List of surviving veterans of the Spanish Civil War

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The following is a list of known surviving veterans of the Spanish Civil War (17 July 1936 – 1 April 1939). The total number of participating personnel is unknown, but an estimated 35,000 foreigners fought on the Republican side in what was known as the International Brigades. In addition, Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany sent as many as 20,000 soldiers (not all at the same time) and Benito Mussolini of Italy sent as many as 60,000 soldiers to fight alongside the soldiers of Spanish General Francisco Franco.

Veterans, for this purpose, are defined as people who were members of the armed forces of one of the combatant forces up to and including the date recognized as the end of the War, which was 1 April 1939.

Republican forces – 9 veterans

Nationality Name Date of Birth Age Residence Force served Notes
France Almudéver, José/Joseph 1919 98 France International Brigade and Second Spanish Republic's Popular Army Joined in 1936. In 2016, declared embassador by Valencia's Government during the October 9th Awards.[1]
Spain Aura Boronat, Francisco 20 December 1918 99 Spain Second Spanish Republic Also survivor of the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp.[2]
Spain Canovas, Alfons Spain Second Spanish Republic Fought on the Aragon front.[3]
Spain Fernández del Real, Virgilio [es] 26 December 1918 99 Mexico International Brigade [4]
Spain Gallego-Nicasio, Manuel 17 February 1917 101 Spain Second Spanish Republic "La quinta del biberón" fighter. Affiliated with PSOE.[5]
Spain Pons, Joan/Juan Spain Second Spanish Republic "La quinta del biberón" fighter.[6] 96
Spain Randé Riba, Josep Spain International Brigade Rakosi Battalion, XIII Brigade.[7]
Spain Vivancos, Eduardo [es] 19 September 1920 98 Canada Second Spanish Republic Esperantist, served with the 26th Division (Spain).[8]
United Kingdom Servante, Geoffrey 1919 98 United Kingdom International Brigade Former merchant seaman. Last British veteran. Prior to the International Brigade Memorial Trust being made aware of his existence in November 2017, the last British veteran was believed to be Stan Hilton, who died in Australia in October 2016.[9]

Nationalist forces – 1 veteran

Nationality Name Date of Birth Age Residence Force served Notes
Spain Álvarez Limia, José 4 August 1919 99 Spain Nationalist Army Served in Barcelona. Writer.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "José Almudéver Mateu: "El fascismo procede directamente de la decadencia del capitalismo"". mundoobrero.es. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Crónica de un espíritu irreductible".
  3. ^ | |101 Survivors of the Spanish civil war 80 years on – in pictures
  4. ^ "Virgilio 1". Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Manuel Gallego-Nicasio, cien años, cuenta su historia en NuevaTribuna.es".
  6. ^ Survivors of the Spanish civil war 80 years on – in pictures
  7. ^ La UB recorda les Brigades Internacionals, a 80 anys de la seva retirada
  8. ^ Botella, Antonio Marco. "Eduardo Vivancos (in Esperanto)".
  9. ^ "Geoffrey Servante, veteran of the International Brigades". International Brigade Memorial Trust. 18 November 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  10. ^ "JOSE ALVAREZ LIMIA, REQUETE DEL TERCIO DE ORIAMENDI". www.josealimia-requete.com. Retrieved 14 August 2017.

External links

  • Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives
  • International Brigade Memorial Trust
  • Ireland and the Spanish Civil War
  • Last surviving Spanish Civil War Anarchist veteran
  • Last surviving Spanish Civil War veteran from Wales
  • Surviving Spanish Civil War veterans meet again
  • The Front Lines of Social Change: Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade
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