List of tallest buildings and structures in London

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London in 2014, featuring the Shard and the City of London skyline
Canary Wharf pictured at night
Tallest buildings in London.

This list of the tallest buildings and structures in London ranks skyscrapers and towers in London by their height. Since 2010, the tallest structure in London has been The Shard, which was topped out at 306 metres (1,004 ft), making it the tallest habitable building in Europe at the time.[1] The second tallest is One Canada Square in Canary Wharf, which rises 235 metres (771 ft) and was completed in 1991.[2] The third tallest is the Heron Tower in the City of London financial district, which was topped out in 2010 and stands at a height of 230 metres (755 ft), including its spire.[3]

The Greater London area is currently about level with the Paris Metropolitan Area as the metropolitan area in the European Union with the most skyscrapers. As of 2017, there are 17 skyscrapers in London that reach a roof height of at least 150 metres (492 ft),[4] with 19 in Paris (compared to 15 in Frankfurt, eleven in Warsaw and five each in Madrid and Milan).

The history of tall structures in London began with the completion of the 27-metre (89 ft) White Tower, a part of the Tower of London, in 1098.[5][6] The first structure to surpass a height of 100 metres (328 ft) was the Old St Paul's Cathedral. Completed in 1310, it stood at a height of 150 metres (492 ft).[7] St Paul's was the world's tallest structure until 1311, when its height was surpassed by Lincoln Cathedral in Lincoln.[7] It regained the title when the spire of Lincoln Cathedral fell in 1549.[8] Although the spire of the Old St Paul's was destroyed by lightning in 1561, it still stood as the tallest structure in London,[8] while the world's tallest structure became Strasbourg Cathedral in Strasbourg, France.[8] St Paul's was severely damaged by the Great Fire of London in 1666.[7] The title of the tallest structure in London passed to Southwark Cathedral, which stands at a height of 50 metres (164 ft)[9] and no structure in London again rose above 100 metres until 1710, when the current St Paul's Cathedral was completed.[10] At 111 metres (364 ft), the cathedral remained London's tallest building until it was overtaken in 1962 by the BT Tower, which was topped out in 1964 and officially opened in 1965.

Few skyscrapers were built in London before the late 20th century, owing to restrictions on building heights originally imposed by the London Building Act of 1894, which followed the construction of the 14-storey Queen Anne's Mansions.[11] Though restrictions have long since been eased, strict regulations remain to preserve protected views, especially those of St Paul's, the Tower of London and Palace of Westminster, as well as to comply with the requirements of the Civil Aviation Authority.[12][13]

The lifting of height restrictions caused a boom in the construction of tall buildings during the 1960s.[13][14] One of London's first notable tall buildings was the 117-metre (384 ft) Centre Point, completed in 1966. The National Westminster Tower (now called Tower 42) followed in 1980, which at 183 metres (600 ft) became London's first genuine "skyscraper" by international standards.[citation needed] It was followed in 1991 by One Canada Square, which formed the centrepiece of the Canary Wharf development. Following a 10-year gap, several new skyscrapers appeared on London's skyline: 8 Canada Square, 25 Canada Square (both also at Canary Wharf), the Heron Quays buildings, One Churchill Place, the Broadgate Tower and the gherkin-shaped 30 St Mary Axe. Some of the awards given to 30 St Mary Axe include the Emporis Skyscraper Award in 2003[15] and the RIBA Stirling Prize for Architecture in 2004.[16]

With the precedent set by the towers of Canary Wharf and with the encouragement of former Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, a renewed trend for building tall has been established in recent years.[17] As of September 2016, there were 79 structures under construction or proposed in London that will rise at least 100 metres in height, including the South Bank tower which has been increased in height by 11 storeys, architecturally topping out in 2016.[18][19] 1 Undershaft, planned to form the centrepiece of the City of London's skyscraper cluster, is the tallest skyscraper currently proposed for London.[20] Also in the City, a skyscraper at 100–112 Leadenhall Street, to be designed by SOM architects, is in the early stages of design and planning.[21]

