List of ongoing armed conflicts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ongoing armed conflicts in 2018; updated January 2018.

  Major wars, 10,000 or more deaths in current or past year
  Wars, 1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year
  Minor conflicts, 100–999 deaths in current or past year
  Skirmishes and clashes, fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year

The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world and continue to result in violence.

List guidelines

This list of ongoing armed conflicts is for the sole purpose of identifying present-day conflicts and the death toll associated with each conflict. The guidelines of inclusion are:

  • Armed conflicts consist in the use of armed force between two or more organized armed groups, governmental or non-governmental alike.[1] Interstate, intrastate and non-state armed conflicts are listed. For ongoing civil unrest and violence against protesters not escalating into armed conflict, see List of ongoing protests.
  • Fatality figures include battle-related deaths (military and civilian) as well as civilians intentionally targeted by the parties to an armed conflict. Only direct deaths resulting from violence are included for the current and past year; excess deaths indirectly resulting from famine, disease and disruption of services are included along with violent deaths only in the cumulative fatalities count, when available.
  • Listed conflicts are at least 100 cumulative deaths in total and at least 1 death in current or past calendar year.
  • Fatality totals may be underestimated or unavailable due to a lack of information. A figure with a plus sign indicates that at least that many people have died (e.g. 455+ indicates that at least 455 people have died) – the actual toll could be higher.
  • Location refers to the state(s) where the main violence takes place, not to the warring parties. Italics indicate disputed territories and unrecognized states.
  • Only states with ongoing military activity are listed, past states and states where conflicts are no longer active are omitted.
  • Military conflicts that no longer produce deaths are not listed here, but can be found in the historical list of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity.

10,000 or more deaths in current or past year

The 4 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2017 Fatalities in 2018
1978 War in Afghanistan Asia  Afghanistan 1,240,000–2,000,000[2] 23,065[n 1][8] 28[9][10][11][12]
2003 Iraq conflict Asia  Iraq 268,000[13][dubious ] 13,187[13]
2006 Mexican Drug War North America  Mexico 106,000+[14][15][a] 14,771[16][b] 24[17][18]
2011 Syrian Civil War Asia  Syria 312,000–470,000[19][20][21] 39,000[22] 105[23][24]

1,000–9,999 deaths in current or past year

The 14 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1,000 and fewer than 10,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.
Conflicts causing at least 1,000 deaths in one calendar year are considered wars by the Uppsala Conflict Data Program.[25]

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2017 Fatalities in 2018
1948 Internal conflict in Myanmar Asia  Myanmar 130,000[26]–210,000[27] 6,700+[28][29][30][31]
1969 Moro conflict Asia  Philippines 120,000[32] 1,384[n 2] 7[49][50]
1973 Oromo conflict Africa  Ethiopia 1,600–8,900[51] 1,011[52]
1991 Somali Civil War Africa  Somalia
 Kenya
500,000[53] 5,154[52][c] 12[54][55][56][57][58][59][d]
1998 Communal conflicts in Nigeria Africa  Nigeria 17,156[n 3] 1,097[52]
2002 Insurgency in the Maghreb Africa  Algeria
 Burkina Faso
 Libya
 Mali
 Niger
 Tunisia
17,458[61][64][52][65][66] 2,835[52][e]
2003 War in Darfur Africa  Sudan 178,363+[67]–300,000+[68] 1,109[52]
2009 Boko Haram insurgency Africa  Nigeria
 Cameroon
 Niger
 Chad
51,567+[69][70] 3,110[52][f] 48[71][72][73][74][75][76][77][g]
2011 Libyan Crisis Africa  Libya 29,748–42,142[61][78][79][66] 1,564[52]
2011 Yemeni Crisis Asia  Yemen
 Saudi Arabia
19,266+[80][81][82][83][84][85]–45,766[86][87] 1,438[88][89][h] 3[90][i]
2011 Sinai insurgency Africa  Egypt 4,544+[61] 1,342[52] 1[91]
2011 South Kordofan conflict Africa  Sudan 7,000+[61][92] 1,225[52]
2011 Ethnic violence in South Sudan Africa  South Sudan
 Ethiopia
50,000+[n 4] 3,646[52][j]
2012 Central African Republic conflict Africa  Central African Republic 7,000+[61] 1,723[52]

