List of wars involving Saudi Arabia

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This is a list of wars that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its predecessor states have been involved.

Emirate of Diriyah (1744–1818)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Riyadh
(1746)
Diriyah Emirate of Riyadh Victory
  • Debellation of the Emirate of Riyadh
Muhammad bin Saud
~1700
Battle of Al-Hayer
(1764)
Diriyah Bani Khalid Defeat
  • Saudi defeat
Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad
~500
Battle of Ghrimeel
(1789)
Diriyah Bani Khalid Victory
~?
Ibn Ufaisan's invasion of Kuwait
(1793)
Diriyah Flag of Kuwait (?-1899).png Kuwait
Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg Great Britain
Defeat
  • Saudi retreat from Kuwait
~?
Saudi invasion of Qatar
(1798-1793)
Diriyah Qatar
Bahrain
Oman[1]
Ottoman Empire[2]
Victory
  • Incorporation of Qatar into First Saudi State
~?
Invasion of Karbala
(1802)
Diriyah Baghdad Eyalet
Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Saudi takeover of Karbala
None
Battle of Khakeekera[3]
(1811)
Diriyah Bahrain
Kuwait
Defeat
  • Invasion of Bahrain repelled
Abdullah bin Saud
~300
Ottoman–Saudi War
(1811–1818)
Diriyah Egypt Eyalet
Ottoman Empire
Defeat
~11,000

Emirate of Nejd (1824–1891)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Rebellion against Egypt Eyalet
(1821–1824)
Nejd Egypt Eyalet Victory
Turki bin Abdullah bin Muhammad
?
Saudi Civil War
(1834)
Supporters of Faisal Supporters of Mishari Victory to Faisal's forces
  • Execution of Mishari ibn Abdul-Rahman
Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah Al Saud
?
Egyptian invasion of Nejd
(1838–1843)
Nejd Egypt Eyalet Victory
  • Egyptian retreat, Khalid ibn Saud toppled
?
Saudi Civil War
(1865–1875)
Supporters of Rahman Supporters of Saud Victory to Saud's forces
  • Exile of Rahman, Saud becomes Imam
Saud bin Faisal bin Turki
?
Al-Hasa Expedition[4][5]
(1870-1871)
Nejd Ottoman Empire
Flag of Kuwait (?-1899).png Kuwait
Defeat
?
Battle of Arwa
(1883)
Nejd Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Defeat
  • Saudi defeat
?
Battle of Mulayda
(1891)
Nejd Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Defeat
Abdul Rahman bin Faisal
~1000

Emirate of Nejd and Hasa (1902–1921)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Battle of Riyadh
(1902)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Victory
Ibn Saud
7
Battle of Dilam
(1903)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Victory
  • Saudi takeover of southern Nejd
160
First Saudi–Rashidi War
(1903–1907)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar
Ottoman Empire
Victory
  • Saudi takeover of central and northern Arabia
At least 937
Battle of Hadia[7]
(1910)
Nejd and Hasa
Flag of Kuwait (1909-1915).svg Kuwait
Al-Muntafiq Victory
  • Defeat of the Al Muntafiq tribe
?
Conquest of al-Hasa
(1913)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Incorporation of al-Hasa into Saudi Arabia
?
Battle of Jarrab
(1915)
Nejd and Hasa Flag of the Emirate of Ha'il.svg Jabal Shammar Defeat
?
Battle of Kinzaan
(1915)
Nejd and Hasa Ajman tribe Victory
?
First Saudi-Hashemite War
(1918–1919)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Hejaz Victory
  • Hashemite land cessions
?
Kuwait–Najd War
(1919–1920)
Nejd and Hasa
Ikhwan
Kuwait Defeat
  • Ikhwan retreat from Kuwait
?
Second Saudi–Rashidi War
(1921)
Nejd and Hasa Jabal Shammar Victory
?

Sultanate of Nejd (1921–1926)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Second Saudi-Hashemite War
(1924–1925)
Nejd
Ikhwan
Flag of Hejaz 1920.svg Hejaz Victory
  • Incorporation of Hejaz.
Ibn Saud
?

Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd (1926–1932)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Ikhwan Revolt
(1927–1930)
Hejaz and Nejd
Kuwait
 United Kingdom
Ikhwan Victory
  • Ikhwan defeat.
Ibn Saud
At least 700

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (1932-present)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result Monarch Saudi losses
Saudi–Yemeni War
(1934)
Saudi Arabia Yemen Victory
  • Yemeni invasion of Saudi Arabia repelled
Ibn Saud
?
First Arab-Israeli War
(1948–1949)
Egypt Egypt
 Iraq
Jordan Transjordan
Syria Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Yemen
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg HWA
Arab League ALA
 Israel Defeat
?
North Yemen Civil War
(1962–1965)
Kingdom of Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Egypt
Yemen Arab Republic
Defeat
  • Saudi Arabia stopped supplying the royalists
Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
~1,000 soldiers
and civilians
Al-Wadiah War
(1969)
 Saudi Arabia  South Yemen Victory
  • al-Wadiah reoccupied by Saudi forces
?
Ramadan War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
Iraq Iraq
 Jordan
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Cuba
 Israel Defeat[9]
?
Grand Mosque Seizure
(1979)
 Saudi Arabia
 Pakistan
Ikhwan Victory
Khalid bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
127 soldiers[11]
11 civilians
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
 Kuwait
United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Oman
 UAE
 Qatar
 Italy
 Australia
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg Iraq Victory
Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
24 soldiers
1 civilian
Sixth Sa'dah War
(2009–2010)
 Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
 Jordan
 Morocco
Houthis Logo.png Houthis Stalemate[12]
  • Houthis consolidate control over Sa'dah
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
133 soldiers
4 civilians
War on ISIS
(2014–)
 Iraq
 Iraqi Kurdistan
Free Syrian Army
Flag of Rojava.svg Rojava
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 United Kingdom
 Jordan
 Turkey
 Saudi Arabia
 Bahrain
 Qatar
 UAE
 Morocco
 Australia
 Belgium
 Canada
 France
 Germany
 Denmark
 Norway
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
al-Nusra Front
Khorasan
Ongoing
  • Unilateral US-Arab intervention against Syrian Islamists
3 soldiers
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen
(2015–)
Yemen Hadi government
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Southern Movement
 Saudi Arabia
 UAE
 Bahrain
 Kuwait
 Qatar
 Jordan
 Morocco
 Sudan
 Egypt
 Senegal
 Pakistan
Yemen Houthi government
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Ansar al-Sharia
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
Ongoing
Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
441 soldiers[13]
~500 civilians[13]

References

  1. ^ Casey, Michael S. (2007). The History of Kuwait (The Greenwood Histories of the Modern Nations). Greenwood. pp. 37–38. ISBN 978-0313340734. 
  2. ^ "'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [843] (998/1782)". qdl.qa. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  3. ^ ar:معركة خكيكرة
  4. ^ ar:عبد الله الثاني الصباح#cite note-2
  5. ^ Abu-Hakima, Ahmad Mustafa. "The Expedition Route, Midhat Pasha in Al-Hasa, Kuwait's Role in the Ottoman Expedition 1871-1873, Abd Allah's Direct Role in the War." The Modern History of Kuwait, 1750-1965. London: Luzac &, 1983. 85-89. Print.
  6. ^ Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. pp. 320–321. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  7. ^ ar:معركة هدية
  8. ^ "King Abdulaziz' Noble Character" (PDF). Islam House. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 
  9. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2 ISBN 0-313-31302-4
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society[permanent dead link] Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  10. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Pierre Tristam, "1979 Seizure of the Grand Mosque in Mecca", About.com". Retrieved 1 November 2011. 
  12. ^ Zimmerman, Katherine J. Yemen's Pivotal Moment. Critical Threats Project of the American Enterprise Institute, 2014.
  13. ^ a b Yemen's guerrilla war tests military ambitions of big-spending Saudis

Further reading

Part of a series on the
History of Saudi Arabia
Coat of arms of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia portal

External links

  • Hous of Saud, a 2005 documentary by PBS' Frontline.
  • http://www.thirdgradersatwar.com find out what really happened as told by a Cavalry Scout
  • Website about the french Daguet Division
  • Gulf War Discussion from the Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives
  • Historical Context from the Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives
  • Gulf War Guide – Iraq, U.S., UK Operation Desert storm War site with special features on the war
  • Saddam Hussein & the invasion of Kuwait.
  • CBC Digital Archives – The 1991 Gulf War
  • Master Index of Desert Storm Oral History Interviews by the United States Army Center of Military History
  • Bibliography of the Desert Shield and Desert Storm compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
  • Persian Gulf War
  • 20th Anniversary of Desert Storm in Photos
  • Profile: Al Houthis
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