Tallest buildings and structures

This list ranks externally complete London skyscrapers and free-standing towers that stand at least 328 feet (100 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equals sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Image Height
metres / ft
Floors Year Primary use Location Notes
1 The Shard The Shard from the Sky Garden 2015.jpg 306 / 1,004 01.087 2012 Mixed Southwark Tallest building in the UK and also the tallest in the EU.[22]
2 One Canada Square One Canada Square 2.jpg 235 / 771 02.050 1991 Office Isle of Dogs Tallest building in the Canary Wharf business district.
3 Heron Tower Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG 230 / 756 04.046 2011 Office City of London Tallest building in the City of London financial district.
4 122 Leadenhall Street Cheesegrater and Gherkin.jpg 225 / 737 04.046 2014 Office City of London Second-tallest building in the City of London. Nicknamed "The Cheesegrater".[23]
5 Crystal Palace Transmitter Cp mast.jpg 219 / 720 35.0N/A 1950 Transmitter Crystal Palace Tallest structure in London completed in the 1950s.[24]
6= 8 Canada Square HSBC Tower.jpg 200 / 655 05.042 2002 Office Isle of Dogs Joint fifth-tallest building in the UK. Also known as the HSBC Tower.[25][26]
6= 25 Canada Square 25CanadaSquare.jpg 200 / 655 04.042 2002 Office Isle of Dogs Joint fifth-tallest building in the UK. Also known as the Citigroup Tower.[27][28]
8 Tower 42 Tower 42 looking north from Bishopsgate 2011-05-04.jpg 183 / 600 07.047 1980 Office City of London Seventh-tallest building in the UK. Tallest structure in London completed in the 1980s. Formerly known as the NatWest Tower.[29][30]
9 St George Wharf Tower St Georges Wharf Tower 2013-09-26.jpg 181 / 594 01.049 2013 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms The crown of the building includes a small wind turbine which helps to generate power for the building.[31][32]
10 30 St Mary Axe 30 St Mary Axe, 'Gherkin'.JPG 180 / 590 09.040 2003 Office City of London Formerly known as the Swiss Re Building. Nicknamed "The Gherkin".[33][34]
11 BT Tower BT Tower-1.jpg 177 / 581 16.034 1964 Transmitter Borough of Camden Tallest building in London completed in the 1960s.[35][36]
12 Broadgate Tower Broadgate Tower.jpg 164 / 539 14.035 2008 Office City of London [37][38]
13 20 Fenchurch Street Walkie-Talkie - Sept 2015.jpg 160 / 525 14.037 2014 Office City of London Nicknamed "The Walkie-Talkie".
14 One Churchill Place Barclays HQ.jpg 156 / 513 22.032 2004 Office Isle of Dogs Twelfth-tallest building in the UK.[39][40]
15= 25 Bank Street 25 Bank Street 2012.JPG 153 / 502 19.033 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [41][42]
15= 40 Bank Street 40 Bank Street Heron Quay London.jpg 153 / 502 20.033 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [43][44]
17 Croydon Transmitter Croydon Transmitter.JPG 152 / 499 36.0N/A 1964 Transmitter Croydon [45][46]
18 10 Upper Bank Street 10 Upper Bank Street London.jpg 151 / 495 23.032 2003 Office Isle of Dogs [47][48]
19 South Bank Tower South Bank Tower under construction - Nov 2014.jpg 150 / 492 45 2015 Residential South Bank [49][50] Built 1972; height increase from 108m to 150m completed May 2016.[51][52]
20 Baltimore Tower Cropped image of Baltimore Tower - 30435639090 bf141ef3b1 o.jpg 149 / 489 46 2016 Residential Isle of Dogs [53][54][55][56]
21= Pan Peninsula East Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg 147 / 484 02.048 2008 Residential Isle of Dogs [57][58]
21= Strata Strata SE1 from Monument 2014.jpg 147 / 484 43 2010 Residential Elephant & Castle [59][60][61] Nicknamed "The Razor".
23 Guy's Tower Guys hospital tower.jpg 143 / 469 17.034 1974 Hospital Southwark Tallest all-hospital building in the world. Tallest structure in London completed in the 1970s.[62][63]
24 22 Marsh Wall East Tower 22 Marsh Wall.jpg 140 / 458 44 2010 Residential Isle of Dogs
25 Providence Tower Providence Tower, Blackwall, London, UK.jpg 136 / 446 44 2015 Residential Blackwall [64][65] Formerly The Quebec Building. Topped out 2015.[66] Completed September 2016.
26 London Eye London Eye - TQ04 26.jpg 135 / 443 37.0 44 1999 Ferris wheel South Bank The world's tallest Ferris wheel from 1999 to 2006.[67][68]
27 Saffron Square Saffron Square Tower, Croydon, London.jpg 134 / 440 44 2015 Residential Croydon [69][70]
28= 150 High Street, Stratford Geograph-3135278-by-David-Anstiss.jpg 133 / 436 42 2013 Residential Stratford [71]
