List of sieges

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15th-century illustration of the siege of a city

A siege is a prolonged military assault and blockade on a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition. What follows is a chronological list of sieges.

Military sieges


The Burning of Troy (1759/62), oil painting by Johann Georg Trautmann

Before 5th century BC

5th century BC

4th century BC

3rd century BC

2nd century BC

1st century BC

1st century

Masada fortress

2nd century

3rd century

4th century

5th century


6th century

7th century

8th century

9th century

Siege of Paris (885-886)

10th century

11th century

Conquest of Jerusalem (1099)

12th century

13th century

Siege of Constantinople (1204)
Crusaders attack the tower of Damietta in a 1625 painting by Cornelis Claesz van Wieringen.

14th century

Siege of Calais (1346-1347)

15th century

Joan of Arc at the Siege of Orléans by Jules Eugène Lenepveu, painted 1886–1890
Fall of Constantinople (1453)

Early modern

15th century

Siege of Krujë in 1466. Woodcut by Jost Amman, from Philipp Lonicer, Chronicorum Turcicorum, Frankfurt 1578
Siege of Granada (1492)

16th century

The Last Days of Tenochtitlan—Conquest of Mexico by William de Leftwich Dodge, 1899.
Sack of Rome of 1527 by Johannes Lingelbach, 17th century.
Battle of Tunis 1535 Attack on Goletta. Frans Hogenberg after Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen, 16th century.
Ottoman depiction of the siege of Nice by Matrakçı Nasuh.
Attack on Tripoli by the Ottomans (1551)
The siege of Malta—Arrival of the Turkish fleet by Matteo Pérez de Alesio, 16th century
Spanish troops storming the city of Maastricht, 1579
During the Cologne War (1583–89), Ferdinand of Bavaria successfully besieged the medieval fortress of Godesberg; during a month-long siege, his sappers dug tunnels under the feldspar of the mountain and laid gunpowder and a 1500-pound bomb. The result was a spectacular explosion that sent chunks of the ramparts, the walls, the gates, and drawbridges into the air. His 500 men still could not take the fortress until they scaled the interior latrine system and climbed the mountain to enter through a hole in the chapel roof.

17th century

Monks successfully defended the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra against the Poles from September 1609 to January 1611.
Surrender of Breda to Spinola by Diego Velázquez after the siege.
Cardinal Richelieu at the Siege of La Rochelle (1627-1628)
Musketeers of the Guard entering the citadel of Valenciennes.
Batteries at the Siege of Québec (1690).

18th century

Austrian land and naval bombardment puts Belgrade in flames during the siege of 1717.
Siege of Louisbourg (1758): British burning of the warship Prudent and the capturing of the Bienfaisant.
Spanish grenadiers pour into Fort George (Pensacola, Florida) (1781)
Siege of Lille by Louis Joseph Watteau
The capitulation of Mantua on 2 February 1797, Hippolyte Lecomte, 1812
The Last Effort and Fall of Tipu Sultan by Henry Singleton


19th century

Siege of Gdańsk by French forces in 1807
Assault on the walls of Zaragoza by January Suchodolski
The Siege of Burgos by François Joseph Heim, 1813
American troops landing in Veracruz Mexican-American War
Siege of Kars, 1839
A barricade on Rue Voltaire, after its capture by the regular army during the Bloody Week of Commune of Paris (1871)
American soldiers scale the walls of Beijing to relieve the Siege of the Legations, August 1900

20th century

Bombardment of Castle San Carlos, Venezuela, January 17, 1903
American ships at Veracruz (1914).

21st century

Coalition airstrike in Kobanî on Islamic State position, October 2014

Police sieges


  1. ^ Siege Watch
1.^ The Battle of Khe Sanh was not technically a siege since the defending forces were being resupplied and reinforced.
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