List of wars involving South Korea

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This is a list of wars involving South Korea. This list only includes conflicts where South Korean forces took part in actual combat, thus excluding the Persian Gulf War, among others.

Conflict Joseon Dynasty
and allies
Opponents Results Monarch
of Joseon Dynasty
Joseon Dynasty
Second Tsushima Expedition
(1396)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Resulted in yearly tributes by Tsushima.
King Taejong
Third Tsushima Expedition
(1419)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Discrepancy on which side had actually won.
King Sejong the Great
Joseon Northern Expedition
(1443)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Jurchen.png Jianzhou Jurchens Victory
  • Led to establishment of present-day northern borders.
King Sejong the Great
Sampo Invasion
(1510)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty So clan mon2.svg Tsushima Province Victory
  • Joseon broke all diplomatic relations with Japan after the incident.
King Jungjong
First Japanese invasion of Korea
(1592-1593)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Toyotomi mon.png Azuchi-Momoyama Japan Stalemate
  • Joseon, despite its strategic advantage, suffered heavy casualties due to an inefficient military system.
King Seonjo
Second Japanese invasion of Korea
(1597-1598)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Toyotomi mon.png Azuchi-Momoyama Japan Japanese Withdrawal
  • Asia's first regional warfare that involved intensive use of modern-era weapons.
King Seonjo
Ming-Manchu War
(1618-1683)
Ming Dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty
Flag of Chagatai khanate.svg Kumul Khanate
Turfan Khanate

Amaga aisin gurun1.png Manchus Defeat Gwanghaegun
First Manchu invasion of Korea
(1627)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Later Jin dynasty Defeat
  • Was spurred by actions of Mao Wenlong, a Ming commander who operated off islands of Korea.
King Injo
Second Manchu invasion of Korea
(1636-1637)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Qing dynasty Defeat
  • Brought forth the idea of Punitive North Expedition in Joseon.
King Injo
Sino-Russian border conflicts
(1652-1689)
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Qing dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Flag of Russia.svg Tsardom of Muscovy

Hetmanate Army flag.png Cossacks

Victory King Hyojong
French campaign against Korea
(1866)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of France.svg Second French Empire French Withdrawal
  • Spurred by Joseon's execution of French Catholic priests on the same year.
Heungseon Daewongun
United States expedition to Korea
(1871)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the United States.svg United States United States withdrawal
  • Spurred by Joseon's unknown treatment of the American merchant ship General Sherman.
Heungseon Daewongun
Ganghwa Island incident
(1875)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat King Gojong
Imo Incident
(1882)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Korean military dissidents, mostly from the Central Defense Command Victory
  • Spurred by Central Defense Command receiving significantly worse treatment compared to the newly established "Byolkigun".
King Gojong
Gapsin Coup
(1884)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty

Supported by Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Qing dynasty

Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Reformist Faction

Supported by War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan

Gapsin Coup overthrown
  • Resulted in Chinese dominance within Korean politics.
King Gojong
Donghak Peasant Revolution
(1894-1895)
Flag of the king of Joseon.svg Joseon Dynasty Cheondoism flag.svg Donghak Peasant's Army Victory King Gojong
Conflict Korean Empire
and allies
Opponents Results Emperor
of Korean Empire
Korean Empire
Eulsa Righteous War
(1905)
Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat Emperor Gwangmu
Jeungmi Righteous War
(1907)
Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat
  • Reaction to the forced dissolution of the Korean Imperial Army.
Emperor Yunghui
Great Korean Militia Roundup Campaign
(1909)
Korean Empire War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan Defeat
  • Most battles were around the Southern Korea region of Jeolla.
Empeor Yunghui
Conflict Provisional Government
of Korea and allies
Opponents Results Leader
of Provisional Government
Provisional Government of Korea
Bongoh town Battle
(1920)
Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea  Empire of Japan Victory
  • One of earlier Korean independence movements.
President
Syngman Rhee
Battle of Chongsanli
(1920)
Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea  Empire of Japan Victory
  • Referred in Korea as "Great victory of Chongsanli".
President
Syngman Rhee
Massacre of Svobodny
(1921)
Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea  Far Eastern Republic Defeat
  • Most of initial Korean militia was destroyed during the massacre.
President
Syngman Rhee
South-East Asian theatre of World War II
(1942-1945)
 British Empire

Taiwan Republic of China

 United States

War flag of the Imperial Japanese Army.svg Empire of Japan

Thailand Thailand

Victory Premier
Kim Gu
Conflict South Korea
and allies
Opponents Results President
of South Korea
Republic of Korea
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 Republic of Korea
 United States

Flag of the United Nations.svg United Nations Command

 Democratic People's Republic of Korea
People's Republic of China
 Soviet Union
Ceasefire
  • Cease-fire armistice; North Korean invasion of South Korea repelled, UN invasion of North Korea repelled, Chinese invasion of South Korea repelled.
  • Korean Demilitarized Zone established, little territorial change at the 38th parallel border.
Syngman Rhee
Vietnam War
(1964–1973)
Flag of South Vietnam.svg South Vietnam
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 South Korea
 Thailand
 Australia
 New Zealand
Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg Kingdom of Laos
Cambodia Khmer Republic
 Philippines
Vietnam North Vietnam
Viet Cong Viet Cong
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge
Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea.svg Khmer Issarak
Laos Pathet Lao
 North Korea
 China
Defeat Park Chung-hee
Korean DMZ Conflict (1966–1969)  Republic of Korea
 United States
 Democratic People's Republic of Korea Victory
  • North Korean failure to instigate an armed insurgency in South Korea
Park Chung-hee
Iraq War
(2003–2008)
 Iraq
Iraqi Kurdistan
MNF–I
Iraq SCJL
Iraq Naqshbandi Army
ISIL Flag of Ansar al-Islam.svg Ansar al-Islam
Islamic Army of Iraq (emblem).png IAI
Mahdi Army
Special Groups
Badr Brigades
Kata'ib Hezbollah
Victory
Roh Moo-hyun

References

External links

The Korean War:

  • Korean War resources, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
  • North Korea International Documentation Project
  • Grand Valley State University Veteran's History Project digital collection
  • The Forgotten War, Remembered – four testimonials in The New York Times
  • Collection of Books and Research Materials on the Korean War an online collection of the United States Army Center of Military History
  • The Korean War at History.com
  • Korean-War.com
  • Koreanwar-educator.org

Capital Mechanized Infantry Division, a division that fought in Korea and Vietnam:

  • ROMAD with Korean Tiger Division, DASF's No's 1-7 listed with photos
  • Photo of Commanding General of ROKF-V, LTG. Chae Myung Shin
  • Photo of a Forward Observation Post (OP) of the 6th Company, ROK Blue Dragon Marine Corp.(2)-Vietnam 1970
  • http://www.vietvet.co.kr/
  • http://cafe3.ktdom.com/vietvet/us/us.htm
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