28= Wembley Stadium Wembley Stadium, From the Outside.JPG 133 / 436 34.06 2007 Stadium Wembley Second-tallest stadium in the world.[72][73]
30 25 Churchill Place Geograph-3639351-by-Alex-McGregor.jpg 130 / 428 10.023 2014 Office Isle of Dogs [74][75]
31 40 Marsh Wall Novotel Hotel Canary Wharf.jpg 128 / 420 39 2017 Hotel Isle of Dogs [76]Tallest all-hotel building in the United Kingdom.[77]
32 CityPoint City Point.jpg 127 / 417 11.036 1967 Office City of London [78][79]
33 Willis Building Willis Building (London).jpg 125 / 410 29.026 2007 Office City of London [80][81]
34= One The Elephant One the Elephant.jpg 124 / 406 37 2015 Residential Elephant & Castle [82][83] Formerly St. Mary's. Completed June 2016.[84]
34= Euston Tower Euston Tower 2004.jpg 124 / 408 12.036 1970 Office Euston [85][86]
36= Cromwell Tower Crowell Tower, London.jpg 123 / 404 08.042 1973 Residential City of London [87][88]
36= Lauderdale Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2005.jpg 123 / 404 06.043 1974 Residential City of London [89][90]
36= Shakespeare Tower Barbican Estate Tower 2007.jpg 123 / 404 05.043 1976 Residential City of London [91][92]
39 Pan Peninsula West Tower Pan Peninsula London.jpg 122 / 400 10.039 2008 Residential Isle of Dogs [93][94]
40 Sky Gardens Nine Elms 120 / 394 35 2017 Residential Vauxhall [95]
41 Millbank Tower Millbank Tower, Westminster, London, 24Apr04.jpg 119 / 390 21.033 1963 Office Westminster [96][97]
42 St. Helen's St. Helen's - St. Mary Axe- 2011-05-04.jpg 118 / 387 28.028 1969 Office City of London Formerly known as the Aviva Tower.[98][99]
43= Centre Point Centre Point London.jpg 117 / 385 15.035 1967 Office West End [100][101] As of 2015, it is undergoing conversion to residential use.[102]
43= Empress State Building Empress State Building.JPG 117 / 385 24.031 1961 Office Earls Court Originally stood at a height of 100 metres (328 ft) before a height extension in 2003.[103][104]
45 Lexicon Tower Lexicon and Canaletto Towers, Islington, London.jpg 116 / 380 36 2016 Residential Islington [105][106][107] 261 City Road. Topped out 2015.[108]
46 ArcelorMittal Orbit ArcelorMittal Orbit at night.jpg 115 / 377 37.02 2012 Viewing platform Stratford [109]
47 Battersea Power Station Battersea.power.station.london.arp.jpg 113 / 370 33.010 1953 Industrial Battersea [110][111]
48 The Heron Geograph-3216844-by-Mr-Biz.jpg 112 / 367 35 2013 Residential City of London Also known as Milton Court.[112][113]
49 St Paul's Cathedral Cathédrale St-Paul - entrée principale.jpg 111 / 364 38.0N/A 1710 Religious City of London Tallest place of worship in London. Tallest structure completed in London in the 1700s.[10][114]
50 Dollar Bay Tower Dollay Bay.jpg 109 / 358 31 2016 Residential Isle of Dogs [115][116]
51 1 West India Quay OneWestIndiaQuay.jpg 108 / 354 13.036 2004 Office Isle of Dogs [117][118]
52 Shell Centre Shell Centre, London, UK, June 2004.jpg 107 / 351 30.026 1961 Office South Bank [119][120]
53= 33 Canada Square 33 Canada Square.jpg 105 / 344 32.018 1999 Office Isle of Dogs [121][122]
53= Sky View Tower* Capital Towers, Stratford, London.jpg 105 / 345 35 2016 Residential Stratford [123] Tallest of the Capital Towers development. Topped out.[124]
53= Nido Spitalfields Nido 100 Middlesex Street.jpg 105 / 344 34 2009 Residential (student) City of London [125]
53= Pioneer Point North, Ilford Geograph-2337704-by-Robin-Webster.jpg 105 / 344 31 2011 Residential Ilford [126][127]
57= 99 Bishopsgate 99 Bishopsgate from above.jpg 104 / 340 31.026 1976 Office City of London [128][129]
57= Ontario Tower Blackwall Tunnel ventilation shafts and the Ontario Tower - geograph.org.uk - 789359.jpg 104 / 340 25.029 2007 Residential Blackwall [130][131]
59 Victoria Tower Westminster Palace Victoria Tower.jpg 102 / 336 39.0N/A 1858 Government Westminster Tallest non-religious building in the world upon completion. Tallest structure completed in London in the 1800s. Architectural height 102m, roof height 98.5m.[132][133]
60= Portland House Portland House, London, England.jpg 101 / 331 26.029 1963 Office Westminster [134][135]
60= London Hilton on Park Lane The London Hilton on Park Lane.JPG 101 / 331 26.028 1963 Hotel West End
60= Skyline, Woodberry Down Skyline, Woodberry Down, London, UK.jpg 101 / 331 31 2016 Residential Hackney [136]
60= One Angel Court 101 / 331 24 2017 Office City of London [137] Refurbishment of 97m building.[138]
64 Stock Exchange Tower Former London Stock Exchange Building - geograph.org.uk - 1501273.jpg 100 / 328 26.027 1970 Office City of London [139][140]

