List of wars involving Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following is an incomplete list of armed conflicts and wars fought by Russia, by Russian people, from antiquity to the present day. It also includes wars fought outside Russia by Russian military.

Kievan Rus'

This section contains list of wars involving Kievan Rus' and its principalities located on the territory of modern Russia and Ukraine (Principality of Kiev, Principality of Chernigov, Principality of Pereyaslavl, Principality of Volhynia, Principality of Terebovlia, Principality of Halych, Principality of Turov and Pinsk).

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
830s Paphlagonian expedition of the Rus' Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Unclear
860 Rus'–Byzantine War (860) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Victory
907 Rus'–Byzantine War (907) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Victory
920–1036 Rus'-Pechenegs' campaigns Kievan Rus' Pechenegs Different results
941 Rus'–Byzantine War (941) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Victory
964–965 Sviatoslav's campaign against Khazars Kievan Rus' Khazar Khaganate Victory. Destruction of Khazar Khaganate.
967/968–971 Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
981 Rus' raid on Czerwień Towns Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of Poland Victory
987 Rus'–Byzantine War (987) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Agreement. Baptism of Vladimir and further Christianization of Kievan Rus'.
1018 German–Polish War (1002–18) Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of Poland Defeat
1022 Yaroslav the Wise's attack on Brest Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Duchy of Poland Defeat
1024 Rus'–Byzantine War (1024) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
1043 Rus'–Byzantine War (1043) Kievan Rus'  Byzantine Empire Defeat
1055–1223 Rus'-Cumans' campaigns Kievan Rus' Cumans Different results
1069
1074
1077
Bolesław II the Generous's raids on Rus' Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Defeats
1076 Bolesław II the Generous's raid on Bohemia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland
Kievan Rus'
Přemyslovci erb.svg Duchy of Bohemia Polish victory
1092 Ruthenian and Cuman raid on Poland Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Victory
1101 Rus' and Cuman raid on Poland Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Victory
1120 Rus' and Cuman raid on Poland Kievan Rus' POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Kingdom of Poland Victory
1139–1142 Fights between Duchy of Masovia and Rus' Kievan Rus' Księstwo Mazowieckie COA.svg Bolesław IV the Curly Victory
1147 Bolesław IV the Curly's raid on Old Prussians POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Bolesław IV the Curly
Kievan Rus'
Old Prussians Bolesław IV the Curly's victory
1187 Rus raid on Lesser Poland Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Casimir II the Just Victory
1188–1189 Béla III's military campaign against Halych Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary Defeat
1189 Casimir II the Just's raid on Halych Coa Hungary Country History Bela III (1172-1196).svg Kingdom of Hungary
Alex K Halych 2.svg Principality of Halych
POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Casimir II the Just Defeat
1205 Roman the Great's raid on Poland Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White Defeat. Death of Roman the Great.
1207 Leszek I the White's raid on Rus' Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White
Księstwo Mazowieckie COA.svg Konrad I of Masovia
Defeat
1213–1214
1219
1233–1234
Andrew II's military campaigns against Halych Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary Victory. Hungarian retreat.
1214 Leszek I the White's raid on Volodymyr-Volynskyi Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary
Defeat
1218–1221 Polish-Hungarian-Ruthenian War Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia POL Przemysł II 1295 COA.svg Leszek I the White
Flag of Hungary (11th c. - 1301).svg Kingdom of Hungary
Victory
1223–1240 Mongol invasion of Rus'
(see also List of Tatar and Mongol raids against Rus')
Vladimir-Suzdal
Alex K Kyiv Michael 2.svg Principality of Kiev
Alex K Halych-Volhynia.svg Galicia-Volhynia
Nowogród.svg Novgorod Republic
Smolensk
Turov and Pinsk
Rostov
Chernigov
Ryazan
Pereyaslavl
Mongol Empire Defeat. Principalities of the Russian State became vassals of the Mongol Empire.

