List of political parties in India

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India.an Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol,[A] free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations. [1]

This listing is according to the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections[2][3] and any party aspiring to State or National party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status.[1] As per latest publication from Election Commission(13th Dec 2016 and 5 May 2017), the total number of parties registered was 1841, with 7 national, 49 state and 1785 unrecognised parties.[3][4]

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions

National

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:[5]

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as a State Party in four or more states.
7 Recognised national parties as of 2 September 2016[2][6][7] arranged alphabetically
No. Name Abbreviation Foundation
year
Current leader(s)[D] Party symbol
1 All India Trinamool Congress AITC 1998 Mamata Banerjee Flowers & grass
2 Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Mayawati Elephant
3 Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Amith Shah Lotus
4 Communist Party of India CPI 1925 Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy Ears of corn and sickle
5 Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI-M 1964 Sitaram Yechury Hammer sickle and star
6 Indian National Congress INC 1885 Sonia Gandhi Hand
7 Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar Clock

State

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause that it will be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.addition to one seat in any state[8]
50 Recognised state parties as of 5 May 2017[3][9] arranged alphabetically
No. Name Abbreviation Foundation
Year
Current leader(s) States/UT Symbol
1 Naam Tamilar Katchi NTK 1958 Seeman Tamilnadu, Twin Candles
2 Aam Aadmi Party AAP 2012 Arvind Kejriwal Delhi, Punjab Broom
3 All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 1972 Tamil Nadu, Puducherry Two leaves
4 All India Forward Bloc AIFB 1939 Debabrata Biswas West Bengal Lion
5 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1927 Asaduddin Owaisi Telangana Kite
6 AINRC 2011 N. Rangasamy Puducherry Jug
7 AIUDF 2004 Badruddin Ajmal Assam Lock and key
8 All Jharkhand Students Union AJSU 1986 Sudesh Mahto Jharkhand Banana
9 Asom Gana Parishad AGP 1985 Atul Bora Assam Elephant
10 Biju Janata Dal BJD 1997 Naveen Patnaik Odisha Conch
11 Bodoland People's Front BPF 1985 Hagrama Mohilary Assam Nagol
12 Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam DMDK 2005 Vijayakanth Tamilnadu Nagara
13 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 1949 M. Karunanidhi Tamil Nadu, Puducherry Rising sun
14 Goa Forward Party GFP 2016 Vijai Sardesai Goa Coconut
15 Hill State People's Democratic Party HSPDP 1968 H.S. Lyngdoh Meghalaya Lion
16 Indian National Lok Dal INLD 1999 Om Prakash Chautala Haryana Spectacles
17 Indian Union Muslim League IUML 1948 Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal Kerala Ladder
18 Jammu & Kashmir National Conference JKNC 1932 Omar Abdullah Jammu & Kashmir Plough
19 Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party JKNPP 1982 Bhim Singh Jammu & Kashmir Bicycle
20 Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP 1998 Mehbooba Mufti Jammu & Kashmir Inkpot and pen
21 Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 1999 H.D. Deve Gowda Karnataka, Kerala Lady farmer carrying paddy on her head
22 Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 1999 Nitish Kumar Bihar Arrow
23 Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 1972 Shibu Soren Jharkhand Bow and arrow
24 Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) JVM(P) 2006 Babu Lal Marandi Jharkhand Comb
25 Karnataka Janata Paksha KJP 2012 Padmanabha Prasanna Kumar Karnataka symbol not decided yet
26 Kerala Congress (M) KC(M) 1979 C.F. Thomas Kerala Two leaves
27 Lok Janshakti Party LJP 2000 Ram Vilas Paswan Bihar Bunglow
28 Maharashtra Navnirman Sena MNS 2006 Raj Thackeray Maharashtra Railway engine
29 Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 1963 Deepak Dhavalikar Goa Lion
30 Mizo National Front MNF 1959 Pu Zoramthanga Mizoram Star
31 Mizoram People's Conference MPC 1972 Pu Lalhmingthanga Mizoram Electric Bulb
32 Naga People's Front NPF 2002 Neiphiu Rio Manipur, Nagaland Rooster
33 National People's Party NPP 2013 Agatha Sangma Meghalaya, Manipur Book
34 Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1989 G. K. Mani Puducherry Mango
35 Peoples Democratic Alliance PDA Bd. Behring Anal Manipur Crown
36 People's Party of Arunachal PPA 1987 Tomo Riba Arunachal Pradesh Maize
37 Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 1997 Lalu Prasad Yadav Bihar, Jharkhand Hurricane Lamp
38 Rashtriya Lok Dal RLD 1996 Ajit Singh Uttar Pradesh Hand pump
39 Rashtriya Lok Samta Party RLSP 2013 Upendra Kushwaha Bihar Ceiling fan
40 Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1940 T. J. Chandrachoodan Kerala, West Bengal Spade and stoker
41 Samajwadi Party SP 1992 Akhilesh Yadav Uttar Pradesh Bicycle
42 Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 1920 Sukhbir Singh Badal Punjab Scale
43 Shiv Sena SS 1966 Uddhav Thackeray Maharashtra Bow and arrow
44 Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1993 Pawan Kumar Chamling Sikkim Umbrella
45 Sikkim Krantikari Morcha SKM 2013 Prem Singh Tamang Sikkim Table lamp
46 Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 2001 Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao Telangana, Andhra Pradesh Car
47 Telugu Desam Party TDP 1982 N. Chandra Babu Naidu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana Bicycle
48 United Democratic Party UDP 1972 Donkupar Roy Meghalaya Drum
49 YSR Congress Party YSRCP 2011 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy Andhra Pradesh, Telangana Ceiling fan
50 Karnataka Pragnyavanta Janata Paksha KPJP 2017 Upendra (actor) Karnataka Hand with folded fingers

