List of retired Australian region cyclone names

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Satellite image of Cyclone Monica, the strongest recorded tropical cyclone in the Australian region by wind speed

Tropical cyclones are non-frontal, low pressure systems that develop, within an environment of warm sea surface temperatures and little vertical wind shear aloft.[1] Within the Australian region, names are assigned from three pre-determined lists, to such systems, once they reach or exceed ten–minute sustained wind speeds of 65 km/h (40 mph), near the center, by either the Bureau of Meteorology or by the Tropical Cyclone Warning Centers in Jakarta, Indonesia and Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.[1] Within the Australian region, tropical cyclones have been officially named since the 1963–64 Australian region cyclone season, though several meteorological papers show that a few tropical cyclones were named before 1964–65.[2][3][4] The names of significant tropical cyclones that cause a high amount of damage and/or loss of life are retired from the lists of tropical cyclone names by either the Bureau of Meteorology or the World Meteorological Organization's RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee at their bi-annual meeting. Storms named by Port Moresby are automatically retired regardless of their impact due to their infrequent occurrence.[1]

Within the Australian region, there have been a total of 113 tropical cyclone names retired, with the 1990s accounting for 44 of these. Two of the most intense systems ever recorded in the Southern Hemisphere, Cyclones Gwenda and Inigo each attaining a barometric pressure of 900 hPa (26.58 inHg), are among the retired storms. The deadliest cyclone to take place since the 1960s was Cyclone Guba in 2007 which killed 149 people in Papua New Guinea. Additionally, the most damaging system was Severe Tropical Cyclone Tracy in 1974 which devastated the city of Darwin, leaving A$837 million (A$5.65 billion 2011 AUD; US$2.64 billion 2011 USD) in losses.

Background

Within the region the credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems, is generally given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named systems between 1887 - 1907.[5] Wragge used names drawn from the letters of the Greek alphabet, Greek and Roman mythology and female names, to describe weather systems including tropical cyclones over Australia, New Zealand and the Antarctic.[5] After the new Australian government had failed to create a federal weather bureau and appoint him director, Wragge started naming cyclones after political figures.[6] This system of naming weather systems subsequently fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired, before the Australian Bureau of Meteorology started to use female names for tropical cyclones in the region during the 1963-64 cyclone season.[5]

During the International Women's Year of 1975 the Australian Science Minister ordered that tropical cyclones, within the Australian region should carry both men's and women's names.[5] This was because the minister thought "that both sexes should bear the odium of the devastation caused by cyclones."[5] As a result, male names were added to the lists of names for both basins, ahead of the 1975-76 season.[5][7]

The practice of retiring significant names was started during 1955 by the United States Weather Bureau in the Northern Atlantic basin, after hurricanes Carol, Edna, and Hazel struck the Northeastern United States and caused a significant amount of damage in the previous year.[8] Initially the names were only designed to be retired for ten years after which they might be reintroduced, however, it was decided at the 1969 Interdepartmental hurricane conference, that any significant hurricane in the future would have its name permanently retired.[8][9] Several names have been removed from the Pacific naming lists for various other reasons than causing a significant amount of death/destruction, which include being pronounced in a very similar way to other names and political reasons.[10][11]