* Indicates still under construction, but has been topped out

Selection of buildings that dominate the London Skyline, including some still under construction or on hold.

Tallest under construction, approved, and proposed

Under construction

This lists buildings that are under construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Under construction buildings that have already been topped out are listed above.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary use Location Notes
22 Bishopsgate 22 Bishopsgate May 2017.jpg 278 / 912 62 2019 Office City of London [141][142] Old proposal cancelled, new proposal approved April 2016.[143] Core rising.[144]
Spire London 237 / 778 74 2020 Residential West India Quay [145] Replaces two proposals on this site - Columbus Tower and Hertsmere Tower.[146] Application 8 October 2015, approved 2016[147]
Landmark Pinnacle 233 / 765 75 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [148][149] Formerly called City Pride. Core rising.
Newfoundland (London) 220 / 722 60 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [150] Core and structure rising.[151]
South Quay Plaza 1 215 / 705 68 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [152] Approved Nov 2014.[153] Phase one under way.[154][155]
One Park Drive 205 / 673 57 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs [156]Wood Wharf A1 building. Application 2013/12/19, Approved July 2015[157]. Foundation works ongoing.
One Nine Elms City Tower 200 / 660 58 2018 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [158][159] City Tower. Foundation work under way.
52-54 Lime Street 190 / 623 35 2017 Office City of London [160] Application 2012/06/22, approved 2013/01/15.[161] Core topped out, structure rising.
The Madison 184 / 604 53 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Previously Meridian Gate. Approved 2015.[162] Foundation works ongoing.
Wardian London (East Tower) 187 / 614 55 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Application 2013/01/17[163] Approved Nov 2014[153] Core rising.
100 Bishopsgate 100 Bishopsgate.jpg 172 / 564 40 2018 Office City of London [164] Structure rising.
Wardian London (West Tower) 168 / 552 50 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs Approved Nov 2014[153] Core rising.
1 Blackfriars One Blackfriars (2 June 2016).jpg 163 / 535 49 2018 Residential South Bank [165][166] 1 Blackfriars Road. Structure rising.
Principal Tower London June 7 2016 001 Principal Place Development Hackney (3) (27492026256).jpg 161 / 528 51 2018 Residential Shoreditch [167][168] Residential tower. Core and structure rising.
One Nine Elms River Tower 160 / 525 47 2018 Hotel Vauxhall / Nine Elms [159][169] River Tower. Foundation work under way.
Carrara Tower (250 City Road) 155 / 508 42 2017 Residential Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site, Approved[170] Core rising.
1 Merchant Square 150 / 492 42 2018 Office Paddington [171] Tallest building in the City of Westminster
10 Park Drive (Wood Wharf A3) Wood Wharf 18 February 2017 (2).jpg 150 / 492 43 2019 Residential Isle of Dogs [172] Core and structure rising.
Heron Quays West 2 147 / 482 28 2019 Office Isle of Dogs [173] 1 Bank Street. Application 24 December 2013. Core topped out, structure rising.
Maine Tower (Harbour Central Block D) 145 / 476 42 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [174][175] Maine Tower. Core rising.
Manhattan Loft Gardens Manhattan Loft Gardens.jpg 143 / 472 42 2018 Residential Stratford [176] Plot N24, athletes' village. Core topped out, structure rising.
Highpoint 142 / 468 44 2018 Residential Elephant & Castle [177][178] Core topped out, structure rising.
Canada Water Building C4 140** / 462 40 2018 Residential Canada Water [179][180] Carrying out foundation works.[181]
250 City Road, Tower 2 137 / 454 36 2017 Residential Islington Application 2013/04/26, City Forum site. Foundation works ongoing.
150 Bishopsgate 135 / 448 44 2019 Hotel City of London [182] Foundation work under way. Previously called Heron Plaza.[183]
Two Fifty One 134 / 440 42 2017 Residential Elephant & Castle [184][185][186] Formerly Eileen House. Structure rising.
Atlas Building 134 / 438 40 2018 Residential Hackney 145 City Road. Replaces Crown House. Core and structure rising.
GRID Building (Wood Wharf E2) 129 / 423 35 2018 Residential Wood Wharf [187]Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[188][189][190]
Keybridge Lofts 128 / 420 37 2019 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [191] Replaces ex-BT building called Keybridge House[192]
Harbour Central Block C 126 / 412 36 2018 Residential Isle of Dogs [193][194] Core rising.
Nine Elms Point 126 / 411 37 2019 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [195][196][197] Formerly Vauxhall Sainsbury's Tower G. Structure rising.
Chelsea Waterfront Tower 1 122 / 400 37 2017 Residential Chelsea Harbour Previously called Lots Road.[198][199][200][201] Frame assembly ongoing.
Stratosphere 122 / 400 38 2017 Residential Stratford [202][203] Formerly called Broadway Chambers. Nearing completion.
1 Casson Square (Southbank Place) 122 / 400 37 2019 Residential South Bank [204][205][206] Foundation works ongoing. Redevelopment of Shell Centre.
The Stage, Shoreditch 115 / 377 38 2018 Residential Shoreditch [207] Foundation works ongoing.
East Village E20, Site N08 Tower 2 East Village , London E20 construction site (8550070089).jpg 113 / 371 30 2018 Residential Stratford [208] Part of the East Village London E20 development. Core rising.
Ram Quarter Tower 113 / 371 36 2017 Residential Wandsworth [209] Frame assembly ongoing.
Imperial West Residential Building 105 / 344 35 2019 Residential White City [210] Foundation works ongoing.
30 Casson Square (Southbank Place) 105 / 344 30 2019 Residential South Bank [204][205] Redevelopment of Shell Centre
Upper Riverside Building A 104 / 341 31 2018 Residential Greenwich Peninsula [211] Foundation works ongoing.
Stratford Central Stratford Central from Westfield Stratford City 02.jpg 101 / 331 33 2018 Residential Stratford [212] Core topped out, cladding in progress.
4 Casson Square (Southbank Place) 100 / 327 29 2019 Residential South Bank [213][204][205] Redevelopment of Shell Centre
East Village E20, Site N08 Tower 1 East Village , London E20 construction site (8550070089).jpg 100 / 327 28 2018 Residential Stratford [214] Part of the East Village London E20 development. Core rising.

