List of mammals of Korea

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Korean Peninsula and surrounding islands
Once common throughout Korea, the red fox is now extremely rare.

Approximately 100 species of mammal are known to inhabit, or to have recently inhabited, the Korean Peninsula and its surrounding waters. This includes a few species that were introduced in the 20th century; the coypu was introduced for farming in the 1990s, and the muskrat was introduced in the early 20th century into the Russian Far East and was subsequently first recorded in Korea in the Tumen River basin in 1965. The Siberian tiger and Japanese sea lion have probably been extirpated from Korea, but are still included in standard lists of Korean mammals.

Most Korean mammal species are found only in a small part of Korea. The large southeastern island of Jeju, and the rugged northeastern Paektu Mountain region, are particularly known for their distinctive mammal species. Several species, including the Dsinezumi shrew, are found only on Jeju, while many other species, such as the wild boar, are absent or extirpated from there. Some mammals, such as the Manchurian wapiti, are considered natural monuments of North Korea, while others, such as the spotted seal, are considered natural monuments of South Korea.

Order Artiodactyla: even-toed ungulates

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Bovidae: bovids
Long-tailed goral

Naemorhedus caudatus
(산양)

Naemorhedus caudatus[2]
(Hamilton Smith, 1827)
High mountains




Historically found throughout the Taebaek Mountains; northern Taebaek Mountains, including the Demilitarized Zone.[3]
Family Cervidae: deer
Siberian roe deer

Paozikun530.jpg
(노루)

Capreolus pygargus
(Pallas, 1771)
Forest verges Throughout; not found on Ulleungdo
Manchurian wapiti

Cervus canadensis
(붉은사슴)

Cervus c. xanthopygus
(Erxleben, 1777)
Forest verges Historically throughout; North Hamgyong and the Paektusan region
Manchurian sika deer

Cervus nippon
(대륙사슴)

Cervus n. mantchuricus
(Temminck, 1838)
Open forests and forest verges Throughout mainland[12]
Water deer

Hydropotes inermis
(고라니)

Hydropotes inermis
(Swinhoe, 1870)
Low mountains and riparian areas; often visits urban areas Throughout mainland
Family Suidae: pigs
Wild boar

Sus scrofa
(멧돼지)

Sus s. ussuricus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Mountain forests Throughout mainland
Family Moschidae: musk deer
Siberian musk deer

Moschus moschiferus
(사향노루)

Moschus moschiferus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Mountain forests Historically throughout mainland; North Korea; also found in Gangwon, South Korea

Order Carnivora: carnivores

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Canidae: canids
Eurasian wolf

Canis lupus
(늑대)

Canis lupus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Forests and open woods Historically throughout mainland; currently Paektu Mountain area
Dhole

Cuon alpinus
(승냥이)

Cuon alpinus[23]
(Pallas, 1811)
Dense forests and high mountains Historically throughout mainland; currently Paektu Mountain area
Raccoon dog

Nyctereutes procyonoides
(너구리)

Nyctereutes procyonoides
(Gray, 1834)
Wooded valleys Throughout mainland
Red fox

Vulpes vulpes
(여우)

Vulpes vulpes
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Brushy areas and forest verges Northern and northeastern Korea
Family Felidae: felids
Leopard cat

Prionailurus bengalensis
()

Prionailurus bengalensis[29]
(Kerr, 1792)
Dense forests Historically throughout mainland; Central and northern Korea, with major population in DMZ
Eurasian lynx

Lynx lynx
(스라소니)

Lynx lynx
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Montane forests North Hamgyong and Chagang, North Korea and Korean Demilitarized Zone.[32]
Amur leopard

Panthera pardus orientalis
(표범)

Panthera pardus orientalis
(Schlegel, 1857)
High dense forests Historically throughout mainland; Northern Korea
Siberian tiger

Panthera tigris altaica
(호랑이)

Panthera tigris altaica
(Temminck, 1844)
Rocky forests Historically throughout the mainland;Hamgyong provinces, northeastern North Korea, possibly DMZ.[32]
Family Mustelidae: mustelids
European otter

Lutra lutra
(수달)

Lutra lutra
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Riparian areas Throughout mainland, scattered
Yellow-throated marten

Martes flavigula
(담비)

