List of tallest dams in China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The tallest dams in China are some of the tallest dams in the world. Nearly 22,000 dams over 15 metres (49 ft) in height – about half the world's total – have been constructed in China since the 1950s. Many of the tallest are located in the southwestern part of the country (Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan) on rivers such as the Mekong, the Yangtze, and its upper stretch (Jinsha River) and tributaries (Yalong, Dadu, Min and Wu). The Yellow River in the western part of the country also hosts several among the tallest. Purposes for these high structures include flood control, irrigation and, predominantly, hydroelectric power. While beneficial, many throughout the country have been criticized for their effects on the environment, displacement of locals and effect on transboundary river flows.[1] Currently, the country's and world's tallest, Jinping-I Dam, an arch dam 305 m (1,001 ft) high, is located in Sichuan.[2] The tallest embankment dam in China is the 261 m (856 ft) Nuozhadu Dam in Yunnan. The country's highest gravity dam is Longtan Dam at 216.2 m (709 ft), which can be found in Guangxi.[3] At 233 m (764 ft), Shuibuya Dam in Hubei is the world's tallest concrete-face rock-fill dam.[4][5] In Sichuan, the government is constructing the 312 m (1,024 ft) tall Shuangjiangkou Dam which, when complete, will become the world's tallest dam.[6][7]

List

All Chinese dams over 100 m (330 ft) in height are listed below.