Approved

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m).

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (est.) Primary Use Location Notes
1 Undershaft 290 / 951 73 Office City of London Planning application submitted in February 2016.[215] Approved November 2016.[216]
Riverside South Tower 1 237 / 778 45 Office Isle of Dogs [217][218] Build to ground level. On hold.
Alpha Square Tower 1 216 / 709 64 Residential Isle of Dogs [219] Approved April 2016
One Lansdowne Road 199 / 652 55 Residential Croydon [220][221] Approved 2012. Received funding in November 2015.[222] New plans submitted & rejected 2016,[223][224] original plans to be built, starting February 2017[225]
Wood Wharf E4 192 / 636 Wood Wharf [226] Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[227][228]
South Quay Plaza 4 192 / 630 56 2020 Residential Isle of Dogs [229] Initially rejected 12 May 2016, but granted planning permission in July 2016.
Riverside South Tower 2 186 / 610 37 Office Isle of Dogs [230][231] Built to ground level. On hold.
Wood Wharf F1 184 / 604 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[232]
Morello Tower 171 / 561 53 Residential Croydon [233][234] Cherry Orchard Road
Aykon London One 168 / 550 50 2020 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [235]Application 2014/02/04, Approved 5 Aug 2014[236] Formerly called New Bondway Tower. Site preparation ongoing.
Vauxhall Square North 168 / 550 50 2020 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [237][238]
Vauxhall Square South 168 / 550 50 2020 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [237][238]
Heron Quays West 1 166 / 545 39 Office Isle of Dogs [239][240] 10 Bank Street. Site preparation, construction completion due in 2019.
1 Leadenhall 165 / 541 37 2021 Office City of London [241] Proposed for the City of London. Application submitted August 2016. Approved January 2017.[242]
Bankside Quarter Tower 1 162.6 / 532 49 Residential South Bank [243][244] Part of the Bankside Quarter development, set to replace Ludgate House & Sampson House. Demolition of Ludgate House to be complete by spring 2017.[245]
Wood Wharf J3 161 / 528 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[246]
Wood Wharf B1 160 / 525 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[247]
13-14 Appold Street 156 / 512 45 2019 Hotel Shoreditch [248] Approved 2015[249]
40 Leadenhall Street 154 / 505 34 Office City of London [250][251] Approved 2015.[252] On hold.
New Covent Garden Market T2 154 / 505 45 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
2-3 Finsbury Avenue Square 154  / 505 32 Office City of London Proposed in 2015, slight design changes & resubmitted application in 2016.[253] Approved October 2016[254]
6 Portal Way Tower 1 145 / 476** 42 Residential Acton Approved 20 July 2016[255]
Skipton House Tower 1 143 / 469 39 Residential Elephant & Castle Approved July 2016[256]
Millharbour Village G3 142 / 466 45 Residential Isle of Dogs [257]
Doon Street Tower 140 / 462 43 Residential South Bank [258] On hold.
Stratford Island Tower 1 140 / 462** 42 Residential Stratford [259][260] Tallest building as part of redevelopment of Stratford Centre. Work expected to begin 2017.
Vauxhall Cross Tower 1 140 / 462 41 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [261] On hold.
Millharbour Village East G1.1 139 / 456 45 Residential Isle of Dogs [257]
College Road Tower 135 / 442 39 Residential Croydon [262]
54 Marsh Wall 130 / 427 39 Residential Isle of Dogs [263] Proposed 2014. New plans submitted and approved January 2017.[264]
New Covent Garden Market T3 128 / 420 37 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
Infinity Towers Building B 127 / 400 35 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix London. On hold.
Millharbour Village West G2.1 126 / 413 37 Residential Isle of Dogs [257]
12-20 Wyvil Road 126 / 413 37 2020 Residential Vauxhall [265][266]Old design Approved.[267] New scheme named Grand South application submitted 2016[268]
Vicarage Field Tower 1 125 / 410* 36 Residential Barking [269] Tallest tower of proposed Vicarage Field development in Barking. Approved 16 January 2017.[270]
One Crown Place Tower 1 123 / 403 33 2020 Residential Shoreditch [271] Approved 2015. Demolition of current buildings under way. Due for completion 2020.
Elizabeth House 123 / 403 29 Office South Bank Waterloo
Millharbour Village East G1.3 122 / 400 39 Residential Isle of Dogs [257][272]
Alpha Square Tower 2 121 / 397 34 Residential Isle of Dogs [219] Approved April 2016
Convoys Wharf Tower 1 116 / 380 40 Residential Deptford
South Quay Plaza 2 115 / 378 35 Residential Isle of Dogs [152] Phase one under way.
Vauxhall Cross Tower 2 115 / 368 32 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms [261] On hold.
6 Portal Way Tower 2 115 / 368** 32 Residential Acton
Taberner House Building 1 114 / 374 35 Residential Croydon Tallest building of new scheme (application 17/01046/FUL) which replaces 120 m tower proposal.[273][274] Approved May 2017.[275] Site preparation under way.
Millharbour Village West G2.2 113 / 371 35 Residential Isle of Dogs [257][276]
Wood Wharf J1 112 / 367 Wood Wharf Application 19 December 2013. Approved 2014.[277]
New Covent Garden Market T1 109 / 358 31 Residential Vauxhall / Nine Elms Application 2011/4664, maximum height
The Quill 109 / 359 31 Residential Southwark [278]
Infinity Towers Building A 108 / 345 29 Residential Blackwall Trafalgar Way. Formerly Helix-London. On hold.
White City Living building E1 107 / 351 30** Residential White City Tallest building in scheme. Approved 2015.[279]
207-209 Shoreditch High Street 107 / 351 30 Hotel Shoreditch [280]
One Crown Place Tower 2 107 / 351 29 2020 Residential Shoreditch [271]Due for completion 2020.
Westferry Printworks Tower 1 106 / 348 29 Residential Isle of Dogs Approved in April 2016 after public inquiry.[281] Demolition of current buildings ongoing.[282]
Skipton House Tower 2 106 / 348 25 Residential Elephant & Castle Approved July 2016[256]
Bankside Quarter Tower B 105 / 345 31 Residential South Bank [243][244] Part of the Bankside Quarter development, set to replace Ludgate House & Sampson House.
West End Gate 105 / 345 29 Residential Paddington [283] Approved April 2016. Height reduced from 134 m. Previously known as West End Green.
Finsbury Tower 105 / 344 28 Residential Islington [284]103-105 Bunhill Row, EC1Y 8LZ. Application submitted 2016. Approved 2017. Replaces current Finsbury Tower.[285]
Millharbour Village West G4 102 / 334 32 Isle of Dogs [286]
Enderby Place Tower 1 102 / 334 29 Residential Greenwich [287]

