List of people executed by lethal injection

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A lethal execution room in the San Quentin State Prison in California

Lethal injection is the practice of injecting one or more drugs into a person by a government for the express purpose of causing immediate death. While Nazi Germany was known to execute enemies of the state using an injection of lethal drugs, the first country to legalize and formally implement what is referred to today as lethal injection was the United States. The state of Texas adopted it as its form on capital punishment in 1977 and executed the first person by it, Charles Brooks Jr., in 1982.[1] The practice was subsequently adopted by the other U.S. states using capital punishment.[2] As of 2017, the method is being used by 31 U.S. states, as well as by their federal government and military.[3]

Lethal injection was also adopted as a method of execution by Guatemala in 1996, China in 1997, the Philippines in 1999, Thailand in 2003, Taiwan in 2005, and Vietnam in 2013.[4] The Philippines abolished the death penalty in 2006.[5] While the death penalty still exists in Guatemala and Thailand, no executions have been carried out there since 2000 and 2009 respectively.[6][7] The United States and China are the two biggest users of this method of execution. The U.S. had executed 1,283 people via lethal injection as of April 2017.[8] The number of people executed annually in China is thought to surpass all other countries combined, though the actual number is a state secret,[9] and the percentage of people killed via lethal injection and the other method of execution used there, firing squad, is also unclear.[10] This alphabetical list features notable cases up to November 2017, and only those where lethal injection can be reliably sourced to be the method of execution. The criterion for notability is an article on the individual in the English Wikipedia, which inevitably causes a bias towards U.S. executions, as notable individuals in other countries such as Thailand and Vietnam may only have articles in their own language. A complete list of all executions in the United States can be found here.

Lethal injection was proposed and adopted on the grounds it was more humane than the methods of execution in place at the time, such as the electric chair and gas chamber.[2] Opponents of lethal injection reject this argument, noting multiple cases where executions have been either painful, prolonged, or both.[11][12][13] According to the Death Penalty Information Center, lethal injections have the highest rate of botched executions of any method used in the US, with 7.12% of executions using this method between 1982 and 2010 considered to have not gone according to plan.[14][15] A study published in The Lancet in 2005 found that in 43% of cases of lethal injection, the blood level of hypnotics was insufficient to guarantee unconsciousness.[16] However, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled 7–2 in 2008 (Baze v. Rees) and 5–4 in 2015 (Glossip v. Gross) that lethal injection does not constitute cruel and unusual punishment.[17]

Executions

At 76, Clarence Ray Allen is one of the oldest people to be executed in the US.[18]
Stephen Wayne Anderson was executed in California in 2002 for murder.
Alojs Andritzki, a Catholic priest, was executed by the Nazi regime at Dachau concentration camp.[19]
Andrée Borrel, a member of Britain’s Special Operations Executive, was executed by the Nazis with an injection of phenol.[20]
Titus Brandsma, a Catholic priest, was executed for opposing the Nazi regime.
Richard Cartwright was the main contributor to Uncensored from Texas Death Row until his execution.
Oba Chandler, executed in 2011 for three murders, maintained his innocence.[21]
Giuseppe Girotti, a Catholic priest, was executed by the Nazis with an injection of gasoline.
Both the Vatican and Jewish groups asked for Martin Grossman to be spared the death penalty.[22]
Name Born Died Age Nationality Executed in Executed for Ref.