Grand Principality of Moscow (1480–1547)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1368–72) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Principality of Tver

Inconclusive
Battle of Shelon (14 July 1471) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Novgorod Republic Victory
  • Novgorod was joined to the Principality of Moscow in 1478
Great stand on the Ugra river (8 October 1480) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Golden Horde flag 1339.svg Golden Horde Victory
  • End of Mongol rule
Capture of Tver (1485) (ru) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Principality of Tver Victory
  • End of the Principality of Tver
First Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1492–1494) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1495–1497) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Inconclusive
Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1500–1503) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Victory
Russo-Kazan War (1505–07) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Khanate of Kazan Inconclusive
Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1507–1508) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Inconclusive
Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1512–1522) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow

Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Order

Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1534–1537) Coat of arms of Russia (XV Century).svg Grand Duchy of Moscow Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Siege of Kazan (1552)
Location: Tatarstan
Qolsharif and his students defend their madrassa and the Qolsharif mosque
Russia Flag of the Kazan Khanate.svg Khanate of Kazan Victory
  • Annexation of Kazan into Russia
Tatar Rebellion (1552–1556)
Location: Tatarstan
Russia Tatar rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ivan the Terrible's Swedish War (1554–1557)
Location: Karelia
Russia Sweden Inconclusive
Russian conquest of Astrakhan (1556)
Location: Astrakhan
Russia Astrakhan Khanate Victory
Livonian War (1558–1583)
Location: Northern Europe
Russia troops besiege Narva in 1558
Russia
Livonia
Baltic coat of arms.svg Livonian Confederation
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark–Norway
Sweden
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania

(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)

Defeat
Astrakhan Expedition (1568–1570)
Location: Astrakhan and Azov
Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey

Military flag of the Crimean Tatars.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
  • Treaty of Constantinople (1570)
Ivan the Terrible's Crimean War (1570–1572)
Location: European Russia
Russia Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimean Khanate
Ottoman Empire Turkey
Victory
  • Crimean invasion of Russia repelled
Russian conquest of Siberia (1580–1762)
Location: Siberia
Yermak's Conquest of Siberia
Russia Khanate of Sibir (until 1598)
Native Siberians
Victory
Boris Godunov's Swedish War (1590–1595)
Location: Northern Europe
Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Inconclusive
Polish invasions of Russia (1605–1618)
Location: Russia
The Poles surrender the Moscow Kremlin to Prince Pozharsky in 1612
Russia
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden (1609–1610)
Chorągiew królewska króla Zygmunta III Wazy.svg Poland–Lithuania Inconclusive
Bolotnikov Rebellion (1606–1607)
Location: Russia
Bolotnikov's battle with the Tsar's army at Nizhniye Kotly near Moscow
Russia Rebels under Ivan Bolotnikov Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ingrian War (1610–1617)
Location: Russia
Depiction of Russian troops in 1611
Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Defeat
Smolensk War (1632–1634)
Location: Smolensk
Russian troops storm Smolensk
Russia Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania Defeat
Alexis I's Persian War (1651–1653)
Location: North Caucasus
Russia Safavid Flag.svg Persia Inconclusive
Sino–Russian border conflicts (1652–1689)
Location: Heilongjiang and Amur
Russian fort under attack by Chinese troops
Russia
Cossacks
Qing dynasty China
Joseon Korea
Defeat
First Northern War (1654–1667)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russia
Herb Viyska Zaporozkogo (Alex K).svg Cossack Hetmanate
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Second Northern War (1656–1658)
Location: Northern Europe
Russian troops besiege Riga in 1656
Russia Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden Inconclusive
Moscow Uprising (1662)
Location: Moscow
Copper Riot in Moscow
Russia Muscovite insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
First Bashkir Rebellion (1662–1664)
Location: Bashkortostan
Russia Bashkir rebels Inconclusive
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept Bashkir demands
Solovetsky Monastery uprising (1668–1676)
Location: Solovetsky Islands
Voivode Meshcherinov puts down the Solovki Rebellion
Russia Raskol rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Razin's Rebellion (1670–1671)
Location: Russia
Razin's rebels in Astrakhan
Russia Cossacks under Stepan Razin Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Feodor III's Turkish War (1676–1681)
Location: Ukraine
Russia Ottoman flag.svg Turkey

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Indecisive[1]
First Streltsy Rebellion (1682)
Location: Moscow
A scene from the uprising: The Streltsy take away Natalia Naryshkina's brother; young Peter the Great tries to console his mother, while Sophia watches the whole scene in satisfaction
Russia Streltsy regiments Defeat
Great Turkish War (1683–1700)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russian troops capture Azov
Russia (from 1686)
Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor (after 1400).svg Austria
Poland–Lithuania

Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate

Ottoman flag.svg Turkey

Gerae-tamga.svg Crimean Khanate

Victory
Second Streltsy Rebellion (1698)
Location: Russia
Execution of the Streltsy in Red Square
Russia Streltsy regiments Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Great Northern War (1700–1721)
Location: Europe
Russian troops assault the island fortress of Nöteborg

Russian troops capture Narva
Russia
Denmark Denmark–Norway
(1700, 1709–)
 Saxony
(1700–6, 1709–)
Poland–Lithuania
(1700–4, 1709–)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)
 Prussia (1715–)
Province of Hanover Hanover (1715–)

 Great Britain (1717–19)

Sweden Sweden
Wappen Herzogtum Holstein 1703.gif Holstein-Gottorp
Poland–Lithuania (1704–09)
Ottoman flag.svg Turkey (1710–4)
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate (1708–09)

 Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)

Victory

Victory against Sweden

Defeat against Turkey

Third Bashkir Rebellion (1704–1711)
Location: Bashkortostan and Tatarstan
Russia Bashkir rebels Military victory
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept some Bashkir demands
Bulavin Rebellion (1707–1708)
Location: Southern Russia
Russia Flag of Don Cossacks.svg Don Cossack rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Peter the Great's Khivan War (1717)
Location: Khanate of Khiva
Russia Khanate of Khiva Defeat
Kazakh-Russian conflicts (1717–1847)
Location: Kazakhstan
 Russia

Bashkirs
Cossack rebels

Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz tribes
Khanate of Khiva
Victory

Russian Empire (1721–1917)

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Persian Expedition of Peter the Great (1722–1723)
Location: Caucasus and northern Iran
 Russia
Flag of the Cossack Hetmanat.svg Cossack Hetmanate
Armenia
Georgia
Flag of Shah Tahmasp I.svg Persia
 Turkey
Victory
War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738)
Location: Poland and Rhineland
Depiction of the Siege of Danzig by Russian and Saxon forces in 1734
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under

Augustus III of Poland
Russian Empire Russia
 Austria
 Saxony
 Prussia

Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland under

Stanisław Leszczyński
 France
 Spain
 Sardinia

Indecisive
Russo–Austro–Turkish War (1735–1739)
Location: Eastern Europe
 Russia

Habsburg Monarchy Austria

 Turkey Victory
Fourth Bashkir Rebellion (1735–1740)
Location: Bashkortostan
 Russia
  • Russian Empire pro-Russian Bashkirs
Bashkir rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
  • Establishment of Orenburg
War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748)
Location: Europe
 Austria
 Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover

 Russia (1741–43, 1748)
 Dutch Republic
 Saxony (1743–45)
 Sardinia

 Prussia
(1740–42) (1744–45)
Spain Spain (1740–1746)
 France
Bavaria Bavaria (1741–45)
 Saxony (1741–42)
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples and Sicily
 Genoa

Sweden Sweden (1741–43)

Inconclusive

Victory against Sweden

Seven Years' War (1756–1763)
Location: Europe
Russian troops in Kolberg in 1761
 France
 Austria
 Spain
 Sweden
 Russia (1756–1762)
 Saxony
 Prussia
 Britain
Province of Hanover Hanover
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Portugal Portugal
Hesse Hesse-Kassel
Schaumburg-Lippe

Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg Iroquois Confederacy

White peace
Koliyivshchyna Rebellion (1768–1769)
Location: Ukraine
Camp of Haidamakas
 Russia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania
Haidamaky Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
War of the Bar Confederation (1768–1772)
Location: Poland
The Bar Confederates pray before the Battle of Lanckorona
 Russia Kingdom of France France

