List of stone circles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A stone circle is a monument of stones arranged in a circle or ellipse. Such monuments have been constructed in many parts of the world throughout history for many different reasons. The best known tradition of stone circle construction occurred across the British Isles and Brittany in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, with over 1000 surviving examples, including Avebury, the Ring of Brodgar and Stonehenge. Another prehistoric tradition occurred in southern Scandinavia during the Iron Age, where stone circles were built to be mortuary monuments to the dead. Outside Europe, examples of stone circles include the 6300~6900 BCE Atlit Yam in Israel and 3000~4000 BCE Gilgal Refaim nearby, and the Bronze Age monuments in Hong Kong. Stone circles also exist in a megalithic tradition located in Senegal and the Gambia.[1][2]

This is an incomplete photographic list of these stone circles.

Australia

See Also Aboriginal stone arrangement Stone circles in Australia are sometimes revered as sacred sites by the Australian Aboriginal people, (though not all are). While often small, there are some large stones comparable to their European counterparts, particularly in Victoria. While some are small and not well attended, others are well-known, for instance the stone arrangements in Victoria at Carisbrook and Lake Bolac.[3]

Britain, Ireland and Brittany

Aubrey Burl's gazetteer lists 1,303 stone circles in Britain, Ireland and Brittany. Most of these are found in Scotland, with 508 sites recorded. There are 316 in England; 187 in Ireland; 156 in Northern Ireland; 81 in Wales; 49 in Brittany; and 6 in the Channel Isles.[4]

Channel Islands

Aubrey Burl records six sites in the Channel Islands, four on Guernsey and two on Jersey. All six are Cist-in-Circle monuments, which are influenced by chambered tomb design. Their relationship with the stone circle tradition of Britain, Ireland and Brittany is unclear.[5]

Guernsey

LaPlatteMareCist-in-Circle sr1.jpg
La Plate Mare

Jersey

Dolmens La Ville ès Nouaux Saint Hélyi Jèrri.jpg
Ville-ès-Nouaux

England

Cornwall

Boscawen-Un stone circle 2011.jpg
Boscawen-Un – Stone circle with a leaning pillar in its interior.
Nine Maidens stone circle at Boskednan - geograph.org.uk - 846607.jpg
Boskednan – a partially restored stone circle near Boskednan, around 4 miles northwest of the town of Penzance.
Stone circle on Craddock Moor - geograph.org.uk - 1511039.jpg
Craddock Moor – near Minions on Bodmin Moor, half a mile northwest of The Hurlers.
Duloe Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1242170.jpg
Duloe – in the village of Duloe, 5 miles (8.0 km) from Looe.
Stone Circle by track on King Arthur's Downs - geograph.org.uk - 29689.jpg
Emblance Downs stone circles – a pair of circles located in the parish of St. Breward on Bodmin Moor.
Stone circle near Rough Tor - geograph.org.uk - 2820042.jpg
Fernacre – located on the slopes of the De Lank River, 1.25 miles (2.01 km) northeast of St Breward on Bodmin Moor.
Hurlers.jpg
The Hurlers are a group of three stone circles on Bodmin Moor.
The Merry Maidens Penwith.jpg
The Merry Maidens – near St Buryan in West Penwith.
Nine Stones stone circle, East Moor - geograph.org.uk - 526315.jpg
Nine Stones, Altarnun – 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) south southeast of Altarnun, 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Launceston on Bodmin Moor.
Stone Circle with modern china clay works. - geograph.org.uk - 418770.jpg
Stannon – near St. Breward on Bodmin Moor.
Tregeseal east towards carn kenidjack.jpg
Tregeseal East – also known as the Tregeseal Dancing Stones, near St Just in West Penwith.
Trippet Stones - geograph.org.uk - 3273960.jpg
Trippet stones – anor Common in Blisland, 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north northeast of Bodmin on Bodmin Moor.

