List of tributaries of Mahanoy Creek

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Mahanoy Creek looking downstream near its mouth, below all of its tributaries

Mahanoy Creek is a 51-mile (82 km) long tributary of the Susquehanna River in Schuylkill County and Northumberland County, in Pennsylvania, in the United States. It has eleven officially named tributaries, of which six are direct tributaries and five are sub-tributaries. These include seven creeks and four runs.[1] The largest tributary by both length and watershed area is Schwaben Creek, which is 10.7 miles (17.2 km) long and drains an area of 30.2 square miles (78 km2). The second-largest by these measures is Zerbe Run, which is 8.3 miles (13.4 km) long and drains an area of 13.1 square miles (34 km2).

Many of the tributaries of Mahanoy Creek have been impacted by mining, including Zerbe Run, Shenandoah Creek, and North Mahanoy Creek. Schwaben Creek and Little Mahanoy Creek are the only large tributaries that are not affected by mining. Many of the upper tributaries are in the Western Middle Anthracite Field. In March 2001, the officially named tributary with the highest discharge was Zerbe Run at Dornsife (30.2 cubic feet per second (0.86 m3/s)), while the tributary with the lowest discharge was Lost Creek (1.03 cubic feet per second (0.029 m3/s)). In August of that year, Little Mahanoy Creek had the highest discharge (6.80 cubic feet per second (0.193 m3/s)) and North Mahanoy Creek had the lowest discharge (0 discharge). In March 2001, the pH ranged from 4.7 for Lost Creek to 8.4 for Schwaben Creek. Some streams were downstream of abandoned mine drainage discharges accounting for their acidity.[2]

In 2001, Schwaben Creek was the only named tributary of Mahanoy Creek that was found to contain fish; it had twenty different species. However, every officially named tributary save for Rattling Run had macroinvertebrates. The Hilsenhoff Biotic Index values for macroinvertebrate families in all other tributaries ranged from 10 for Shenandoah Creek at Lost Creek to 3.76 for Schwaben Creek; lower values are ideal (values under 3.75 are considered "excellent", while values over 7.25 are considered "very poor").[2] Although Mahanoy Creek is classified as a Warmwater Fishery, all of its tributaries are classified as Coldwater Fisheries, save for Schwaben Creek and its tributaries Mouse Creek and Middle Creek, which are Trout Stocked Fisheries. Little Mahanoy Creek is the only named tributary to contain wild trout, but it and part of Schwaben Creek are stocked with trout.[3]

Tributaries of Mahanoy Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[4] Distance from mouth Mouth elevation[1][5] Source elevation[1] Mouth coordinates[5] Image
Schwaben Creek 10.7 miles (17.2 km) 30.2 square miles (78 km2) 6.18 miles (9.95 km) 463 feet (141 m) 980 feet (300 m) 40°43′04″N 76°47′32″W / 40.71778°N 76.79222°W / 40.71778; -76.79222 Schwaben Creek looking upstream in September 2015.JPG
Zerbe Run 8.3 miles (13.4 km) 13.1 square miles (34 km2) 10.74 miles (17.28 km) 509 feet (155 m) 861 feet (262 m) 40°45′16″N 76°45′24″W / 40.75444°N 76.75667°W / 40.75444; -76.75667 Zerbe Run in Trevorton looking downstream.JPG
Crab Run 2.5 miles (4.0 km) 3.50 square miles (9.1 km2) 32.08 miles (51.63 km) 742 feet (226 m) 897 feet (273 m) 40°44′28″N 76°23′23″W / 40.74111°N 76.38972°W / 40.74111; -76.38972 Crab Run looking downstream.JPG
Little Mahanoy Creek 7.5 miles (12.1 km) 11.0 square miles (28 km2) 35.67 miles (57.41 km) 794 feet (242 m) 1,449 feet (442 m) 40°45′16″N 76°20′39″W / 40.75444°N 76.34417°W / 40.75444; -76.34417 Little Mahanoy Creek looking downstream.jpg
Shenandoah Creek > 5 miles (8.0 km) 12.1 square miles (31 km2) 41.72 miles (67.14 km) 958 feet (292 m)
40°47′42″N 76°16′36″W / 40.79500°N 76.27667°W / 40.79500; -76.27667
North Mahanoy Creek 4.4 miles (7.1 km) 5.99 square miles (15.5 km2) 49.27 miles (79.29 km) 1,224 feet (373 m) 1,889 feet (576 m) 40°48′50″N 76°08′28″W / 40.81389°N 76.14111°W / 40.81389; -76.14111

Tributaries of Schwaben Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[4] Distance from mouth[4] Mouth elevation[5] Source elevation[1] Mouth coordinates Image
Mouse Creek 5.6 miles (9.0 km) 7.19 square miles (18.6 km2) 0.48 miles (0.77 km) 476 feet (145 m) 850 feet (260 m) 40°42′50″N 76°47′08″W / 40.71389°N 76.78556°W / 40.71389; -76.78556 Mouse Creek looking upstream.JPG
Middle Creek 3.5 miles (5.6 km) 3.70 square miles (9.6 km2) 3.28 miles (5.28 km) 551 feet (168 m) 817 feet (249 m) 40°43′17″N 76°44′08″W / 40.72139°N 76.73556°W / 40.72139; -76.73556 Middle Creek looking upstream.jpg

Tributaries of Little Mahanoy Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[4] Distance from mouth[4] Mouth elevation[5] Source elevation[1] Mouth coordinates Image
Rattling Run 2.3 miles (3.7 km) 2.75 square miles (7.1 km2) 0.32 miles (0.51 km) 810 feet (250 m) 1,460 feet (450 m) 40°45′10″N 76°20′22″W / 40.75278°N 76.33944°W / 40.75278; -76.33944 Rattling Run looking upstream in Gordon.JPG

Tributaries of Shenandoah Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[4] Distance from mouth[4] Mouth elevation[5] Source elevation[1] Mouth coordinates Image
Lost Creek 1.3 miles (2.1 km) 1.32 square miles (3.4 km2) 1.28 miles (2.06 km) 1,053 feet (321 m) 1,600 feet (490 m) 40°48′40″N 76°14′31″W / 40.81111°N 76.24194°W / 40.81111; -76.24194
Kehly Run < 2 miles (3.2 km) 1.63 square miles (4.2 km2) 5.01 miles (8.06 km)
1,675 feet (511 m) 40°49′35″N 76°11′39″W / 40.82639°N 76.19417°W / 40.82639; -76.19417

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j United States Geological Survey, The National Map Viewer, retrieved December 28, 2015 
  2. ^ a b Charles A. Cravotta (2001), Effects of Abandoned Coal-Mine Drainage on Streamflow and Water Quality in the Mahanoy Creek Basin, Schuylkill, Columbia, and Northumberland Counties, Pennsylvania, 2001 (PDF), United States Geological Survey, pp. 7–9, 16, 18, 35, 38–39, retrieved December 28, 2015 
  3. ^ GTS Technologies, Inc. (October 6, 2010), Mahanoy Creek Watershed Conservation Plan (PDF), pp. 293–295, 305–307, retrieved December 29, 2015 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (November 2, 2001), Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams (PDF), pp. 54, 80, 89, 92, 107, 118, 126, 128, 154, retrieved December 29, 2015 
  5. ^ a b c d e Geographic Names Information System (October 1, 2015), PA_Features_20151001.zip, archived from the original on November 17, 2015, retrieved March 31, 2016 

External links

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