100–999 deaths in current or past year

The 19 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 100 and fewer than 1,000 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2017 Fatalities in 2018
1947 Kashmir conflict (Indo-Pakistani Wars) Asia  India
 Pakistan
44,509[96]–47,000[97] 358[96] 6[96]–12[98][99]
1948 Balochistan conflict Asia  Pakistan
 Iran
20,262–20,562+[100][101][102][103][104] 353[105][106][k] 6[107][l]
1963 Insurgency in Northeast India Asia  India 25,000+[26] 103[108] 1[108]
1967 Naxalite–Maoist insurgency Asia  India 12,843–14,335+[109][110] 333[111] 6[112]
1984 Kurdish–Turkish conflict Asia  Turkey
 Iraq
45,000+[n 5] 740[117][m] 5[118][119][n]
1989 Sectarianism in Pakistan Asia  Pakistan 5,718[120] 231[120]
1996 Allied Democratic Forces insurgency Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 3,320+[61][121][52] 221[121][52]
2004 Kivu conflict Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 11,797+[122][52][121][123] 848[121][123][52]
2004 War in North-West Pakistan Asia  Pakistan 43,150+[124][125][105][126] 514[105] 2[107]
2009 Insurgency in the North Caucasus Europe  Russia 4,047–4,078[127][128][129] 119[n 6]
2009 Sudanese nomadic conflicts Africa  Sudan 5,000+[citation needed] 116[52]
2011 Syrian Civil War spillover in Lebanon Asia  Lebanon 820+[citation needed] 104+[n 7]
2012 Northern Mali conflict Africa  Mali 3,300+[65] 926[52] 1[152]
2013 Insurgency in Egypt Africa  Egypt 739[61][153] 164[52] 2[154]
2013 Batwa-Luba clashes Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 561[61][52] 154[52]
2014 War in Donbass Europe  Ukraine 10,303+[155] 288+[156] 9[157]
2015 Burundian unrest Africa  Burundi 1,137[158] 177[52]
2016 Kamwina Nsapu rebellion Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Angola
726+ 566+[52][o]
2016 Oromo-Somali clashes Africa  Ethiopia 200+ 200+[159]

Fewer than 100 deaths in current or past year

The 22 conflicts in the following list have caused at least 1 and fewer than 100 direct violent deaths in current or past calendar year.

Start of conflict Conflict Continent Location Cumulative fatalities Fatalities in 2017 Fatalities in 2018
1922 Arab separatism in Khuzestan Asia  Iran 200–339[citation needed] 3[160][161]
1946 Kurdish separatism in Iran Asia  Iran 13,100+–35,000[n 8] 20[n 9] 3-6[172]
1960 South Thailand insurgency Asia  Thailand 6,703+[173][174] 44[174]
1963 West Papua conflict Asia  Indonesia 150,000–400,000[n 10] 3[179][180][181]
1965 Israeli–Palestinian conflict Asia  Palestine
 Israel
25,000[182] 89[183] 3[184][185]
1964 Colombian conflict South America  Colombia 220,000[186] 78[187]
1969 CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion Asia  Philippines 43,388+[188] 45[174]
1975 Cabinda War Africa  Angola 30,000[189] 53[52]
1979 Qatif conflict Asia  Saudi Arabia 213–275[citation needed] 12–37[190]
1980 Internal conflict in Peru South America  Peru 70,000[191] 11[n 11]
1982 Casamance conflict Africa  Senegal 5,000[199] 0[52] 13[200]
1987 LRA insurgency Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo
 Central African Republic
100,000+[201] 70[52][p]
1988 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict Asia  Armenia
 Azerbaijan
27,287+[n 12] 27[n 13]
1989 Xinjiang conflict Asia  China 860+[182] 11[n 14]
1989 Internal conflict in Bangladesh Asia  Bangladesh 1,499[223][224] 80[223]
1995 Eritrean–Ethiopian border conflict Africa  Ethiopia 70,000+[225] 79[52][226]
1995 Ogaden insurgency Africa  Ethiopia 1,400–11,000[51] 27[52]
1999 Ituri conflict Africa  Democratic Republic of the Congo 60,000+[227] 32[52]
2004 Conflict in the Niger Delta Africa  Nigeria 2,300+[228][229] 3[52]
2013 RENAMO insurgency Africa  Mozambique 328+[61][230] 50[52]
2015 ISIL insurgency in Tunisia Africa  Tunisia 127-173+[citation needed] 4[52]
2015 Turkey–ISIL conflict Asia  Turkey 346[231] 46[232][233][234]

Deaths by country

This section details armed conflict-related fatalities by country in 2014, 2015 and 2016.