Complete

A photograph of a grey dam with red structures spaced across the top of it and with hilly terrain in the background all under a blue sky with white clouds
The 181 m (594 ft) tall Three Gorges Dam
Name Region, province or city Impounds Height Type Complete Notes
Jinping-I Dam Sichuan Yalong River 305 m (1,001 ft) Arch 2013 [8]
Xiaowan Dam Yunnan Lancang River 292 m (958 ft) Arch 2010 [9]
Xiluodu Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 285.5 m (937 ft) Arch 2013 [10]
Nuozhadu Dam Yunnan Lancang River 261.5 m (858 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2013 [11]
Laxiwa Dam Qinghai Yellow River 250 m (820 ft) Arch 2009 [12]
Ertan Dam Sichuan Yalong River 240 m (790 ft) Arch 1999 [13]
Shuibuya Dam Hubei Qing River 233 m (764 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [14]
Goupitan Dam Guizhou Wu River 232.5 m (763 ft) Arch 2009 [15]
Jiangpinghe Dam Hubei Loushui River 221 m (725 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2012 [4]
Longtan Dam Guangxi Hongshui River 216 m (709 ft) Gravity 2009 [16]
Dagangshan Dam Sichuan Dadu River 210 m (690 ft) Arch 2015 [17]
Guangzhao Dam Yunnan Beipan River 200.5 m (658 ft) Gravity 2004 [18]
Pubugou Dam Sichuan Dadu River 186 m (610 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2010 [19]
Sanbanxi Dam Guizhou Yuan (Qingshui) River 185.5 m (609 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [4]
Three Gorges Dam Hubei Yangtze River 181 m (594 ft) Gravity 2008 [20]
Hongjiadu Dam Guizhou Liuchong River 179.5 m (589 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2005 [21]
Longyangxia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 178 m (584 ft) Arch 1992 [22]
Tianshengqiao-I Dam Guizhou/Guangxi Nanpan River 178 m (584 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2000 [23]
Danjiangkou Dam Hubei Han River 176.6 m (579 ft) Gravity 1973 [24]
Kajiwa Dam Sichuan Muli River 171 m (561 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2014 [25]
Guandi Dam Sichuan Yalong River 168 m (551 ft) Gravity 2012 [26]
Wujiangdu Dam Guizhou Wu River 165 m (541 ft) Arch-gravity 1979 [27]
Dongfeng Dam Guizhou Wu River 162 m (531 ft) Arch 1995 [28]
Tankeng Dam Zhejiang Ou River 162 m (531 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [29]
Xiangjiaba Dam Yunnan/Sichuan Jinsha River 161 m (528 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2014 [30]
Jinanqiao Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 160 m (520 ft) Gravity 2010 [31]
Guanyinyan Dam Yunnan/Sichuan Jinsha River 159 m (522 ft) Gravity 2014 [32]
Pangduo Dam Tibet Lhasa River 158 m (518 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2013 [33]
Dongjiang Dam Hunan Lishui River 157 m (515 ft) Arch 1992 [34]
Geheyan Dam Hubei Qing River 157 m (515 ft) Arch-gravity 2006 [35]
Jilintai I Dam Xinjiang Kashgar River 157 m (515 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2005 [36]
Malutang Dam Yunnan Panlong River 156 m (512 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2009 [4]
Shatuo Dam Guizhou Wu River 156 m (512 ft) Arch 2009 [37]
Zipingpu Dam Sichuan Min River 156 m (512 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [38]
Bashan Dam Chongqing Renhe River 155 m (509 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2009 [4]
Lijiaxia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 155 m (509 ft) Arch-gravity 1997 [39]
Liyuan Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 155 m (509 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2014 [40]
Xiaolangdi Dam Henan Yellow River 154 m (505 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2000 [41]
Dongjing Dam Guizhou Beipan River 150 m (490 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2009 [4]
Baishan Dam Jilin Second Songhua River 149.5 m (490 ft) Arch-gravity 1984 [42]
Liujiaxia Dam Gansu Yellow River 147 m (482 ft) Gravity 1969 [43]
Maoergai Dam Sichuan Heishui River 147 m (482 ft) Embankment 2011 [44]
Longshou II Dam Gansu Heihe River 146.5 m (481 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2004 [4]
Jilebulake Dam Xinjiang Haba River 146.3 m (480 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1996 [45]
Jiangkou Dam Chongqing Furong River 139 m (456 ft) Arch 2003 [46]
Ahai Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 138 m (453 ft) Gravity 2012 [47]
Wawushan Dam Sichuan Zhougonghe River 138 m (453 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2007 [4]
Wuluwati Dam Xinjiang Kalakashi River 138 m (453 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2001 [4]
Jiudianxia Dam Gansu Tao River 136.5 m (448 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [4]
Dongping Dam Hubei Zhong River 135 m (443 ft) Arch 2006 [28]
Longma Dam Yunnan Lixian River 135 m (443 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2007 [4]
Dahuashui Dam Guizhou Qingshuihe River 134.5 m (441 ft) Arch 2008 [48]
Shiyazi Dam Guizhou Hongjiadu River 134.5 m (441 ft) Gravity 2010 [49]
Yingzidu Dam Guizhou Sancha River 134.5 m (441 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2003 [50]
Baozhusi Dam Sichuan Bailong River 132 m (433 ft) Gravity 2000 [49]
Gongboxia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 132 m (433 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [51]
Lizhou Dam Sichuan Muli River 132 m (433 ft) Arch 2016 [52]
Manwan Dam Yunnan Lancang River 132 m (433 ft) Gravity 1995 [53]
Jiangya Dam Hunan Loushui River 131 m (430 ft) Gravity 2000 [54]
Baise Dam Guangxi You River 130 m (430 ft) Gravity 2006 [54]
Hongkou Dam Fujian Huotong River 130 m (430 ft) Gravity 2008 [54]
Jinpen Dam Shaanxi Heihe River 130 m (427 ft) Embankment 2002 [55]
Shapai Dam Sichuan Caopo River 130 m (430 ft) Arch 2006 [56]
Hunanzhen Dam Zhejiang Qiantang River 129 m (423 ft) Buttress 1980 [49]
Ankang Dam Shaanxi Han River 128 m (420 ft) Gravity 1989 [57]
Tengzigou Dam Chongqing Dragon River[disambiguation needed] 127 m (417 ft) Arch 2006 [28]
Jiemian Dam Fujian Junxi River 126 m (413 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2007 [58]
Guxian Dam Henan Luohe River 125 m (410 ft) Gravity 1995 [49]
Yele Dam Sichuan Nanya River 124.5 m (408 ft) Embankment 2006 [59]
Qiaoqi Dam Sichuan Baoxinghe River 123 m (404 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2007 [60]
Suofengying Dam Guizhou Wu River 121 m (397 ft) Gravity 2006 [54]
Baiyun Dam Hunan Wushui River 120 m (394 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2006 [61]
Gudongkou Dam Hubei Xiangqi River 120 m (394 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 1999 [61]
Ludila Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 120 m (390 ft) Gravity 2013 [62]
Wudu Dam Sichuan Fu River 120 m (390 ft) Gravity 2008 [63]
Longkaikou Dam Yunnan Jinsha River 119 m (390 ft) Gravity 2013 [62]
Silin Dam Guizhou Wu River 117 m (384 ft) Gravity 2008 [64]
Pengshui Dam Chongqing Wu River 116.5 m (382 ft) Arch 2008 [65]
Shimenkan Dam Yunnan Lixian River 116 m (381 ft) Arch 2010 [28]
Tingzikou Dam Sichuan Jialing River 116 m (381 ft) Gravity 2014 [66]
Zangmu Dam Tibet Autonomous Region Yarlung Tsangpo (Brahmaputra) River 116 m (381 ft) Gravity 2015 [67]
Sinanjiang Dam Yunnan Sinan River 115 m (377 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2008 [68]
Pankou Dam Hubei Du River 114 m (374 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2012 [69]
Shitouhe Dam Shaanxi Shitouhe River 114 m (374 ft) Embankment 1969 [61]
Yunfeng Dam Jilin Yalu River 113.75 m (373.2 ft) Gravity 1965 [49]
Gelantan Dam Yunnan Lixian River 113 m (371 ft) Gravity 2008 [70]
Mianhuatan Dam Fujian Ting River 113 m (371 ft) Gravity 1999 [71]
Tianhuaban Dam Yunnan Niulan River 113 m (371 ft) Arch 2011 [72]
Fengtan Dam Hunan You River 112.5 m (369 ft) Arch-gravity 1978 [73]
Dachaoshan Dam Yunnan Lancang River 111 m (364 ft) Gravity 2003 [74]
Longjiang Dam Yunnan Long River 110 m (361 ft) Arch 2010 [75]
Yantan Dam Guangdong Hongshui River 110 m (360 ft) Gravity 1995 [76]
Jinghong Dam Yunnan Lancang River 108 m (354 ft) Gravity 2008 [77]
Xinanjiang (Qiandao) Dam Zhejiang Qiantang River 108 m (354 ft) Gravity 1959 [78]
Lower Baoquan Dam Henan Province Yuhe River 107.5 m (353 ft) Gravity 1994/2011 [79]
Panjiakou Dam Hebei Luan River 107.5 m (353 ft) Gravity 1984 [49]
Huanglongtan Dam Hubei Du River 107 m (351 ft) Gravity 1976 [49]
Sanmenxia Dam Henan/Shanxi Yellow River 106 m (348 ft) Gravity 1960 [80]
Shuifeng (Sup'ung) Dam Liaoning Yalu River 106 m (348 ft) Gravity 1941 [81]
Madushan Dam Yunnan Honghe (Red) River 105.5 m (346 ft) Gravity 2011 [82]
Gongguoqiao Dam Yunnan Lancang River 105 m (344 ft) Gravity 2011 [83]
Wanjiazhai Dam Shaanxi Yellow River 105 m (344 ft) Gravity 1998 [84]
Xinfengjiang Dam Guangdong Xinfeng River 105 m (344 ft) Gravity 1962 [61]
Zhexi Dam Hunan Zi Shui River 104 m (341 ft) Gravity 1962 [61]
Jinshuitan Dam Zhejiang Longquan Creek 102 m (335 ft) Arch 1988 [34]
Bikou Dam Gansu Bailong River 101 m (331 ft) Embankment 1977 [85]
Jishixia Dam Qinghai Yellow River 101 m (331 ft) Gravity 2010 [86]
Lubuge Dam Guizhou\Yunnan Huangni River 101 m (331 ft) Embankment 1988 [61]
Shuikou Dam Fujian Min River 101 m (331 ft) Gravity 1996 [87]