Poland Bar Confederation

Victory
Catherine the Great's First Turkish War (1768–1774)
Location: Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Mediterranean
Destruction of the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Pugachev's Rebellion (1773–1775)
Location: Russia
Russian Cossack troops march during the rebellion
 Russia Rebels under Yemelyan Pugachev
 Turkey
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Catherine the Great's Second Turkish War (1787–1792)
Location: Eastern Europe
Russian troops storm the fortress of Ochakov
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Catherine the Great's Swedish War (1788–1790)
Location: Finland, western Sweden and Baltic Sea
Russian fleet during the Battle of Vyborg Bay
 Russia Sweden Sweden Inconclusive
Catherine the Great's Polish War (1792)
Location: Poland
Russian troops after the Battle of Zieleńce
 Russia
Targowica Confederation
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania Victory
Kościuszko Uprising (1794)
Location: Poland
 Russia
Kingdom of Prussia Prussia
Herb Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodow.svg Poland–Lithuania Victory
Persian Expedition of Catherine the Great (1796)
Location: North Caucasus and South Caucasus
 Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persia Withdrawal
War of the Second Coalition (1799–1802)
Location: Europe
Suvorov victorious at the Battle of Trebbia
 Austria
 Holy Roman Empire
 Britain
 Russia (until 1799)
Kingdom of France French Royalists
Portugal Portugal
 Two Sicilies

 Turkey

France France
 Spain
Denmark Denmark-Norway
Poland Polish Legions

French client states

Withdrawal (in 1799)
  • French victory in 1802
War of the Third Coalition (1803–1806)
Location: Europe
Capture of a French regiment's standard by the cavalry of the Russian Guards
 Austria
 Russia
 United Kingdom
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Portugal Portugal
 Sweden
France France

French client states

Defeat
Alexander I's Persian War (1804–1813)
Location: North Caucasus, South Caucasus and northern Iran
Russian troops storm the fortress of Lankaran
 Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persia Victory
War of the Fourth Coalition (1806–1807)
Location: Eastern and Central Europe
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Saxony
 Sweden
 Russia

Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily

France France

French client states

 Spain
Confederation of the Rhine
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Kingdom of Naples Naples

Polish Legions

Defeat
Alexander I's Turkish War (1806–1812)
Location: Romania, Moldova, Caucasus and Black Sea
Russian Fleet after the Battle of Athos
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Finnish War (1808–1809)
Location: Finland and Sweden
 Russia Sweden Sweden Victory
War of the Fifth Coalition (1809)
Location: Central Europe
France France
Confederation of the Rhine
Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic) Italy
Spain Spain
Warsaw
 Russia
 Austria
 United Kingdom
Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1816).svg Sicily
 Sardinia
Victory (limited involvement)
French invasion of Russia (1812)
Location: Russia
General Raevsky leading a detachment of the Russian Imperial Guard at the Battle of Saltanovka
 Russia France France

French client states

Victory
  • French invasion repelled
  • Destruction of Napoleon's Grand Army
War of the Sixth Coalition (1813–1814)
Location: Europe
Russian Bashkir troops in Paris in 1814
 Austria
 Prussia

 United Kingdom
 Sweden
 Russia
Spain Spain
Portugal Portugal
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
 Sardinia

France France

French client states

Victory
War of the Seventh Coalition (1815)
Location: Europe
 Austria
 Prussia
 United Kingdom
 Russia
Province of Hanover Hanover

Nassau
Brunswick
 Sweden
 United Netherlands
 Spain
Portugal Portugal
 Sardinia
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Sicily
Tuscany Tuscany
Switzerland Switzerland
Kingdom of France French Royalists

