List of wars involving Bangladesh

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This is a list of battles and wars that involved and occurred in Bangladesh, or Bengal throughout different periods in history. Most of the battles and wars occurred when the modern area of Bengal was under different empires, especially the Mughal Empire and the British Empire, and the Bengalis served in both the Mughal and the British militaries. Since the independence of Bangladesh in 1971, it has its own military.

Empire of Bengal (750–1200)

Kingdom of Bengal (1070–1230)

Sultanate of Bengal (1338–1576)

Bengal became independent from the Delhi Sultanate in 1338, and remained independent till 1576 (except for brief Mughal and Afghan occupations in the 1540s). During this period, Bengal had its own military, and took part in various wars and armed conflicts.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Bengali expedition in Nepal
(1349–1350)

Location: Nepal

Bengal Nepal Victory[1]
  • Bengali retreat after gaining immense war booty
First Delhite invasion of Bengal
(1353–1354)

Location: Bengal

Bengal Delhi Empire Victory[2]
Second Delhite invasion of Bengal
(1358–1360)

Location: Bengal

Bengal Delhi Empire Victory[3]
Bengali conquest of Chittagong
(1512–1516)

Location: Chittagong

Bengal Arakan Victory[4]
Mughal invasion of Bengal
(1572–1576)

Location: Bengal

Bengal Mughal Empire Defeat
  • Mughal annexation of Bengal
  • Start of the anti-Mughal insurgency in Bengal

Province of Bengal (1576–1717)

In 1576, the Mughal Empire conquered Bengal and turned it into a province of the empire. The Mughal rule continued until 1717, when Mughal Subadar (provincial governor) Murshid Quli Khan declared the independence of Bengal. During this period, Bengalis served in the Mughal military, and took part in manh wars undertaken by the Mughals.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Conquest of Chittagong
(1665–1666)
Bengal

Netherlands Netherlands
Portugal Portugal

Arakan Victory

Bengal (1717–1765)

In 1717, Murshid Quli Khan, who was the provincial governor of the Mughal province of Bengal, taking advantage of the weakness of the declining Mughal Empire, declared the independence of Bengal and established himself as the Nawab of Bengal. Bengal remained independent until 1764, when the British annexed the region. During this period, Bengal had its own military, and Bengalis served in it.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Maratha invasions of Bengal
(1741–1751)

Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Bengal

 Maratha Empire Military victory
Political defeat
  • De facto Maratha occupation of Orissa, but de jure it remained a part of Bengal
First Anglo–Bengal War
(1756–1757)

Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Bengal

 United Kingdom Victory
Second Anglo–Bengal War
(1757)

Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Bengal
 France

 United Kingdom Defeat
  • Significant expansion of British influence over Bengal
Third Anglo–Bengal War
(1763–1764)

Coat of Arms of Nawabs of Bengal.PNG Bengal
Oudh
Mughal Empire

 United Kingdom Defeat
  • British annexation of Bengal

Bengal Presidency (1765–1947)

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Indian War of Independence
(1857–1859)

Bengali Sepoys
Indian Sepoys
Mughal Empire
Maratha Empire
Gwalior Jhansi
Flag of Awadh.svg Oudh
Many other factions

 British Empire

Flag of Nepal (19th century-1962).svg Kingdom of Nepal
Ajaigarh
Alwar
Bharathpur
Bhopal
Bijawar
Bikaner
Bundi
Hyderabad
Jaipur
Jaora
Jodhpur
Kapurthala
Kashmir
Kendujhar
Nabha
Patiala
Rampur
Rewa
Sirmur
Sirohi
Udaipur
Mysore
Travancore

Defeat

East Bengal (1947–1955)

In 1947, East Bengal became a province of the newly established state of Pakistan, and retained this name till 1955. During this period, Bengalis served in the Pakistani military and took part in various conflicts involving Pakistan.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
(1947–1949)
 Pakistan  India Ceasefire

East Pakistan (1955–1971)

East Bengal was renamed East Pakistan in 1955, and it became one of the two units of Pakistan under the Pakistani policy of 'One Unit'. East Pakistan remained a part of Pakistan till 1971. During this period, Bengalis continued to serve in the Pakistani military and took part in the wars in which Pakistan participated during this period.

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
(1965)
 Pakistan  India Ceasefire

People's Republic of Bangladesh (1971–present)

Conflict Bangladesh
and allies
Opponents Results
Bangladeshi War of Independence
(1971)

Location: Bangladesh, Pakistan and Bay of Bengal

A Mukti Bahini 3.7 inch howitzer used during the war
 Bangladesh
 India
 Pakistan Victory
Communist insurgency in Bangladesh
(1972–1975)

Location: Bangladesh

 Bangladesh Communist insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the insurgency
  • Establishment of military rule in Bangladesh
Chittagong Hill Tracts Conflict
(1977–1997)

Location: Chittagong Hill Tracts

Shanti Bahini militants in 1994
 Bangladesh Tribal insurgents


Supported by:
 India[5][6]

Victory
Gulf War
(1991)

Location: Iraq and Kuwait

 Bangladesh
 United States
 Saudi Arabia
 United Kingdom
 Egypt
 France
 Syria
 Morocco
 Kuwait
 Oman
 Pakistan
 Canada
 United Arab Emirates
 Qatar
20 other states
Iraq Victory
  • Iraqi withdrawal from Kuwait
Bangladesh–India Border Conflict
(2001)

Location: Bangladesh–India border

 Bangladesh  India Ceasefire
Bangladesh Rifles Revolt
(2009)

Location: Dhaka

14.5 mm ZPU-4 of Bangladesh Army positioned over Satmasjid Road, near Dhanmondi 8A road, pointing towards Pilkhana
 Bangladesh Mutineers from Bangladesh Rifles Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt[9]
Bangladesh–Arakan Army Conflict
(2015)

Location: Bangladesh–Myanmar border

 Bangladesh Arakan Army Victory

See also

References

  1. ^ Ahmed, ABM Shamsuddin (2012). "Iliyas Shah". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  2. ^ Tabori, Paul (1957). "Bridge, Bastion, or Gate". Bengali Literary Review. 3–5: 9–20.
  3. ^ "Sikandar Shah - Banglapedia". En.banglapedia.org. 2014-05-05. Retrieved 2016-05-09. 
  4. ^ a b c ড. মুহম্মদ আব্দুর রহিম. বাংলাদেশের ইতিহাস. হুসেন শাহী যুগ. ২২২–২২৩
  5. ^ Bangladeshi Insurgents Say India Is Supporting Them - New York Times
  6. ^ A. Kabir. "Bangladesh: A Critical Review of the Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) Peace Accord". Retrieved 8 March 2015. 
  7. ^ Rashiduzzaman, M. (July 1998). "Bangladesh's Chittagong Hill Tracts Peace Accord: Institutional Features and Strategic Concerns". Asian Survey. University of California Press. 38 (7): 653–70. doi:10.1525/as.1998.38.7.01p0370e. JSTOR 2645754. 
  8. ^ Habib, Haroon (21 April 2001). "Bodies of BSF men handed over". The Hindu. PTI. 
  9. ^ "Bangladesh guard mutiny 'is over'". BBC World. 26 February 2009. p. 1. Retrieved 5 January 2010. 
  10. ^ "Army, BGB launch joint operation in Bandarban after firing by 'Arakan Army'". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2016-12-07. 

External links

  • Bangladesh Official Army website
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