List of wars involving India

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History of India
Satavahana gateway at Sanchi, 1st century CE

This is a historical overview of armed conflicts involving India.

Wars in the Indian subcontinent

The following is an exhaustive list of wars and conflicts that were fought in the historic Indian subcontinent. The wars listed below involve three of the prominent empires to rule over the subcontinent — The Mauryas, Mughals and the Marathas. The Company rule in India is also included.

British India (1858–1947)

Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India company came to end and the British crown now began to rule over India directly as per the Government of India Act 1858 through the British Raj. India was now a single empire comprising British India and the Princely states.

Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
Second Opium War
United Kingdom British Empire

France French Empire

 Qing dynasty Victory
Ambela Campaign
 India Afghan Pashtuns
Yusufzai tribes
  • Bunerwals surrender.
  • Malka burned.
Bhutan War
 India Flag of Bhutan (1949-1956).svg Bhutan Victory
  • Bhutanese territorial cessions to India.
British Expedition to Abyssinia
United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg Ethiopian Empire Victory
  • British victory at the Battle of Magdala, Theodore II commits suicide.
Second Anglo-Afghan War
United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Afghanistan (1880–1901).svg Afghanistan Victory
  • Treaty of Gandamak, British objectives attained.
  • Afghanistan's tribal frontier areas annexed into British India.
  • Afghanistan becomes a British Protectorate.
Mahdist War
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Ethiopian Pennants.svg Ethiopia

Mahdist Sudan Victory
Anglo-Egyptian War
United Kingdom United Kingdom

Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Tewfik Pasha

Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Ahmed Orabi Victory
Third Anglo-Burmese War
 India Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Burmese Empire Victory
  • The province of Burma became part of the British Raj.
Third Black Mountain Expedition
 India Hassanzai and Akazai tribes. Victory
  • Allaiwal village of Pokal occupied and destroyed.
Sikkim Expedition
 India Tibet Tibet Victory
  • Tibetan forces expelled from Sikkim.
Hunza-Nagar Campaign
 India Hunza
Chitral Expedition
 India Chitralis Bajouri and Afghan Tribesmen Victory
  • Fort of Chitral relieved.
Anglo-Zanzibar War
 British Empire Zanzibar Sultanate Victory
Tochi Expedition
 India Waziris Victory
  • Rebellion put down.
Siege of Malakand
 India پشتون Pashtun tribes Victory
  • Siege successful.
First Mohmand Campaign
 India Mohmands Victory
Tirah Campaign
 India Afridis
  • Negotiations for peace were then begun with the Afridis.
Boxer Rebellion
Empire of Japan Empire of Japan
Russian Empire Russia
British Empire United Kingdom

France France
 United States
German Empire Germany
Kingdom of Italy Italy

Yihetuan Movement
 Qing dynasty
  • The rebellion was suppressed.
  • Signing of the Boxer Protocol.
  • Provisions for foreign troops to be stationed in Beijing.
Second Boer War
 United Kingdom  Orange Free State
 South African Republic
British expedition to Tibet
 India  Tibet Victory
Bambatha Rebellion
United Kingdom United Kingdom Zulu people Victory
  • Rebellion suppressed
Bazar Valley Campaign
 India Zakka Khel clan of the Afridi Victory
  • Rebellion suppressed
World War I
 United Kingdom

 Russian Empire
 United States
Republic of China (1912–1949) China

 Germany  Austria-Hungary
 Ottoman Empire
South African Republic South African Republic
Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War
Russia White movement
United Kingdom British Empire

 United States
France France
Republic of China (1912–1949) China

 Russian SFSR
 Far Eastern Republic
Latvian SSR
Ukrainian SSR
Commune of Estonia
Mongolian communists
  • Allied withdrawal from Russia.
  • Bolshevik victory over White Army.
Turkish War of Independence

France France

Armenia Armenia
 United Kingdom


Turkey Ankara Government
Turkey Kuva-yi Milliye


Third Anglo-Afghan War
United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Afghanistan (1919–1921).svg Afghanistan Armistice
  • Treaty of Rawalpindi
  • Afghan invasion repelled.
  • Afghanistan regains control of external affairs.
  • Reaffirmation of the Durand Line.
First Waziristan Campaign
 India Flag of Waziristan resistance (1930s).svg Waziristan Victory
  • Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.
Kuwait–Najd War
British Empire United Kingdom


Flag of the Second Saudi State.svg Sultanate of Nejd Victory
  • Ikhawan retreat.
Iraqi revolt
United Kingdom United Kingdom Iraqi rebels Victory
Malabar rebellion
 India Mappila Muslims Victory
  • Rebellion suppressed.
Pink's War
 India Mahsud tribesmen Victory
  • Tribal leaders accept terms.
Second Mohmand Campaign
 India Mohmands Victory
Second Waziristan Campaign
 India Flag of Waziristan resistance (1930s).svg Waziri tribesmen Victory
  • Suppression of insurrection by independent Wazir tribes.
World War II
 Soviet Union

