List of scheduled monuments in Sedgemoor

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Sedgemoor shown within Somerset and England

Sedgemoor is a low-lying area of land in Somerset, England. It lies close to sea level south of the Polden Hills, forming a large part of the Somerset Levels and Moors, a wetland area between the Mendips and the Blackdown Hills.[1] The Neolithic people exploited the reed swamps for their natural resources and started to construct wooden trackways, including the world's oldest known timber trackway, the Post Track, dating to the 3800s BC.[2] The Levels were the location of the Iron Age Glastonbury Lake Village as well as two lake villages at Meare Lake.[3][4] Several settlements and hill forts were built on the natural "islands" of slightly raised land, including Brent Knoll and Glastonbury.[5][6] In the Roman period sea salt was extracted and a string of settlements were set up along the Polden Hills.[7]

A scheduled monument is a nationally important archaeological site or monument which is given legal protection by being placed on a list (or "schedule") by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport; English Heritage takes the leading role in identifying such sites. The legislation governing this is the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The term "monument" can apply to the whole range of archaeological sites, and they are not always visible above ground. Such sites have to have been deliberately constructed by human activity. They range from prehistoric standing stones and burial sites, through Roman remains and medieval structures such as castles and monasteries, to later structures such as industrial sites and buildings constructed for the World Wars or the Cold War.[8]

There are 79 scheduled monuments in Sedgemoor. The oldest are Neolithic, Bronze Age or Iron Age including hill forts, bowl barrows and occupied caves including several in Cheddar Gorge. Cannington Camp (which is also known as Cynwit Castle) dates from the Bronze Age,[9] while Brent Knoll Camp between the Somerset Levels and Brean Down is Iron Age (although there are some Bronze Age artefacts) and it was reused in the Roman period.[10][11] The Romano-British period is represented with several sites. Medieval sites include several motte-and-bailey castles and church or village crosses. Industrial development, particularly in Bridgwater, are represented by brick and tile kilns and a telescopic railway bridge.[12][13] The most recent monuments are World War II bunkers and bombing decoys on Black Down. The monuments are listed below using the titles given in the English Heritage data sheets.

Monuments

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The date given is the date used by Historic England as significant for the initial building or that of an important part in the structure's description.
  2. ^ Sometimes known as OSGB36, the grid reference is based on the British national grid reference system used by the Ordnance Survey.
  3. ^ The "List Entry Number" is a unique number assigned to each listed building and scheduled monument by Historic England.

