797), Qing dynasty mathematician and astronomer
- Rachel Ward, American applied mathematician who researches machine learning and signal processing
- Mary Wynne Warner (1932–1998), British pioneer in fuzzy topology
- Sarah L. Waters, British expert in fluid mechanics and tissue engineering
- Ann E. Watkins, American statistics educator, president of the Mathematical Association of America
- Johanna Weber (1910–2014), German–British mathematician and aerodynamicist, contributed to supersonic aircraft design
- Suzanne Weekes, American mathematician, cofounder of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute Undergraduate Program
- Katrin Wehrheim (1974– ), American symplectic topologist and gauge theorist
- Guofang Wei (1965– ), Chinese–American differential geometer, found new positively-curved manifolds
- Katrin Wendland, German mathematical physicist, expert on singularities in quantum field theories
- Elisabeth M. Werner, researcher on convex geometry, functional analysis, and probability theory
- Eléna Wexler-Kreindler (1931–2002), Romanian–French algebraist
- Anna Johnson Pell Wheeler (1883–1966), American researcher on infinite-dimensional linear algebra
- Mary Wheeler (1931– ), American expert on domain decomposition methods for partial differential equations
- Sue Whitesides, Canadian mathematician and computer scientist, expert in computational geometry and graph drawing
- Alice S. Whittemore, American group theorist, biostatistician, and epidemiologist who studies the effects of genetics and lifestyle on cancer
- Sylvia Wiegand (1945– ), American algebraist, president of the Association for Women in Mathematics
- Anna Wienhard (1977– ), German differential geometer
- Amie Wilkinson (1968– ), American researcher in ergodic theory and smooth dynamical systems
- Elizabeth Williams (1895–1986), British mathematician and educationist
- Lauren Williams, American expert on cluster algebras and tropical geometry
- Ruth J. Williams, American probability theorist, president of Institute of Mathematical Statistics, member of National Academy of Sciences
- Talithia Williams, American statistician and mathematician who researches the spatiotemporal structure of data
- Virginia Vassilevska Williams, Bulgarian–American researcher on graph algorithms and fast matrix multiplication
- Stephanie van Willigenburg, Canadian researcher in algebraic combinatorics and quasisymmetric functions
- Helen Wilson (mathematician) (1973–), British expert on non-Newtonian fluids, president of British Society of Rheology
- Helen Wily (1921–2009), New Zealand mathematician and statistician
- Sarah Witherspoon, American mathematician interested in abstract algebra
- Barbara Wohlmuth, German expert on the numerical solution of partial differential equations
- Gail Wolkowicz, Canadian mathematical biologist known for her work on the competitive exclusion principle
- Maria Wonenburger (1927–2014), Galician–American group theorist, first Spanish Fulbright scholar in mathematics
- Carol Wood (1945– ), American expert in model-theoretic algebra, president of AWM
- Melanie Wood (1981– ), first female American to compete in the International Mathematical Olympiad
- Sarah Woodhead (d. 1912), first woman to pass the Tripos
- Mary Lee Woods (1924– ), British mathematician and computer programmer
- Carol S. Woodward, American expert in numerical algorithms and software
- Margaret H. Wright (1944– ), American researcher in optimization, linear algebra, and scientific computing
- Dorothy Maud Wrinch (1894–1976), Argentine–English mathematician and biochemical theorist, expert in protein structure
- Sijue Wu (1964– ), Chinese–American expert in the mathematics of water waves
- Lucy R. Wyatt, British mathematician and oceanographer, studies high frequency radar oceanography and ocean surface waves
Y
- Catherine Yan, Chinese-American mathematician interested in algebraic combinatorics
- Grace Yang, Chinese-American expert on stochastic processes in the physical sciences, asymptotic theory, and survival analysis
- Sofya Yanovskaya (1896–1966), restored mathematical logic research in Soviet Union, edited mathematical works of Karl Marx
- Jane Ye, Chinese-Canadian researcher in variational analysis
- Karen Yeats (1980– ), Canadian mathematician whose research connects combinatorics to quantum field theory
- Florence Yeldham (1877–1945), British school teacher and historian of arithmetic
- Lai-Sang Young (1952– ), Hong Kong born dynamical systems theorist
- Noriko Yui, Japanese–Canadian researcher on arithmetic geometry, mathematical physics, and mirror symmetry
- Sufiah Yusof (1984– ), British Pakistani mathematics prodigy, feminist blogger
Z
- Sara Zahedi (1981–), Iranian–Swedish researcher in computational fluid dynamics, former child refugee, and winner of EMS Prize
- Thaleia Zariphopoulou, Greek–American expert in mathematical finance
- Mary Lou Zeeman, British expert on dynamical systems and their application to mathematical biology
- Sarah Zerbes, German and British algebraic number theorist
- Tamar Ziegler, Israeli researcher in ergodic theory and arithmetic combinatorics, won Erdős Prize
See also
- Association for Women in Mathematics
- List of female scientists
- List of women in statistics
- Noether Lecturer
- Timeline of women in mathematics in the United States
- Timeline of women in mathematics worldwide
- Women in computing
- Women in science
References
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} Morrow, edited by Charlene; Perl, Teri (1998). Notable women in mathematics : a biographical dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 98–101. ISBN 978-0-313-29131-9.
- ^ "Profiles of Women in Mathematics". The Emmy Noether Lectures. Association for Women in Mathematics. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- ^ Grinstein, Louise S.; Schafer, Paul J. Campbell, eds. (1987). Women of mathematics : a biobibliographic sourcebook. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-24849-8.
- ^ "Maria Gaetana Agnesi". Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- ^ ^{a} ^{b} Alexandrov, Pavel S. (1981), "In Memory of Emmy Noether", in Brewer, James W; Smith, Martha K, Emmy Noether: A Tribute to Her Life and Work, New York: Marcel Dekker, pp. 99–111, ISBN 0-8247-1550-0.
External links
- Chronological Index of Women Mathematicians
- Alphabetical Index of Women Mathematicians
- List of Noether Lecture subjects
- Famous Female Mathematicians
- MacTutor index of female mathematicians
- Biographies of Women Mathematicians on the Women in Math Project
- Green, Judy; LaDuke, Jeanne (2009). Pioneering Women in American Mathematics — The Pre-1940 PhD's. History of Mathematics. 34. American Mathematical Society, The London Mathematical Society. ISBN 978-0-8218-4376-5. Biographies available in the Supplementary Material at AMS
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