Cumbria

Birkrigg stone circle.JPG
Birkrigg – Two non-concentric circles, two miles south of Ulverston: grid reference SSD 29247396
Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1175177.jpg
Brat's Hill – The largest of the Burnmoor stone circles: one mile south of Boot.
Castlerigg.jpg
Castlerigg – A 33m diameter ring consisting of 38 stones.
Gamelands stone circle 1.JPG
Gamelands – Near Orton, Eden: grid reference NY640081.
Kinninside Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1125881.jpg
Kinniside – A reconstructed stone circle of 11 stones, grid reference NY060140.
LongMegAndHerDaughters(SimonLedingham)May2005.jpg
Long Meg and Her Daughters – Around 51 stones set in an oval shape measuring 100 m on its long axis.
Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1174563.jpg
Low Longrigg circles – Two of the Burnmoor stone circles: one mile south of Boot.
Cairn circle, Oddendale - geograph.org.uk - 2400493.jpg
Oddendale – Part of the Shap Stone Avenue monuments: (grid reference NY59201290).
Swinside (p4160146).jpg
Swinside – A near perfect circle located in Lake District.
Stone circle on White Moss - geograph.org.uk - 746574.jpg
White Moss stone circles – Two of the Burnmoor stone circles: one mile south of Boot.

Derbyshire

Arbor low 274167 560a8cc3.jpg
Arbor Low – near Youlgreave in Derbyshire.
Stone circle and cairn - geograph.org.uk - 1214808.jpg
Barbrook One – on Ramsley Moor in the Peak District: grid reference SK27857558.
Doll Tor.JPG
Doll Tor – near Birchover in Derbyshire.
Hordron Edge stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 1365389.jpg
Hordron Edge – on the edge of Moscar Moor: grid reference SK2152486851.
Nine Ladies.JPG
Nine Ladies – Nine stones located on Stanton Moor.
Nine Stone Close - geograph.org.uk - 59755.jpg
Nine Stones Close – between Alport and winster: grid reference SK225626.

Devon

Stone Circle at Brisworthy - geograph.org.uk - 9820.jpg
Brisworthy stone circle
Grey Wethers 14(1).JPG
Grey Wethers stone circles
Ringmoor Down Circle.jpg
Ringmoor Down
Scorhill.jpg
Scorhill
Shovel Down Stone Row - geograph.org.uk - 1513000.jpg
Shovel Down
Yellowmead circles - Dartmoor - geograph.org.uk - 21344.jpg
Yellowmead stone circle

Dorset

KingstonRussellStoneCircleC.jpg
Kingston Russell – An 18 stone Bronze age circle near Abbotsbury. 50°41′18.7″N 2°35′56.2″W / 50.688528°N 2.598944°W / 50.688528; -2.598944
Part of the Rempstone stone circle in birch woodland, Purbeck - geograph.org.uk - 25149.jpg
Rempstone stone circle – a damaged stone circle near Corfe Castle in Dorset. It is located next to the B3351 road on the Isle of Purbeck: grid reference SY994820.
NinestonesdorsetC.jpg
The Nine Stones – A small nine stone circle near Winterbourne Abbas.

Northumberland

Duddo Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1729405.jpg
Duddo Five Stones – Four miles south of the Scottish border, formerly known as the Four Stones.
The Goatstones - geograph.org.uk - 1138462.jpg
The Goatstones – a Bronze-age four-poster near the village of Wark.

Oxfordshire

Rollright Stones (96100107).jpg
The King's Men – one of three monuments that make up the Rollright Stones, found near the village of Long Compton.

Shropshire

Mitchell's Fold - 2004-10-30.jpg
Mitchell's Fold – A 30 stone ring (15 still standing).

Somerset

Large stones, some lying and some standing on end in grassy area.
Stanton Drew – One of three circles located near the village of Stanton Drew.

West Yorkshire

The Twelve Apostles of Ilkley Moor Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 12971.jpg
Twelve Apostles, West Yorkshiregrid reference SE12614506

Wiltshire

Avebury henge and village UK.jpg
Avebury – A large stone circle surround the village of Avebury.
Stonehenge Total.jpg
Stonehenge – A World Heritage site.

