List of sovereign states in 1971

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Sovereign states by year
List of sovereign states in 1970 Events of 1971 List of sovereign states in 1972

Internationally recognized sovereign states

A

B

  •  Bahrain - State of Bahrain (from 15 August), UN member State from 21 September
    Capital: Manama
  •  Bangladesh - People's Republic of Bangladesh (from 26 March)
    Capital: Dhaka
  •  BarbadosUN member State
    Capital: Bridgetown
  •  BelgiumKingdom of Belgium, UN member State
    Capital: Brussels
  •  BhutanKingdom of Bhutan, Permanent observer at the UN to 21 September, UN member State from 21 September
    Capital: Thimphu
  •  BoliviaRepublic of Bolivia, UN member State
    Capital: Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative)
  •  BotswanaRepublic of Botswana, UN member State
    Capital: Gaborone
  • Brazil BrazilFederative Republic of Brazil, UN member State
    Capital: Brasília
  • Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria - People's Republic of Bulgaria, UN member State
    Capital: Sofia
  • Myanmar Burma - Union of Burma, UN member State
    Capital: Rangoon
  • Burundi - Republic of Burundi, UN member State
    Capital: Bujumbura
  • Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic Byelorussia - Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, UN member State (Republic within the Soviet Union)
    Capital: Minsk

C

D

E

F

  • Fiji Fiji - Dominion of Fiji, UN member State
    Capital: Suva
  •  FinlandRepublic of Finland, UN member State
    Capital: Helsinki
  •  FranceFrench Republic, UN member State
    Capital: Paris
  •  Fujairah - State of Fujairah (Transitional independent state from 1 December to 2 December)[1]
    Capital: Fujairah

G

H

I

  •  IcelandRepublic of Iceland, UN member State
    Capital: Reykjavík
  •  IndiaRepublic of India, UN member State
    Capital: New Delhi
  •  IndonesiaRepublic of Indonesia, UN member State
    Capital: Djakarta
  • Iran IranImperial State of Iran, UN member State
    Capital: Tehran
  • Iraq IraqRepublic of Iraq, UN member State
    Capital: Baghdad
  •  IrelandRepublic of Ireland, UN member State[3]
    Capital: Dublin
  •  IsraelState of Israel, UN member State (wasn't recognized by 21 UN member States)[4]
    Capital: Jerusalem
  •  ItalyItalian Republic, UN member State
    Capital: Rome
  •  Ivory Coast - Republic of Ivory Coast, UN member State
    Capital: Abidjan

J

  •  Jamaica - Commonwealth of Jamaica, UN member State
    Capital: Kingston
  •  Japan - UN member State
    Capital: Tokyo
  •  JordanHashemite Kingdom of Jordan, UN member State
    Capital: Amman

K

  •  KenyaRepublic of Kenya, UN member State
    Capital: Nairobi
  • Cambodia Khmer Republic - UN member State
    Capital: Phnom Penh
  • North Korea North KoreaDemocratic People's Republic of Korea, Permanent observer at UN (wasn't recognized by 4 UN member States)[5]
    Capital: Seoul (de jure)
  • South Korea South KoreaRepublic of Korea, Permanent observer at UN (wasn't recognized by 3 UN member States at greatest extent)[6]
    Capital: Seoul
  •  KuwaitState of Kuwait, UN member State
    Capital: Kuwait City

L

M

N

O

  • Oman - Sultanate of Oman, UN member State from 7 October
    Capital: Muscat, Oman

P

Q

  • Qatar - State of Qatar (from 3 September), UN member State from 21 September[7]
    Capital: Doha

R

S

T

U

V

W

Y

  •  Yemen, NorthYemen Arab Republic, UN member State
    Capital: Sana'a
  •  Yemen, SouthPeople's Democratic Republic of Yemen, UN member State
    Capital: Aden
  •  Yugoslavia – Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, UN member State

Z

  • Zambia - Republic of Zambia, UN member State
    Capital: Lusaka

Non-sovereign territories

Antigua

Australia

Denmark

Finland

  • Åland Islands Åland (Neutral and demilitarised region)

France

Greece

Netherlands

New Zealand

Norway

Portugal

United Kingdom

United States

Other entities

Excluded from the list above are the following noteworthy entities which either were not fully sovereign or did not claim to be independent:

  • Antarctica as a whole had no government and no permanent population. Seven states claimed portions of Antarctica and five of these had reciprocally recognised one another's claims.[10] These claims, which were regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, were neither recognised nor disputed by any other signatory state.[11]
  •  Estonia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Latvia was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  •  Lithuania was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1940, but the legality of the annexation was not widely recognized. The Baltic diplomatic services in the West continued to be recognised as representing the de jure state.
  • The Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone was a strip of neutral territory between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Sovereign Military Order of Malta The Sovereign Military Order of Malta was an entity claiming sovereignty. The order had bi-lateral diplomatic relations with a large number of states, but had no territory other than extraterritorial areas within Rome.[12] The order's Constitution stated: "The Order is a subject of international law and exercises sovereign functions." [13] Although the order frequently asserted its sovereignty, it did not claim to be a sovereign state. It lacked a defined territory. Since all its members were citizens of other states, almost all of them lived in their native countries, and those who resided in the order's extraterritorial properties in Rome did so only in connection with their official duties, the order lacked the characteristic of having a permanent population.
  • Berlin West Berlin was a political enclave that was closely aligned with – but not actually a part of – West Germany. It consisted of three occupied sectors administered by the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Quwain, and Fujairah became fully independent states when the British Protectorate over the Trucial States came to an end on 1 December 1971. The next day, they united to form the United Arab Emirates. [1]
  2. ^ The name "Argentine Nation" was also used for the purposes of legislation.
  3. ^ Ireland also had the legal description of "Republic of Ireland", although this was not its constitutional name.
  4. ^ Israel was not recognized by Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Chad, Cuba, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, the United Arab Emirates, or Yemen.
  5. ^ North Korea was not recognized by Estonia, France, Japan, or South Korea.
  6. ^ South Korea was not recognized by the Soviet Union, the People's Republic of China, or North Korea.
  7. ^ Qatar gained independence from the United Kingdom on 3 Sep 1971
  8. ^ Ras al-Khaimah became fully independent when the British Protectorate over the Trucial States came to an end on 1 December 1971. On 11 February 1972 it joined the United Arab Emirates. [2]
  9. ^ Rwanda's official French name was "République rwandaise". [3] [4]. It could be translated into English as "Rwandese Republic" s:CIA World Fact Book, 2004/Rwanda, "Rwandan Republic" [5], or "Republic of Rwanda" [6].
  10. ^ Rogan-Finnemore, Michelle (2005), "What Bioprospecting Means for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean", in Von Tigerstrom, Barbara, International Law Issues in the South Pacific, Ashgate Publishing, p. 204, ISBN 0-7546-4419-7  "Australia, New Zealand, France, Norway and the United Kingdom reciprocally recognize the validity of each other's claims."
  11. ^ CIA – the World Factbook – Antarctica – accessed 19 January 2008
  12. ^ Bilateral relations with countries Archived 2008-06-26 at the Wayback Machine., Retrieved 2009-12-22
  13. ^ Chapter General of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (1998-01-12). Constitutional Charter and Code of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta, promulgated 27 June 1961, revised by the Extraordinary Chapter General 28–30 April 1997, Article 3 "Sovereignty," Paragraph 1. (PDF). Rome: Tipografia Arte della Stampa. p. 11. 
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