* Table entries without text indicate that information regarding a building's expected year of completion has not yet been released.

** Approximate figure.

Proposed

This lists buildings that are proposed for construction in London and are planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m). Once a planning application has been submitted, a decision by the relevant authority may take two or three years.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors Year (Proposal) Notes
Quay House 235 / 771 70 2014 Scoping application February 2014. Rejected November 2014[288]
North Quay Tower 1 222 / 728 67 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
North Quay Tower 2 212 / 696 61 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
6-8 Bishopsgate/150 Leadenhall Street 203 / 666 50 2014 [289]168 m, 40 storey design approved July 2015.[290] New proposal increases height to 203 m and 50 storeys.[291]
North Quay Tower 3 203 / 666 47 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
18 Blackfriars Road tower 1 179 / 587 52 [292][293][294] Original scheme approved after public inquiry. New scheme proposed 2015. Name change from 20 Blackfriars Road to 18 Blackfriars Road,[295] new proposal 2016.[296]
The Goodsyard Tower 1 166 / 545 46 2015 Decision on planning delayed in April 2016
One Park Place 162 / 531 32 2013 [297][298] On hold
Stratford Waterfront Tower 1 160 / 525* 47 2016 [299]Two towers originally proposed at 47 stories. New plans will reduce height of towers. Part of the Olympic Park development.[300]
Stratford Waterfront Tower 2 160 / 525* 47 2016 [301]Two towers originally proposed at 47 stories. New plans will reduce height of towers. Part of the Olympic Park development.[300]
225 Marsh Wall 158 / 518 49 2012 [302] Application 1 October 2012. Name changed from Angel Tower and new plans submitted in 2015, but were withdrawn in June 2016 after recommendation to refuse permission.[303] New plans reduce height to 158m.[304]
30 Marsh Wall 139 / 456 43 2013 [305] Application 23 December 2013. Planned height reduced from 183 m[306]
82 West India Road 136 / 446 39 2016 [307] Residential tower.
18 Blackfriars Road tower 2 136 / 446 32 2016 Office building of new proposal.[308][309][310] Original scheme approved after public inquiry. New scheme proposed 2015. Name change from 20 Blackfriars Road to 18 Blackfriars Road,[311] new proposal 2016.[312][313]
East Village E20 Tower 1 135 / 443 36
East Village E20 Tower 2 135 / 443 36
Cuba Street Tower 1 134 / 440 41 2010 Application 9 June 2011. Redesigned with application submitted 2015
Cherry Park Tower 1 121 / 397* 2015 Tallest building in Cherry Park scheme, Stratford, east London.
Elephant and Castle Town Centre Tower 1 121 / 397 32 2016 Tallest tower of Elephant and Castle Town Centre redevelopment. Application submitted.[314][315]
Mondial House 120 / 394* 35 2016 [316]102 George Street, Croydon. Recommended for approval.[317] Replaces original proposal of 40 storeys.
Elephant and Castle Town Centre Tower 3 117 / 384 34 2016 Elephant and Castle Town Centre redevelopment. Application submitted.[318][319]
Borough Triangle 115 / 377 38 2014 [320] Tallest of two towers proposed in the Elephant and Castle, SE1.
Rudolf Place 115 / 377 37 2015 [321] Student accommodation & offices. Planning application July 2016.