Tropical cyclone names retired

Name Dates active Peak
classification
Sustained
wind speeds
Pressure Areas affected Damages
(AUD)
Damages
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Audrey 7 – 14 January 1964 Category 2 tropical cyclone Not Specified 983 hPa (29.03 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland Extensive Extensive None [12]
Flora 1 – 5 December 1964 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
140 km/h (85 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland Extensive Extensive None [13]
Dinah 22 – 31 January 1967 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
165 km/h (105 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Queensland Severe Severe None [14][15]
Ada 1 – 19 January 1970 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
130 km/h (80 mph) 962 hPa (28.41 inHg) Queensland $12 million $8.9 million 13 [16]
Dora 10 – 17 February 1971 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A None [17]
Gertie
Fiona
10 – 28 February 1971 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland N/A N/A None [18][19][20][21]
Althea 10 – 27 December 1971 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Queensland $25 million $18.5 million 3 [22][23][24]
Daisy 5–16 February 1972 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
130 km/h (80 mph) 959 hPa (28.32 inHg) Queensland $2 million $1.48 million None [22][25]
Emily 27 March – 2 April 1972 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
155 km/h (100 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A 8 [26]
Wanda 20 – 25 January 1973 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Queensland, New South Wales $68 million $50.4 million None [22]
Madge 8 – 18 March 1973 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
165 km/h (105 mph) 952 hPa (28.11 inHg) Northern Territory, Queensland N/A N/A None [27]
Tracy 21 – 26 December 1974 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
175 km/h (110 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Northern Territory $200 million $1.48 billion 71 [22][28]
Trixie 15 – 22 February 1975 Category 5 severe
tropical cyclone
215 km/h (130 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia $5 million $3.71 million None [29]
Joan 30 November - 10 December 1975 Category 5 severe
tropical cyclone
215 km/h (130 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg) Western Australia $25 million $18.6 million None [30]
David 13 – 19 January 1976 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
155 km/h (100 mph) 961 hPa (28.38 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A None [31]
Beth 13–22 February 1976 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Queensland $3 million $3.13 million None [nb 1][22]
Ted 15–21 December 1976 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
185 km/h (115 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A None [33]
Alby 27 March – 5 April 1978 Category 5 severe
tropical cyclone
205 km/h (125 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Western Australia 50 million 37.1 million None [22][34]
Simon 21 – 28 February 1980 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland, New Zealand Minor Minor None [35]
Cliff 8 – 15 February 1981 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) New Caledonia, Queensland
Vanuatu
Unknown None
Elinor 10 February – 3 March 1983 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Queensland Minor Minor None [36]
Jane 2 – 11 January 1983 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
165 km/h (105 mph) 947 hPa (27.96 inHg) Western Australia None None None
Kathy 16 – 24 March 1984 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Cape York Peninsula, Northern Territory $16.2 million $12 million 1 [37][38]
Lance 4 – 7 April 1984 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A None [39]
Nigel January 14 – 20, 1985 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Vanuatu, Fiji N/A N/A None
Sandy 20 – 24 March 1985 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 953 hPa (28.14 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia N/A N/A None [40]
Margot 10 – 25 April 1985 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 942 hPa (27.82 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None
Winifred 27 January – 5 February 1986 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 957 hPa (28.26 inHg) Queensland $175 million $130 million 2
Manu 21–27 April 1986 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
130 km/h (80 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Queensland Extensive Extensive None [41]
Connie 15 – 23 January 1987 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None
Jason 5 – 14 February 1987 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Northern Territory N/A N/A None
Elsie 22 – 27 February 1987 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
185 km/h (115 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None
Agi 8–16 January 1988 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Papua New Guinea, New Caledonia N/A N/A None [42]
Charlie 21 February – 1 March 1988 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Queensland $270 thousand $200 thousand 1 [43]
Herbie 17 – 21 May 1988 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Western Australia $27 million $20 million None [44][45]
Ilona 12 – 19 December 1988 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia $1 million $742 thousand None
Delilah 28 December 1988 –
4 January 1989
Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 988 hPa (29.18 inHg) New Caledonia, New Zealand N/A N/A 2
Ned 25 March – 1 April 1989 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 941 hPa (27.79 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None [46]
Aivu 31 March - 5 April 1989 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Queensland $121 million $90 million 1 [47]
Orson 17 – 24 April 1989 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 240 km/h (150 mph) 905 hPa (26.72 inHg) Western Australia $20 million $16 million 5 [48]
Pedro 6 – 13 November 1989 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 982 hPa (29.00 inHg) Cocos Island Minor Minor None [49]
Felicity 13 – 20 December 1989 Category 3 severe
tropical cyclone
140 km/h (85 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Cape York Peninsula Minor Minor None [49][50]
Tina 25 – 28 January 1990 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 976 hPa (28.82 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None [49]
Ivor March 15 – 26, 1990 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Cape York Peninsula $20.2 million $15 million None [51][52]
Joy 15 – 27 December 1990 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Solomon Islands, Queensland $182 million $135 million 6 [53][54]
Daphne 21 – 28 February 1991 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 976 hPa (28.82 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia None None None
Fifi 15 – 20 April 1991 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Western Australia $1.39 million $1.03 million 29
Mark 6 – 10 January 1992 Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory $4.7 million $3.5 million None [55]
Ian 27 February – 3 March 1992 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None [56]
Nina 21 December 1992 – 5 January 1993 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Queensland, Tonga, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Wallis and Futuna $1.35 million $1 million 32 [57]
Lena 22 January – 2 February 1993 Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) None None None None
Oliver 5 – 14 February 1993 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A None [58]
Roger 12 – 21 March 1993 Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Solomon Islands, New Caledonia N/A N/A None [59]
Adel 13–15 May 1993 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Papua New Guinea N/A N/A 3 [60]
Naomi 15 – 18 December 1993 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None [61]
Pearl 11 – 21 January 1994 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) None None None None [62]
Quenton 22 – 29 January 1994 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) None None None None
Sharon 12 – 22 March 1994 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Indonesia, Western Australia None None None [63]
Annette 12 – 20 December 1994 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia, South Australia N/A N/A None [64]
