List of tributaries of Catawissa Creek

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Catawissa Creek in southern Beaver Township, Columbia County, Pennsylvania, between its tributaries Cranberry Run and Klingermans Run

Catawissa Creek is a 41.8-mile (67.3 km) long creek flowing into the Susquehanna River with 26 named tributaries, of which 19 are direct tributaries.[1] The creek flows through Luzerne, Schuylkill, and Columbia counties in Pennsylvania. The two shortest tributaries are approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) long, while the longest is about 10.8 miles (17.4 km) in length. The tributaries include seventeen runs, six creeks, and three hollows (unnamed streams named after named valleys that they flow through).[1][2] By length, the five largest tributaries of Catawissa Creek are Little Catawissa Creek, Tomhicken Creek, Scotch Run, Beaver Run, and Messers Run. By watershed area, the five largest tributaries are Tomhicken Creek, Little Catawissa Creek, Beaver Run, Scotch Run, and Messers Run.

Various species of fish inhabit most of the tributaries of Catawissa Creek.[3] The Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection considers eleven tributaries of the creek to be Coldwater Fisheries.[note 1] Another is a Coldwater Fishery for part of its length and a High-Quality Coldwater Fishery for the other part.[note 2] An additional twelve tributaries are High-Quality Coldwater Fisheries for their entire lengths. The Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission considers eleven tributaries to be Class A Wild Trout Waters.[4][note 3] Five tributaries have been observed to be devoid of fish life, and one other is suspected to lack fish as well. Most of the remaining tributaries are inhabited by between one and fourteen species of fish.[3]

The tributaries of Catawissa Creek range from 4.6 to 25.6 feet (1.4 to 7.8 m) in width, with the vast majority being less than 13 feet (4 m) wide. Most of the tributaries' gradients are high, but some are low or moderate and one is extremely high. The tributaries occupy seven United States Geological Survey quadrangles: Catawissa, Shumans, Nuremberg, Conyngham, Ashland, Shenandoah, and Delano. Most of the tributaries are within several hundred meters of a road for at least part of their lengths.[3]

The tributaries of Catawissa Creek have pHs ranging from 4.4 to 7.4. Their concentrations of alkalinity range from 0 to 42 milligrams per liter, with the significant majority having alkalinity concentrations under 20 milligrams per liter. The tributaries' concentrations of water hardness range from 0 to more than 150 milligrams per liter.[3]

