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List of wars involving Turkey

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The following is a list of wars involving the Republic of Turkey.

Conflict Turkey
and allies
Opponents Results Turkish losses
Military Civilian
War of Independence
(1919–1923)
Ankara Government  Greece
 France
 Armenia
 United Kingdom
 Istanbul Government
 Italy
Georgia
Victory[1]
~41,000
Unknown
Sheikh Said Rebellion
(1925)
Turkey Sunni Zaza tribes Victory
  • Revolt suppressed
Unknown
15,000–
250,000
Ararat Rebellion
(1927–1930)
Turkey Republic of Ararat Victory
Unknown
4,500–
47,000
Dersim Rebellion
(1937–1938)
 Turkey Dersim tribes Victory
  • Revolt suppressed
110
Unknown
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 South Korea
 North Korea
 China
Stalemate
904[2]
None
Cyprus crisis (1955–64)
(1955–1964)
 Turkey
Turkey TMT
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg Cyprus Defeat
?
None
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
(1974)
 Turkey
Turkey TMT
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg Cyprus
Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg Greece
Victory
  • Turkish occupation of 36.2% of Cyprus
498[8]
None
Political violence in Turkey
(1976–1980)[9]
Grey Wolves TKP/ML
THKO
Devrimci Yol
1980 Turkish coup d'état
  • Violence abruptly stopped[10]
5,388
(both sides)
Kurdish-Turkish Conflict
(1978–)
 Turkey KCK
YDG-H
HBDH
TAK
Ongoing
  • Truce 2012-2014, renewed warfare in 2015
8,266
~30,000
Operation Restore Hope
(1992–1995)
Somalia United Somali Congress Victory
  • Operation regarded as a success[11]
None
None
Operation Deliberate Force
(1995)
 Republika Srpska Victory
None
None
Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
(1997)
 Turkey
KDP
PUK
PKK
Victory
  • Peace treaty between the KDP and the PUK
145
None
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)
Kosovo Liberation Army UÇK
 FR Yugoslavia Victory
None
None
War in Afghanistan
(2001–)
 Afghanistan
Afghanistan Taliban Ongoing
  • Fall of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
15
None
Libyan Civil War
(2011)
Libya NTC
 Qatar
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya Victory
  • The NTC assumed interim control of Libya
None
None
American-led intervention in Iraq
(2015–)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
 ISIS Victory
  • Turkish intervention in July 2015
None
See below[12]
Operation Euphrates Shield
(2016–2017)
 Turkey
Syrian Opposition
 ISIS
Flag of Rojava.svg Northern Syria
Victory
71
See below[12]
Operation Olive Branch
(2018–)
 Turkey
Syrian Opposition
Flag of Rojava.svg Northern Syria
Syria
Ongoing
  • Turkish capture of Afrin
83
None

Other armed conflicts involving Turkey

See also

References

  1. ^ Chester Neal Tate, Governments of the world: a global guide to citizens' rights and responsibilities, Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2006, p. 205.
  2. ^ Including 163 missing
  3. ^ https://books.google.com.cy/books?isbn=1438774230 Cyprus Country Study Guide Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments page 73
  4. ^ https://books.google.com.cy/books?isbn=1134154887 Greece and the Cold War: Front Line State, 1952-1967 page 161
  5. ^ https://books.google.com.cy/books?isbn=1136677453 Cyprus and International Peacemaking 1964-1986 page 54
  6. ^ https://books.google.com.cy/books?isbn=1461404479 Handbook of Ethnic Conflict: International Perspectives page 305
  7. ^ https://books.google.com.cy/books?isbn=113710080X Beyond a Divided Cyprus: A State and Society in Transformation page 75
  8. ^ References:
    • Haydar Çakmak: Türk dış politikası, 1919–2008, Platin, 2008, ISBN 9944137251, page 688 (in Turkish); excerpt from reference: 415 ground, 65 navy, 5 air, 13 gendarmerie (= 498 killed)
    • American University (Washington, D.C.). Foreign Area Studies; Eugene K. Keefe (1980). Cyprus, a country study. Foreign Area Studies, American University : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Retrieved 5 December 2012. Authoritative figures for casualties during the two- phased military operation were not published; available estimates listed Greek Cypriot losses at 6,000 dead and Turkish losses at 1,500 dead and 2,000 wounded...
  9. ^ Gil, Ata. "La Turquie à marche forcée," Le Monde diplomatique, February 1981.
  10. ^ Ustel, Aziz (2008-07-14). "Savcı, Ergenekon'u Kenan Evren'e sormalı asıl!". Star Gazete (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-10-21. Ve 13 Eylül 1980’de Türkiye’yi on yıla yakın bir süredir kasıp kavuran terör ve adam öldürmeler bıçakla kesilir gibi kesildi.
  11. ^ "Operation Restore Hope". Retrieved 2007-12-02.
  12. ^ a b Several Turkish citizens have been killed in attacks claimed by ISIS. See Category:ISIL terrorist incidents in Turkey
  13. ^ http://metro.co.uk/2016/09/05/isis-cleared-from-border-with-turkey-6109548/
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