Conflict-related fatalities in the world's 15 deadliest countries in 2014, 2015 and 2016
2014[61][235] 2015[n 15] 2016[n 16] 2017[n 17]
Rank Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths Country Deaths
1  Syria Negative increase76,021  Syria Positive decrease55,219  Syria Positive decrease49,742  Syria Positive decrease39,000
2  South Sudan Negative increase50,000[236]  Afghanistan Negative increase36,345  Iraq Positive decrease23,898  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,065
3  Iraq Negative increase24,000[13][237]  Iraq Negative increase24,113  Afghanistan Positive decrease23,539  Mexico Negative increase14,771
4  Afghanistan Negative increase14,638  Nigeria Positive decrease10,677  Mexico Negative increase12,224  Iraq Positive decrease13,187
5  Nigeria Negative increase11,360  Mexico Negative increase8,122  Somalia Negative increase5,575  Myanmar Negative increase6,700+
6  Mexico Positive decrease7,504[238]  Yemen Negative increase6,425  Nigeria Positive decrease4,684  Somalia Positive decrease4,969
7  Pakistan Positive decrease5,496  Pakistan Positive decrease4,612[239]  Sudan Negative increase3,891  South Sudan Positive decrease3,528
8  Ukraine Negative increase4,771  Ukraine Positive decrease4,344  South Sudan Negative increase3,544  Nigeria Positive decrease3,432
9  Somalia Negative increase4,447  Somalia Positive decrease4,087  Libya Negative increase2,865  Sudan Positive decrease2,450
10  Sudan Positive decrease3,892  South Sudan Positive decrease3,258  Turkey Negative increase2,013  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase1,857
11  Central African Republic Negative increase3,347  Sudan Positive decrease3,216  Pakistan Positive decrease1,803  Central African Republic Negative increase1,757
12  Libya Negative increase2,825  Egypt Negative increase2,836  Egypt Positive decrease1,707  Libya Positive decrease1,564
13  Israel/ Palestine Negative increase2,365  Libya Positive decrease2,706  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,565  Egypt Positive decrease1,506
14  Yemen Negative increase1,500  Democratic Republic of the Congo Negative increase1,699  Yemen Positive decrease1,375  Ethiopia Negative increase1,445
15  Cameroon Negative increase1,366  Cameroon Negative increase1,429  Ethiopia Negative increase1,114  Philippines Negative increase1,429
16  Democratic Republic of the Congo Positive decrease1,235  Niger Negative increase986  Ukraine Positive decrease902  Yemen Positive decrease1,319
17  Egypt Negative increase1,176  Myanmar Negative increase881  India Negative increase893[240]–898[241]  Pakistan Positive decrease1,260[223]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ See [3][4][5][6][7]
  2. ^ [33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41][42][43][40][43][41][44][45][46][47][48]
  3. ^ See [60][61][62][63]
  4. ^ See [61][93][94][95]
  5. ^ See [113][114][115][116]
  6. ^ See [130][131][132][133][134][135][136][137][138][139][140][141]
  7. ^ See [142][143][144][145][146][147][148][149][150][151]
  8. ^ See [162][163][164]
  9. ^ [165][166][167][168][169][170][171]
  10. ^ See [175][176][177][178]
  11. ^ [192][193][194][195][196][197][198]
  12. ^ See [202][203][204][205][206]
  13. ^ See [207][208][209][210][211][212][213][214][215][216][217][218][219][220]
  14. ^ See [221][222]
  15. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[61][64]
  16. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[61][64]
  17. ^ Data for African countries are based on ACLED, excluding riots/protests-related fatalities[61][52]
  1. ^ 80,000 until 2015 or 120,000 until 2013 plus 2016/2017 figures
  2. ^ 55,691 minus 40,920 at the end of 2016
  3. ^ 4,969 in Somalia and 185 in Kenya
  4. ^ 6 in Somalia and 6 in Kenya
  5. ^ 129 in Algeria, 93 in Burkina Faso, 1564 in Libya, 926 in Mali, 101 in Niger, 32 in Tunisia
  6. ^ 2,335 in Nigeria, 404 in Cameroon, 225 in Chad, 145 in Niger
  7. ^ 38 in Nigeria, 10 in Cameroon, 0 in Chad, 0 in Niger
  8. ^ 1,319 in Yemen and 119 in Saudi Arabia
  9. ^ 3 in Yemen and 0 in Saudi Arabia
  10. ^ 3,528 in South Sudan and 118 in Ethiopia
  11. ^ 343 in Pakistan, 10 in Iran
  12. ^ 6 in Pakistan, 0 in Iran
  13. ^ 694 in Turkey and 46 in Iraq
  14. ^ 1 in Turkey and 4 in Iraq
  15. ^ 565 in DRC, 1 in Angola
  16. ^ 36 in DRC, 34 in CAR

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External links

  • Major Episodes of Political Violence 1946–2014 – List of armed conflicts compiled by Dr. Monty G. Marshall, director of the Center for Systemic Peace, based on research sponsored by the Political Instability Task Force.
  • UCDP Conflict EncyclopediaUppsala Conflict Data Program of the Department of Peace and Conflict Research at Uppsala University.
  • Armed Conflicts Report Interactive Map, by Project Ploughshares.
  • Global Conflict Tracker, by the Council on Foreign Relations.
  • CrisisWatch – Monthly bulletin, interactive map and database on ongoing conflicts by the International Crisis Group.
  • Map of the world's conflicts, by IRIN.
  • Global Security coverage of ongoing wars
  • Wars in the world
  • History Guy's coverage of 21st century wars
  • Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research (HIIK)
    • Conflict Barometer – Describes recent trends in conflict development, escalations, and settlements
  • Insight on Conflict – Database on peace-building initiatives in areas of conflict
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