List of oldest banks in continuous operation

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The merchant banker Cornelius Berenberg, a member of the Berenberg family, whose grandfather founded Berenberg Bank in 1590
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena headquarters in Siena today

This list of the oldest banks includes financial institutions in continuous operation, operating with the same legal identity without interruption since their establishment until the present time.

While there are seven banks founded in the 17th century still remaining and 16 banks founded in the 18th century, the list is topped by the only three banks founded in the 15th and 16th centuries, Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, Banco di Napoli and Berenberg Bank. Monte dei Paschi di Siena was founded as a mount of piety in 1472 and today is one of Italy's largest retail banks. Banco di Napoli, being the strongest bank in Italy after its unification in 1861[1], was responsible for the issuance of the currency of the Kingdom of Italy for 65 years. Berenberg Bank is the world's oldest merchant bank and private bank and was founded in 1590, and is still owned by the descendants of its founders, the Berenberg family.

Banks established before 1600

Year Company Country (modern) Notes
1472 Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena Italy Italy The result of several mergers, the oldest of which tracing its history to a mount of piety founded in 1472
1539 Banco di Napoli Italy Italy Founded in 1539 in Naples as Mount of Piety; in 1794 merger of this and other 7 Naples banks later founded between 1587 and 1640.
1590 Berenberg Bank Germany Germany The oldest bank operating continuously with the same legal identity; the oldest merchant bank

Banks established in the 17th century

Year Company Country (modern) Notes
1664 Child & Co. England England
1668 Sveriges Riksbank Sweden Sweden The world's oldest central bank
1672 C. Hoare & Co England England
1674 Metzler Bank Germany Germany
1690 Barclays England England
1692 Coutts England England
1694 Bank of England England England
1695 Bank of Scotland Scotland Scotland

Banks established in the 18th century

Year Company Country (modern)
1702 Caja Madrid Spain Spain
1717 Drummonds Bank United Kingdom United Kingdom
1727 Royal Bank of Scotland United Kingdom United Kingdom
1737 Van Lanschot Netherlands Netherlands
1747 Banque Nagelmackers Belgium Belgium
1760 Banque Courtois France France
1765 Lloyds Bank United Kingdom United Kingdom
1774 Fürstlich Castell'sche Bank Germany Germany
1780 Landolt & Cie Switzerland Switzerland
1782 Bank of Spain Spain Spain
1783 Bank of Ireland Republic of Ireland Ireland
1784 The Bank of New York Mellon United States United States
1785 Trinkaus & Burkhardt Germany Germany
1786 Hottinger & Cie France France
1787 La Roche & Co. Switzerland Switzerland
1787 Raphaels Bank United Kingdom United Kingdom
1789 Sal. Oppenheim Germany Germany
1792 State Street Corporation United States United States
1796 Hauck & Aufhäuser Germany Germany
1796 Lombard Odier & Cie Switzerland Switzerland
1798 Donner & Reuschel Germany Germany
1798 M. M. Warburg & Co. Germany Germany