Aguilar, Jesús LedesmaJesús Ledesma Aguilar 1963 2006 42 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Alderman, JackJack Alderman 1951 2008 57 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [23]
Allen, Clarence RayClarence Ray Allen 1930 2006 76 American California Murder (three counts) [23]
Allen, Wanda JeanWanda Jean Allen 1959 2001 41 American Oklahoma Murder [23]
Anderson, RobertRobert Anderson 1966 2006 40 American Texas Murder [23]
Anderson, Stephen WayneStephen Wayne Anderson 1953 2002 48 American California Murder [24]
Andritzki, AlojsAlojs Andritzki 1914 1943 28 German Nazi Germany Making "hostile statements" [19]
Arias, Edgar TamayoEdgar Tamayo Arias 1967 2014 46 American Texas Murder [23]
Ashworth, HermanHerman Ashworth 1973 2005 32 American Ohio Murder [23]
Autry, JamesJames Autry 1954 1984 29 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Babbitt, MannyManny Babbitt 1949 1999 50 American California Murder [25]
Baker, WesleyWesley Baker 1958 2005 47 American Maryland Murder [26]
Baojing, YuanYuan Baojing 1966 2006 40 Chinese China Murder [27]
Barfield, VelmaVelma Barfield 1932 1984 52 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Barnes, OdellOdell Barnes 1968 2000 31 American Texas Murder [23]
Basso, SuzanneSuzanne Basso 1954 2014 59 American Texas Murder [23]
Beardslee, DonaldDonald Beardslee 1943 2005 61 American California Murder (two counts) [28]
Beazley, NapoleonNapoleon Beazley 1976 2002 25 American Texas Murder [23]
Beets, Betty LouBetty Lou Beets 1937 2000 62 American Texas Murder [23]
Benner II, Glenn LeeGlenn Lee Benner II 1962 2006 43 American Ohio Murder (two counts) [23]
Berry, Earl WesleyEarl Wesley Berry 1959 2008 49 American Mississippi Murder [29]
Berry Jr., WilfordWilford Berry Jr. 1962 1999 36 American Ohio Murder [23]
Biros, KennethKenneth Biros 1958 2009 51 American Ohio Murder [23]
Bishop, Arthur GaryArthur Gary Bishop 1952 1988 35 American Utah Murder (five counts) [23]
Bonin, WilliamWilliam Bonin 1947 1996 49 American California Murder (14 counts) [30]
Borrel, AndréeAndrée Borrel 1919 1944 24 French Nazi-occupied France Being a Special Operations Executive member [31]
Brandsma, TitusTitus Brandsma 1881 1942 61 Dutch Nazi Germany Ordering Catholic newspapers not to print Nazi documents [32]
Brewer, David M.David M. Brewer 1959 2003 44 American Ohio Murder [23]
Brooks Jr., CharlesCharles Brooks Jr. 1942 1982 40 American Texas Murder [23]
Brown Jr., John A.John A. Brown Jr. 1962 1997 35 American Louisiana Murder [23]
Buell, Robert AnthonyRobert Anthony Buell 1940 2002 62 American Ohio Murder [23]
Byrd, Jr., John WilliamJohn William Byrd, Jr. 1963 2002 38 American Ohio Murder [23]
Camacho, Genaro RuizGenaro Ruiz Camacho 1954 1998 43 American Texas Murder [23]
Cantu, RubenRuben Cantu 1966 2003 26 American Texas Murder [23]
Carpenter, ScottScott Carpenter 1975 1997 22 American Oklahoma Murder [23]
Carter, Desmond KeithDesmond Keith Carter 1967 2002 35 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Cartwright, RichardRichard Cartwright 1970 2005 35 American Texas Murder [23]
Chandler, ObaOba Chandler 1946 2011 65 American Florida Murder (three counts) [23]
Chester, ElroyElroy Chester 1969 2013 43 American Texas Murder [23]
Clarke, Jr., James B.James B. Clarke, Jr. 1957 1996 39 American Delaware Murder [33]
Clark, Joseph LewisJoseph Lewis Clark 1949 2006 57 American Ohio Murder [23]
Clark, Terry D.Terry D. Clark 1956 2001 45 American New Mexico Murder [23]
Clines, Hoyt FranklinHoyt Franklin Clines 1956 1994 37 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Coe, Robert GlenRobert Glen Coe 1956 2000 44 American Tennessee Murder [23]
Cole, CarrollCarroll Cole 1938 1985 47 American Nevada Murder [23]
Coleman, AltonAlton Coleman 1955 2002 46 American Ohio Murder (two counts) [23]
Coleman, CharlesCharles Coleman 1947 1990 43 American Oklahoma Murder [23]
Cooey, RichardRichard Cooey 1967 2008 41 American Ohio Murder (two counts) [23]
Coronado, Manuel MartínezManuel Martínez Coronado 1954c. 1954 1988 33 Guatemalan Guatemala Murder (seven counts) [34]
Davis, Gary LeeGary Lee Davis 1944 1997 53 American Colorado Murder [35]
Davis, TroyTroy Davis 1968 2011 42 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [23]
