List of terrorist incidents

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The following is a list of terrorist incidents that have not been carried out by a state or its forces (see state terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism). Assassinations are listed at List of assassinated people.

Definitions of terrorism vary, so incidents listed here are restricted to those that:

  • are not approved by the legitimate authority of a recognized state
  • are illegally perpetrated against people or property
  • are done to further political, religious, or ideological objectives

Pre-1800

Scholars dispute what might be called terrorism in earlier periods. The modern sense of terrorism emerged in the mid-19th century.[1]

1800–1899

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
1865–1877 Murders c. 3,000 unknown  United States c. 3,000 Freedmen and their Republican Party allies are killed by the Ku Klux Klan and well-organized campaigns of violence by other local whites in a campaign of terrorist violence that weakened the reconstructionist governments in the Southern United States and helped re-establish legitimized segregation.[2][3] Ku Klux Klan Reconstruction
13 December 1867 Prison escape 12 120  United Kingdom The "Clerkenwell Outrage": a bomb was exploded next to a wall of Clerkenwell Prison as an attempt to abet the escape of an arms dealer Fenian Society
1880 Attempted Assassination 0 0  Russia Attempted assassination of General Mikhail Loris-Melikov
1881 Assassination by Bombing 2 12 Russia St.Petersburg, Russia Assassination of Tsar Alexander II of Russia. Nikolay Rysakov and Ignacy Hryniewiecki members of 'Narodnaya Volya ' terrorist group.
1881-5 Bombing 0 (+3) 98  United Kingdom Fenian dynamite campaign Irish Republican Brotherhood
1884 Assassination 2 0  Russia Assassination of Colonel Soudekine, Chief of Police. Nihilist movement
4 May 1886 Bombing 7 (+4) 160+ United States Chicago Haymarket Affair. A peaceful rally in Haymarket, Chicago, Illinois, is disrupted when a bomb was detonated as police were dispersing the public demonstration. FOTLU
23 July 1892 Assassination attempt 0 1 (+1) United States Pittsburgh Alexander Berkman, a Russian expatriate, attempts to assassinate Henry Clay Frick, an American industrialist, financier, and art patron, in Pittsburgh. Berkman is arrested and Frick survives. Berkman claims inspiration from the Haymarket Affair. Alexander Berkman
9 December 1893 Bombing 0 20 France Paris French anarchist Auguste Vaillant bombs the French Chamber of Deputies injuring 20 deputies. Auguste Vaillant
26 August 1896 Hijacking 10+ 0 Ottoman EmpireConstantinople, Ottoman Empire Occupation of the Ottoman Bank by Armenian separatists. A resulting anti-Armenian pogrom killed around 6,000 individuals. Armenian Revolutionary Federation

