List of wars involving Switzerland

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This article is an incomplete list of wars and conflicts involving Switzerland, since the creation of the Old Swiss Confederacy.

Old Swiss Confederacy

Growth (1291–1523)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
15 November 1315 Battle of Morgarten

part of

Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Austria Archduchy of Austria Decisive Swiss victory

Pact of Brunnen

9 July 1386 Battle of Sempach

part of

Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Austria Archduchy of Austria Decisive Swiss victory
2 November 1440 12 June 1446 Old Zürich War Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Canton of Zürich Imperial City of Zürich

Austria Archduchy of Austria
Arms of France (France Moderne).svg Kingdom of France

Swiss Confederation victory
1474 1477 Burgundian Wars Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy

Duchy of Lorraine

Burgundy Duchy of Burgundy

 Duchy of Savoy

Franco-Swiss victory
January 1499 September 1499 Swabian War Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy  Holy Roman Empire
Swiss Confederation victory

Treaty of Basel (1499):

  • Further independence of the Swiss Confederation from the Holy Roman Empire
1511 1516 War of the League of Cambrai Switzerland Swiss mercenaries

 Papal States
 Spain
 Holy Roman Empire
 England Flag of the Duchy of Milan (1450).svg Duchy of Milan

 Venice

 France
 Scotland
Ducado de Modena (antes de 1830).svg Duchy of Ferrara

Defeat

Reformation (1523–1648)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1529 First War of Kappel
  • Civil War of religions
Protestant cantons Catholic cantons Unresolved, no actual battles fought
1531 Musso war Three Leagues

Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy (Protestant cantons)

Flag of the Duchy of Milan.png Duchy of Milan Victory

Increased Catholic-Protestant tension, leading to the Second War of Kappel

1531 Second War of Kappel
  • Civil War of religions
Catholics:

Flag of Canton of Uri.svg Uri
Blutfahne.svg Schwyz
Flag of Canton of Zug.svg Zug
Flag of Canton of Lucerne.svg Lucerne
Flag of Canton of Unterwalden.svg Unterwalden

Protestants:

Flag of Canton of Zürich.svg Zürich

]|Catholic cantons victory

30 June 1422 Battle of Arbedo Switzerland Old Swiss Confederacy Flag of the Duchy of Milan.png Duchy of Milan Defeat:
  • End of Swiss expansionism

Ancien Régime (1648–1798)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
January 1653 June 1653 Swiss peasant war of 1653
  • Civil War
Peasant rebels City Governments troops Military victory of the ruling city councils
1656 and 1712 The First War of Villmergen and the Toggenburg War (or Second War of Villmergen)
  • Civil Wars of religion
Wappen Zürich matt.svg Canton of Zürich
Wappen Bern matt.svg Canton of Bern
Wappen Schaffhausen matt.svg Canton of Schaffhausen
Wappen Luzern matt.svg Canton of Lucerne
Wappen Uri matt.svg Canton of Uri
Wappen des Kantons Schwyz.svg Canton of Schwyz
Wappen Unterwalden alt.svg Unterwalden
Wappen Zug matt.svg Canton of Zug
Freie Ämter Freie Ämter
Rapperswil CoA.svg Rapperswil
Catholic victory in First war, Protestant victory in second.

Napoleonic Era and Restoration (1798–1848)

Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Enemies
1798 1799 French Revolutionary Wars
  • Swiss Campaign
Switzerland becomes a battlefield for Revolutionary France

French victory: creation of the Helvetic Republic, a French client state

1799 1802 War of the Second Coalition France French Republic

Poland Polish Legions
French client states

Holy Roman Empire Austria

 Russia
 Great Britain (until 1801)
 United Kingdom (from 1801)
Kingdom of France French Royalists
Portugal Portugal
 Two Sicilies
 Ottoman Empire

French Republic victory
1802 Stecklikrieg
  • Civil war
Centralists

Flag of the Helvetic Republic (French).svg Helvetic Republic

Federalists

Wappen Uri matt.svg Canton of Uri
Wappen des Kantons Schwyz.svg Canton of Schwyz
Wappen Luzern matt.svg Canton of Luzern
Wappen Obwalden matt.svg Canton of Obwalden
Wappen Nidwalden matt.svg Canton of Nidwalden
Wappen Glarus matt.svg Canton of Glarus
Wappen Zürich matt.svg City of Zürich
Wappen Bern matt.svg Canton of Bern
Wappen Aargau matt.svg Canton of Aargau
Wappen Solothurn matt.svg Canton of Solothurn
Wappen Appenzell Ausserrhoden matt.svg Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Wappen Appenzell Innerrhoden matt.svg Appenzell Innerrhoden

Collapse of the Helvetic Republic, French Act of Mediation and creation of the Swiss Confederation (Napoleonic)
1806 1807 War of the Fourth Coalition France First French Empire

French client states

 Prussia
 Russia
 United Kingdom
 Saxony[a]
 Sweden
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily
French victory
10 April 1809 14 October 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition France First French Empire

French client states

 Austria
  • Tyrol (in rebellion against Bavaria)

 United Kingdom
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
Black Brunswickers

French victory
1813 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition France First French Empire

French client states

 Russia
 Prussia
 Austria
 United Kingdom
 Sweden
Spain Spain
Portugal Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia
Defeat
20 March 1815 8 July 1815 War of the Seventh Coalition Seventh Coalition:

 Austrian Empire
 Russian Empire
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
Province of Hanover Hanover
Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

France First French Empire
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Coalition victory
3 November 1847 29 November 1847 Sonderbund War
  • Civil war
Swiss Confederation Sonderbund Rise of Switzerland as a federal state

See also

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