Dawson, David ThomasDavid Thomas Dawson 1957 2006 48 American Montana Murder (three counts) [23]
DeLuna, CarlosCarlos DeLuna 1962 1989 27 American Texas Murder [23]
DeYoung, Andrew GrantAndrew Grant DeYoung 1974 2011 37 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder (two counts) [23]
Díaz, Ángel NievesÁngel Nieves Díaz 1951 2006 55 Puerto Rican Florida Murder [23]
Dennis, AdremyAdremy Dennis 1976 2004 28 American Ohio Murder [23]
Dudley, MarionMarion Dudley 1962 1989 33 American Texas Murder (four counts) [23]
Duty, John DavidJohn David Duty 1952 2010 58 American Oklahoma Murder [23]
Echegaray, LeoLeo Echegaray 1960 1999 38 Filipino Philippines Rape of a minor [36]
Elledge, James HomerJames Homer Elledge 1942 2001 58 American Washington State Murder [23]
Fairchild, Barry LeeBarry Lee Fairchild 1954 1995 41 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Faulder, StanleyStanley Faulder 1937 1999 61 Canadian Texas Murder [23]
Ford, MelbertMelbert Ford 1960 2011 49 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder (two counts) [23]
Fox, Richard EdwinRichard Edwin Fox 1956 2003 47 American Ohio Murder [23]
Franklin, Joseph PaulJoseph Paul Franklin 1950 2013 63 American Missouri Murder [23]
Frazier, Derrick WayneDerrick Wayne Frazier 1977 2006 29 American Texas Murder [23]
Freeman, James GarrettJames Garrett Freeman 1980 2016 35 American Texas Murder [37]
Gacy, John WayneJohn Wayne Gacy 1942 1994 52 American Illinois Murder (12 counts) [38]
Garcia, Gustavo JulianGustavo Julian Garcia 1972 2016 43 American Texas Murder [39]
Garcia, Humberto LealHumberto Leal Garcia 1973 2011 38 Mexican Texas Murder [23]
Garcia, Juan MartinJuan Martin Garcia 1980 2015 35 American Texas Murder (two counts) [40]
Gardner, MarkMark Gardner 1956c. 1956 1999 42–43 American Arkansas Murder (three counts) [23]
Garrett, Johnny FrankJohnny Frank Garrett 1963 1992 28 American Texas Murder [23]
Garza, JuanJuan Garza 1957 2001 43 American Indiana Murder (three counts) [41]
Gentry, Kenneth EdwardKenneth Edward Gentry 1961 1997 36 American Texas Murder [23]
Getsy, JasonJason Getsy 1975 2009 33 American Ohio Murder [23]
Gilliam, Jr., Tyrone DelanoTyrone Delano Gilliam, Jr. 1964c. 1964 1998 32 American Maryland Murder [42]
Gissendaner, KellyKelly Gissendaner 1968 2015 47 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [43]
Girotti, GiuseppeGiuseppe Girotti 1905 1945 39 Italian Nazi Germany Aiding Jews [44]
Gore, David AlanDavid Alan Gore 1953 2012 58 American Florida Murder (six counts) [23]
Grasso, Thomas J.Thomas J. Grasso 1962 1995 32 American Oklahoma Murder [23]
Gray, MarlinMarlin Gray 1967 2005 38 American Missouri Murder (two counts) [23]
Griffin, LarryLarry Griffin 1954 1995 40 American Missouri Murder [23]
Grossman, MartinMartin Grossman 1965 2010 45 American Florida Murder [23]
Hain, ScottScott Hain 1970 2003 32 American Oklahoma Murder (two counts) [23]
Hartman, EdwardEdward Hartman 1964 2003 39 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Heidnik, Gary M.Gary M. Heidnik 1943 1999 55 American Pennsylvania Murder (two counts) [23]
Henyard, RichardRichard Henyard 1965 2010 34 American Florida Murder (two counts) [23]
Perez, Amilcar CetinoAmilcar Cetino Perez 1961c. 1961 2000 39 Guatemalan Guatemala Murder [45]
Hicks, John R.John R. Hicks 1956 2005 49 American Ohio Murder [23]
Hill, ClarenceClarence Hill 1957 2006 48 American Florida Murder [23]
Hill, Paul JenningsPaul Jennings Hill 1954 2003 49 American Florida Murder (two counts) [23]
Hill, WarrenWarren Hill 1960 2015 54 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [46]
Holmes, James WilliamJames William Holmes 1956 1994 37 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Hopkinson, MarkMark Hopkinson 1949 1992 42 American Wyoming Murder (four counts) [23]
Howard, Ronald RayRonald Ray Howard 1973 2005 32 American Texas Murder [23]
Hubbard, JamesJames Hubbard 1930 2004 74 American Alabama Murder [47]
Hughes, TommieTommie Hughes 1974 2006 31 American Texas Murder [23]
Humphries, Shawn PaulShawn Paul Humphries 1971 2005 34 American South Carolina Murder [23]
Hunt, Flint GregoryFlint Gregory Hunt 1958c. 1958 1997 38 American Maryland Murder [23]
