List of sieges of Constantinople

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The final siege of Constantinople in 1453 (contemporary miniature)

There were many sieges of Constantinople during the history of the Byzantine Empire. Two of them resulted in the capture of Constantinople from Byzantine rule: in 1204 by the Fourth Crusade, and in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire under Mehmed II.

Ancient Byzantium

Before the fourth century, the city was only known as Byzantium

Turkic, Persian, Avar, Slavonic and Arab sieges

Rus' sieges

Sieges and attacks during Byzantine civil wars


Nicaean sieges

  • Siege of Constantinople (1235), by joint Bulgarian and Nicaean forces, unsuccessful
  • A Nicaean attack on Constantinople is implied by George Akropolites's account for 1248, but no details are known
  • Siege of Constantinople (1260), by the Empire of Nicaea, unsuccessful
  • In 1261, a small force of Nicaean troops under Alexios Strategopoulos gained entry into the poorly defended Latin capital, ending the Latin Empire and restoring Byzantine rule to the City. Most Latin troops defending the city were absent on campaign, and the Emperor fled without putting up any resistance; there was no siege.

Ottoman sieges

See also

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