France France
Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples
Victory
Caucasian War (1817–1864)
Location: Caucasus
Imam Shamil surrenders to Russian forces
Russian Empire Russia
Mingrelia
Banner of Guria.svg Guria
Thirdimamateflag.svg Caucasian Imamate
Flag of Adygea.svg Circassia
Kabarda3.gif Big Kabarda (until 1825)
Flag of Abazinia.svg Abkhazian insurgents
Flag of the Lak People v2.svg Kazi-Kumukh
Dagestan free people
Khunz Wolf 3b.svg Avaria (1829–1859)
Geo svan.JPG Svaneti
Victory
Decembrist revolt (1825)
Location: Saint Petersburg
Decembrists at the Senate Square
Russian Empire Russia Decembrist rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
Nicholas I's Persian War (1826–1828)
Location: South Caucasus and northern Iran
Russian and Persian troops clash near Elisabethpol
Russian Empire Russia Flag of Agha Mohammad Khan.svg Persia Victory
Battle of Navarino
Russian squadron bombarding the Ottoman fleet
 United Kingdom
France France
 Russia
 Turkey Victory
Nicholas I's Turkish War (1828–1829)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus
Russian troops besiege Kars in 1828
 Russia Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
November uprising (1830–1831)
Location: Poland
Russian and Polish forces clash during the Battle of Ostrołęka
 Russia Poland Poland Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Second Turko–Egyptian War (1839–1841)
Location: Syria and Lebanon
United Kingdom Britain
Austrian Empire Austria
Russian Empire Russia
Ottoman Empire Turkey
Flag of Egypt (1844-1867).svg Egypt
France France
Spain Spain
Victory
  • Egypt renounced its claim to Syria
Russian conquest of Central Asia (1839–1895)
Location: Central Asia
Russian troops cross the Oxus at Sheik Arik on 30 May 1873
Russian Empire Russia Kazakh Khanate.svg Kazakhstan
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Khiva
Bandera de Kokand.svg Kokand
Turkmen tribes
Kyrgyz tribes
Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan
Victory
  • Russian annexation of Central Asia
Gurian Rebellion (1841)
Location: Georgia
Russian Empire Russia Gurian rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Shoorcha rebellion (1842)
Location: Tatarstan and Ulyanovsk
 Russia Tatar, Mari and Chuvash peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Hungarian Revolution of 1848 (1848–1849)
Location: Hungary
Hungarian troops surrender to the Russians at Világos
Austrian Empire Austria

Russian Empire Russia

Flag of Hungarian Revolution of 1848.png Hungary

Flag of Poland.svg Polish legions
Flag of Germany.svg German legion
Viennese legion
Olasz légió zászló 1849 1.jpg Italian legion

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Crimean War (1853–1856)
Location: Crimea, Balkans, Caucasus, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, White Sea and Far East
Russian troops and French zouaves engaged in hand-to-hand combat at Malakhov Kurgan
 Russia France
 Turkey
 Britain
 Sardinia
Defeat
Mahtra Rebellion (1858)
Location: Estonia
Russian Empire Russia Estonian peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Bezdna Revolt (1861)
Location: Tatarstan
Russia Peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
January uprising (1863–1864)
Location: Poland
Russian troops in Warsaw during the uprising
Russia Coat of arms of the January Uprising.svg Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Polish Rebellion in Siberia (1866)
Location: Siberia
Russia Polish political exiles Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Alexander II's Turkish War (1877–1878)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus
Russian crossing of the Danube in June 1877
Russia
Samara flag.png Bulgarian volunteers
Romania Romania
Serbia Serbia
 Montenegro
Ottoman Empire Turkey Victory
Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901)
Location: China
Russian officers in Manchuria during the rebellion
Eight-Nation Alliance:

 Japan
 United Kingdom
 Russia
France France
 United States
 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Italy

Righteous Harmony Society

 China

Victory
Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905)
Location: Manchuria, Korean Peninsula and Yellow Sea
Russian cavalry in a reconnaissance mission during the Battle of Mukden
 Russia
 Montenegro
 Japan Defeat
Russian Revolution of 1905 (1905–1907)
Location: Russia
A barricade erected by revolutionaries in Moscow
 Russia Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Persian Constitutional Revolution (1905–1911)
Location: Iran
Russian flag over Arg of Tabriz
Persia
 Russia (from 1906)
Iranian constitutionalists Victory
First World War (1914–1918)
Location: Europe and Asia
Russian troops going to the front

Attack of Russian cavalry

Russian trenches in the forests of Sarikamish
Allies:

 France
 United Kingdom
Russian Empire Russia (until March 1918)
 United States
Republic of China (1912–1949) China
 Italy
 Japan
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 India
 South Africa
 Serbia
 Romania
 Belgium
 Greece
 Portugal
 Brazil

Central Powers:

 Germany
 Austria-Hungary
 Turkey
 Bulgaria

Defeat
Central Asian Revolt (1916–1934)
Location: Central Asia
Soviet troops on Turkestan front in 1922
Russian Empire Russia (until 1917)
 Soviet Union (from 1917)
Basmachi

Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg Khiva
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg Bukhara
Flag of Afghanistan (1929).svg Afghanistan

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt

Russian SFSR (1917–1922)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Russian Civil War
(1917–1922)
 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Mongolian Communists

Makhnovshchina
Left SR
Green armies

Russia White Movement
Mountain Republic
Black Army
Left SR
Green armies

 British Empire
 Empire of Japan
 Czechoslovakia
 Greece
 United States
 France
 Serbia
 Romania
 Italy
 China


Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg Mongolia

Victory
Ukrainian War of Independence
(1917–1921)
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian SSR
RPAU flag.svg Makhnovshchina
Ukrainian People's Republic

West Ukrainian People's Republic
 German Empire (1918)
Poland (1920-1921)


Hetmanate of Ukraine

White Movement
 German Empire (1917–1918)

Romania (1918)

Poland (1918–1919)

France (1919)
Greece (1919)

Victory
Kazakhstan Campaign
(1917–1920)
 Russian SFSR Alash Autonomy Victory
Finnish Civil War
(1918)
 Russian SFSR
Red flag.svg Red Guard
Flag of Finland 1918 (state).svg White Guard
German Empire Germany
Defeat
  • Independence of Finland
Latvian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
 Latvian SSR
Latvia Latvian Army
 Estonia
Russia Lieven
 Poland
 Lithuania

Supported by the Allied Powers


German Empire VI Reserve Corps:

merged into the
West Russian Volunteer Army in September 1919

Defeat
  • Independence of Latvia
Estonian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
Commune of Estonia
 Estonia
 Latvia
 United Kingdom
Russia White Movement
Finnish, Danish, and Swedish volunteers

Baltische Landeswehr

Defeat
Lithuanian–Soviet War
(1918–1919)
 Russian SFSR
LBSSR
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania
 Saxon Volunteers
Defeat
Georgian-Ossetian Conflict
(1918–1920)
 Russian SFSR
Red flag.svg Ossetian rebels
Transcaucasian Federation
Georgia
Defeat
Polish–Soviet War
(1919–1921)
 Russian SFSR
Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic Ukrainian SSR
Poland Poland
 Ukraine
Defeat
Turkish War of Independence
(1919–1923)
 Turkey
 Soviet Russia[2]
 Greece
Flag of Armenia (1918).png Armenia
Victory
Invasion of Azerbaijan
(1920)
 Russian SFSR
 Azerbaijan SSR
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Victory
Invasion of Georgia
(1921)
 Russian SFSR
 Armenian SSR
 Azerbaijan SSR
 Turkey
Georgia Victory
February Uprising
(1921)
 Russian SFSR Armenia Armenia Victory
Battle of Mountainous Armenia
(1921)
 Russian SFSR
 Turkey
Flag of Azerbaijan SSR (1920-1921).svg Azerbaijan SSR
Armenia Armenia Defeat
East Karelian Uprising
(1921–1922)
 Russian SFSR KarelianNationalFlag.svg Forest Guerrillas
Finland Finnish volunteers
Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising

Soviet Union (1922–1991)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
August Uprising
(1924)
 Soviet Union Damkom Victory
Tatarbunary Uprising
(1924)
 Soviet Union  Kingdom of Romania Defeat
  • Crushing of the Soviet-inspired rebellion
Sino-Soviet conflict
(1929)
 Soviet Union  Republic of China Victory
  • Upholding of the provisions of 1924 agreement
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
(1932–1941)
 Soviet Union
 Mongolia
 Empire of Japan
 Manchukuo
Victory
Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang
(1937)
 Republic of China Xinjiang
 Soviet Union
Russian Empire White Movement
 Republic of China Victory
  • Establishment of the rule of Sheng Shica's regime over the whole territory of Xinjiang province
Spanish Civil War
(1937–1939)
Second Spanish Republic Second Spanish Republic
 Soviet Union
 Mexico
 France
Spain Nationalist Spain
 Nazi Germany
 Kingdom of Italy
 Portugal
Defeat
Invasion of Poland
(1939)
 Germany
Slovakia Slovakia
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Poland Poland Victory
Winter War
(1939–1940)
Soviet Union Soviet Union  Finland Limited Victory[citation needed]
Limited Strategic Defeat[citation needed]
Continuation War
(1941–1944)
Soviet Union Soviet Union  Finland
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Limited Victory[citation needed]
Tactical Defeat[citation needed]
Limited Strategic Defeat[citation needed]
Lapland War
(1944–1945)
 Finland
Soviet Union Soviet Union
 Nazi Germany Victory
  • German retreat from Finnish territory.
Occupation of the Baltic states
(1940)
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
World War II
(1939–1945)
Allies of World War II
 Soviet Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 China
 France
 Poland
 Canada
 Australia
 New Zealand
 British Malaya
 British Burma
 India
 South Africa
 Yugoslavia
 Greece
 Denmark
 Norway
 Netherlands
 Belgium
 Luxembourg
 Czechoslovakia
 Brazil
 Mexico
 Ethiopia
 Cuba
 Mongolian People's Republic
 Commonwealth of the Philippines
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Korea KLA
Axis powers