Unrecognised

Unrecognised registered notable parties[C] as of 16 September 2014[2][3][10]
No Name Abbreviation Foundation
Year
Current leader(s) States/UT
1 BHARTIYA GRAMIN SAMAJ PARTY BGSP 2015 RAVI SHARMA Madhya Pradesh
2 Amra Bangali AMB 1983 Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar West Bengal
3 Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha Mahasangh BMSM 1994 Haji Mastan Mirza Maharashtra
4 Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh BRP-BMS 1999 Prakash Ambedkar Maharashtra
5 Hindustani Awam Morcha[11] HAM 2015 Jitan Ram Manjhi Bihar
6 Indhiya Jananayaga Katchi IJK 2010 T.R. Pachamuthu Tamil Nadu
7 Indian Bold Citizen Party IBCP 2016 Anu Alex Kerala
8 Jai Samaikyandhra Party JSP 2014 Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
9 Jan Adhikar Party (Loktantrik)[12] JAP 2015 Pappu Yadav Bihar
10 Jana Sena Party JSP 2014 Pawan Kalyan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
11 Jan Shakti Party of India[13] JSPI 2015 Gurjeet Singh Azad Punjab
12 Kerala Congress (Jacob) KCJ 1991 Anoop Jacob Kerala
13 Kerala Congress (B) KCB 1989 R. Balakrishna Pillai Kerala
14 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi KMDK 2013 E. R. Eswaran Tamil Nadu
15 Kongunadu Makkal Katchi KMK 2001 A.M. Raja Tamil Nadu
16 Kongunadu Munnetra Kazhagam KNMK 2001 Kangayam Thangavel Tamil Nadu
17 KISAN PARTY OF INDIA KPI 2014 Dr MAHESH KUMAR Bihar
18 Lok Satta Party LSP 2006 Jayaprakash Narayan Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
19 Manipur Peoples Party MPP 1968 Sovakiran N. Manipur
20 Manithaneya Makkal Katchi MMK 2009 M. H. Jawahirullah Tamil Nadu
21 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam MDMK 1992 Vaiko Tamil Nadu
22 Janta Dal JD 2017 V.K.Vivekanand Bihar, Jharkhand
23 Odisha Janmorcha OJM 2013 Pyarimohan Mohapatra Odisha
24 Param Digvijay Dal PDD 2014 Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar Yogi Uttar Pradesh
25 Peace Party of India PPI 2008 Mohamed Ayub Uttar Pradesh
26 Puthiya Tamilagam PTK 1996 K. Krishnasamy Tamil Nadu
27 Rashtriya Samaj Paksha RSP 2003 Mahadev Jankar Maharashtra
28 Rashtriya Ulama Council RUC 2008 Aamir Rashadi Madni Uttar Pradesh
29 Rayalaseema Parirakshana Samithi RPS 2013 Byreddy Rajasekhar Reddy Andhra Pradesh
30 Social Democratic Party of India SDPI 2009 K.K.S.M.Dhehlan Baqavi Tamil Nadu
31 Tamilnadu Kongu Ilaingar Peravai KIP 2001 U. Thaniyarasu Tamil Nadu
32 Tamil Maanila Congress TMC 1996 G. K. Vasan Tamil Nadu
33 Uttarakhand Kranti Dal UKD 1979 Kashi Singh Airy Uttarakhand
34 Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi VCK 1972 Thol. Thirumavalavan Tamil Nadu
35 Welfare Party of India WPI 2011 Dr. SQR Ilyas Kerala, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajastan, Maharashtra
36 Indhiya Makkal Kalvi Munnetra Kazhagam IMKMK 2007 T. Devanathan Yadav Tamil Nadu
37 Swaraj India Party SIP 2016 Yogendra Yadav Delhi
