List of wars involving Turkey

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The following is a list of wars involving the Republic of Turkey.

Conflict Turkey
and allies
Opponents Results Turkish losses
Military Civilian
War of Independence
(1919-1923)
Ottoman Empire Ankara Government  Greece
Flag of Armenia (1918).png Armenia
France France
Ottoman Empire Istanbul Government
 United Kingdom
 Italy
Victory[1]
~41,000
Unknown
Sheikh Said Rebellion
(1925)
Ottoman Empire Turkey Sunni Zaza tribes Victory
  • Revolt suppressed
Unknown
15,000–
250,000
Ararat Rebellion
(1927-1930)
Ottoman Empire Turkey Republic of Ararat Victory
Unknown
4,500–
47,000
Dersim Rebellion
(1937–1938)
 Turkey Dersim tribes Victory
  • Revolt suppressed
110
Unknown
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 South Korea
 North Korea
 China
Stalemate
904[2]
None
Battle of Tillyria
(1964)
 Turkey
Turkey TMT
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg Cyprus Ceasefire
  • Minor territorial changes
?
None
Turkish invasion of Cyprus
(1974)
 Turkey
Turkey TMT
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg Cyprus
Flag of Greece (1970-1975).svg Greece
Victory
  • Turkish occupation of 36.2% of Cyprus
498[3]
None
Political violence in Turkey
(1976–1980)[4]
Grey Wolves TKP/ML
THKO
Devrimci Yol
1980 Turkish coup d'état
  • Violence abruptly stopped[5]
5,388
(both sides)
Kurdish-Turkish Conflict
(1978–)
 Turkey KCK
YDG-H
HBDH
TAK
Ongoing
  • Truce 2012-2014, renewed warfare in 2015
8,266
~30,000
Operation Restore Hope
(1992–1995)
Somalia United Somali Congress Victory
  • Operation regarded as a success[6]
None
None
Operation Deliberate Force
(1995)
 Republika Srpska Victory
None
None
Iraqi Kurdish Civil War
(1997)
 Turkey
KDP
PUK
PKK
Victory
  • Peace treaty between the KDP and the PUK
145
None
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)
Kosovo Liberation Army UÇK
 FR Yugoslavia Victory
None
None
War in Afghanistan
(2001–)
 Afghanistan
Afghanistan Taliban Ongoing
  • Fall of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
15
None
Libyan Civil War
(2011)
Libya NTC
 Qatar
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Libya Victory
  • The NTC assumed interim control of Libya
None
None
American-led intervention in Iraq
(2015–)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
 ISIS Victory
  • Turkish intervention in July 2015
None
See below[7]
Operation Euphrates Shield
(2016–2017)
 Turkey
Syrian Opposition
 ISIS
Flag of Rojava.svg Northern Syria
Victory
71
See below[7]
Operation Olive Branch
(2018–)
 Turkey
Syrian Opposition
Flag of Rojava.svg Northern Syria
Syria
Ongoing
  • Turkish capture of Afrin
52
None

Other armed conflicts involving Turkey

See also

References

  1. ^ Chester Neal Tate, Governments of the world: a global guide to citizens' rights and responsibilities, Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2006, p. 205.
  2. ^ Including 163 missing
  3. ^ References:
    • Haydar Çakmak: Türk dış politikası, 1919–2008, Platin, 2008, ISBN 9944137251, page 688 (in Turkish); excerpt from reference: 415 ground, 65 navy, 5 air, 13 gendarmerie (= 498 killed)
    • American University (Washington, D.C.). Foreign Area Studies; Eugene K. Keefe (1980). Cyprus, a country study. Foreign Area Studies, American University : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Retrieved 5 December 2012. Authoritative figures for casualties during the two- phased military operation were not published; available estimates listed Greek Cypriot losses at 6,000 dead and Turkish losses at 1,500 dead and 2,000 wounded... 
  4. ^ Gil, Ata. "La Turquie à marche forcée," Le Monde diplomatique, February 1981.
  5. ^ Ustel, Aziz (2008-07-14). "Savcı, Ergenekon'u Kenan Evren'e sormalı asıl!". Star Gazete (in Turkish). Retrieved 2008-10-21. Ve 13 Eylül 1980’de Türkiye’yi on yıla yakın bir süredir kasıp kavuran terör ve adam öldürmeler bıçakla kesilir gibi kesildi. 
  6. ^ "Operation Restore Hope". Retrieved 2007-12-02. 
  7. ^ a b Several Turkish citizens have been killed in attacks claimed by ISIS. See Category:ISIL terrorist incidents in Turkey
  8. ^ http://metro.co.uk/2016/09/05/isis-cleared-from-border-with-turkey-6109548/
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