References

  1. ^ Robert Dunning (Editor) (2004). "Introduction". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 8: The Poldens and the Levels. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Brunning, Richard (2006). "A window on the past - The prehistoric archaeology of the Somerset Moors". In Hill-Cottingham, Pat; Briggs, Derek; Brunning, Richard; King, Andy; Rix, Graham. The Somerset Wetlands: An ever changing environment. Wellington, Somerset: Somerset Books. pp. 40–41. ISBN 978 0 86183 432 7. 
  3. ^ "Glastonbury Lake Village". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Meare Lake Villages". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Brunning, Richard (2006). Wet and Wonderful: The Heritage of the Avalon Marshes. Somerset Heritage Service. pp. 1–3. ISBN 978-0861833801. 
  6. ^ Minnitt, Stephen; Coles, John (2006). The Lake Villages of Somerset. Glastonbury Antiquarian Society. p. 7. ISBN 978-0950712239. 
  7. ^ Gathercole, Clare. "Burnham on Sea and Highbridge" (PDF). Archaeological Assessments. South West Heritage Trust. p. 7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2011. 
  8. ^ "Scheduled Monuments". English Heritage. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  9. ^ "Cannington Park Camp". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Adkins, Lesley and Roy (1992). A field Guide to Somerset Archaeology. Dovecote press. pp. 29–30. ISBN 0-946159-94-7. 
  11. ^ "Brent Knoll hill fort, Brent Knoll". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  12. ^ "Brick kiln East Quay". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 30 October 2007. 
  13. ^ Otter, R. A. (1994). Civil Engineering Heritage: Southern England. Thomas Telford. pp. 95–97. ISBN 0-7277-1971-8. 
  14. ^ "Alstone lake settlement site". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "The abbey of Athelney". British History Online. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  16. ^ Havinden, Michael. The Somerset Landscape. The making of the English landscape. London: Hodder and Stoughton. p. 94. ISBN 0-340-20116-9. 
  17. ^ "Athelney Abbey". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 12 August 2008. 
  18. ^ "King Alfred's Monument with railings". Images of England. Retrieved 9 February 2007. 
  19. ^ "King Alfred's Monument". Listed Buildings Online. English Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "Anglo-Saxon burh at East Lyng". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  21. ^ Williams, Michael (2009). The Draining of the Somerset Levels. CUP Archive. p. 60. ISBN 978-0521106856. 
  22. ^ "Balt Moor Wall". English Heritage. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Balt Moor Wall, between East Lyng and Athelney, Lyng". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  24. ^ "Bath Moor Wall". Pastscape. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014. 
  25. ^ "Barrow at Wilmot's Pool and a cairn 45 m to the north". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  26. ^ "Blackford Manor House Moat, Blackford". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  27. ^ "Bowl barrow 75 m south west of Long House Barn". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  28. ^ "Bowl barrow 91 m south of Piney Sleight Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  29. ^ "Bowl barrow 190 m south west of Tyning's Farm: part of the Tyning's Farm round barrow cemetery". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  30. ^ "Bowl barrow 250 m south east of Tyning's Farm: part of the Tyning's Farm round barrow cemetery". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  31. ^ "Bowl barrow 250 m south west of Ashridge Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  32. ^ "Bowl barrow 300 m east of Batts Coombe Quarry". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  33. ^ "Bowl barrow 300m north east of Tyning's Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 February 2015. 
  34. ^ "Bowl barrow 300 m north east of Tyning's Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  35. ^ "Bowl barrow 350 m east of Batts Coombe Quarry". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  36. ^ "Bowl barrow 400 m southeast of Wellington Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  37. ^ Adkins, Lesley and Roy (1992). A field Guide to Somerset Archeology. Stanbridge: Dovecote press. pp. 29–30. ISBN 0-946159-94-7. 
  38. ^ "Brent Knoll hillfort, Brent Knoll". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 19 January 2011. 
  39. ^ "Brick kiln East Quay". Images of England. Retrieved 30 October 2007. 
  40. ^ "Brick and tile kiln west of East Quay, 200 m east of Bridgwater Dock lock". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  41. ^ "Somerset Brick and Tile Museum". South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  42. ^ "Bronze Age and Iron Age trackways 600 m north east of Northbrook Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  43. ^ "Bronze Age and Iron Age timber trackways, 700 m north west of Coppice Gate Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  44. ^ "Cairn 500 m north west of Quantock Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  45. ^ "Chandos Glass Cone, at the junction of Northgate and Valetta Place". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 25 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  46. ^ "Adscombe Chapel". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  47. ^ "Chapel, E of Adscombe Farm, Adscombe". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  48. ^ "Churchyard cross in St George's churchyard". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  49. ^ "Churchyard cross in St Mary the Virgin's churchyard". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  50. ^ "Churchyard cross in All Saints' churchyard". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  51. ^ "Churchyard cross in St Michael's churchyard". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  52. ^ "Churchyard cross in St Margaret's churchyard". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  53. ^ "Churchyard cross in St Mary's churchyard". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  54. ^ "Churchyard cross 5.6 m south east of the porch of St Martin's Church". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  55. ^ "Cannington Park Camp". National Monuments Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  56. ^ "Cynwit Hillfort (Cannington Camp).". Digital Digging. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 
  57. ^ "Dead Woman's Ditch cross-dyke, Robin Upright's Hill". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  58. ^ "Duck decoy, west of Nyland Hill". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  59. ^ "Duck decoy pool, Decoy rhyne, Cossington". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  60. ^ "Monument No 1044765". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  61. ^ "Duck decoy 175 m south west of Parson's Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  62. ^ "Gorsey Bigbury". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  63. ^ "Barrow, Long Wood, Cheddar". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. 
  64. ^ Apsimon, A.M.; Musgrave, J.H.; Sheldon, J.; Tratman, E.K.; Van Wijngaarden-Bakker, L.H. (1976). "Gorsey Bigbury, Chedar, Somerset" (PDF). Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeoligal Society. 14 (2): 155–183. 