Hutchins, James W.James W. Hutchins 1929 1984 54 American North Carolina Murder (three counts) [23]
James, AntonioAntonio James 1954 1996 42 American Louisiana Murder [23]
Jernigan, Joseph PaulJoseph Paul Jernigan 1954c. 1954 1993 39 American Texas Murder [23]
Jia, YangYang Jia 1980 2008 28 Chinese China Murder (six counts) [48]
Johnson, David DewayneDavid Dewayne Johnson 1963 2000 37 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Johnson, Gregory ScottGregory Scott Johnson 1965 2005 40 American Indiana Murder [49]
Jones, Brandon AstorBrandon Astor Jones 1943 2016 72 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [50]
Kozal, MichałMichał Kozal 1893 1943 49 Polish Nazi Germany Refusing to preach in German [51]
Lackey, AndrewAndrew Lackey 1983 2013 29 American Alabama Murder [52]
Landrigan, JeffreyJeffrey Landrigan 1960c. 1960 2010 50 American Arizona Murder [53]
Langford, TerryTerry Langford 1966 1998 31 American Montana Murder (two counts) [23]
Lee, LedellLedell Lee 1965 2017 51 American Arkansas Murder [54]
Leigh, VeraVera Leigh 1903 1944 41 British Nazi-occupied France Being a French Resistance fighter [31]
Lewis, TeresaTeresa Lewis 1969 2010 41 American Virginia Murder (two counts) [23]
Liankun, LiuLiu Liankun 1933 1999 66 Chinese China Treason [55]
Long, David MartinDavid Martin Long 1953 1999 46 American Texas Murder (three counts) [23]
Longworth, RichardRichard Longworth 1968 2005 37 American South Carolina Murder (two counts) [23]
Lundgren, JeffreyJeffrey Lundgren 1950 2006 56 American Ohio Murder (five counts) [23]
Lynd, William EarlWilliam Earl Lynd 1955 2008 53 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [23]
Lyons, RobbieRobbie Lyons 1972 2003 31 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Marek, JohnJohn Marek 1961 2009 47 American Florida Murder [23]
Martin, ErnestErnest Martin 1960 2003 42 American Ohio Murder [23]
Martin, Leslie DaleLeslie Dale Martin 1967 2002 35 American Louisiana Murder [23]
Massey, JasonJason Massey 1973 2001 28 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Matheney, AlanAlan Matheney 1950 2005 54 American Indiana Murder [56]
McCarthy, KimberlyKimberly McCarthy 1961 2003 52 American Texas Murder [23]
McDuff, KennethKenneth McDuff 1946 1998 52 American Texas Murder [23]
McHone, Steven VanSteven Van McHone 1970 2005 35 American North Carolina Murder (two counts) [23]
McKenzie, DuncanDuncan McKenzie 1951 1995 43 American Montana Murder [23]
McVeigh, TimothyTimothy McVeigh 1968 2001 33 American Indiana Eleven federal charges, including eight counts of murder [57]
Medellín, JoséJosé Medellín 1975 2008 33 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Melson, RobertRobert Melson 1971 2017 46 American Alabama Murder (three counts) [58]
Mercer, GeorgeGeorge Mercer 1944 1989 44 American Missouri Murder [23]
Mink, Scott AndrewScott Andrew Mink 1963 2004 40 American Ohio Murder [23]
Mobley, Stephen AnthonyStephen Anthony Mobley 1965 2005 39 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [23]
Moody, PatrickPatrick Moody 1966 2006 39 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Moore, Harry CharlesHarry Charles Moore 1941 1997 56 American Oregon Murder (two counts) [23]
Morin, StephenStephen Morin 1951 1985 34 American Texas Murder (three counts) [23]
Morva, WilliamWilliam Morva 1982 2017 35 American Virginia Murder (two counts) [59]
Muhammad, John AllenJohn Allen Muhammad 1960 2009 48 American Virginia Murder [23]
Mu'Min, Dawud M.Dawud M. Mu'Min 1953 1997 44 American Virginia Murder [23]
Nance, EricEric Nance 1960 2005 45 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Neill, Jay WesleyJay Wesley Neill 1965 2002 37 American Oklahoma Murder (four counts) [23]
Nenno, EricEric Nenno 1961 2007 47 American Texas Murder (four counts) [23]
Newton, FrancesFrances Newton 1965 2005 40 American Texas Murder (three counts) [23]
Nixon, John B.John B. Nixon 1928 2005 83 American Mississippi Murder [60]
Noel, Riley DobiRiley Dobi Noel 1972 2003 31 American Arkansas Murder (three counts) [23]
O'Bryan, Ronald ClarkRonald Clark O'Bryan 1944 1984 39 American Texas Murder [23]
Oken, StevenSteven Oken 1962 2004 42 American Maryland Murder (two counts) [23]
Olschanezky, SonyaSonya Olschanezky 1923 1944 20 German Nazi-occupied France Being a Special Operations Executive member [61]
