List of oldest banks in continuous operation

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The merchant banker Cornelius Berenberg, a member of the Berenberg family, whose grandfather founded Berenberg Bank in 1590
Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena headquarters in Siena today

This list of the oldest banks includes financial institutions in continuous operation, operating with the same legal identity without interruption since their establishment until the present time.

Depending on the definition, the world's oldest bank is either Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena or Berenberg Bank. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena was founded in its present form in 1624, but traces its history to a mount of piety founded in 1472. The Berenberg company was founded in 1590 and has operated continuously ever since with the same family as owners or major co-owners. Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena is today a large Italian retail bank, while Berenberg Bank is primarily involved in investment banking and private banking for wealthy customers. The world's oldest central bank which was founded in 1668 is the Sveriges Riksbank.

Banks established before 1600

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes


Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena Siena


 Italy Tracing its history to a mount of piety founded in 1472, but founded in its present form in 1624
1590 Berenberg Bank  Hamburg  Germany The oldest bank operating continuously with the same legal identity; the oldest merchant bank

Banks established in the 17th century

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1668 Sveriges Riksbank  Sweden  Sweden The world's oldest central bank
1672 C. Hoare & Co  England  United Kingdom The oldest British bank
1674 Metzler Bank Frankfurt  Germany
1690 Barclays  England  United Kingdom
1692 Coutts  England  United Kingdom
1694 Bank of England  England  United Kingdom
1695 Bank of Scotland  Scotland  United Kingdom

Banks established in the 18th century

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1702 Caja Madrid  Castile  Spain
1717 Drummonds Bank  Great Britain  United Kingdom
1727 Royal Bank of Scotland  Great Britain  United Kingdom
1737 Van Lanschot  Dutch Republic  Netherlands
1747 Banque Nagelmackers Liège  Belgium
1760 Banque Courtois  France  France
1765 Lloyds Bank  Great Britain  United Kingdom
1774 Fürstlich Castell'sche Bank Würzburg  Germany
1780 Landolt & Cie Neuchâtel   Switzerland
1782 Bank of Spain  Spain  Spain
1783 Bank of Ireland  Ireland  Ireland
1784 The Bank of New York  United States  United States Oldest US bank tracing to its original incorporation, without resorting to an acquired predeecessor
1785 Trinkaus & Burkhardt Palatinate  Germany
1786 Hottinger & Cie  France   Switzerland
1787 La Roche & Co. Basel   Switzerland
1787 Raphaels Bank  Great Britain  United Kingdom
1789 Sal. Oppenheim Cologne  Germany Acquired by Deutsche Bank, which began shutting it down as a separate entity in 2017
1792 State Street Corporation  United States  United States Age dated to predecessor Union Bank
1796 Hauck & Aufhäuser Frankfurt  Germany
1796 Lombard Odier & Cie  Geneva   Switzerland
1798 Donner & Reuschel  Hamburg  Germany
1798 M. M. Warburg & Co.  Hamburg  Germany
1799 The Manhattan Company  United States  United States Reverse merged with Chase National, retaining the Manhattan charter, but later acquired by Chemical Bank. While Chemical renamed itself Chase Manhattan, the direct corporate lineage was Chemical's

