List of municipalities in Yukon

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Map of Canada with Yukon highlighted in red
Location of Yukon in Canada
Map showing locations of all municipalities of Yukon
Distribution of Yukon's eight municipalities by type

Yukon is the least populous of Canada's three territories with 35,874 residents as of 2016.[1] It is the smallest territory in land area at 474,713 km2 (183,288 sq mi).[2] Yukon's eight municipalities cover only 0.2% of the territory's land mass[a] but are home to 80.9% of its population.[2][1][4]

Municipal governments are created by the Government of Yukon in accordance with the Municipal Act of 2001.[5] Municipal governments provide "jurisdiction services, facilities, or things that a local government considers necessary or desirable for all or part of its community".[5] Classifications of municipalities under the Municipal Act include cities and towns.[5] Whitehorse is the capital of Yukon and its only city. The remaining seven municipalities are towns, of which four were villages that were continued as towns upon adoption of the 2001 Municipal Act.[5]

Over two-thirds of the population of Yukon (25,085 residents; 69.9%) reside in Whitehorse, the largest municipality in the territory.[1] It is also the largest municipality by land area at 416.54 km2 (160.83 sq mi).[1] The smallest municipality by population is Teslin, with 124 residents, while the smallest by land area is Mayo at 1.06 km2 (0.41 sq mi).[1]

Cities

Whitehorse on the Yukon River
Whitehorse, Yukon's capital city and largest municipality

A proposal to incorporate a community as a city can be initiated under the Municipal Act at the request of Yukon's Minister of Community Services, a municipal council, or a minimum 30% of residents that are eligible electors if the community has an estimated population over 2,500.[5] Cities must elect a mayor and six councillors (in the case of Whitehorse), or a mayor and eight councillors if authorized by bylaw, for a three-year term.[5] The only city in Yukon is Whitehorse, which is the largest of the three cities in Northern Canada's three territories. It had a population of 25,085 residents and a land area of 416.54 km2 (160.83 sq mi) in the 2016 Census.[1] The City of Dawson is a former city in Yukon that now has town status but is permitted to retain "city" in its official name.[5]

Towns

Dawson City on the Yukon River
View of Dawson City with the Yukon River

A proposal to incorporate a community as a town can be initiated under the Municipal Act at the request of the Minister of Community Services, a municipal council, or a minimum 30% of residents that are eligible electors if the community has an estimated population over 300.[5] Towns must elect a mayor and four councilors, or a mayor and five to seven councillors if authorized by bylaw, for a three-year term.[5]

All municipalities that were villages prior to the adoption of the 2001 Municipal Act were continued as towns but were permitted to retain "village" in their official names.[5] Yukon has seven towns. Dawson City is the territory's largest town by population with 1,375 residents and Faro is the largest by land area 203.57 km2 (78.60 sq mi).[1] Teslin is the smallest town by population at 124 residents while Mayo is the smallest by land area at 1.06 km2 (0.41 sq mi).[1]

List of municipalities

Name Status[4] Official name Incorporation date[6] 2016 Census of Population[1]
Population (2016) Population (2011) Change Land area (km²) Population density
Carmacks Town Village of Carmacks November 1, 1984 493 503 −2.0% 36.95 13.3/km2
Dawson Town City of Dawson January 9, 1902 1,375 1,319 +4.2% 32.45 42.4/km2
Faro Town Town of Faro June 13, 1969 348 344 +1.2% 203.57 1.7/km2
Haines Junction Town Village of Haines Junction October 1, 1984 613 593 +3.4% 34.49 17.8/km2
Mayo Town Village of Mayo June 1, 1984 200 226 −11.5% 1.06 188.7/km2
Teslin Town Village of Teslin August 1, 1984 124 122 +1.6% 1.92 64.6/km2
Watson Lake Town Town of Watson Lake April 1, 1984 790 802 −1.5% 6.11 129.3/km2
Whitehorse City City of Whitehorse June 1, 1950 25,085 23,276 +7.8% 416.54 60.2/km2
Total municipalities 29,028 27,185 +6.8% 733.09 39.6/km2
Territory of Yukon 35,874 33,897 +5.8% 474,712.68 0.08/km2

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The remaining 99.8% of Yukon's land mass comprises two unincorporated hamlets, four unorganized areas, four Indian settlements, four self-governments (Indian reserves), thirteen unincorporated settlements and a Teslin land claim.[3] Unorganized Yukon, one of the four unorganized areas, accounts for the vast majority of the territory's land mass, at 98.1%,[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Yukon)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Yukon Communities". Yukon Government: Department of Community Services. November 7, 2013. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Municipal Act" (PDF) (PDF). Government of Yukon. 2002. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Association of Yukon Communities Incorporation Dates". Association of Yukon Communities. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 

External links

  • Yukon Government: Department of Community Services
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