1900–1929

Date Type Dead Injured Location Details Perpetrator Part of
29 July 1900 Assassination 1 0 Italy Monza, Italy Gaetano Bresci and Italian-American Anarchist assassinated Umberto I of Italy Gaetano Bresci
15 April 1902 Assassination 1 0 Russian Empire St.Petersburg, Russia Minister of the Interior Dmitry Sipyagin was assassinated in the Marinsky Theatre. Socialist Revolutionary Stepan Balmashov
28 April – 1 May 1903 Bombings 0 (+4) Ottoman Empire Thessaloniki, Ottoman Empire Members of the Boatmen of Thessaloníki, a Bulgarian anarchist group, carry out a series of bombings in Thessaloniki Boatmen of Thessaloníki
18 May 1904 Kidnapping 0 2 kidnapped Morocco Morocco Ion Perdicaris and Cromwell Varley are kidnapped and held for ransom by bandit Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli in Morocco.[4] Mulai Ahmed er Raisuli
15 February 1905 Bombing 2 1+ Russian Empire Russia Assassination of Grand Duke Serge Alexandrovich Romanov by Socialist-revolutionaries. His coach driver Andrei Rudinkin was also killed. Socialist Revolutionary Ivan Kalyayev
25 August 1906 Bombing 28 Several Russian Empire Aptekarsky Island, Russia 28 people are killed when three terrorists bombed a reception in an attempt to assassinate Pyotr Stolypin. Union of Socialists Revolutionaries Maximalists
11/12 July 1908 Bombing 1 23 Sweden Malmö, Sweden Night between 11 and 12 July: Bombing of the boat Amalthea where British strikebreakers lived by Anton Nilsson One was killed and 23 wounded. Anton Nilsson
1 October 1910 Bombing 21 105+ United States Los Angeles, United States Los Angeles Times bombing kills 21 people and wounds over 100 others. Lone wolf (terrorism)
14 September 1911 Shooting 1 0 Russian Empire Kiev, Russia Assassination of Pyotyr Stolypin Russian Prime Minister Dmitri Bogrov
1912-14 various 1 0 United Kingdom United Kingdom Protest campaign by militant suffragettes campaigning for women's right to vote, including acts of disruption and violence aimed at property Women's Social and Political Union
June 1914 Shooting 2 1 Austria-Hungary Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. Gavrilo Princip
22 July 1916 Bombing 10 40 United States San Francisco, United States Preparedness Day Bombing was a bombing in San Francisco, California on 22 July 1916, when the city held a parade in anticipation of the United States' entry into World War I. During the parade, a suitcase bomb was detonated, killing ten and wounding forty. Galleanist Anarchists (suspected)
16 September 1920 Bombing 38 300 United States New York City, United States Wall Street bombing kills 38 people and wounds 300 others.[5] Galleanist Anarchists (suspected) Red Scare
14 October 1920 Bombings 1 10 Italy Trieste, Italy In Trieste, nationalists throw six bombs at the editorial office of a Socialist newspaper, resulting in one death and ten injuries.[6] Italian Nationalists
15 October 1920 Bombings 0 2 Italy Milan, Italy In Milan, anarchists are responsible for throwing two bombs at a hotel holding a British delegation attending the Milan International Conference; there are two injuries.[6] Anarchists
8 December 1920 Bombing 3 3 Romania Bucharest, Romania A bomb placed by a left-wing terrorist group blows up in the Romanian Senate, killing the Minister of Justice and two other senators. Likewise, President of the Senate and two Orthodox bishops are severely injured. Max Goldstein, Leon Lichtblau and Saul Ozias
31 May 1921 Riot 39-300 800+ United States Tulsa, United States The Tulsa race riot killed at least 39 people and injured over 800.[7] Ku Klux Klan
13 December 1921 Bombing 100 Romania Bolgrad, Romania The Bolgrad palace bombing occurred when a bomb thrown by Bessarabian separatists at the Bolgrad palace, killed 100 soldiers and police officers.[8] Bessarabian separatists Union of Bessarabia with Romania
31 October 1923 Shooting 1 1 Irish Free State Dublin, Irish Free State Far-right extremists shot two Jewish men as they walked across St. Stephen's Green in Dublin. One of the men was killed.[9] Far-right extremists
16 April 1925 Bombing 150 ~500 Bulgaria Sofia, Bulgaria St Nedelya Church assault – The Bulgarian Communist Party (BCP) blew up the church's roof during the funeral service of General Konstantin Georgiev, who had been killed in a previous Communist assault on 14 April. 150 people, mainly from the country's political and military elite, were killed in the attack and around 500 were injured.[10] Bulgarian Communist Party

1930–1949

  •  Kingdom of Hungary, 1931: A Hungarian terrorist, Szilveszter Matuska detonated a personnel train at Biatorbágy. 22 passengers died in the attack, 17 others were severely injured.[11]
  •  Mandatory Palestine 1936–39: 1936–39 Arab revolt, Palestine Arab "gang and terrorist activities"[12] against British colonial rule, and Jewish immigrants.
  •  Mandatory Palestine 1937–48: The Irgun are responsible for numerous attacks in British-mandated Palestine.
  •  Sweden 1940, 3 March: Politically motivated bombing targeted at the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman (Northern Flame) by various perpetrators. 5 persons were killed, 2 of which were children, along with 5 others injured.
  •  United States 1940–1956: George Metesky, the "Mad Bomber", places over 30 bombs in New York City in public places such as Grand Central Terminal and The Paramount Theater, injuring ten during this period, in protest against the local electric utility. He also sends many threatening letters.[13]
  •  United States 1940, 4 July: Time bomb is recovered from the British Pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair, two policemen are killed.[14]
  •  Mandatory Palestine 1946, 22 July: The King David Hotel bombing by Zionist paramilitary group Irgun kills 91 and injures 46 non-fatally.[15]
  •  Romania 1947, 25 July: Three Romanian terrorists kill an aircrew member aboard a Romanian airliner.[16] This is regarded as the first aircraft hijack resulting in a fatality.[citation needed]
  •  Mandatory Palestine 1948, 22 February, Ben Yehuda Street bombings: three British Army trucks led by an armoured car driven by Arab irregulars and British deserters exploded on Ben Yehuda Street killing 58 Jewish civilians and injuring 140.[17][18]
  •  Philippines 1949, 7 May: thirteen people are killed as a Philippine airliner explodes in flight travelling from Daet to Manila. A time bomb detonates 30 minutes after departure near Alabat Island.[19]
  •  Syria 1949, 5 August: 12 killed and dozens injured in the Menarsha synagogue attack, Damascus.