Banks established in the 19th century

Year Company Country (historic) Country (modern) Notes
1800 Banque de France  France  France
1804 Schroders  United Kingdom  United Kingdom
1805 Pictet & Cie  Geneva   Switzerland
1806 State Bank of India Calcutta  India
1808 Banco do Brasil  Brazil  Brazil
1810 Brown, Shipley & Co.  United Kingdom  United Kingdom
1811 N M Rothschild & Sons  United Kingdom  United Kingdom
1811 Bank of Finland  Finland  Finland
1812 Citibank  United States  United States Originally City Bank of New York and then National City Bank of New York.
1812 Sparkasse Schwyz  Schwyz   Switzerland
1814 De Nederlandsche Bank  Netherlands  Netherlands
1815 Banque Bonhôte Neuchâtel   Switzerland
1817 SNS Bank  Netherlands  Netherlands
1817 Bank of Montreal  Lower Canada  Canada
1817 Bank of New South Wales New South Wales  Australia
1818 Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.  United States  United States
1818 Groupe Caisse d'Épargne  France  France
1818 Berliner Sparkasse  Prussia  Germany
1818 Danmarks Nationalbank  Denmark  Denmark
1819 Mirabaud & Cie  Geneva   Switzerland
1819 Erste Bank  Austria  Austria
1820 Nordea  Sweden  Sweden
1820 Swedbank  Sweden  Sweden
1820 Institution for Savings  United States  United States
1822 Bank of the Province of Buenos Aires  Argentina  Argentina
1822 DNB  Norway  Norway as Christiania Sparebank
1824 Stadtsparkasse München  Bavaria  Germany
1825 Česká spořitelna  Bohemia  Czech Republic
1826 AEK Bank 1826  Bern   Switzerland
1827 Hamburger Sparkasse  Hamburg  Germany
1828 Bankhaus Spängler  Austria  Austria
1828 De Curaçaosche Bank Curaçao  Curaçao
1828 Citizens Financial Group  United States  United States
1828 Centreville Bank  United States  United States
1828 Javasche Bank  Dutch East Indies  Indonesia
1829 Clientis Caisse d’Epargne CEC  Bern   Switzerland
1831 Dedham Institution for Savings  United States  United States
1831 National Grand Bank  United States  United States
1832 Wilmington Savings Fund Society  United States  United States
1832 Scotiabank  Lower Canada  Canada
1834 Bank BSU  Zürich   Switzerland
1834 Old National Bank  United States  United States
1835 Australia and New Zealand Banking Group  British Empire  Australia
1836 The Honesdale National Bank  United States  United States
1838 Ballston Spa National Bank  United States  United States
1838 Clydesdale Bank  United Kingdom  United Kingdom
1838 First National Bank  Cape Colony  South Africa
1838 Mauritius Commercial Bank  British Empire  Mauritius
1839 Provident Bank of New Jersey  United States  United States
1840 Montepio  Portugal  Portugal
1841 National Bank of Greece  Greece  Greece
1841 Sberbank  Russia  Russia
1844 Bordier & Cie  Geneva   Switzerland
1844 CaixaBank  Spain  Spain as Caixa de Barcelona
1847 Auckland Savings Bank New Zealand  New Zealand
1846 Banco de Portugal  Portugal  Portugal
1848 Lazard  United States  United States
1849 Oddo et Cie  France  France
1849 Hoerner Bank  Baden  Germany
1849 Australian Mutual Provident Society New South Wales  Australia
1850 Spar- und Leihkasse Bucheggberg   Switzerland   Switzerland
1850 Bank Sparhafen Zürich   Switzerland   Switzerland
1850 Volksbank  Austria  Austria
1851 Essex Savings Bank  United States  United States
1852 PNC Bank  United States  United States
1851 Bank of the Philippine Islands  Philippines  Philippines
1852 Crédit Foncier de France  France  France
1852 Wells Fargo  United States  United States
1853 Beneficial Bank  United States  United States
1854 Newburyport Five Cents Savings Bank  United States  United States
1854 UBS   Switzerland   Switzerland
1855 Salem Five Cents Bank  United States  United States
1856 Credit Suisse   Switzerland   Switzerland
1856 Banque et Caisse d'Épargne de l'État  Luxembourg  Luxembourg
1856 Ottoman Bank  Ottoman Empire  Turkey
1856 M&T Bank  United States  United States