Osborne, CurtisCurtis Osborne 1970 2008 37 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [23]
Otte, GaryGary Otte 1971 2017 45 American Ohio Murder (two counts) [62]
Parsons, Joseph MitchellJoseph Mitchell Parsons 1964 1999 35 American Utah Murder [23]
Patterson, KelseyKelsey Patterson 1954 2004 49 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Phillips, RonaldRonald Phillips 1973 2017 43 American Ohio Murder [63]
Pruett, Robert LynnRobert Lynn Pruett 1979 2017 38 American Texas Murder [64]
Pennell, Steven BrianSteven Brian Pennell 1957 1992 34 American Delaware Murder (two counts) [65]
Hernandez, Tomas CerrateTomas Cerrate Hernandez 1965c. 1965 2000 35 Guatemalan Guatemala Murder [45]
Provenzano, Thomas HarrisonThomas Harrison Provenzano 1949 2000 51 American Florida Murder [23]
Pruett, Marion AlbertMarion Albert Pruett 1951 2008 49 American Georgia (U.S.) Murder [23]
Qazi, MirMir Qazi 1964 2002 38 Pakistani Virginia Murder [66]
Qiang, WenWen Qiang 1956 2010 54 Chinese China Accepting bribes, rape [67]
Ramirez, Luis L.Luis L. Ramirez 1963 2005 42 American Texas Murder [23]
Rector, Ricky RayRicky Ray Rector 1950 1992 42 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Red Dog, James AllenJames Allen Red Dog 1954 1993 39 American Delaware Murder [68]
Reese, LamontLamont Reese 1977 2006 28 American Texas Murder (three counts) [23]
Reséndiz, Ángel MaturinoÁngel Maturino Reséndiz 1959 2006 46 Mexican Texas Murder [23]
Richard, Michael WayneMichael Wayne Richard 1959 2007 47 American Texas Murder [23]
Richley, DarrylDarryl Richley 1951 1994 43 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Riggs, Christina MarieChristina Marie Riggs 1971 2000 28 American Arkansas Murder (two counts) [23]
Roberts, Roy MichaelRoy Michael Roberts 1952 1999 46 American Missouri Murder [23]
Robinson, Johnny LearticeJohnny Leartice Robinson 1952 2004 51 American Florida Murder [23]
Rocheville, DavidDavid Rocheville 1968 1999 31 American South Carolina Murder [23]
Rolling, DannyDanny Rolling 1954 2006 52 American Florida Murder (five counts) [23]
Ross, Michael BruceMichael Bruce Ross 1959 2005 45 American Connecticut Murder (eight counts) [69]
Ross, VaughnVaughn Ross 1971 2013 41 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Rowden, DianaDiana Rowden 1915 1944 29 British Nazi-occupied France Being a Special Operations Executive member [31]
Rowell, Robert DaleRobert Dale Rowell 1955 2005 50 American Texas Murder [23]
Rowsey, Raymond DaleRaymond Dale Rowsey 1971 2004 32 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Sagastegui, Jeremy VargasJeremy Vargas Sagastegui 1970 1998 27 American Washington State Murder (three counts) [23]
Sankofa, ShakaShaka Sankofa 1963 2000 36 American Texas Murder [23]
Sawyer, RobertRobert Sawyer 1951c. 1951 1993 42 American Louisiana Murder [23]
Schwab, Mark DeanMark Dean Schwab 1968 2008 39 American Florida Murder [23]
Scott, Jay D.Jay D. Scott 1952 2001 48 American Ohio Murder [23]
Sellers, SeanSean Sellers 1969 1999 29 American Oklahoma Murder (three counts) [23]
Sells, Tommy LynnTommy Lynn Sells 1964 2014 49 American Texas Murder [23]
Shaikh, AkmalAkmal Shaikh 1956 2009 53 British China Drug trafficking [70]
Shields, Jr., Robert AlanRobert Alan Shields, Jr. 1975 2005 30 American Texas Murder [23]
Simmons, Ronald GeneRonald Gene Simmons 1940 1990 49 American Arkansas Murder (16 counts) [23]
Singleton, Charles LaverneCharles Laverne Singleton 1959 2004 44 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Smith, Clay KingClay King Smith 1970 2001 30 American Arkansas Murder (five counts) [23]
Smith, Jr., KermitKermit Smith, Jr. 1957 1995 37 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Smith, WilliamWilliam Smith 1957 2005 47 American Ohio Murder [23]
Snell, RichardRichard Snell 1930 1995 64 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Stafford, Roger DaleRoger Dale Stafford 1951 1995 43 American Oklahoma Murder (nine counts) [23]
Steckel, BrianBrian Steckel 1968 2005 36 American Delaware Murder [71]
Syriani, EliasElias Syriani 1938 2005 67 American North Carolina Murder [23]
Taylor, FeltusFeltus Taylor 1962 2000 38 American Maryland Murder [23]
