List of wars involving Egypt

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This list is about wars involving Egypt.

Egypt Eyalet and Khedivate of Egypt (1517–1914)

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Head of State Egyptian
losses
Fraser Expedition
(1807)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet  United Kingdom Victory
  • Defeat of the British forces.
Muhammad Ali of Egypt
?
Egyptian–Wahhabi War
(1811–1818)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet
Flag of the First Saudi State.svg Diriyah Victory
~2,000[1]
Greek War of Independence
(1821–1829)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet
Greece Greece Defeat
?
Saudi Revolt
(1821–1824)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet Nejd Defeat
?
First Egyptian-Ottoman War
(1831–1833)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire Victory
"Minimal"[2]
Egyptian invasion of Nejd
(1838–1843)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet Nejd Defeat
  • Egyptian retreat, Khalid ibn Saud toppled
?
Second Egyptian-Ottoman War
(1839–1841)
Flag of the Ottoman Empire (also used in Egypt).svg Egypt Eyalet Flag of the Ottoman Empire.svg Ottoman Empire
 United Kingdom
 Austria
Defeat
  • Egypt renounced its claim to Syria.
?
Ethiopian–Egyptian War
(1874–1876)
Flag of Muhammad Ali.svg Egypt Ethiopian Pennants.svg Ethiopia Defeat
  • Invasion of Ethiopia repelled.
Isma'il Pasha
2,000+[3]
‘Urabi Revolt
(1879–1882)
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Tewfik Pasha
 United Kingdom
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Ahmed ‘Urabi Defeat of ‘Urabi
Tewfik of Egypt
?
Mahdist War
(1881–1899)
Flag of Egypt (1882-1922).svg Egypt
 United Kingdom
 Italy
 Belgium
Ethiopian Pennants.svg Ethiopia
Mahdist Sudan Victory
?

Post-independence

Conflict Egypt
and allies
Opponents Results Head of State Minister of
Defense
Egyptian
losses
Military Civilians
Revolution of 1919
(1918–1919)
Revolution flag of Egypt 1919.svg Protesters  United Kingdom Partial political victory
None
800
First Arab-Israeli War
(1948–1949)
Egypt Egypt
 Iraq
Jordan Transjordan
Syria Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg HWA
Arab League ALA
 Israel Defeat
Farouk of Egypt
Ismail Chirine
1,200-
2,000
Unknown
1951 Anglo-Egyptian War[4]
(1951–1952)
Egypt Egypt  United Kingdom Defeat
Unknown
Unknown
Suez Crisis
(1956)
Flag of the Egyptian Revolution (1952).svg Egypt  Israel
 United Kingdom
 France
Defeat[5] (political victory)[6]
  • UNEF demilitarized zone established
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Abdel Hakim Amer
1,650–
3,000
~1,000
North Yemen Civil War
(1962–1967)
 Yemen Arab Republic
 Egypt
 Kingdom of Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
Stalemate
Abdel Wahab el-Beshry
~26,000
None
Sand War
(1963)
 Algeria
 Egypt
 Morocco Stalemate
  • The closing of the border south of Figuig
Unknown
None
Six-Day War
(1967)
 Egypt
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraq Iraq
 Israel Defeat
Shams Badran
10,000-
15,000
Unknown
War of Attrition
(1967–1970)
 Egypt
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO
 Jordan
 Israel Both sides claimed victory
  • Continued Israeli occupation of Sinai
Mohamed Fawzi
2,882-
10,000
Nigerian Civil War
(1967–1970)
 Nigeria
 Egypt
 Biafra Victory (limited involvement)
  • Reincorporation of Biafra into Nigeria
Unknown
None
October War
(1973)
 Egypt
 Syria
Iraq Iraq
 Jordan
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Cuba
 Israel Defeat[7] (strategic political gains)[8]
Anwar Sadat
Ahmad Ismail Ali
5,000-
15,000
Unknown
Shaba I
(1977)
 Zaire
 Morocco
 Egypt
State of Katanga FNLC Victory
  • FNCL expelled from Katanga
Mohamed el-Gamasy
None
None
Libyan–Egyptian War
(1977)
Egypt Egypt Flag of Libya (1972–1977).svg Libya Ceasefire
  • Libyan invasion of Egypt repelled
~100
Unknown
Gulf War
(1990–1991)
 Kuwait
Flag of the United States (Pantone).svg United States
 United Kingdom
 Saudi Arabia
 France
 Canada
 Egypt
 Syria
 Morocco
 Oman
 Qatar
 Australia
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972).svg Iraq Victory
Hosni Mubarak
Youssef Sabri Abu Taleb
11
None
Sinai Insurgency
(2011–)
 Egypt Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State Ongoing
  • Ongoing conflict
SCAF
Mohamed Tantawi
700+
235
Second Libyan Civil War
(2015–)
 Libya
 Egypt
 United Arab Emirates
Libya GNC
Shura Council
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State
Ongoing (limited involvement)
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
Sedki Sobhi
None
21
Intervention in Yemen
(2015–)
Yemen Hadi loyalists
 Saudi Arabia
 United Arab Emirates
 Bahrain
 Kuwait
 Qatar
 Jordan
 Morocco
 Sudan
 Egypt
 Senegal
Yemen Revolutionary Council Ongoing
  • Houthis dissolve Yemeni government.
  • Houthis take control of northern Yemen.
None
None

Notes

  1. ^ Ottoman and Egyptian losses combined. However, most of the forces deployed were Egyptian.
  2. ^ Egypt suffered much fewer casualties than the Ottomans.
  3. ^ Jesman, Czeslaw (January 1959). "Egyptian Invasion of Ethiopia". African Affairs. Oxford University Press. 58 (230): 75–81. JSTOR 718057. 
  4. ^ Egypt 1951 War with Britain, Globalsecurity.org
  5. ^ Mart, Michelle. Eye on Israel: How America Came to View the Jewish State as an Ally. p. 159. ISBN 0791466876. 
  6. ^ Tal (2001) p 203
  7. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Doubleday and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2 ISBN 0-313-31302-4
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society[permanent dead link] Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  8. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  9. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
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