Tributaries of Catawissa Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[2] Distance from mouth[2][5] Mouth elevation[1][6][7][8][9] Source elevation[1] Coordinates Image
Furnace Run 2.5 miles (4.0 km) 2.82 square miles (7.3 km2) 7.37 miles (11.86 km) 551 feet (168 m) 1,440 to 1,460 feet (440 to 450 m) 40°57′49″N 76°22′24″W / 40.963602°N 76.373385°W / 40.963602; -76.373385 Mouth of Furnace Run.JPG
Scotch Run 7.8 miles (12.6 km) 9.10 square miles (23.6 km2) 8.30 miles (13.36 km) 558 feet (170 m) 1,000 to 1,020 feet (300 to 310 m) 40°57′46″N 76°21′29″W / 40.962897°N 76.357931°W / 40.962897; -76.357931 Scotch Run.JPG
Fisher Run 2.9 miles (4.7 km) 3.03 square miles (7.8 km2) 8.78 miles (14.13 km) 574 feet (175 m) 1,340 feet (410 m) 40°57′24″N 76°21′19″W / 40.956632°N 76.355292°W / 40.956632; -76.355292 Fisher Run looking upstream.JPG
Mine Gap Run 1.5 miles (2.4 km) 0.92 square miles (2.4 km2) 9.12 miles (14.68 km) 577 feet (176 m) 1,300 to 1,320 feet (400 to 400 m) 40°57′08″N 76°21′13″W / 40.952113°N 76.353734°W / 40.952113; -76.353734 Headwaters of Mine Gap Run.JPG
Beaver Run 6.2 miles (10.0 km) 9.60 square miles (24.9 km2) 13.02 miles (20.95 km) 649 feet (198 m) 1,040 feet (320 m) 40°57′08″N 76°18′33″W / 40.952137°N 76.309177°W / 40.952137; -76.309177 Beaver Run near Shumans, Pennsylvania 2.JPG
Long Hollow 2.5 miles (4.0 km) 2.84 square miles (7.4 km2) 13.82 miles (22.24 km) 705 feet (215 m) 1,380 to 1,400 feet (420 to 430 m) 40°56′31″N 76°18′24″W / 40.941888°N 76.306696°W / 40.941888; -76.306696
Stranger Hollow 1.0 mile (1.6 km) 0.57 square miles (1.5 km2) 15.42 miles (24.82 km) 712 feet (217 m) 1,440 to 1,460 feet (440 to 450 m) 40°55′51″N 76°17′25″W / 40.930958°N 76.290318°W / 40.930958; -76.290318
Klingermans Run 2.4 miles (3.9 km) 1.78 square miles (4.6 km2) 17.08 miles (27.49 km) 738 feet (225 m) 1,600 feet (490 m) 40°55′26″N 76°16′04″W / 40.923997°N 76.267688°W / 40.923997; -76.267688 Klingermans Run.JPG
Cranberry Run 2.0 miles (3.2 km) 1.83 square miles (4.7 km2) 18.57 miles (29.89 km) 754 feet (230 m) 1,660 feet (510 m) 40°55′13″N 76°15′19″W / 40.920404°N 76.255246°W / 40.920404; -76.255246 Cranberry Run.JPG
Crooked Run 4.4 miles (7.1 km) 4.24 square miles (11.0 km2) 20.20 miles (32.51 km) 771 feet (235 m) 1,720 feet (520 m) 40°55′05″N 76°14′34″W / 40.918152°N 76.242811°W / 40.918152; -76.242811 Crooked Run.JPG
Tomhicken Creek 10.1 miles (16.3 km) 21.00 square miles (54.4 km2) 22.38 miles (36.02 km) 780 to 800 feet (240 to 240 m) 1,740 to 1,760 feet (530 to 540 m) 40°54′38″N 76°12′52″W / 40.910618°N 76.214425°W / 40.910618; -76.214425 Tomhicken Creek.JPG
Little Catawissa Creek 10.8 miles (17.4 km) 16.70 square miles (43.3 km2) 24.24 miles (39.01 km) 833 feet (254 m) 1,360 to 1,380 feet (410 to 420 m) 40°53′24″N 76°12′33″W / 40.890049°N 76.209098°W / 40.890049; -76.209098 Little Catawissa Creek looking downstream.JPG
Dark Run 4.3 miles (6.9 km) 4.55 square miles (11.8 km2) 24.83 miles (39.96 km) 843 feet (257 m) 1,160 to 1,180 feet (350 to 360 m) 40°52′55″N 76°12′23″W / 40.882063°N 76.206467°W / 40.882063; -76.206467 Dark Run looking downstream.JPG
Rattling Run 2.4 miles (3.9 km) 2.28 square miles (5.9 km2) 26.32 miles (42.36 km) 882 feet (269 m) 1,280 to 1,300 feet (390 to 400 m) 40°51′59″N 76°11′42″W / 40.866311°N 76.194955°W / 40.866311; -76.194955 Rattling Run looking downstream.JPG
Davis Run 1.2 miles (1.9 km) 2.86 square miles (7.4 km2) 30.56 miles (49.18 km) 971 feet (296 m) 1,280 to 1,300 feet (390 to 400 m) 40°52′28″N 76°08′45″W / 40.874464°N 76.145948°W / 40.874464; -76.145948 Davis Run and the Pumping Station Dam.JPG
Messers Run 5.2 miles (8.4 km) 5.98 square miles (15.5 km2) 33.90 miles (54.56 km) 1,053 feet (321 m) 1,600 feet (490 m) 40°52′41″N 76°05′45″W / 40.878167°N 76.095949°W / 40.878167; -76.095949
Spies Run 1.0 mile (1.6 km) 36.86 miles (59.32 km) 1,184 feet (361 m) 1,660 to 1,680 feet (510 to 510 m) 40°53′51″N 76°04′08″W / 40.897405°N 76.068945°W / 40.897405; -76.068945
Cross Run 1.1 miles (1.8 km) 1,630 feet (500 m) 1,700 to 1,720 feet (520 to 520 m) 40°54′57″N 76°01′31″W / 40.915965°N 76.025404°W / 40.915965; -76.025404
Hunkydory Creek 1.4 miles (2.3 km) 3.65 square miles (9.5 km2) 40.86 miles (65.76 km) 1,689 feet (515 m) 1,720 feet (520 m) 40°54′41″N 76°00′43″W / 40.911522°N 76.012034°W / 40.911522; -76.012034

