List of municipalities in Nunavut

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Map of Canada with Nunavut highlighted in red
Location of Nunavut in Canada
Map showing locations of all municipalities of Nunavut
Distribution of Nunavut's 25 municipalities by type

Nunavut is the second-least populous of Canada's three territories with 35,944 residents as of 2016, but the largest territory in land area[a] at 1,877,779 km2 (725,015 sq mi).[1] Nunavut's 25 municipalities cover only 0.2% of the territory's land mass[b] but are home to 99.83% of its population.[c][1][3][4]

Municipalities are created by the Government of Nunavut in accordance with the 2003 Cities, Towns and Villages Act (CTVA) and the 2003 Hamlets Act,[5][6] which are statutes of the neighbouring Northwest Territories.[d] According to the CTVA, a municipality is an "area within the boundaries of a municipal corporation, as described in the order establishing or continuing the municipal corporation" where a municipal corporation is either a city, town or village.[5] According to the Hamlets Act, a municipality is similarly an "area within the boundaries of a hamlet, as described in the order establishing or continuing the hamlet". All of Nunavut's 25 municipalities are hamlets except for the City of Iqaluit,[4] which is the territory's capital.

The largest municipality by population in Nunavut is Iqaluit with 7,740 residents, home to 21.5% of the territory's population.[3] The smallest municipality by population is Grise Fiord with 129 residents.[3] The largest municipality by land area is Kugluktuk, which spans 549.65 km2 (212.22 sq mi), while the smallest is Kimmirut at 2.27 km2 (0.88 sq mi).[3]

Cities

An application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a city under the CTVA of the Northwest Territories[d] at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[5] The proposed city must have a minimum assessed land value of $200 million or an exception made by the Minister.[5] Iqaluit is the only city in Nunavut, with 7,740 residents and a land area of 52.50 km2 (20.27 sq mi) in 2011.[3] It incorporated as a city on April 19, 2001.[11]

Towns

Although Nunavut has no municipalities with town status, the CTVA provides opportunity to incorporate a town. A town can be incorporated at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[5] The proposed town must have a minimum assessed land value of $50 million or an exception made by the Minister.[5] Iqaluit held town status between 1980 and 2001.[12]

Villages

Nunavut has no villages, but like town status the CTVA provides opportunity to incorporate a village. A village can be incorporated at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[5] The proposed village must have a minimum assessed land value of $10 million or an exception made by the Minister.[5] Iqaluit held village status between 1974 and 1980.[12]

Hamlets

At the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs, an application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a hamlet under the Hamlets Act of the Northwest Territories.[d][6] Unlike cities, towns and villages, the incorporation of hamlets are not conditioned by a prescribed minimum assessed land value.[6]

Nunavut has 24 hamlets. The largest hamlet by population is Rankin Inlet, with 2,842 residents, and the smallest is Grise Fiord, with 129 residents.[3] The largest hamlet by land area is Kugluktuk, which spans 549.65 km2 (212.22 sq mi), while the smallest is Kimmirut, at 2.27 km2 (0.88 sq mi).[3]