The Culinary Quarter Tower 1 110 / 361* 35 2016 2 Portal Way, Acton. Tallest of two towers proposed. Application 165950EIA.[322]
North Quay Tower 4 107 / 351 30 2017 Application PA/17/01193/A1. New proposal for approved North Quay development in Canary Wharf.
East Village E20 Tower 4 103 / 338 29
20 Ropemaker Street 100 / 328* 27 2017 [323]

* Approximate figure.

Scale models of the skyscrapers planned for Central London. (2012)

Cancelled constructions

This lists proposals for the construction of buildings in London that were planned to rise at least 328 feet (100 m), for which planning permission was rejected or which were otherwise withdrawn.

Name Height
metres / ft
Floors* Year' Notes
London Millennium Tower 386 92 1996
London Bridge Tower (Old Design) 366 87 2000 [324]
The Spark Plug (Battersea Eco-tower) 300 40 2008 [325][326]
Minerva Building 246 53 2002
Columbus Tower (London) 237 65 2003 Proposal replaced by Hertsmere House
Elephant & Castle, Tower 1 228 55 2001 [327]
One Lansdowne Road Tower 1 224 / 735 69 2016 [220][221] Approved 2012. Received funding in November 2015.[222] New plans submitted 2016,[223] rejected in 2016.[224]
6–8 & 22–24 Bishopsgate Redevelopment (Original Design) 216 50 2002 [328]
New London Bridge House Redevelopment 211 50 2004 [329]
Stratford City Tower 210 50 [330]
Citypoint (Santiago Calatrava) 203 27 1997 [331]
Ropemaker Place Tower 200 38 2001 [332]
Elephant & Castle, Tower 2 182 35 2001 [333]
King's Cross Towers 1 & 2 180 44 1987 [334][335]
Ruskin Square Building 159 / 522 26 [336] Aka Croydon Gateway.
The Blade, Paddington 150 44 [337][338]
Skylines Village Block B1 148 / 486 45 2012 Application 7 March 2012. Rejected 2013[339]
20 Blackfriars Road tower 1 148 / 486 43 2016 Residential tower, replaced by 18 Blackfriars Road scheme[340]
Ram Brewery Tower 1, Wandsworth 145 / 476 42 2008 [341][342] Rejected
The Leaf Block F, Ealing 138 49 [343]
Victoria Interchange Buildings 2 & 7 134 42 [344][345]
Croydon Vocational Tower 134 / 440 29 [346]
70–100 City Road Block A 131 / 430 39 2008 [347]
One Lansdowne Road Tower 2 129 / 423 39 2016 [220][221] Approved 2012. Received funding in November 2015.[222] New plans submitted 2016,[223] rejected in 2016.[224]
Clapham Junction Towers 1 & 2 127 / 417 40 2008 [348][349]
Bishops Place Building 1 126 / 414 32 2006 [168][350]
31 London Street 125 / 410 35 2015 [351][352] The 'Paddington Pole'. Height was reduced from 254 m (833 ft). Replaced by a new design.
Chiswick Curve 120 / 394 32 2015 [353]Rejected January 2017.[354] Application submitted. Replaced two cancelled schemes - Octopus & Gateway Tower.
Meridian Tower, Greenwich 118 / 387 32 Greenwich Peninsula[355]
St. John's Tower, Stratford 116 / 381 30 [356]
1 Crown Place, Hackney 114 / 365 24 2009 [357] Application withdrawn
Brickfields Tower 108 / 355 30 2013 Planned for White City.[358] Cancelled after Imperial College purchased site.[359]
Walbrook Square Building 1 107 / 351 22 2006 [360] Redesigned
20 Blackfriars Road tower 2 105 / 344 23 2016 Office tower, replaced by 18 Blackfriars Road scheme[361]
Trinity Building 3 100 / 328 25 2008 [362] Existing building to be refurbished
4–5 South Quay Square 100 / 328 30 2006 [363] Application withdrawn

Demolished buildings

This lists all demolished buildings in London that stood at least 328 feet (100 m) tall.

Name Image Height
metres / ft>
Floors Year built Year demolished Notes
Drapers' Gardens Drapersgardens cropped.jpg 100 / 328 30 1967 2007 Designed by Richard Seifert, replaced by building 74 metres (243 ft) tall.
Southwark Towers Southwark Towers, PwC, London.jpg 100 / 328 25 1976 2009 Replaced by The Shard.

Visions of skyscrapers

Name Height
metres
Floors Year Notes
Mile High Eco Tower 1500 500 2007 [364][365]
Citygate Ecotower 485 108 2002 [366]
Mallory Clifford Project 470 100 1998 [367] Aka Southwark Tower
Green Bird 442 83 1990 [368]
Wembley Park Tower 353 1890 [369]
Aldegate Tower 325 85 1989 [370]
Glass Tower 304 80 1852 [371]
Oakwood Tower 300 80 2016 [372] Made of wood, designed by Cambridge University for the City of London.
Vortex Tower 300 70 2004 [373]
The Three Spires 253 64 2009 [374] Three towers, the tallest of which was 253 m (830 ft)
Credit Suisse First Boston Building 250 50 1989 [375]
Glengall View Place 230 54 2006 [376][377] Greenwich View Place
Cricklewood Tower 216 47 [378][379]
80 & 88–104 Bishopsgate Redevelopment 214 50 [380]
Folgate Street (Project Cosmos) 50 [381]
Skyhouse 168 50 [382][383] Originally 305m
Royal Courts of Justice 165* 1865 [384]
Corporation of London Tower 150* 1944

* Estimated height.

Timeline of tallest buildings and structures

The White Tower stood as the tallest structure in London from 1098 until 1310.

This lists free-standing structures that have at some point held the title of tallest structure in London.

Name Location Years as tallest Height
metres / ft
Floors Reference
White Tower Tower Hill 1098–1310 (212 years) 01.027 / 90 03.0N/A [6]
Old St Paul's Cathedral[A] City of London 1310–1666 (356 years) 07.0150 / 493[B] 08.0N/A [7]
Southwark Cathedral Southwark 1666–1677 (11 years) 02.050 / 163 04.0N/A [385]
Monument to the Great Fire of London City of London 1677–1683 (6 years) 03.062 / 202 05.0N/A [386]
St Mary-le-Bow City of London 1683–1710 (27 years) 04.072 / 236 06.0N/A [387]
St Paul's Cathedral City of London 1710–1939 (229 years) 05.0111 / 365 07.0N/A [114]
Battersea Power Station[C] Kirtling Street 1939–1950 (11 years) 06.0113 / 370 01.010 [110]
Crystal Palace transmitting station[D] Crystal Palace Park 1950–1991 (41 years) 08.0219 / 720 09.0N/A [24]
One Canada Square Canary Wharf 1991–2010 (19 years) 09.0235 / 771 02.050 [388]
The Shard Southwark 2010–present (7 years) 310 / 1016 87 [389]

See also

Notes

Footnotes

A.^ This structure was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666, allowing a shorter structure to become the tallest in the city.[390]
B.^ The exact height of the Old St. Paul's Cathedral remains unknown. Heights ranging between 140 metres (460 ft) and 150 metres (490 ft) have all been reported.[390] The spire was destroyed by fire in 1561.
C.^ If counting the tallest habitable floors in buildings, then the record would be held between 1961 and 1962 by the Shell Centre, at 107 metres (351 ft) and having 26 floors; and before it by the Victoria Tower at 98.5 metres (323 ft), completed in 1858 and having 14 floors.[391][392]
D.^ If the Crystal Palace Transmitter is excluded as a "building", then the record was held by the "Post Office Tower" (later The British Telecom Tower) from 1962 to 1980, at a height excluding antenna of 177 metres (581 ft) and containing 34 floors, and from 1980 to 1991 by Tower 42 at 183 metres (600 ft).

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References

  • "High-rise Buildings of London". Emporis.com. Retrieved 30 June 2008. 
  • "The Taller, The Better? List Of London's Tallest Buildings". Joanne Watson. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 

External links

  • Info graphic of London's Top 10 Tallest skyscrapers
  • "Interim strategic planning guidance on tall buildings, strategic views and the skyline in London" (PDF). Greater London Authority. October 2001. 
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