Tributaries of Tomhicken Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[2] Distance from mouth[2] Mouth elevation[6] Source elevation[1] Coordinates Image
Raccoon Creek 3.3 miles (5.3 km) 2.67 square miles (6.9 km2) 3.40 miles (5.47 km) 902 feet (275 m) 1,240 feet (380 m) 40°55′32″N 76°10′28″W / 40.925517°N 76.174522°W / 40.925517; -76.174522 Raccoon Creek looking upstream.JPG
Little Crooked Run 1.7 miles (2.7 km) 1.22 square miles (3.2 km2) 4.79 miles (7.71 km) 997 feet (304 m) 1,480 feet (450 m) 40°55′48″N 76°09′15″W / 40.929896°N 76.154134°W / 40.929896; -76.154134 Little Crooked Run looking downstream.JPG
Sugarloaf Creek 3.5 miles (5.6 km) 3.34 square miles (8.7 km2) 5.08 miles (8.18 km) 1,014 feet (309 m) 1,460 feet (450 m) 40°55′36″N 76°09′03″W / 40.92653°N 76.150921°W / 40.92653; -76.150921
Little Tomhicken Creek 1.0 mile (1.6 km) 4.31 square miles (11.2 km2) 6.03 miles (9.70 km) 1,200 feet (370 m) 1,500 to 1,520 feet (460 to 460 m) 40°54′59″N 76°08′37″W / 40.916358°N 76.143473°W / 40.916358; -76.143473 Little Tomhicken Creek looking upstream.JPG

Tributaries of Little Catawissa Creek

Name Length[1] Watershed area[2] Distance from mouth[2] Mouth elevation[6][7] Source elevation[1] Coordinates Image
Stony Run 2.2 miles (3.5 km) 2.24 square miles (5.8 km2) 1.96 miles (3.15 km) 912 feet (278 m) 1,460 to 1,480 feet (450 to 450 m) 40°52′52″N 76°13′57″W / 40.881122°N 76.232535°W / 40.881122; -76.232535 Stony Run.JPG
Trexler Run 3.4 miles (5.5 km) 3.81 square miles (9.9 km2) 4.24 miles (6.82 km) 1,000 feet (300 m) 1,560 feet (480 m) 40°51′51″N 76°15′14″W / 40.864132°N 76.253792°W / 40.864132; -76.253792 Trexler Run looking upstream.JPG

Tributaries of Messers Run

Name Length[1] Watershed area[2] Distance from mouth[2] Mouth elevation[10] Source elevation[1] Coordinates Image
Negro Hollow 1.7 miles (2.7 km) 1.57 square miles (4.1 km2) 0.80 miles (1.29 km) 1,128 feet (344 m) 1,800 feet (550 m) 40°52′11″N 76°05′19″W / 40.869586°N 76.088485°W / 40.869586; -76.088485

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Coldwater Fishery is an official designation that means that a stream supports fish from the family Salmonidae and other coldwater fauna and flora. [1]
  2. ^ High-Quality Coldwater Fishery is a designation for streams that meet the Coldwater Fishery criteria and also have high water quality [2]
  3. ^ Class A Wild Trout Waters is a Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission designation for streams that "support a population of naturally produced trout of sufficient size and abundance to support a long-term and rewarding sport fishery" and are not stocked with fish. [3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k United States Geological Survey, The National Map Viewer, archived from the original on April 5, 2012, retrieved October 12, 2014 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Pennsylvania Gazetteer of Streams (PDF), November 2, 2001, pp. 2, 16, 18, 24, 32, 52, 54, 63, 66, 75, 81, 87, 88, 91, 98, 101, 117, 118, 126, 136, 138, 141, 142, retrieved October 12, 2014 
  3. ^ a b c d R. Moase; T. Copeland; R. Wnuk; R. Mulberger (1997), PA Fish and Boat Commission Comments and Recommendations (PDF), pp. 46–47, 51–53, 55–57, retrieved October 12, 2014 
  4. ^ Pennsylvania Environmental Council (December 9, 2010), Catawissa Creek Watershed Rivers Conservation Plan (PDF), p. 86, retrieved October 12, 2014 
  5. ^ Naturally Reproducing Trout Stream Limits – May 15 2009 (PDF), May 15, 2009, p. 82, retrieved November 7, 2014 
  6. ^ a b c Topographic Map Stream Features in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, Archived from the original on September 5, 2014, retrieved November 17, 2014 
  7. ^ a b Topographic Map Stream Features in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, Archived from the original on July 28, 2014, retrieved November 17, 2014 
  8. ^ Topographic Map Stream Features in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Archived from the original on July 26, 2014, retrieved November 17, 2014 
  9. ^ Topographic Map Valley Features in Columbia County, Pennsylvania, Archived from the original on July 9, 2013, retrieved November 17, 2014 
  10. ^ Topographic Map Valley Features in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, Archived from the original on July 5, 2013, retrieved November 17, 2014 

External links

  • Map of the Catawissa Creek watershed
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