Northern Ireland

Down

Ballynoe (25), September 2009.JPG
Ballynoe stone circle

Fermanagh

Drumskinney Stone Circle NE 2012 09 21.jpg
Drumskinny stone circle

Tyrone

Co.Tyrone, Beaghmore.jpg
Beaghmore – Located outside Cookstown.

Republic of Ireland

There are 187 stone circles in the Republic of Ireland. The vast majority of these are in County Cork, which has 103 circles. There are 20 circles in County Kerry and 11 in County Mayo.[6]

Cork

Ardgroom SW (v707553).jpg
Ardgroom SW – Known locally as "Canfea", located southwest of the village of Ardgroom on the Beara peninsula.
Breeny More Stone Circle
Carrigagulla 03.jpg
Carrigagulla – About 18 stones located to the north of the village of Ballinagree.
Carrigaphooca stone circle – 3 stones located next to Carrigaphooca Castle.
Derreenataggart Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 268505.jpg
Derreenataggart stone circle
DrombegStoneCircle 2004.jpg
Drombeg stone circle – Located west of Rosscarbery.
Kealkill Stone Circle
Knocknakilla 0535.jpg
Knocknakilla – Located between Macroom and Millstreet.
Glantane Stone Circle.jpg
Glantane east – Located between Macroom and Millstreet.
Templebryan 1.jpg
Templebryan Stone Circle – Located between Bandon and Millstreet.

Donegal

Beltany stone circle.jpg
Beltany stone circle

Kerry

Kenmare Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1444795.jpg
Kenmare stone circle
Lisseyviggeen (998906).jpg
Lissyvigeen stone circle
Shronebirrane Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 262694.jpg
Shronebirrane stone circle

Scotland

Aberdeen City

Tyrebagger Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 257895.jpg
Tyrebagger stone circle grid reference NJ 85950 13217.

Aberdeenshire

Cullerlie-Circle.jpg
Cullerlie stone circle near Echt, Aberdeenshire.
Aquhorties Recumbent.jpg
Easter Aquhorthies recumbent stone circle, near Inverurie, Aberdeenshire.
Standing Stones - geograph.org.uk - 356742.jpg
Kirkton of Bourtie recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 80091 24883.
View over the recumbent of Hill of Fiddes Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 929287.jpg
Hill of Fiddes recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 9350 2432.
Inschfield Stone Circle with Dunnideer behind - geograph.org.uk - 929294.jpg
Inschfield recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 6233 2934.
Daviot.jpg
Loanhead of Daviot recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire.
Loudon Wood Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 256267.jpg
Loudon Wood recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 96105 49740.
Midmar stone circle. - geograph.org.uk - 74032.jpg
Midmar Kirk recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 69940 06493.
Old Keig Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 455962.jpg
Old Keig stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 5965 1939.
Recumbent Stone - geograph.org.uk - 507718.jpg
New Craig recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ 7455 2966.
The Nine Stanes - geograph.org.uk - 30403.jpg
The Nine Stanes, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NO 7233 9122.
Temple Stones, Potterton - geograph.org.uk - 1174622.jpg
Potterton recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ95291636.
Leylodge Stones - geograph.org.uk - 1412800.jpg
South Ley Lodge recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ76671325.
St Brandan's Stanes - geograph.org.uk - 686298.jpg
St Brandan's Stanes, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ60756105.
Strichen stone circle. - geograph.org.uk - 1527074.jpg
Strichen stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ9367454479.
Whitebrow stone circle viewed from the sou'west - geograph.org.uk - 1709042.jpg
Stonehead recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ60102869.
Sunhoney stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 74031.jpg
Sunhoney, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ7159205701.
Whitehill Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 1204274.jpg
Tillyfourie recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire: grid reference NJ64311350.
Tomnaverie.jpg
Tomnaverie recumbent stone circle, Aberdeenshire.