  65. ^ "Gough's Cave excavation site". Natural History Museum. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  66. ^ "Mendip". UK and Ireland Cave Lengths and Depths. Retrieved 15 January 2007. 
  67. ^ Bello, Silvia M.; Parfitt, Simon A.; Stringer, Chris B. (2011). "Earliest Directly-Dated Human Skull-Cups". PLoS ONE. 6 (2): e17026. PMC 3040189Freely accessible. PMID 21359211. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017026. 
  68. ^ "Gough's Old Cave". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  69. ^ "Great Oone's Hole". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  70. ^ "Group of three bowl barrows 180 m south of Tyning's Farm: part of the Tyning's Farm round barrow cemetery". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  71. ^ "Group of three bowl barrows 180 m south of Tyning's Farm: part of the Tyning's Farm round barrow cemetery". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  72. ^ "Longbottom Camp, 100 m NW of Longbottom Farm, Shipham". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  73. ^ "Abandoned settlement, Mudgley 11235 Mudgley Ancient Mediaeval Village & Earthworks". 466 AD. Archived from the original on 27 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  74. ^ HUdson, Hazel. "The Search for King Alfred’s Palace at Mudgley". Theale. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  75. ^ "Mudgley Manor House, Court Garden, Mudgley". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  76. ^ "Market Cross". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  77. ^ "Medieval estate boundary earthwork on Shute Shelve Hill". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  78. ^ "Medieval settlement 160 m south and 240 m south west of Sandford Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  79. ^ "Edithmead". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  80. ^ "Moated site, Edithmead". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  81. ^ "Chisley Mount, Down End". Castle Facts. Retrieved 7 January 2015. 
  82. ^ "Down End earthworks". Pastscape National Monument Record. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  83. ^ "Motte and Bailey castle, Down End". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  84. ^ "Chisley Mount, Down End". Gatehouse website. Philip Davis. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  85. ^ Prior, Stuart (2006). A Few Well-Positioned Castles: The Norman Art of War. The History Press. pp. 88–89. ISBN 978-0752436517. 
  86. ^ "Multi-period site on Brean Down". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  87. ^ "Hillfort, Brean Down". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 7 July 2011. 
  88. ^ van der Bijl, Nicholas (2000). Brean Down Fort: Its History and the Defences of the Bristol Channel. Cossington: Hawk Editions. pp. 119–123. ISBN 978-0-9529081-7-3. 
  89. ^ "Multi-period site on Brean Down". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  90. ^ "Picken's Hole". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 
  91. ^ Pettitt, Paul; White, Mark (2012). The British Palaeolithic: Human Societies at the Edge of the Pleistocene World. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. pp. 364–65. ISBN 978-0-415-67455-3. 
  92. ^ "Plainsfield Camp slight univallate hillfort". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 August 2014. 
  93. ^ "Platform cairn, 180 m east of Wilmot's Pool". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  94. ^ "Prehistoric timber trackways, 670 m SSE of Parchey Bridge". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  95. ^ Robert Dunning (Editor) (2004). "Edington". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 8: The Poldens and the Levels. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  96. ^ "Roman briquetage mounds, Burtle Moor, Burtle". Somerset Heritage. South West Heritage Trust. Archived from the original on 28 September 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  97. ^ Emery, Anthony (2007). Discovering Medieval Houses. Osprey Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 9780747806554. 
  98. ^ "Roman settlement site, Anglo-Saxon and Norman royal palace, and St Columbanus' Chapel". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  99. ^ "Romano-British settlement on Stoke Moor". National heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  100. ^ "Monument No.194358". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  101. ^ "Monument No.194352". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 February 2015. 
  102. ^ "Rowberrow Cavern, Mendip Forest". National heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  103. ^ "Rowberrow Camp: an Iron Age defended settlement north west of Tynings Farm". National heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  104. ^ "Ruborough Camp large univallate hillfort, Broomfield — Sedgemoor". Heritage at Risk. English Heritage. Retrieved 28 October 2015. 
  105. ^ Waite, Vincent (1964). Portrait of the Quantocks. London: Robert Hale. ISBN 0-7091-1158-4. 
  106. ^ "Saye's Hole, Cheddar Gorge". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  107. ^ "Sections of the Sweet Track and Post Track, 650 m east of Canada Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  108. ^ "Soldier's Hole, Cheddar Gorge". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  109. ^ "Sections of the Sweet Track, the Post Track and associated remains 500 m north east of Moorgate Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  110. ^ "Monument No. 191284". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  111. ^ "Star Roman villa, 275 m north east of Wimblestone". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  112. ^ "Stowey Castle". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 24 July 2011. 
  113. ^ "Nether Stowey". Quantock Online. Retrieved 10 March 2008. 
  114. ^ "Sun Hole, Cheddar Gorge". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  115. ^ Otter, R. A. (1994). Civil Engineering Heritage: Southern England. Thomas Telford. ISBN 0-7277-1971-8. 
  116. ^ "Rail bridge over River Parrett, Bridgwater". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 21 December 2009. 
  117. ^ "The Chapel". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  118. ^ "Timber trackways at Moor Drove, 800 m east of Brentsfield Bridge". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  119. ^ "Timber trackways 850 m east of Catcott Burtle Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  120. ^ "Monument No. 194419". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  121. ^ "Village cross". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  122. ^ "Roadside Cross At Ngr St 4248 4966". National heritage list for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  123. ^ "Wimblestone". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  124. ^ "Wimblestone Standing Stone, Star". Somerset Historic Environment Record. South West Heritage Trust. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  125. ^ "Wooden trackways on Chilton Moor, 300 m west of Station Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  126. ^ "World War II anti-aircraft rocket battery and bombing decoy control building 265 m north east of Ashridge Farm". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
  127. ^ "World War II bombing decoy complex, anti-aircraft obstructions and Beacon Batch round barrow cemetery on Black Down". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 5 January 2015. 
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