List of political parties in South Korea

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This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties

Main parties

In addition to 4 independents, seven political parties are present in the 20th National Assembly (forming a total of 300):

Party Assembly
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology Comments
  Democratic Party of Korea (DPK)
121 Choo Mi-ae Woo Won-shik Centre[3] to Centre-left[4][5] Social liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party and the minor New Political Vision Party.
  Liberty Korea Party (LKP)
116 Hong Jun-pyo Kim Seong-tae Centre-right[6][7][8] to right-wing[9][10] Conservatism see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the New Frontier Party.
  Bareun Future Party (BFP)
30 Yoo Seung-min
Park Joo-sun
Kim Dong-cheol Centre to centre-right Centrism see: Liberalism and Conservatism in South Korea
Merger between the People's Party and the Bareun Party.
  Party for Democracy and Peace (PDP)
14 Cho Bae-sook Chang Byung-Wan Centre-left[citation needed] Liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; splintered from the People's Party.
Justice Party (JP)
6 Lee Jeong-mi Roh Hoe-chan Centre-left[11] to left-wing[12] Social democracy see: Progressivism in South Korea
Splintered from the Unified Progressive Party
Minjung Party
1 Kim Jong-hun Left-wing Left-wing Nationalism see: Progressivism in South Korea
Established by former members of the Unified Progressive Party.
Korean Patriotic Party
1 Cho Won-jin Far-right[13][14] Pro-Park Geun-hye see: Conservatism and New right in South Korea
Conservative; established by advocacy groups that opposes the impeachment of Park Geun-hye.

Extra-parliamentary parties

Defunct parties

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Liberal parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Progressive parties

Green parties

Banned parties

See also


  1. ^ Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279. 
  2. ^ Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84. 
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Brittanica
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service 
  7. ^ The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013.
  8. ^ Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12 
  9. ^ Oum, Young Rae (2008), Korean American diaspora subjectivity: Gender, ethnicity, dependency, and self-reflexivity, ProQuest, p. 144 
  10. ^ Routledge Handbook of Criminology
  11. ^ "Minor opposition party picks Rep. Shim Sang-jung as new chief". Yonhap News. 2015-07-18. Retrieved 2017-01-02. 
  12. ^ "Moon Jae-in's support rises 40%, while Ahn Cheol-soo's falls to 24%". Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  13. ^ "Kim Jong-un's picture burned in protest against North Korea's Olympic participation". The Korea Times. 22 January 2018. Retrieved 28 January 2018. 
  14. ^ Rashid, Raphael (26 January 2018). "Pyongyang Olympics? Burning Tensions Ahead of Games". KOREA EXPOSÉ. 
  15. ^ Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, [1], “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”


  • The present state of registered political parties[permanent dead link], National Election Commission of S. Korea.
  • The present state of political parties registration[permanent dead link], National Election Commission of S. Korea, May 29, 2008.
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