Banks established in the 19th century

Year Company Country (modern)
1800 Banque de France France France
1804 Schroders United Kingdom United Kingdom
1805 Pictet & Cie Switzerland Switzerland
1806 State Bank of India India India
1808 Banco do Brasil Brazil Brazil
1810 Brown, Shipley & Co. United Kingdom United Kingdom
1811 N M Rothschild & Sons United Kingdom United Kingdom
1811 Bank of Finland Finland Finland
1812 Citibank United States United States
1812 Sparkasse Schwyz Switzerland Switzerland
1814 De Nederlandsche Bank Netherlands Netherlands
1815 Banque Bonhôte Switzerland Switzerland
1817 SNS Bank Netherlands Netherlands
1817 Bank of Montreal Canada Canada
1817 Bank of New South Wales Australia Australia
1818 Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. United States United States
1818 Groupe Caisse d'Épargne France France
1818 Berliner Sparkasse Germany Germany
1818 Danmarks Nationalbank Denmark Denmark
1819 Mirabaud & Cie Switzerland Switzerland
1819 Erste Bank Austria Austria
1820 Nordea Sweden Sweden, Finland Finland
1820 Swedbank Sweden Sweden
1820 Institution for Savings United States United States
1822 Bank of the Province of Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina
1822 DNB (as Christiania Sparebank) Norway Norway
1824 Stadtsparkasse München Germany Germany
1825 Česká spořitelna Czech Republic Czech Republic
1826 AEK Bank 1826 Switzerland Switzerland
1827 Hamburger Sparkasse Germany Germany
1828 Bankhaus Spängler Austria Austria
1828 De Curaçaosche Bank Curaçao Curaçao
1828 Citizens Financial Group United States United States
1828 Centreville Bank United States United States
1828 Javasche Bank Indonesia Indonesia
1829 Clientis Caisse d’Epargne CEC Switzerland Switzerland
1831 Dedham Institution for Savings United States United States
1831 National Grand Bank United States United States
1832 Wilmington Savings Fund Society United States United States
1832 Scotiabank Canada Canada
1834 Bank BSU Switzerland Switzerland
1834 Old National Bank United States United States
1835 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Australia Australia
1836 The Honesdale National Bank United States United States
1838 Ballston Spa National Bank United States United States
1838 Clydesdale Bank United Kingdom United Kingdom
1838 First National Bank South Africa South Africa
1838 Mauritius Commercial Bank Mauritius Mauritius
1839 Provident Bank of New Jersey United States United States
1840 Montepio Portugal Portugal
1841 National Bank of Greece Greece Greece
1841 Sberbank Russia Russia
1844 Bordier & Cie Switzerland Switzerland
1844 Caixa de Barcelona (now CaixaBank) Spain Spain
1852 PNC Bank United States United States
1847 Auckland Savings Bank New Zealand New Zealand
1846 Banco de Portugal Portugal Portugal
1848 Lazard United States United States
1849 Oddo et Cie France France
1849 Hoerner Bank Germany Germany
1849 Australian Mutual Provident Society Australia Australia
1850 Spar- und Leihkasse Bucheggberg Switzerland Switzerland
1850 Bank Sparhafen Zürich Switzerland Switzerland
1850 Volksbank Austria Austria
1851 Essex Savings Bank United States United States
1851 Bank of the Philippine Islands Philippines Philippines
1852 Crédit Foncier de France France France States
1852 Wells Fargo United States United States
1853 Beneficial Bank United States United States
1854 Newburyport Five Cents Savings Bank United States United States
1854 UBS Switzerland Switzerland
1855 Salem Five Cents Bank United States United States
1856 Credit Suisse Switzerland Switzerland
1856 Banque et Caisse d'Épargne de l'État Luxembourg Luxembourg
1856 Ottoman Bank Turkey Turkey
1856 M&T Bank United States United States
1856 Regions Financial Corporation – 1st National Bank of Huntsville, 1856, Union Planters, 1869 United States United States
1857 Santander Spain Spain
1857 Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria Spain Spain
1858 Fifth Third Bank United States United States
1858 Bendigo Bank Australia Australia
1858 Standard Chartered British Raj British India
1859 National Bank of Canada Canada Canada
1860 State Bank of the Russian Empire Russia Russia
1861 Caixa Econômica Federal Brazil Brazil
1861 Bank of New Zealand New Zealand New Zealand
1861 Associated Bank United States United States
1862 Bank Spółdzielczy w Brodnicy Poland Poland
1862 Standard Bank South Africa South Africa