1950–1969

1970–present

By country

See also

References

  1. ^ "BBC – History – The Changing Faces of Terrorism". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 November 2015. 
  2. ^ Jonathan M. Bryant: Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era, The New Georgia Encyclopedia, 3 October 2002
  3. ^ Fettman, Eric (20 January 2008). "The Bloody Shirt Terror After Appomattox by Stephen Budiansky Viking Press". New York Post. Retrieved 2011-03-27. 
  4. ^ "PERDICARIS AND VARLEY ARE IN GRAVE DANGER; An American Resident of Tangier Tells of the Situation". The New York Times. 22 May 1904. Retrieved 2015-03-05. 
  5. ^ "History News Service". H-net.org. Retrieved 2011-03-27. 
  6. ^ a b "BOMB WARFARE RAGING IN ITALY". The New York Times. 15 October 1920. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  7. ^ Austin Sarat (1 January 2009). When Law Fails: Making Sense of Miscarriages of Justice. NYU Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8147-6225-7. Retrieved 2013-08-14. 
  8. ^ "PALACE BOMBED, 100 KILLED; Bessarabian Conspirators Accused of Outrage at Bolgard". The New York Times. 14 December 1921. Retrieved 2011-10-15. 
  9. ^ "Reactionary murders in Ireland". Come Here To Me!. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  10. ^ "Sofia Church Terror Attack Vie for Bulgaria Top Event". The Free Library. 2010. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  11. ^ http://mult-kor.hu/cikk.php?id=14764
  12. ^ Hughes, Matthew (2009). "The banality of brutality: British armed forces and the repression of the Arab Revolt in Palestine, 1936–39" (PDF). English Historical Review. CXXIV (507): 314–354. doi:10.1093/ehr/cep002. 
  13. ^ "Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today; Mad Bomber,' Now 70, Goes Free Today 37 Blasts Set Initials 'F.P.' Explained Institute Assailed". The New York Times. 13 December 1973. Retrieved 2010-05-08. 
  14. ^ "POLICE DIE IN BLAST; Timed Device Explodes After it is Taken out of Pavilion". The New York Times. 5 July 1940. Retrieved 2015-03-05. 
  15. ^ Clarke, Thurston. By Blood and Fire, G. P. Puttnam's Sons, New York, 1981
  16. ^ Pistole, John S. (3 March 2011). "Administrator Pistole's remarks before the American Bar Association's 6th Annual Homeland Security Law Institute". TSA. Retrieved 2011-08-17. 
  17. ^ Larry Collins and Dominique Lapierre, 'O Jerusalem'.History Book Club. 1972. pages 191-195
  18. ^ Dov Joseph, 'The Faithful City – The siege of Jerusalem, 1948'. Simon and Schuster, New York. 1960. Library of Congress number: 60-10976. page 37. 'it was possible ... (that the) drivers (were) from the more than two hundred deserters who had already joined the Arab force' (as opposed to being officially sanctioned by the British Army).
  19. ^ "Pair Admits Planting Bomb That Killed 13". The Telegraph-Herald. 3 June 1949. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  20. ^ Israel's Border Wars, 1949–1956, p. 309, Benny Morris, Oxford University Press, 1997
  21. ^ Gilroy, Harry (22 March 1954). "Exploiting of Negev's Resources May Be Slowed by Bus Slayings; Security Moves May Act as a Brake on Developing Area Vital to Israel". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  22. ^ Bigart, Homer (17 June 1956). "U.S. Vice Consul Is Killed By Cyprus Terrorist Bomb". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  23. ^ Brewers, Sam Pope (16 August 1958). "TERRORIST'S BOMB KILLS 3 IN BEIRUT". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  24. ^ Phillips, R. Hart (5 March 1960). "75 DIE IN HAVANA AS MUNITIONS SHIP EXPLODES AT DOCK". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  25. ^ Know 1 Radio.com
  26. ^ "Crash Off Turkey Kills All 66 on Jet". The New York Times. 12 October 1967. Retrieved 2015-03-05. 
  27. ^ Feron, James (5 September 1968). "Fatal Bombing in Tel Aviv Stirs Mob Attack on Arabs". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  28. ^ Marcus, Itamar (8 December 2016). "Rasmieh Odeh is responsible for murder of two, her accomplice tells PA TV". Palestinian Media Watch. 
  29. ^ Pharr, Jasper (2016-01-25). Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Terrorist on U.S. Soil. Dorrance Publishing. ISBN 9781480966468. 
  30. ^ "Bomb Blast at RTÉ". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  31. ^ "When loyalists bombed O'Connell". Come Here To Me!. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  32. ^ "Blast in Milan Kills 13, Hurts 85; 3 More Bombs Injure 16 in Rome". The New York Times. 13 December 1969. Retrieved 2015-03-05. 

External links

  • U.S. National Counterterrorism Center's Worldwide Incidents Tracking System
  • Fatal Terrorist Attacks in Israel since the Declaration of Principles (September 1993) to September 2000
  • Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan: Documents from the U.S. National Archives
  • Terrorism Incidents at DMOZ
  • History of Terrorism : Timeline of Terrorist Acts – Chronology
  • Thinkquest: Timeline of Terror
  • Infoplease: Terrorist Attacks on Americans
  • Infoplease: Terrorist Attacks (within the United States or against Americans abroad)
  • Frontline : Terrorist Attacks on Americans
  • PBS Frontline/New York Times "Al Qaeda's New Front" Chronology of significant plots uncovered in Europe both before and after 9/11. January 2004
  • "Ephéméride Anarchiste" Listing anarchist terrorist incidents in France, or others countries. In French.
  • Selected terrorist incidents worldwide, through September 2000: complied by Wm. Robert Johnston
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