38 All Indian Public Freedom Party AIPFP 2016 V. Siva Kumar Tamil Nadu
39 Rashtriya Jankranti Party RAJPA 2013 LPS R. UPADHYAY Uttar Pradesh
40 Jan Adhikar Party JAP 2016 Babu Singh Kushwaha Uttar Pradesh

See also

Notes

  • A If a party is recognised as a national or state party, its symbol is reserved for its exclusive use in the country or in the state.[2]
  • B In all States/U.T.s except in the State of Assam, where its candidates will have to choose a symbol from out of the list of free symbols specified by the Commission.
  • C In addition to those included, the total is 1761.
  • D - Current leaders are presidents of their respective parties and not necessarily the leaders of their legislative group in the Indian Parliament.

References

  1. ^ a b "Registration of political Parties". FAQs. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Names of National, State, registered-unrecognised parties and the list of free symbols" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 12 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d "State Party List" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 13 December 2016. 
  4. ^ "Goa Forward Party recognition" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  5. ^ "Dynamics of elevation of political parties to State or National Party". Press Information Bureau. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Trinamool Congress recognised as national party." The Hindu. The Hindu. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Recognition of 'All India Trinamool Congress, as a National party" (PDF). ECI. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Amendment of the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. Allotment of common symbol to candidates of registered un-recognized political parties". Press Information Bureau. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Goa Forward Party recognition" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  10. ^ "List of political parties registered after 16.09.2014 till 26.09.20" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Manjhi's HAM recognised by poll panel". The Statesman. 19 July 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "Allotment of Common Symbol -10B letter dt 15.9.15" (PDF). Election Commission of India. 15 September 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "June 2015 Notification" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 2. Retrieved 17 September 2016. 

Further reading

  • Subrata K. Mitra and V. B. Singh. 1999. Democracy and Social Change in India: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the National Electorate. New Delhi: Sage Publications. ISBN 81-7036-809-X (India HB) ISBN 0-7619-9344-4 (U.S. HB).
  • Subrata K. Mitra, Mike Enskat, Clemens Spiess (eds.). 2004. Political Parties in South Asia. Greenwood: Praeger.
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