List of political parties in Nepal

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The following is the list of political parties in Nepal registered in the Election Commission.[1]

National parties

Party Political position Leader Symbol Federal Parliament Pradesh Sabha Local government
Rastriya Sabha Pratinidhi Sabha
Nepal Communist Party

नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी

Centre-left to left-wing Khadga Prasad Oli and Pushpa Kamal Dahal 42 174 351 19,539
Nepali Congress

नेपाली काँग्रेस

Centre-left Sher Bahadur Deuba Nepali Congress Election Symbol.png 13 63 113 11,915
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal

राष्ट्रिय जनता पार्टी नेपाल

Centre-left Mahanta Thakur Rastriya Janata Party.png 2 17 28 1,112
Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal

संघीय समाजवादी फोरम नेपाल

Centre-left Upendra Yadav FSFN.png 2 16 37 1,439

Other parties currently represented in the parliament

Party Political position Leader Symbol Federal Parliament Pradesh Sabha Local government
Rastriya Sabha Pratinidhi Sabha
Rastriya Janamorcha

राष्ट्रिय जनमोर्चा

Far-left Chitra Bahadur K.C. RaJaMo.png 0 1 4 186
Rastriya Prajatantra Party

राष्ट्रिय प्रजातन्त्र पार्टी

Centre-right Kamal Thapa RPP Electoral Symbol.png 0 1 3 285
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal

नयाँ शक्ति पार्टी नेपाल

Centre-left Baburam Bhattarai Election-Sign-Of-Naya-Shakti-Nepal.png 0 1 3 116
Nepal Mazdoor Kisan Party

नेपाल मजदुर किसान पार्टी

Far-left Narayan Man Bijukchhe 0 1 2 99

Parties currently represented in provincial assemblies

Party Political position Leader Symbol Pradesh Sabha Local government
Bibeksheel Sajha Party

विवेकशील साझा पार्टी

Centre-left Ujwal Thapa and Rabindra Mishra Bsp.svg 3 0
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (Democratic)

राष्ट्रिय प्रजातन्त्र पार्टी (प्रजातान्त्रिक)

Centre-right Pashupati SJB Rana RPP Loktantrik Symbol.png 1 7
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch

संघीय लोकतान्त्रिक राष्ट्रिय मञ्च

Centre-left Kumar Lingden SLRM Symbol.png 1 7
Nepal Federal Socialist Party

नेपाल संघीय समाजवादी पार्टी

Centre-left Mohammad Rizwan Ansari Nepal sanghiya samajwadi symbol.png 1 0

Parties represented only in local government

Party Political position Symbol Leader Local government
Bahujan Shakti Party

बहुजन शक्ति पार्टी

Centre-left Bahujan Shakti Party Symbol.png Biswendra Paswan 42
Nepali Janata Dal

नेपाली जनता दल

Centre-left Nepali Janata Dal Symbol.png Hari Charan Sah 39
Rastriya Janamukti Party

राष्ट्रिय जनमुक्ति पार्टी

Centre-left Rastriya Janamukti Election Symbol.png Khagendra Prasad Palungwa 20
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist)

नेपाल कम्युनिष्ट पार्टी (मार्क्सवादी–लेनिनवादी)

Left-wing CPN-ML.png Chandra Prakash Mainali 4
Nepal Pariwar Dal

नेपाल परिवार दल

Centre Nepal Pariwar Dal Symbol.png Ek Nath Dhakal 1

Other parties

Party Political position Leader
Khambuwan Rashtriya Morcha, Nepal Centre-left Ram Kumar Rai
Bouddhik Prajatantrik Parishad Centre-left Laxman Rajbanshi
Jana Jagaran Party Nepal Centre-left Lokmani Dhakal
Samajvadi Janata Party Centre-left Prem Bahadur Singh
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch (Tharuhat) Centre-left Rukmini Chaudhary
Madhesh Terai Forum Centre-left Amar Yadav
Nepal Communist Party (Marxist) Far-left Prakash Adhikari
Communist Party of Nepal Far-left Rishi Ram Kattel
Madhesi Janaadhikar Forum Madhesh Centre-left Bhagya Nath Gupta
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Socialist) Far-left Bishnu Raj Aaryal
Shiva Sena Nepal Right-wing Arun Subedi
Nepal Sukumbasi Party (Loktantrik) Centre-left Hukum Bahadur Lama
Bahujan Samaj Party Nepal Centre-left Ganga Prasad Mahara
Deshbhakta Paryabaraniya Samajik Morcha Centre Surendra Prasad Dhakal
Rastrabadi Ekta Party Centre-right Uma Shrestha
Tamangsaling Loktantrik Party Centre-left
Lok Dal Centre-left Kaushal Kumar Singh
Deshbhakta Samaj Centre
Janashakti Nepal Centre-left Ram Kumar Ojha
Miteri Party Nepal Centre
Rastriya Churebhavar Party Centre-left
Rastriya Shiva Sena Party Right-wing Bikram Bahadur Bam
Akhanda Sudurpashchim Party Nepal Centre Khagendra Awasthi
Nepal Prajatantrik Pragatisheel Party Centre
Churebhavar Rastriya Party Centre-left
Pichhadabarga Nishad Dalit Janajati Party Centre-left
Janasamajvadi Party, Nepal Centre-left
Churebhavar Rastriya Ekta Party Nepal Centre-left Badri Neupana
Rastriya Janata Dal Nepal Centre-left Bharat Prasad Mahato
Lok Kalyankari Janata Party, Nepal Centre
Nepal Samajbadi Party (Lohiyabadi) Centre-left
Gandhivadi Party Nepal Centre-left
Rastravadi Party Centre
Nepal Purvarastrasevak Loktantrik Party Centre
Nepal Janaloktantrik Party Centre-left
Nepal People's Party Centre-left
Rastriya Jana Ekta Party Centre-left
Hamro Party Centre
Nepal Dalit Party Centre-left
Hamro Party Nepal Centre
Yuva Nepal Party Centre
Nepal Loktantrik Janata Congress Party Centre-left
Nepal Samajwadi Janata Dal Left-wing
Nepal Bahudal Party Ambika Rana
Prajatantrik Shakti Party Ganesh Bahadur Shrestha
Nepali Jantantra Party

Defunct or banned

Party Political position Leader Notes
Akhanda Nepal Party Right-wing Kumar Khadka
Nepali Jan Congress
Nepal Praja Parishad Centre-left to left-wing
United Democratic Party
Nepal Loktantrik Forum Centre-left
Communist Party of Nepal (United) Left-wing
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Left-wing Existed from 1991-2018, Merged into Nepal Communist Party
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Left-wing Existed from 1994-2018, Merged into Nepal Communist Party
Gorkha Parishad Right-wing Banned in 1952

See also


  1. ^ "दर्ता भएका राजनीतिक दलहरु (अधावधिक सुची)" (PDF). Election Commission.

External links

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