Bobby 19 – 27 February 1995 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia N/A N/A 8 [65]
Violet 3 – 6 March 1995 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Lord Howe Island, New South Wales Minor Minor None [66][67]
Warren 4 – 6 March 1995 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory N/A N/A None [68]
Chloe 3 – 9 April 1995 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia None None None
Agnes 16 – 22 April 1995 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) None None None None [69]
Frank 6 – 13 December 1995 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
175 km/h (110 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None
Gertie 17 – 22 December 1995 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Australia N/A N/A None [70]
Barry 4 – 7 January 1996 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Queensland None None None [71]
Celeste 26 – 29 January 1996 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Queensland N/A N/A None [72]
Ethel 7 – 13 March 1996 Category 2 tropical cyclone 100 km/h (65 mph) 982 hPa (29.00 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory N/A N/A None [73]
Kirsty 7 – 14 March 1996 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None [74]
Olivia 5 – 12 April 1996 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia, South Australia N/A N/A None [75]
Lindsay 9 – 13 July 1996 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) None None None None
Fergus 23 December 1996 – 1 January 1997 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Solomon Islands, New Zealand N/A N/A 4
Rachel 3 – 8 January 1997 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia Minor Minor None [76]
Justin 6 – 24 March 1997 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Queensland $256 million $190 million 37 [77]
Rhonda 11 – 17 May 1997 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 175 km/h (110 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Cocos Islands, Western Australia None None None [78]
Katrina 1 – 25 January 1998 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
165 km/h (105 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Queensland $11.7 million $8.66 million 2 [79]
Sid 24 – 29 December 1998 Category 1 tropical cyclone 85 km/h (50 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Northern Territory $135 million $100 million 1 [80]
Thelma 3 – 15 December 1998 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia N/A N/A 1
Rona 10 – 21 February 1999 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (80 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Eastern Australia, New Caledonia $202 million $150 million 7 [81]
Vance 16 – 23 March 1999 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia $408 million $303 million None
Elaine 16 – 20 March 1999 Category 4 severe
tropical cyclone
165 km/h (105 mph) 945 hPa (27.91 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None [82]
Gwenda 2 – 8 April 1999 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 220 km/h (140 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg) Western Australia Minimal Minimal None
John 10 – 15 December 1999 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (120 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg) Western Australia $404 million $300 million None [82]
Steve 27 February –
11 March 2000
Category 2 tropical cyclone 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Northern Australia
Western Australia
$121 million $90 million 1 [83][84]
Tessi 1 – 3 April 2000 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) Queensland $80.9 million $60 million None [83]
Rosita 17 – 21 April 2000 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (135 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None [85]
Sam 28 November –
10 December 2000
Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) North-Western Australia N/A N/A None [86]
Upia 21–29 May 2002 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 990 hPa (29.23 inHg) Budelun Island None None None [87]
Erica 1 – 17 March 2003 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (135 mph) 915 hPa (27.02 inHg) Queensland, New Caledonia N/A N/A None
Graham 27 February – 1 March 2003 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A 1
Inigo 31 March – 8 April 2003 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 900 hPa (26.58 inHg) Indonesia, Western Australia N/A N/A None
Epi 5–7 June 2003 Category 1 tropical cyclone 75 km/h (45 mph) 993 hPa (29.32 inHg) N/A N/A N/A None [88]
Monty 25 February – 3 March 2004 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Western Australia N/A N/A None
Fay 12 – 28 March 2004 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) North-Western Australia N/A N/A None
Harvey 3 – 7 February 2005 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 967 hPa (28.56 inHg) Northern Territory N/A N/A None
Ingrid 4 – 16 March 2005 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 924 hPa (27.29 inHg) Papua New Guinea, Northern Australia N/A N/A None
Clare 6 – 10 January 2006 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 140 km/h (85 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia $3.17 million $2.35 million None [83][89]
Larry 15 – 20 March 2006 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Queensland $1.59 billion $1.18 billion None [83]
Glenda 22 – 31 March 2006 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 910 hPa (26.87 inHg) Western Australia $1.3 million $965 thousand None
Monica 16 – 27 April 2006 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 250 km/h (155 mph) 916 hPa (27.05 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory $6.88 million $5.1 million None
George 27 February –
11 March 2007
Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 902 hPa (26.64 inHg) North-Western Australia $135 million $100 million 2 [83]
Guba 11 -20 November 2007 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 971 hPa (28.67 inHg) Papua New Guinea $96.3 million $71.4 million 149 [83]
Helen 1 –7 January 2008 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Northern Territory N/A N/A 1 [90]
Durga 20–26 April 2008 Category 2 tropical cyclone 95 km/h (60 mph) 988 hPa (29.18 inHg) None None None None [91]
Laurence 8 – 23 December 2009 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Western Australia $10 million $8.9 million None [92][93]
Magda 18 – 24 January 2010 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 130 km/h (80 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None [94]
Carlos 12 – 27 February 2011 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 120 km/h (75 mph) 969 hPa (28.61 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia $16 million $12.3 million None
Heidi 9 – 13 January 2012 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 150 km/h (90 mph) 960 hPa (28.35 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None
Jasmine 31 January –
16 February 2012
Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 937 hPa (27.67 inHg) Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Tonga N/A N/A None
Lua 10 – 18 March 2012 Category 3 severe tropical cyclone 155 km/h (100 mph) 935 hPa (27.61 inHg) Western Australia $297 million $220 million None [95]
Oswald 17 – 29 January 2013 Category 1 tropical cyclone 65 km/h (40 mph) 991 hPa (29.26 inHg) Eastern Australia $3.07 billion $2.28 billion 6
Rusty 22 – 28 February 2013 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 165 km/h (105 mph) 944 hPa (27.88 inHg) Western Australia Minor Minor None
Ita 1 – 14 April 2014 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 215 km/h (130 mph) 922 hPa (27.23 inHg) Solomon Islands, Queensland
Papua New Guinea, New Zealand
$1.55 billion $1.15 billion 22 [83][nb 2]
[nb 3]
Lam 12 – 20 February 2015 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 185 km/h (115 mph) 943 hPa (27.85 inHg) Queensland, Northern Territory, Western Australia $82.4 million $64.4 million None
Marcia 15 – 26 February 2015 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 205 km/h (125 mph) 932 hPa (27.52 inHg) Queensland $768 million $591 million None
Debbie 23 March – 7 April 2017 Category 4 severe tropical cyclone 195 km/h (120 mph) 943 hPa (27.85 inHg) Queensland $3.6 billion $2.67 billion 14 [98]
Marcus 14 – 27 March 2018 Category 5 severe tropical cyclone 230 km/h (145 mph) 912 hPa (26.93 inHg) Northern Territory, Western Australia $100 million $75 million None [99]
[nb 4][nb 5] ! Extensive Extensive None