 United States
 United Kingdom

 Republic of China
 South Africa
 New Zealand




Indonesian National Revolution
Netherlands Netherlands
United Kingdom United Kingdom
Indonesia Indonesia Withdrawal
  • Indian withdrawal after independence in 1947.
  • The Netherlands recognises Indonesian independence.
Operation Masterdom
United Kingdom United Kingdom

France France
Japan Japan

Flag of North Vietnam (1945-1955).svg Viet Minh Withdrawal

Dominion of India (1947–1950)

Following Indian independence, merger of the princely states remained a major question. The partition resulted in the creation of Pakistan.

Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
 India  Pakistan
Liwa-e-Ahmadiyya 1-2.svg Furqan Force
Integration of Junagadh
 India Junagadh Victory
  • Incorporation of Junagadh into India
Operation Polo
 India Hyderabad Victory
  • Incorporation of Hyderabad into India

Republic of India (1950–present)

India has fought many wars and minor conflicts during its period as a republic.

Name of Conflict Belligerents Outcome
Allies Opponent(s)
Integration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
 India Portugal Portugal Victory
Congo Crisis

Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo
Supported by:
 Soviet Union (1960)
United Nations ONUC[a]


 South Kasai
Supported by:

Democratic Republic of the Congo Stanleyville government
Supported by:
 Soviet Union

Operation Vijay
 India Portugal Portugal Victory
Sino-Indian War of 1962
 India  China Defeat
Insurgency in Northeast India
  • Ongoing low-level insurgency
  • Re-annexation of the territory held by MNF by Indian Army
  • Bhutanese victory in Operation All Clear
  • Introduction of AFSPA in five north-eastern states, later repealed in Tripura[5]
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
 India  Pakistan Armistice
Naxalite-Maoist insurgency
 India Ongoing
Nathu La and Cho La clashes
 India  China Victory
Bangladesh Liberation War
(incl. Indo-Pakistani War of 1971)

Bangladesh Bangladesh
 Pakistan Victory
Siachen conflict
 India  Pakistan Victory
Insurgency in Punjab
(incl. Operation Blue Star)

 India Flagge Khalistans.svg Khalistani militants Victory
Operation Flowers are Blooming
Flag of Seychelles.svg Military of Seychelles Victory
  • Aversion of the coup
  • Resignation of Berlouis
Sri Lankan Civil War
 Sri Lanka
Tamil Eelam Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Withdrawal
Operation Cactus
Maldives Maldives
Bandera del PLOTE (Tàmils).svg PLOTE
Maldives Maldivian rebels
  • Restoration of government rule in Maldives
Insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir
 India Flag of Jihad.svg Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami

Flag of Jihad.svg Lashkar-e-Taiba
Jaishi-e-Mohammed.svg Jaish-e-Mohammed
Flag of Jihad.svg Hizbul Mujahideen
Harakat flag.png Harkat-ul-Mujahideen
Al-badr flag.png Al-Badr
Kashmir independent.svg Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front

Supported by:
Afghanistan Taliban[8]
Flag of Jihad.svg al-Qaeda[8]

Kargil War
 India  Pakistan Victory

See also


  1. ^ ONUC, the United Nations Operation in the Congo, included troops from Ghana, Tunisia, Morocco, Ethiopia, Ireland, Guinea, Sweden, Mali, Sudan, Liberia, Canada, India, Indonesia and the United Arab Republic among others.[2]
  2. ^ The secession of Katanga and South Kasai was also supported by South Africa, France and the neighbouring Central African Federation.[3] However, it was never officially recognised by any other state.[4]


  1. ^ Chester Neal Tate, Governments of the world: a global guide to citizens' rights and responsibilities, Macmillan Reference USA/Thomson Gale, 2006, p. 205.
  2. ^ Haskin 2005, pp. 24–5.
  3. ^ Nzongola-Ntalaja 2007, p. 101.
  4. ^ Nugent 2004, p. 97.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Asia Times Online :: Southeast Asia news and business from Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam. (2010-04-22). Retrieved on 2014-05-21.
  7. ^ Ganguly, Sumit; Paul Kapur (7 August 2012). India, Pakistan, and the Bomb: Debating Nuclear Stability in South Asia. Columbia University Press. pp. 27–28. ISBN 978-0-231-14375-2. 
  8. ^ a b Gall, Carlotta (2007-01-21). "At Border, Signs of Pakistani Role in Taliban Surge – New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-01. 
  9. ^ "Pakistani opposition presses for Sharif's resignation". 1999-08-07. Retrieved 2012-06-15. 
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