1863 Crédit Lyonnais France France
1863 Ziraat Bankası Turkey Turkey
1864 First Horizon National Corporation – First National Bank, 1864 United States United States
1864 Royal Bank of Canada Canada Canada
1864 Société Générale France France
1864 CEC Bank Romania Romania
1864 Banco de Londres y México Mexico Mexico
1865 HSBC (The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Limited) Hong Kong Hong Kong
1865 Allahabad Bank India India
1867 Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce Canada Canada
1868 Busey Bank United States United States
1868 Vojvođanska banka Serbia Serbia
1868 Sandy Spring Bank United States United States
1868 Oldenburgische Landesbank Germany Germany
1868 The Bank of Edwardsville United States United States
1868 Živnostenská banka Czech Republic Czech Republic
1869 Goldman Sachs United States United States
1869 Mellon Bank (as T. Mellon & Sons' Bank) United States United States
1870 Banco de Bogotá Colombia Colombia
1870 Bank Handlowy Poland Poland
1870 Commerzbank Germany Germany
1870 Deutsche Bank Germany Germany
1870 Dominick & Dominick United States United States
1871 Banco Nacional de Bolivia Bolivia Bolivia
1871 Danske Bank Denmark Denmark
1871 Handelsbanken Sweden Sweden
1871 Wayne Bank United States United States
1872 BB&T United States United States
1873 The Daishi Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1873 Zions Bank United States United States
1874 Bank of Queensland Australia Australia
1875 Toowoomba Permanent Building Society Australia Australia
1875 Standard Chartered Bank Malaysia Malaysia
1876 Pharaon & Chiha Bank Lebanon Lebanon
1876 Caixa Geral de Depósitos Portugal Portugal
1877 POSB Bank Singapore Singapore
1877 Banco de Costa Rica Costa Rica Costa Rica
1877 QNB Bank United States United States
1877 The Juroku Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1877 The Eighteenth Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1878 Close Brothers Group United Kingdom United Kingdom
1878 Bank of the City of Buenos Aires Argentina Argentina
1878 The Hyakujushi Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1878 The 77 Bank Japan Japan
1878 The Hyakugo Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1879 Bulgarian National Bank Bulgaria Bulgaria
1879 Kakegawa Shinkin Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1880 National Bank of Romania Romania Romania
1881 Oppenheimer United States United States
1881 Banc Sabadell Spain Spain
1881 Bank of Clarke County United States United States
1882 Crédit Mutuel France France
1882 Bank of Japan Japan Japan
1883 Bank Mendes Gans Netherlands Netherlands
1883 Hancock Bank United States United States
1884 National Bank of Serbia Serbia Serbia
1884 Banque de Tunisie Tunisia Tunisia
1884 Banco Nacional de Mexico Mexico Mexico
1885 Sage Bank United States United States
1886 Gaudenzio Sella & C., (the current Banca Sella Group) Italy Italy
1886 E. Gutzwiller & Cie. Banquiers Switzerland Switzerland
1886 Banco Francés del Río de la Plata Argentina Argentina
1889 Bryn Mawr Trust United States United States
1889 Northern Trust United States United States
1889 First National Bank of Berryville United States United States
1890 Banco de Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela
1891 Banco de la Nación Argentina Argentina Argentina
1893 Banca d'Italia Italy Italy
1893 Banco de Chile Chile Chile
1893 Blue Ridge Bank United States United States
1893 National Australia Bank Australia Australia
1894 First Bank of Nigeria Nigeria Nigeria
1895 Punjab National Bank India India
1895 Agricultural Bank of Western Australia Australia Australia
1895 Bank Rakyat Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia
1896 The Awa Bank (ja) Japan Japan
1896 Banco de la República Oriental del Uruguay Uruguay Uruguay
1896 Kenya Commercial Bank Group Kenya Kenya
1898 National Bank of Egypt (as Ottoman Empire Bank) Egypt Egypt
1899 Bank of Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
1899 Fukui Bank (ja) Japan Japan

See also


  1. ^ Alessandro Gioffrè d'Ambra and others Reggio Centro del Mediterraneo - un excursus storico di 3500 anni, Club UNESCO 'Re Italo', Provincia di Reggio, Tipografia Enotria, Reggio di Calabria, May 2014
  • Manfred Pohl, Sabine Freitag, Handbook on the History of European Banks, European Association for Banking History, 1994
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