List of premiers of Manitoba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brian Pallister is the current Premier of Manitoba.

The Canadian province of Manitoba was created in 1870.[1] Manitoba has a unicameral Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which the Premier is the leader of the party that controls the most seats in the Legislative Assembly. The Premier is Manitoba's head of government, and the Queen of Canada is its head of state and is represented by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. The Premier picks a cabinet from the elected members to form the Executive Council of Manitoba, and then presides over that body.[2]

Members are first elected to the legislature during general elections. General elections must be conducted every four years from the date of the last election, but the premier may ask for early dissolution of the Legislative Assembly. An election may also happen if the governing party loses the confidence of the legislature by the defeat of a supply bill or tabling of a confidence motion.[3]

Manitoba has had twenty-one Premiers since the province was formed, of which six were non-partisan, six were Progressive Conservatives, four were Liberals, and four were New Democrats. However, during the early years of the province and until 1874, leading ministers were not titled "Premier".[4] Furthermore, they were officially non-partisan and were chosen by elected members of the Legislative Assembly from among themselves before the province began to use a party system in 1888.[5] This article only covers the time since the province was created in 1870. Before that, the territory was part of the District of Assiniboia in Rupert's Land, and was loosely controlled by the Hudson's Bay Company.[6]

Premiers of Manitoba

  Non-partisan   Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba   Progressive Party of Manitoba   Manitoba Liberal Party   New Democratic Party of Manitoba

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
District
Term of office Electoral mandates (Assembly) Political party


1
Alfred Boyd.jpg
Alfred Boyd
(1835–1908)
MLA for St. Andrews North
16 September[7] 1870

14 December[7] 1871
Non-partisan


2
Marc-Amable Girard.jpg
Marc-Amable Girard
(1822–1892)
MLA for St. Boniface East
14 December[7] 1871

14 March[7] 1872
Non-partisan


3
Henry Joseph Clarke.jpg
Henry Joseph Clarke
(1833–1889)
MLA for St. Charles
14 March[7] 1872

8 July[7] 1874
Non-partisan


No image.svg
none 8 July 1874

2 December 1874
 (1st Assembly)
Non-partisan


Marc-Amable Girard was the de facto premier as the Provincial Secretary.[7][8]
4
Robert Atkinson Davies.jpg
Robert Atkinson Davis
(1841–1903)
MLA for Winnipeg and St. John until 1874
MLA for Winnipeg
3 December[7] 1874

16 October[7] 1878
Non-partisan


5
JohnNorquay.jpg
John Norquay
(1841–1889)
MLA for St. Andrews South until 1879
MLA for St. Andrews
16 October[7] 1878

24 December[7] 1887
Non-partisan


6
David Howard Harrison.png
David Howard Harrison
(1843–1905)
MLA for Minnedosa West
26 December[7] 1887

19 January[7] 1888
Non-partisan


7
Thomas Greenway.png
Thomas Greenway
(1838–1908)
MLA for Mountain
19 January[7] 1888

6 January[7] 1900
Liberal


8
Hugh John Macdonald.jpg
Sir Hugh John Macdonald
(1850–1929)
MLA for Winnipeg South
10 January[7] 1900

29 October[7] 1900
Conservative


9
Rodmond Palen Roblin.jpg
Sir Rodmond Roblin
(1853–1937)
MLA for Woodlands until 1903
MLA for Dufferin
29 October[7] 1900

12 May[7] 1915
Conservative


10
Tobias Crawford Norris.jpg
Tobias Norris
(1861–1936)
MLA for Lansdowne
12 May[7] 1915

8 August[7] 1922
Liberal


11
John Bracken circa 1941.jpg
John Bracken
(1883–1969)
MLA for The Pas
8 August[7] 1922

14 January[7] 1943
Progressive


12
Stuart Garson.jpg
Stuart Garson
(1898–1977)
MLA for Fairford
14 January[7] 1943

13 November[7] 1948
Liberal–Progressive


13
No image.svg
Douglas Lloyd Campbell
(1895–1995)
MLA for Lakeside
13 November[7] 1948

30 June[7] 1958
Liberal–Progressive


14
No image.svg
Dufferin Roblin
(1917–2010)
MLA for Wolseley
30 June[7] 1958

27 November[7] 1967
Progressive Conservative


15
No image.svg
Walter Weir
(1929–1985)
MLA for Minnedosa
27 November[7] 1967

15 July[7] 1969
Progressive Conservative


16
Edward Schreyer.jpg
Edward Schreyer
(b. 1935)
MLA for Rossmere
15 July[9] 1969

24 November[9] 1977
New Democratic


17
No image.svg
Sterling Lyon
(1927–2010)
MLA for Charleswood
24 November[7] 1977

17 November[7] 1981
Progressive Conservative


18
No image.svg
Howard Pawley
(1934–2015)
MLA for Selkirk
30 November[9] 1981

9 May[9] 1988
New Democratic


19
No image.svg
Gary Filmon
(b. 1942)
MLA for Tuxedo
9 May[9] 1988

5 October[9] 1999
Progressive Conservative


20
Gary Doer 2014.jpg
Gary Doer
(b. 1948)
MLA for Concordia
5 October[9] 1999

19 October[9] 2009
New Democratic


21
Greg Selinger cropped.jpg
Greg Selinger
(b. 1951)
MLA for St. Boniface
19 October[9] 2009

3 May[9] 2016
New Democratic


22
Brian Pallister 2014.jpg
Brian Pallister
(b. 1954)
MLA for Fort Whyte
3 May[9] 2016

Incumbent
Progressive Conservative


Min. Minority government
Co. Coalition government
Brian Pallister Greg Selinger Gary Doer Gary Filmon Howard Pawley Sterling Lyon Edward Schreyer Walter Weir Dufferin Roblin Douglas Lloyd Campbell Stuart Garson John Bracken Tobias Norris Rodmond Roblin Hugh John Macdonald Thomas Greenway David Howard Harrison John Norquay Robert Atkinson Davis Henry Joseph Clarke Marc-Amable Girard Alfred Boyd

Living former premiers

As of May 2016, four former premiers of Manitoba are alive, the oldest being Edward Schreyer (1969–1977). The most recent former premier to die was Howard Pawley (1981–1988) on December 30, 2015.

Name Term Date of birth
Edward Schreyer 1969–1977 (1935-12-21) December 21, 1935 (age 81)
Gary Filmon 1988–1999 (1942-08-24) August 24, 1942 (age 74)
Gary Doer 1999–2009 (1948-03-31) March 31, 1948 (age 69)
Greg Selinger 2009–2016 (1951-02-16) February 16, 1951 (age 66)

See also

References

General
  • "Dates of Manitoba General Elections". Elections Manitoba. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
  • "Provincial Premiers". Elections Manitoba. Retrieved September 6, 2013. 
Specific
  1. ^ "Entered Confederation: 1870". Library and Archives Canada. May 10, 2001. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Roles and Responsibilities". Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Legislative Terminology" (PDF). Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. Government of Manitoba. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ Davd Burley, "The Emergence of the Premiership, 1870-1874," Manitoba Premiers of the 19th and 20th centuries, Barry Ferguson and Robert Wardhaugh, eds., Great Plains, 2010
  5. ^ "Friendly Rivalries: Manitoba Elections Since 1966". CBC. Retrieved December 11, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Territorial Evolution, 1870". Natural Resources Canada. April 6, 2004. Archived from the original on June 28, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2008. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag "Biographies of Deceased Members". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. August 4, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Manitoba Premiers". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Biographies of Living Members". Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. November 4, 2009. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 

External links

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