Regions Bank  United States  United States as 1st National Bank of Huntsville

as Union Planters

1857 Santander  Spain  Spain
1857 Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentaria  Spain  Spain
1858 Fifth Third Bank  United States  United States
1858 Bendigo Bank Victoria  Australia
1858 Standard Chartered British Raj  India
1859 National Bank of Canada  Canada  Canada
1860 State Bank of the Russian Empire  Russia  Russia
1861 Caixa Econômica Federal  Brazil  Brazil
1861 Bank of New Zealand New Zealand  New Zealand
1861 Associated Bank  United States  United States
1862 Bank Spółdzielczy w Brodnicy  Prussia  Poland
1862 Standard Bank  Cape Colony  South Africa
1863 Crédit Lyonnais  France  France
1863 Ziraat Bankası  Ottoman Empire  Turkey
1864 First Horizon National Corporation  United States  United States as First National Bank
1864 Royal Bank of Canada  Canada  Canada
1864 Société Générale  France  France
1864 CEC Bank  Wallachia  Romania
1864 Banco de Londres y México  Mexico  Mexico
1865 HSBC Hong Kong  Hong Kong
1865 Allahabad Bank British Raj  India
1867 Bank of Stockton  United States  United States
1867 Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce  Canada  Canada
1868 Busey Bank  United States  United States
1868 Vojvođanska banka  Hungary  Serbia
1868 Sandy Spring Bank  United States  United States
1868 Oldenburgische Landesbank  Oldenburg  Germany
1868 The Bank of Edwardsville  United States  United States
1868 Živnostenská banka  Bohemia  Czech Republic
1869 Goldman Sachs  United States  United States
1869 Mellon Bank  United States  United States as T. Mellon & Sons' Bank
1870 Banco de Bogotá  Colombia  Colombia
1870 Bank Handlowy  Poland  Poland
1870 Commerzbank  Prussia  Germany
1870 Deutsche Bank  Prussia  Germany
1870 Dominick & Dominick  United States  United States
1871 Banco Nacional de Bolivia  Bolivia  Bolivia
1871 Danske Bank  Denmark  Denmark
1871 Handelsbanken  Sweden  Sweden
1871 Wayne Bank  United States  United States
1872 BB&T  United States  United States
1873 The Daishi Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1873 Zions Bank  United States  United States
1874 Bank of Queensland  Queensland  Australia
1875 Toowoomba Permanent Building Society  Queensland  Australia
1875 Standard Chartered Bank  Straits Settlements  Malaysia
1876 Pharaon & Chiha Bank  Ottoman Empire  Lebanon
1876 Caixa Geral de Depósitos  Portugal  Portugal
1877 POSB Bank  Straits Settlements  Singapore
1877 Banco de Costa Rica  Costa Rica  Costa Rica
1877 QNB Bank  United States  United States
1877 The Juroku Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1877 The Eighteenth Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1878 Close Brothers Group  United Kingdom  United Kingdom
1878 Bank of the City of Buenos Aires  Argentina  Argentina
1878 The Hyakujushi Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1878 The 77 Bank  Japan  Japan
1878 The Hyakugo Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1879 Bulgarian National Bank  Bulgaria  Bulgaria
1879 Kakegawa Shinkin Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1880 National Bank of Romania  Romania  Romania
1881 Oppenheimer  United States  United States
1881 Banc Sabadell  Spain  Spain
1881 Bank of Clarke County  United States  United States
1882 Crédit Mutuel  France  France
1882 Bank of Japan  Japan  Japan
1883 Bank Mendes Gans  Netherlands  Netherlands
1883 Hancock Bank  United States  United States
1884 National Bank of Serbia  Serbia  Serbia
1884 Banque de Tunisie  Tunisia  Tunisia
1884 Banco Nacional de Mexico  Mexico  Mexico
1885 HSBC El Salvador  El Salvador  El Salvador
1886 Banca Sella Group  Italy  Italy as Gaudenzio Sella & C.
1886 E. Gutzwiller & Cie. Banquiers   Switzerland   Switzerland
1886 Banco Francés del Río de la Plata  Argentina  Argentina
1888 Powell Valley National Bank  United States  United States
1889 Bryn Mawr Trust  United States  United States
1889 Northern Trust  United States  United States
1889 First National Bank of Berryville  United States  United States
1890 Banco de Venezuela  Venezuela  Venezuela
1891 Banco de la Nación Argentina  Argentina  Argentina
1893 Banca d'Italia  Italy  Italy
1893 Banco de Chile  Chile  Chile
1893 Blue Ridge Bank  United States  United States
1893 National Australia Bank  Victoria  Australia
1894 First Bank of Nigeria Lagos Colony  Nigeria
1895 Punjab National Bank  British Raj  India
1895 Agricultural Bank of Western Australia  Western Australia  Australia
1895 Bank Rakyat Indonesia  Dutch East Indies  Indonesia
1896 The Awa Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan
1896 Banco de la República Oriental del Uruguay  Uruguay  Uruguay
1896 Kenya Commercial Bank Group  British East Africa  Kenya
1898 National Bank of Egypt  Egypt  Egypt as Ottoman Empire Bank
1899 Bank of Cyprus Cyprus  Cyprus
1899 Fukui Bank (ja)  Japan  Japan

See also


  • Manfred Pohl, Sabine Freitag, Handbook on the History of European Banks, European Association for Banking History, 1994
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