 Nazi Germany
 Empire of Japan
 Kingdom of Italy
 Italian Social Republic
Vichy France Vichy France
 Kingdom of Hungary
 Kingdom of Romania
 Kingdom of Bulgaria
 Kingdom of Iraq
 Finland
 Thailand
 Manchukuo
 Mengjiang
 Independent State of Croatia
 Slovak Republic (1939-1945)
Myanmar Burma
India Azad Hind
 KHM Kingdom of Kampuchea
 Laos Kingdom of Laos
Empire of Vietnam
 Second Philippine Republic
Russian Empire White Movement
 Albania

Victory
Operation Barbarossa (1941)  Soviet Union  Nazi Germany
 Kingdom of Romania
 Kingdom of Hungary
 Kingdom of Italy
 Kingdom of Bulgaria
 Slovak Republic (1939-1945)
 Finland
Victory
  • Destruction of the Eastern and Northern Europe See Aftermath
Eastern Front (World War II)
(1941–1945)
 Soviet Union
 Second Polish Republic
 Yugoslavia
 Czechoslovakia
 Nazi Germany
 Kingdom of Romania
 Kingdom of Hungary
 Kingdom of Italy
 Kingdom of Bulgaria
 Slovak Republic (1939-1945)
Victory
Soviet–Japanese War (1945)  Soviet Union  Empire of Japan Victory
Soviet invasion of Manchuria
(1945)
 Soviet Union  Empire of Japan Victory
Guerilla war in the Baltic states
(1944–1956)
 Soviet Union  Estonia
 Latvia
 Lithuania
Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans
First Indochina War
(1946–1954)
North Vietnam Viet Minh
Laos Pathet Lao
Cambodia Khmer Issarak
 Soviet Union
 East Germany
France France
 French Indochina
Cambodia Cambodia
(1953–1954)

 Laos
(1953–1954)
South Vietnam State of Vietnam
 United States

Victory
Korean War
(1950–1953)
 North Korea
 China
 Soviet Union
 United Nations
 South Korea
 United States
 United Kingdom
Ceasefire (limited involvement)
Hungarian Revolution
(1956)
 Soviet Union
Hungary ÁVH
Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Invasion of Czechoslovakia
(1968)
 Soviet Union
Bulgaria
 East Germany
Hungary
Poland
Czechoslovakia Victory
Zhenbao Island Incident
(1969)
 Soviet Union  China Status quo ante bellum
Strategic Victory[3]
War of Attrition
(1969–1970)
 Egypt
 Soviet Union
 Israel Inconclusive
  • Both sides claimed victory
  • Continuation of Israeli occupation of Sinai
Eritrean War of Independence
(1974–1991)
Ethiopia Ethiopia
 Cuba (until 1989)
 Soviet Union (until 1990)
 South Yemen
ELF
EPLF
Withdrawal (limited involvement)
  • Independence of Eritrea after the fall of the communist government in Ethiopia
Angolan Civil War
(1975–1991)
MPLA
 Cuba
 Soviet Union
Flag of South West Africa People's Organisation.svg SWAPO
African National Congress Flag.svg MK
 South Africa
UNITA
FNLA
FLEC
Stalemate (limited involvement)
Ethio-Somali War
(1977–1978)
Ethiopia
 Cuba
 South Yemen
 Soviet Union
Somalia Somalia
WSLF
Victory
Soviet-Afghan War
(1979–1989)
 Soviet Union
Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghan Mujahideen Defeat[5]