Angus

Balkemback-01.jpg
Balkemback stone circle, Tealing: grid reference NO38183844.
Colmeallie.jpg
Colmeallie stone circle, grid reference NO56567811.

Argyll and Bute

Cultoon stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 112430.jpg
Cultoon stone circle, Islay: grid reference NR19565697.
Stone Circle near St Colmac Farm - geograph.org.uk - 1314389.jpg
Ettrick Bay stone circle, Bute: grid reference NS0443466794.
Stone Circle at Lochbuie - geograph.org.uk - 394251.jpg
Lochbuie stone circle, Mull: grid reference NM6178025117.
Temple wood 2006.jpg
Temple Wood stone circles, grid reference NR82639782.

Dumfries and Galloway

Aubrey Burl lists 43 stone circles in Dumfries and Galloway: 15 in Dumfriesshire; 19 in Kirkcudbrightshire; and 9 in Wigtonshire.[6] The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records 49 stone circles in the region. Of these 49, 24 are listed as 'possible'; one is an 18th-century construction; and a number have been destroyed.[7]

The Girdle Stanes stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 819407.jpg
The Girdle Stanes Near Eskdalemuir:grid reference NY2535196153
Stone Circle south of Old Military Road - geograph.org.uk - 1290115.jpg
Glenquicken Near Creetown:grid reference NX50965821
The Lochmaben Stone - geograph.org.uk - 1055490.jpg
Lochmaben Stone Just south of Gretna
The Loupin' Stanes stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 811307.jpg
The Loupin Stanes Near Eskdalemuir:grid reference NY25709663
Seven Brethren stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 996688.jpg
Seven Brethren Near Lockerbie: grid reference NY21718269
The Standing Stones of Glenterrow - geograph.org.uk - 586547.jpg
Standing Stones of Glenterrow Between Stranraer and New Luce:grid reference NX14536251
For wiki 1.jpg
Twelve Apostles Stone Circle, situated between Holywood and Newbridge, near Dumfries.
Torhouse Stone Circle 20080423.jpg
Torhouskie
Whitcastles Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 2165337.jpg
Whitcastles stone circle Six and a half miles northeast of Lockerbie: grid reference NY 2240 8806

North Ayrshire

The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records 20 stone circles in North Ayrshire, all on Arran.[8] Five of these are listed as 'possible'.[8] Aubrey Burrel's gazetteer records 19 stone circles on Arran.[6]

Auchagallon Cairn - geograph.org.uk - 3557388.jpg
Auchagallon Stone Circle Arran grid reference NR892834643
Aucheleffan Standing Stones - geograph.org.uk - 904665.jpg
Aucheleffan Arran grid reference NR 9784 2505
Machrie Stone Circle 1 2012.jpg
Machrie Moor 1 Arran grid reference NR9119832393
Standing stones on Machrie Moor - geograph.org.uk - 799916.jpg
Machrie Moor 2 Arran grid reference NR9113032420
Machrie Stone Circle 3 2012.jpg
Machrie Moor 3 Arran grid reference NR9100632457
Machrie Stone Circle 4 2012.jpg
Machrie Moor 4 Arran grid reference NR9100132355
Machrie Moor Stone Circles - Circle 5.jpg
Machrie Moor 5 Arran grid reference NR9087832353
Machrie Stone Circle 11 2012.jpg
Machrie Moor 11 Arran grid reference NR9121232416

Orkney

There are two stone circles on Orkney, both on the Mainland.[9] The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records a possible third at Stoneyhill, also on the Mainland.[10]

Brodgar.jpg
Ring of Brodgar – A 60 stone ring (27 still standing).
Standing Stones of Stenness, Aug 2014.jpg
Standing Stones of Stenness, Orkney

Perth and Kinross

Croft Moraig Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 550696.jpg
Croft Moraig – four miles southwest of Aberfeldy, Scotland (grid reference NN79754726).