Taylor, MichaelMichael Taylor 1967 2014 47 American Missouri Murder [23]
Thanos, JohnJohn Thanos 1949 1994 45 American Maryland Murder (three counts) [23]
Thomas, Shannon CharlesShannon Charles Thomas 1971 2005 34 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Tucker, Karla FayeKarla Faye Tucker 1959 1998 38 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Vasquez, Pablo LucioPablo Lucio Vasquez 1977 2016 38 American Texas Murder [72]
Walker, CharlesCharles Walker 1940c. 1940 1990 50 American Illinois Murder (two counts) [73]
Ward, Adam KellyAdam Kelly Ward 1982 2016 33 American Texas Murder [74]
Ward, Thomas LeeThomas Lee Ward 1936 1995 59 American Louisiana Murder [23]
Wells, KeithKeith Wells 1962 1994 31 American Idaho Murder (two counts) [75]
Wesbrook, Coy WayneCoy Wayne Wesbrook 1958 2016 58 American Texas Murder (five counts) [76]
White, MelvinMelvin White 1950 2005 55 American Texas Murder [23]
Wilkerson, PonchaiPonchai Wilkerson 1971 2000 28 American Texas Murder [23]
Wilkins, Christopher ChubascoChristopher Chubasco Wilkins 1968 2017 48 American Texas Murder (two counts) [77]
Willett, AlanAlan Willett 1956c. 1956 1999 43 American Arkansas Murder [23]
Williams, Dobie GillisDobie Gillis Williams 1961 1999 37 American Louisiana Murder [23]
Williams, StanleyStanley Williams 1953 2005 51 American California Murder (four counts) [78]
Williams, WillieWillie Williams 1956 2006 48 American Ohio Murder (four counts) [23]
Willingham, Cameron ToddCameron Todd Willingham 1968 2004 36 American Texas Murder (three counts) [23]
Wilson, Marvin LeeMarvin Lee Wilson 1958 2012 54 American Texas Murder [23]
Wise, Hastings ArthurHastings Arthur Wise 1954 2005 51 American South Carolina Murder (four counts) [23]
Wood, JosephJoseph Wood 1958 2014 55 American Arizona Murder (two counts) [79]
Woods, Bobby WayneBobby Wayne Woods 1965 2009 44 American Texas Murder [23]
Woods, Stephen MichaelStephen Michael Woods 1980 2011 31 American Texas Murder (two counts) [23]
Workman, PhilipPhilip Workman 1953 2007 53 American Tennessee Murder [23]
Wuornos, AileenAileen Wuornos 1956 2002 46 American Florida Murder (seven counts) [23]
Wright, DouglasDouglas Wright 1940 1996 56 American Oregon Murder (three counts) [23]
Wrinkles, EricEric Wrinkles 1960 2009 49 American Indiana Murder (three counts) [80]
Zuern, Jr., William G.William G. Zuern, Jr. 1958 2004 45 American Ohio Murder [23]

See also

References

  1. ^ Groner JI (2002). "Lethal injection: a stain on the face of medicine". BMJ. 325 (7371): 1026–8. doi:10.1136/bmj.325.7371.1026. PMC 1124498Freely accessible. PMID 12411367. 
  2. ^ a b Fellner, Jamie; Tofte, Sarah (April 2006). So Long as They Die: Lethal Injections in the United States. 18. Human Rights Watch. 
  3. ^ "States and Capital Punishment". National Conference of State Legislatures. Archived from the original on April 1, 2016. Retrieved July 23, 2017. 
  4. ^ Kim, Jeanne (May 7, 2014). "These are the countries still using lethal injection to kill people". Public Radio International. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  5. ^ "In the know: Death penalty". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Death Penalty-Guatemala: Green Light for Executions". Inter Press Service. February 13, 2008. Archived from the original on February 21, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2017. 
  7. ^ Cochrane, Liam (February 8, 2017). "Antonio Bagnato unlikely to be executed after being sentenced to death in Thailand, experts say". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on July 17, 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2017. 
  8. ^ Scutti, Susan (April 21, 2017). "FDA: Texas lethal injection drugs must be destroyed or exported". CNN. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  9. ^ Hogg, Chris (February 25, 2011). "China ends death penalty for 13 economic crimes". BBC News. Archived from the original on July 22, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Reducing Death Penalty Crimes in China More Symbol Than Substance" (PDF). Dialogue. Dui Hua Foundation (41): 6. 2010. 
  11. ^ Bean, Matt (June 8, 2001). "Lethal injection—the humane alternative?". Court-TV. Archived from the original on June 25, 2001. Retrieved June 25, 2001. 
