List of political parties in South Korea

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This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties

Main parties

In addition to 5 independents, seven political parties are present in the 20th National Assembly (forming a total of 300):

Party Assembly
seats
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology Comments
  Democratic Party of Korea (DPK)
더불어민주당
130 Choo Mi-ae Hong Young-pyo Centre to centre-left[3][4] Social liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party and the minor New Political Vision Party.
  Liberty Korea Party (LKP)
자유한국당
113 Kim Sung-tae (acting) Kim Sung-tae Centre-right[5][6][7][8][9] to right-wing[10][11][12] Conservatism see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the New Frontier Party.
  Bareunmirae Party (BP)
바른미래당
30 Yoo Seung-min
Park Joo-sun
Kim Dong-cheol Centre to centre-right Centrism see: Liberalism and Conservatism in South Korea
Merger between the People's Party and the Bareun Party.
  Party for Democracy and Peace (PDP)
민주평화당
14 Cho Bae-sook Chang Byung-Wan Centre-left[citation needed] Liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; splintered from the People's Party.
Justice Party (JP)
정의당
6 Lee Jeong-mi Roh Hoe-chan Centre-left[13] to left-wing[14] Reformism see: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive;
Splintered from the Unified Progressive Party
Minjung Party
민중당
1 Kim Jong-hun Left-wing Left-wing nationalism see: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive;
Established by former members of the Unified Progressive Party.
Korean Patriots' Party
대한애국당
1 Cho Won-jin Right-wing[15] to far-right[16][17] Pro-Park Geun-hye see: Conservatism and New right in South Korea
Conservative; established by advocacy groups that opposes the impeachment of Park Geun-hye.

This graph traces the recent origins of all six main political parties currently in the Republic of Korea. All of which have either split from or merged with other parties in the last four years. They have emerged from four main ideological camps, from Left to Right: Progressive (socialist), liberal, centrist, and conservative.

Extra-parliamentary parties

Defunct parties

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Liberal parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Progressive parties

Green parties

Banned parties

See also

References

  1. ^ Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279. 
  2. ^ Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84. 
  3. ^ Limited, Bangkok Post Public Company. "Can Moon's J-nomics save South Korea's economy?". 
  4. ^ http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20170530000666
  5. ^ Cronin, Patrick M. (2009), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World, INSS, archived from the original on 28 January 2018 
  6. ^ Global Security: Japan and Korea; Tenth Report of Session 2007-08, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, 2008, archived from the original on 28 January 2018 
  7. ^ Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service 
  8. ^ The Economist, print edition, 11 April 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed 19 October 2013.
  9. ^ Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12 
  10. ^ South Korea conservatives planning boycott over North Korea. United Press International. Author - Elizabeth Shim. Published 7 February 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  11. ^ South Koreans set to continue backing President Moon’s agenda in local elections. Foreign Brief. Published 13 June 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  12. ^ Smith, Cindy J.; Zhang, Sheldon X.; Barberet, Rosemary (3 May 2011). "Routledge Handbook of Criminology". Routledge – via Google Books. 
  13. ^ "Minor opposition party picks Rep. Shim Sang-jung as new chief". Yonhap News. 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  14. ^ "Moon Jae-in's support rises 40%, while Ahn Cheol-soo's falls to 24%". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  15. ^ Kim Jong Un's Olympics? South Koreans Burn Dictator's Effigy During North Korea's Delegation Visit. Newsweek. Author - Sofia Lotto Persio. Published 22 January 2018. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  16. ^ "Kim Jong-un's picture burned in protest against North Korea's Olympic participation". The Korea Times. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  17. ^ Rashid, Raphael (26 January 2018). "Pyongyang Olympics? Burning Tensions Ahead of Games". KOREA EXPOSÉ. 
  18. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”

Bibliography

  • The present state of registered political parties[permanent dead link], National Election Commission of S. Korea.
  • The present state of political parties registration[permanent dead link], National Election Commission of S. Korea, May 29, 2008.
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