Russian Federation (1991–present)

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Georgian Civil War (1991–1993)

Location: Georgia

Georgia (country) Georgia
 Russia
Georgia (country) Zviadists Victory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed
War in Abkhazia (1991–1993)

Location: Abkhazia

 Russia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia Victory
  • Abkhazia gained de facto independence
Transnistria War (1992)

Location: Transnistria

PMR trucks on the bridge between Tiraspol and Bendery
 Transnistria
 Russia
 Moldova Victory
  • Transnistria gained de facto independence
East Prigorodny Conflict (1992)

Location: North Ossetia-Alania

 Russia
North Ossetia-Alania North Ossetia-Alania[6]
Ingush militia Victory
Tajikistani Civil War (1992–1997)

Location: Tajikistan

Russian Spetsnaz troops dismount a tank during the war
 Tajikistan
 Russia
 Uzbekistan
Flag of Jihad.svg United Tajik Opposition
Afghanistan Taliban factions
Stalemate
Russian Constitutional Crisis (1993)

Location: Russia

 Russia Russia Supreme Soviet of Russia
Russia Congress of People's Deputies of Russia
Russia Vice President of Russia
RussiaRussiaFlag of Russian National Unity.svg Russian EmpireSoviet Union[note 1] Supporters of the Supreme Soviet and Alexander Rutskoy
Victory
  • Imposition of Presidential rule by decree
  • Supreme Soviet, Congress, regional and local Soviets disbanded
  • Parliamentary election and constitutional referendum held in 1993
First Chechen War (1994–1996)

Location: Chechnya

A Chechen militiaman takes cover behind a burned-out Russian BMP-2 armoured vehicle
 Russia
  • Chechnya Chechen Opposition
Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Mujahideen
Defeat[7]
War of Dagestan (1999)

Location: Dagestan

Russian federal Spetsnaz forces in Dagestan
 Russia IIPB Victory
Second Chechen War (1999–2009)

Location: Chechnya

 Russia Flag of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria.svg Ichkeria
Caucasian Front
Mujahideen
Victory
Russo-Georgian War (2008)

Location: Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia

Tank-like vehicle with soldiers aboard
Russian BMP-2 from the 58th Army in South Ossetia
 Russia
 South Ossetia
 Abkhazia
 Georgia Victory
Insurgency in the North Caucasus (2009–present)

Location: North Caucasus

FSB Spetsnaz members during an anti-terrorist operation in Mskhachkala, Dagestan
 Russia Caucasus Emirate
 ISIL (from 2015)
Ongoing
  • Ongoing low-level insurgency
Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)

Location: Ukraine and Crimea

Pro-Russian militants with captured vehicles in Sloviansk
 Russia
 Crimea
 Donetsk
 Luhansk
 Ukraine Ongoing
Russian military intervention in Syria (2015–present)

Location: Syria

Preparation of an aircraft of the Russian Air Force for combat sorties in Syria
 Russia
Syria
 Iran
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah

 Turkey (2017; only against ISIS)

Ahrar al-Sham
Jaysh al-Islam
Tahrir al-Sham
 ISIL
Syrian opposition
 Saudi Arabia
 Turkey
 United States
Ongoing

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Supporters of Alexander Rutskoy, the Supreme Soviet and the Congress of People's Deputies frequently used those flags. The Russian tricolor itself only remained hoisted at the White House building (see video documentary).

References

  1. ^ David R. Stone, A Military History of Russia: From Ivan the Terrible to the War in Chechnya, (Greenwood Publishing, 2006), 41.
  2. ^ Jelavich, Barbara (1983). History of the Balkans: Twentieth century. Cambridge University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-521-27459-3. 
  3. ^ a b c "Exploring Chinese History :: Politics :: Conflict and War :: Soviet Aggression". Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  4. ^ Kuisong p.29
  5. ^ "Soviet Defeat in Afghanistan". GlobalSecurity.org. 
  6. ^ "9. Вооруженные формирования в зоне конфликта". Retrieved 26 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya". Foreign Military Studies Office. 
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