  12. ^ Fretland, Katie (April 30, 2014). "Botched Oklahoma execution leaves inmate writhing on gurney". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 30, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2017. 
  13. ^ Kantele, Franco; Welsh-Huggins, Andrew (January 18, 2014). "Unclear future for executions after Ohio's longest". Connecticut Post. Archived from the original on January 19, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Botched Executions". Death Penalty Information Centre. Archived from the original on June 10, 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2017. 
  15. ^ Sarat, Austin (April 30, 2014). Gruesome Spectacles: Botched Executions and America's Death Penalty. Stanford University Press. p. 177. ISBN 978-0804791724. 
  16. ^ Van Norman, Gail A (2011). Physician participation in executions. Cambridge University Press. p. 287. ISBN 978-0511855139. 
  17. ^ Liptak, Adam (June 29, 2015). "Supreme Court Allows Use of Execution Drug". The New York Times. p. A1. Archived from the original on July 17, 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Clarence Ray Allen". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 23, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2017. 
  19. ^ a b Villa, Carmen Elena (June 13, 2011). "Dachau Martyr Beatified in Germany". Zenit News Agency. Archived from the original on May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  20. ^ Helm, Sarah (2005). A Life in Secrets: Vera Atkins and the Missing Agents of WWII. New York, US: Anchor Books. p. 51. ISBN 978-1-4000-3140-5. 
  21. ^ Shaw, Rob (November 27, 2011). "Chandler's daughter wanted to say goodbye". The Tampa Tribune. Archived from the original on December 31, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Florida executes killer Martin Grossman". BBC News. February 17, 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2017. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj dk dl dm dn do dp dq dr ds dt du dv dw dx dy dz ea eb ec ed ee ef eg eh ei ej ek el em en eo ep eq er es et eu ev ew ex ey ez fa fb fc fd fe ff fg fh fi "U.S. Executions Since 1976". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on August 2, 2012. Retrieved May 22, 2017. 
  24. ^ "Stephen Wayne Anderson". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  25. ^ White, Jerry (May 5, 1999). "California executes mentally ill Vietnam veteran". World Socialist Web Site. Archived from the original on April 16, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  26. ^ "Wesley Eugene Baker". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on September 2, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2017. 
  27. ^ Coonan, Clifford (March 20, 2006). "Rise of Chinese whizzkid ends in lethal injection". The Independent. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  28. ^ "Donald Jay Beardslee". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 14, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  29. ^ "Earl Wesley Berry". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  30. ^ "William George Bonin". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  31. ^ a b c Helm, Sarah (2005). A Life in Secrets: The Story of Vera Atkins and the Lost Agents of SOE. Abacus. p. 281. ISBN 978-0-349-11936-6. 
  32. ^ Clarke, PJ (April 1, 2012). Lives That Made a Difference. Strategic Book Publishing. p. 248. ISBN 978-1622120147. 
  33. ^ "Delaware Executes Man Who Killed His Parents". The New York Times. April 20, 1996. Archived from the original on January 30, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  34. ^ Zubieta, Celina (February 10, 1998). "GUATEMALA: Prisoner Killed by Lethal Injection". Inter Press Service. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  35. ^ Simpson, Kevin (May 7, 2016). "Execution gave debate new fury". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on May 14, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Philippines executes first prisoner in 23 years". CNN. February 5, 1999. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  37. ^ McCullough, Jolie (January 27, 2016). "Man Who Killed Texas Game Warden Executed". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on June 17, 2017. Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  38. ^ Kuczka, Susan; Karwarth, Rob (May 10, 1994). "All Appeals Fail". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved August 1, 2017. 
  39. ^ McCullough, Jolie (February 16, 2016). "Inmate Executed after 24 Years on Death Row". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on June 17, 2017. Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  40. ^ "Texas executes Juan Martin Garcia for murder in $8 robbery". The Guardian. October 7, 2015. Archived from the original on June 17, 2017. Retrieved June 17, 2017. 
  41. ^ "John Wayne Gacy". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2017. 
  42. ^ Valentine, Paul W. (November 17, 1998). "Convicted Killer Put to Death in Maryland". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved May 22, 2017. 
  43. ^ Milligan, Mandi; Harris, Rodney (29 September 2015). "Kelly Gissendaner executed after 5 hour delay". WMBF News. Archived from the original on 30 September 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  44. ^ Goda, Norma (November 3, 2016). The Holocaust: Europe, the World, and the Jews, 1918 - 1945. Routledge. p. 471. ISBN 978-1315508276. 