Scottish Borders

The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records 16 stone circles in the Scottish Borders. Of these, three are marked as 'possible'.[11] Aubrey Burl's gazetteer lists the same number: 2 in Berwickshire; 2 in Peebleshire; 10 in Roxburghshire; and 2 in Selkirkshire.[6]

Five Stanes Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 51427.jpg
Five Stanes grid reference NT75261686
Stone circle at Kirkurd - geograph.org.uk - 656034.jpg
Harestanes grid reference NT12404432
Nine Stones Stone Circle - geograph.org.uk - 378417.jpg
Ninestane Rig

Shetland

Aubrey Burl's gazetteer lists seven sites in Shetland, but notes that all are dubious.[12] The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland records three stone circles.[13] It does not include Hjaltadans, which is instead categorised as a 'stone setting'.[14]

Hjaltadans.jpg
Hjaltadans Fetlar

Stirling

Stone circle near Kinnell house - geograph.org.uk - 1210724.jpg
Killin – at the western end of Loch Tay (grid reference NN576327).

Western Isles

Lewis
Callinish.jpg
Callanish I Lewis.
Cal2b.jpg
Callanish II Lewis, a smaller stone circle.
Calanais III.jpg
Callanish III Lewis, a smaller stone circle.
Cal4m.jpg
Callanish IV Lewis, a smaller stone circle.
CalanishVIII25.jpg
Callanish VIII Lewis, a smaller stone semicircle.
North Uist
Pobull Fhinn 20090608 from the east.jpg
Pobull Fhinn North Uist, grid reference NF8427465010.

Wales

Stone circle on Moel Ty-uchaf - geograph.org.uk - 385370.jpg
Moel Tŷ Uchaf Llandrillo, Denbighshire. 52°55′N 3°24′W / 52.92°N 3.40°W / 52.92; -3.40
Bryn Cader Faner stone circle - geograph.org.uk - 185579.jpg
Bryn Cader Faner, Gwynedd 52°53′54″N 4°00′41″W / 52.8982°N 4.0114°W / 52.8982; -4.0114
Bryn Gwyn stones, small adult leaning on slab stone, 11102009.JPG
Bryn Gwyn stones, Anglesey 52°53′54″N 4°00′41″W / 52.8982°N 4.0114°W / 52.8982; -4.0114

Bulgaria

Cromlech near Dolni glavanak 039.jpg
Dolni Glavanak Cromlech (8th-7th century BCE)

Israel and The Golan Heights

Atlit-Yam, Ritual structure made of stones.JPG
Atlit Yam (6300-7000 BCE: oldest known in the world, as of 2014) – Located south of Haifa.
Gilgal Refa'im - Rujm el-Hiri.JPG
Gilgal Refaim (4~3000 BCE) – Located northeast of Lake Kinneret.

Poland

Poland Odry - stone ring.jpg
Odry – Odry in Poland.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Field survey in the tumulus zone of Senegal". The African Archaeological Review. 11-11: 73–107. doi:10.1007/BF01118143. 
  2. ^ : 173–228. JSTOR 2843758.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Long, A. & Schell, P., 1999, Lake Bolac stone arrangement (AAV 7422-394); management plan. An unpublished report to Aboriginal Affairs Victoria.
  4. ^ Aubrey, Burl (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 395. 
  5. ^ Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 403. 
  6. ^ a b c d Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 394. 
  7. ^ "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: Dumfries and Galloway". Retrieved 2014-12-31. 
  8. ^ a b "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: North Ayrshire". Retrieved 2015-03-19. 
  9. ^ Burl, Aubrey (2000). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 210. 
  10. ^ "Canmore: Stoneyhill". Retrieved 2015-03-19. 
  11. ^ "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: Scottish Borders". Retrieved 2014-12-31. 
  12. ^ Burl, Aubrey (2005). A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven; London: Yale University Press. p. 214. 
  13. ^ "Canmore Advanced Search: Stone Circle: Shetland Islands". Retrieved 2015-01-12. 
  14. ^ "Canmore: Fetlar, Gravins, Fidler's Crus". Retrieved 2015-01-12. 

External links

  • Video and commentary on the Twelve Apostles, Dumfries, Scotland.
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