Under construction

The 203 m (666 ft) tall Huangdeng Dam being constructed
Name Region, province or city Impounds Height Type Completion Notes
Shuangjiangkou Dam Sichuan Dadu River 312 m (1,024 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2020 [6]
Lianghekou Dam Sichuan Yalong River 295 m (968 ft) Arch 2023 [88]
Baihetan Dam Sichuan/Yunnan Jinsha River 277 m (909 ft) Arch 2019 [89]
Changheba Dam Sichuan Dadu River 240 m (790 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2016 [90]
Wudongde Dam Sichuan/Yunnan Jinsha River 240 m (787 ft) Gravity 2018 [91]
Houziyan Dam Guizhou Dadu River 223.5 m (733 ft) Embankment 2016 [92]
Maerdang Dam Qinghai Yellow River 211 m (692 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2016 [93]
Huangdeng Dam Yunnan Lancang River 203 m (666 ft) Gravity 2016 [94]
Quxue Dam Sichuan Shuoqu River 164.2 m (539 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2017 [95]
Yangqu Dam Qinghai Yellow River 150 m (492 ft) Concrete-face rock-fill 2016 [96]
Miaowei Dam Yunnan Lancang River 139.8 m (459 ft) Embankment, rock-fill 2016 [97]
Wunonglong Dam Yunnan Lancang River 137.5 m (451 ft) Gravity 2016 [98]
Dahuaqiao Dam Yunnan Lancang River 106 m (348 ft) Gravity 2018 [99]

See also

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