  45. ^ a b Weissert, Will (July 1, 2000). "Guatemala executes kidnappers on breakfast TV". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  46. ^ Brumback, Kate (27 January 2015). "Warren Hill Executed Despite Being Labeled Intellectually Disabled". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  47. ^ "James Barney Hubbard". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  48. ^ Barboza, David (November 26, 2009). "Police Officers' Killer, Hero to Some Chinese, Is Executed". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  49. ^ "Johnson, Gregory Scott # 44". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 18, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  50. ^ McDaniel, Chris (16 February 2016). "Georgia Executioners Struggled To Set IVs In Recent Lethal Injections". BuzzFeed. Archived from the original on 17 February 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017. 
  51. ^ "Unknown title". Polish perspectives. 30-31: 64. 1987. 
  52. ^ "Andrew Reid Lackey". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2017. 
  53. ^ "Jeffrey Timothy Landrigan a/k/a Billy Patrick Wayne Hill". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 7, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  54. ^ Blinder, Alan; Fernandez, Manny (April 21, 2017). "Arkansas Puts Ledell Lee to Death, in Its First Execution Since 2005". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved June 3, 2017. 
  55. ^ Kim, Benjamin Kang (September 14, 1999). "China Executes Two For Spying for Taiwan". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on August 1, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  56. ^ "Matheny, Alan Lehman # 65". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
  57. ^ "Timothy James McVeigh". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017. 
  58. ^ "Robert Melson executed in Alabama for '94 triple murder during robbery". CBS News. June 9, 2017. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  59. ^ "Virginia executes William Morva using controversial three-drug mixture". The Guardian. July 7, 2017. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  60. ^ "John B. Nixon Sr". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on April 14, 2013. Retrieved May 17, 2017. 
  61. ^ Singh, Anita (April 29, 2017). "The awful fate of betrayed volunteer who operated behind enemy lines in France". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017. 
  62. ^ Connor, Tracy (September 13, 2017). "Ohio Executes Double Murderer Gary Otte as He Sings Hymn". NBC News. Archived from the original on September 20, 2017. Retrieved September 20, 2017. 
  63. ^ Connor, Tracy (July 26, 2017). "Ronald Phillips Executed in Ohio, Ending Three-Year Break". NBC News. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  64. ^ Stark, Cody (October 13, 2017). "Inmate executed for murder of correctional officer". The Item. Archived from the original on October 16, 2017. Retrieved October 16, 2017. 
  65. ^ "Delaware killer gets last wish -- death". The Baltimore Sun. March 15, 1992. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  66. ^ "Pakistani man executed for CIA killings". CNN. November 15, 2002. Archived from the original on June 4, 2017. Retrieved June 4, 2017. 
  67. ^ "China executes top Chongqing official for corruption". BBC News. July 7, 2010. Archived from the original on April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  68. ^ "Delaware executes five-time killer James Allen Red Dog". United Press International. March 3, 1993. Archived from the original on May 14, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  69. ^ "Michael Bruce Ross". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  70. ^ Topping, Alexandra; Watt, Nicholas; Watts, Jonathan (December 29, 2009). "Fury as China executes British drug smuggler". The Guardian. Archived from the original on November 21, 2016. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  71. ^ "Brian D. "Red" Steckel". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 14, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  72. ^ "Pablo Lucio Vasquez executed: 'Texas Vampire' who murdered boy then drank his blood killed by lethal injection". The Independent. April 7, 2016. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017. 
  73. ^ Ellis, Ralph (July 27, 2014). "Chemical mix and human error lead to controversial executions". CNN. Archived from the original on May 16, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2017. 
  74. ^ Wescott, Lucy (March 22, 2016). "Texas Executes Mentally Ill Man After Multiple Appeals". Newsweek. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017. 
  75. ^ "First Idaho Execution in 36 Years: A Killer Who Used a Baseball Bat". The New York Times. January 7, 1994. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved May 15, 2017. 
  76. ^ McCullough, Jolie (March 9, 2016). "Man Who Killed 5 Executed Wednesday". The Texas Tribune. Archived from the original on June 18, 2017. Retrieved June 18, 2017. 
  77. ^ Dillwood, Trixie (January 12, 2017). "Texas Man Who Called Death Penalty 'No Big Deal' Has Been Executed". CDA News. Archived from the original on July 30, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017. 
  78. ^ "Stanley "Tookie" Williams". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  79. ^ Ford, Dana; Watts, Amanda; Hanna, Jason (July 24, 2014). "Another botched execution? Inmate gasps during two-hour execution". CNN. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2017. 
  80. ^ "Matthew Eric Wrinkles". Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Archived from the original on May 18, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_people_executed_by_lethal_injection&oldid=814630805"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_executed_by_lethal_injection
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "List of people executed by lethal injection"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA