List of political parties in Turkey

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Turkey is a presidential democracy with a multi-party system. Major parties are defined as political parties that received more than 10% of the votes in the latest general election and/or represented in parliament. Minor parties are defined as political parties that have fulfilled the requirements of the Supreme Election Committee (Yüksek Seçim Kurulu in Turkish, abbreviated as YSK) and whose names have been listed on ballots.

Major parties

Parties represented in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
# Party Name Abbr. Leader(s) Ideology Position MPs Metro.Mun. Municipalities National Aff. European Aff. International Aff. Date of foundation
1 Justice and Development Party
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
AK Parti Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Social conservatism,[1][2]
Neo-Ottomanism[3][4][5]
Right-wing
294 / 600
18 / 30
791 / 1,351
People's Alliance Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists - 2001
2 Republican People's Party
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
CHP Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu Social democracy,
Kemalism
Centre-left
144 / 600
6 / 30
227 / 1,351
Nation Alliance Party of European Socialists Socialist International 1992
3 Peoples' Democratic Party
Halkların Demokratik Partisi
HDP Sezai Temelli,
Pervin Buldan
Democratic socialism,
Radical democracy
Left-wing
67 / 600
2 / 30
97 / 1,351
Peoples' Democratic Congress Party of European Socialists Progressive Alliance 2012
4 Nationalist Movement Party
Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi
MHP Devlet Bahçeli Ultranationalism,
Pan-Turkism
Far-right
49 / 600
3 / 30
159 / 1,351
People's Alliance - - 1969
5 İYİ Party
İYİ Parti
İYİ PARTİ Meral Akşener Liberal conservatism,
Pro-Europeanism
Centre to centre-right
42 / 600
0 / 30
9 / 1,351
Nation Alliance - - 2017
6 Felicity Party
Saadet Partisi
SAADET Temel Karamollaoğlu Sunni Islamism,
Conservatism
Far-right
2 / 600
0 / 30
27 / 1,351
Nation Alliance - - 2001
7 Great Union Party
Büyük Birlik Partisi
BBP Mustafa Destici Sunni Islamism,
Conservatism
Far-right
1 / 600
0 / 30
6 / 1,351

People's Alliance

- - 1993
8 Democratic Party
Demokrat Parti
DP Gültekin Uysal Liberal conservatism Centre-right
1 / 600
0 / 30
14 / 1,351
Nation Alliance - - 2007
Parties below the parliamentary threshold in 2015 General Election
9 Patriotic Party
Vatan Partisi
Vatan Partisi Doğu Perinçek Eurasianism,
Left-wing nationalism
Left-wing - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 1992
10 Rights and Freedoms Party
Hak ve Özgürlükler Partisi
HAK-PAR Vacant Kurdish nationalism Centre-right - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2002
11 People's Liberation Party
Halkın Kurtuluş Partisi
HKP Nurullah Ankut Marxism–Leninism,
Kıvılcımlıism
Far-left - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2005
12 Independent Turkey Party
Bağımsız Türkiye Partisi
BTP Haydar Baş Economic nationalism,
Alevi and Shia rights
Centre - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2001
13 Communist Party
Komünist Parti
KP Arif Hikmet Basa Communism,
Marxism–Leninism
Far-left - -
1 / 1,351
United June Movement Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties 2014 (Dissolved in 2017)
14 Democratic Left Party
Demokratik Sol Parti
DSP Önder Aksakal Democratic socialism,
Kemalism
Centre-left - -
5 / 1,351
- - - 1985
15 Liberal Democratic Party
Liberal Demokrat Parti
LDP Gültekin Tırpancı Classical liberalism Centre - -
1 / 1,351
- - - 1994
16 Nation Party
Millet Partisi
MİLLET Aykut Edibali Conservatism, Turkish nationalism Right-wing - -
1 / 1,351
- - - 1992
17 True Path Party
Doğru Yol Partisi
DYP Çetin Özaçıkgöz Liberal conservatism Centre-right - -
0 / 1,351
- - - 2007
Source: "Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi Milletvekilleri Dağılımı" (in Turkish). Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi.
"30 Mart 2014 Mahalli İdareler Genel Seçimleri Resmi Gazeteye Gönderilen Seçim Sonuçları" (in Turkish). Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Yüksek Seçim Kurulu.

Minor parties

Defunct and historical parties

These are some of the parties that were dismantled because of their internal dynamics, mergers, inability to find electoral base or through governmental intervention, for instance following the coups.

Banned parties

These are some of the parties that were banned through extraordinary courts or the Constitutional Court of Turkey.

See also

References

  1. ^ Cook, Steven A. (2012). "Recent History: The Rise of the Justice and Development Party". U.S.-Turkey Relations: A New Partnership to. Council on Foreign Relations: 52.
  2. ^ Göçek, Fatma Müge (2011). "The Transformation of Turkey: Redefining State and Society from the Ottoman Empire to the Modern Era". I.B. Tauris: 56.
    Tocci, Nathalie (2012). "Turkey and the European Union". The Routledge Handbook of Modern Turkey. Routledge: 241.
  3. ^ http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2014/05/akp-great-neo-ottoman-travesty-201451974314589207.html
  4. ^ http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/10669929808720119
  5. ^ http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4967.2010.00430.x/full
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