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This damage total was originally reported in Australian Dollars and was converted to United States Dollars via the fxtop website.[32]
  2. ^ Insurance claims in New Zealand associated with the remnants of Severe Tropical Cyclone Ita amounted to NZ$55.3 million.[96] According to the Oanda Corporations currency converter this amounts to US$47.9 million and AU$50.9 million.[97]
  3. ^ EM-DAT provides a damage estimate of US$24 million for Cyclone Ita's damage to the Solomon Islands.[83] According to the Oanda Corporations currency converter this amounts to around AU$25 million.[97]
  4. ^ Reference for the names retired between 1963 and 2018.[1]
  5. ^ Reference for tropical cyclone dates, season, windspeeds and pressure between 1972–73 and 2017-18.[100]

References

  1. ^ a b c d RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee (October 11, 2018). Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-East Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean 2018 (PDF) (Report). World Meteorological Organization. pp. I–4&nbsp, – II–9 (9–21). Archived from the original on October 12, 2018. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  2. ^ Terry, James P. (2007). "3.4". Tropical cyclones: climatology and impacts in the South Pacific. Springer. pp. 30–31. ISBN 9780387715421.
  3. ^ Callaghan, Jeff (18 August 2004). "Tropical Cyclone Impacts along the Australian east coast from November to April 1858–2000" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Australian Severe Weather. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
  4. ^ Unattributed (13 March 2010). "Tropical cyclones in Vanuatu: 1847 to 1994" (PDF). Vanuatu Meteorological Service. Pacific Disaster Net. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Ray (1990). "What's in a Name?" (PDF). Weather and Climate. The Meteorological Society of New Zealand. 10 (1): 24–26. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  6. ^ Landsea, Christopher W; Dorst, Neal M (1 June 2014). "Subject: Tropical Cyclone Names: B1) How are tropical cyclones named?". Tropical Cyclone Frequently Asked Question. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Hurricane Research Division. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Sex-Shift in Australia: A Cyclone Named 'Alan'". New York Times. Reuters. 30 September 1975.  – via New York Times (subscription required)
  8. ^ a b Dorst, Neal; Hurricane Research Division (23 October 2012). "They Called the Wind Mahina: The History of Naming Cyclones". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. p. Slides 8–72.
  9. ^ Reuters (1 June 1969). "It's time (June) to match for Anna...". The Daily Gleaner. Kingston, Jamaica. p. 2. – via The Newspaper Archive (subscription required)
  10. ^ RA IV Hurricane Committee (30 May 2013). "Chapter 9: Tropical Cyclone Names". Regional Association IV: Hurricane Operational Plan 2013 (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 98–99. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  11. ^ Landsea, Christopher W; Dorst, Neal (20 June 2014). "Subject: B3) What storm names have been retired?". Tropical Cyclone Frequently Asked Questions:. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
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