List of municipalities

Skyline of Iqaluit
Iqaluit, Nunavut's capital city and largest municipality
Downtown Rankin Inlet
Rankin Inlet, Nunavut's second-largest municipality, largest hamlet and runner-up in the 1995 capital city plebiscite
Churches in Arviat
Nunavut's third-largest municipality and second-largest hamlet is Arviat.
Baker Lake in autumn
Baker Lake is the fourth-largest municipality in Nunavut.
Name Status[4] 2016 Census of Population[3]
Population (2016) Population (2011) Change Land area (km²) Population density
Arctic Bay Hamlet 868 823 +5.5% 247.50 3.5/km2
Arviat Hamlet 2,657 2,318 +14.6% 132.07 20.1/km2
Baker Lake Hamlet 2,069 1,872 +10.5% 182.22 11.4/km2
Cambridge Bay Hamlet 1,766 1,608 +9.8% 202.35 8.7/km2
Cape Dorset Hamlet 1,441 1,363 +5.7% 9.74 147.9/km2
Chesterfield Inlet Hamlet 437 313 +39.6% 141.10 3.1/km2
Clyde River Hamlet 1,053 934 +12.7% 106.55 9.9/km2
Coral Harbour Hamlet 891 834 +6.8% 137.91 6.5/km2
Gjoa Haven Hamlet 1,324 1,279 +3.5% 28.47 46.5/km2
Grise Fiord Hamlet 129 130 −0.8% 332.70 0.4/km2
Hall Beach Hamlet 848 736 +15.2% 16.82 50.4/km2
Igloolik Hamlet 1,682 1,454 +15.7% 103.01 16.3/km2
Iqaluit City 7,740 6,699 +15.5% 52.50 147.4/km2
Kimmirut Hamlet 389 455 −14.5% 2.27 171.4/km2
Kugaaruk Hamlet 933 771 +21.0% 4.97 187.7/km2
Kugluktuk Hamlet 1,491 1,450 +2.8% 549.65 2.7/km2
Naujaat[e] Hamlet 1,082 945 +14.5% 424.27 2.6/km2
Pangnirtung Hamlet 1,481 1,425 +3.9% 7.77 190.6/km2
Pond Inlet Hamlet 1,617 1,549 +4.4% 173.36 9.3/km2
Qikiqtarjuaq Hamlet 598 520 +15.0% 130.71 4.6/km2
Rankin Inlet Hamlet 2,842 2,577 +10.3% 20.24 140.4/km2
Resolute Hamlet 198 214 −7.5% 116.89 1.7/km2
Sanikiluaq Hamlet 882 812 +8.6% 114.94 7.7/km2
Taloyoak Hamlet 1,029 899 +14.5% 37.65 27.3/km2
Whale Cove Hamlet 435 407 +6.9% 283.66 1.5/km2
Total municipalities 35,882 32,387 +10.8% 3,559.32 10.1/km2
Territory of Nunavut 35,944 32,397[f] +10.9% 1,877,778.53 0.02/km2

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Nunavut also has a larger land area than any of Canada's ten provinces.[1]
  2. ^ The remaining 99.8% of Nunavut's land mass comprises three small unincorporated settlements (0.015%) and three vast unorganized areas (99.796%).[2][3]
  3. ^ The remaining 0.19%, or 62 residents live in the unincorporated settlement of Umingmaktok.[3]
  4. ^ a b c Nunavut was created from a portion of the Northwest Territories (NWT) on April 1, 1999. The Nunavut Act of 1993, which created the territory, provided for statutes and regulations of the NWT that were in force on March 31, 1999 to also be in force for Nunavut,[7][8] including the 1988 Cities, Towns and Villages Act and the 1988 Hamlets Act.[9] The Government of Nunavut subsequently amended these acts in 2003.[10]
  5. ^ Repulse Bay was officially renamed Naujaat on July 2, 2015.[13]
  6. ^ Statistics Canada published the 2011 population of Nunavut as 31,906.[1] It subsequently published amended population counts for three of Nunavut's census subdivisions. The population of 32,397 reflects the amended population counts for Hall Beach (amended from 546 to 736), Nanisivik (amended from 10 to 0) and Rankin Inlet (amended from 2,266 to 2,577).[14]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. February 6, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "List of municipalities – Nunavut". Canada Revenue Agency. September 6, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cities, Towns and Villages Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. October 1, 2013. pp. 2–3 and 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "Hamlets Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. October 1, 2013. pp. 16 and 18–19. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 12, 2014. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Nunavut Legislation". Law Library at the Nunavut Court of Justice. Retrieved October 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Welcome to the web page for the Legislation Division of the Justice Department of the Government of Nunavut". Government of Nunavut Department of Justice. Archived from the original on October 18, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Consolidated Statutes and Regulations current to April 1, 1999". Government of Nunavut Department of Justice. Retrieved October 19, 2014. [permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Assessment of the Municipal Acts of the Provinces and Territories" (PDF) (PDF). Federation of Canadian Municipalities. April 2004. p. 6. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2001 to January 1, 2006" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 2007. p. 372. Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "About Iqaluit: History". City of Iqaluit. Archived from the original on December 11, 2014. Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Naujaat, Nunavut, residents celebrate official renaming: Repulse Bay changes its name to Naujaat, Inuktitut for 'a nesting place for seagulls'". CBC News. July 6, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. March 14, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 

External links

  • Government of Nunavut: Community and Government Services
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