Martes flavigula
(Boddaert, 1785)
High forests Northern Korea
Japanese marten

Martes melampus
(산달)

Martes melampus
(Wagner, 1841)
High forests Central and northern Korea[31]
Sable

Martes zibellina
(검은담비)

Martes zibellina
(Linnaeus, 1758)
High, dense boreal forests North Hamgyong, northeastern North Korea
Asian badger

Meles leucurus
(오소리)

Meles leucurus
(Hodgson, 1847)
Forests and mountain valleys. Fossorial. Throughout mainland
Least weasel

Mustela nivalis
(무산쇠족제비)

Mustela nivalis
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subalpine areas Far northeastern and northwestern North Korea;[41] also northern South Korea
Siberian weasel

Mustela sibirica
(족제비)

Mustela sibirica[42]
(Pallas, 1773)
Forests and riparian areas Throughout, including Jeju[41]
Family Ursidae: bears
Asian black bear

Selenarctos thibetanus
(반달가슴곰)

Ursus thibetanus[43]
(G. Cuvier, 1823)
Thick forests Historically found throughout mainland; Jirisan and Seoraksan in South Korea; Mount Kumgang and Paektu Mountain in North Korea; likely DMZ
Brown bear

Ursus arctos
(불곰)

Ursus arctos
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Thick forests Central and northern Korea; likely extirpated
Superfamily Pinnipedia: pinnipeds
Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1][49]
Family Otariidae: eared seals
Northern fur seal

Callorhinus ursinus
(바다말|물개|바다말)

Callorhinus ursinus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Coasts and seas Most common in the Sea of Japan
Steller sea lion

Eumetopias jubatus
(큰바다사자)

Eumetopias jubatus
(Schreber, 1776)
Coasts and seas Northern Yellow Sea and Sea of Japan
Japanese sea lion

Zalophus japonicas
(일본강치)

Zalophus japonicus
(Peters, 1866)
Coasts and seas East China Sea, Korea Strait, Sea of Japan
  • I: Extinct in 1970s (IUCN 3.1)
California sea lion

Zalophus japonicus
(바다사자)

Zalophus japonicus[52]
(Peters, 1866)
Rocky coasts Last seen on Liancourt Rocks in 1951
Family Phocidae: earless seals
Harbor seal

Phoca vitulina
(잔점박이물범)

Phoca vitulina
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Coasts and seas Northern Sea of Japan
Spotted seal

Phoca largha
(점박이물범)

Phoca largha
(Pallas, 1811)
Coasts and seas Throughout Yellow Sea, Sea of Japan, and Korea Strait; large colony on Baengnyeongdo

Order Cetacea: whales

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Suborder Mysticeti: baleen whales
Family Balaenidae: right whales
North Pacific right whale

Eubalaena japonica
(북태평양참고래|북태평양참고래)

Eubalaena japonica
(Lacépède, 1818)
High reliance on coastal waters Sea of Japan, Korea Strait, Yellow Sea, East China Sea (wiped out by Japanese, Soviet, and American whalers)
  • It is unknown whether historically whales were seen for year-round in Korean waters.
  • Interestingly, all modern records of the species in Yellow Sea had been concentrated vicinity to Haiyang Island, and all modern catches[54] and strandings and sightings in East China Sea have been restricted around Amami Oshima[55][56][57][58] (5 records on Amami and Sukomobanare Islands in the last 110 years[59]) until 2014 as a right whale entered and cavorted in the port of Ushibuka, Kumamoto, later being chased out by fishery boats to concern either boat-struck or damage to fishery (Eubalaena sp. never or mostly does not feed on fish) on March.[60][61]
    • Last record sighting on Amami was of a 10-meter individual off Cape Miyakozaki on January 28, 2014, and another whale (unknown whether or not the same individual) swam into Ushibuka Port on March 28. Prior to this, a 10-meter individual was seen in Yakiuchi Bay on April 12, 1997.[62][63]
    • Last record in Yellow Sea was of the catch of a single whale in the south of Haiyang Dao in December 1977.[64] Prior to this, a pair was caught off Haiyang Dao by Japanese whalers in north of the island in January 1973 where both of these were later made to be specimen where smaller specimen became the only specimen (with skins and baleens) of the species in the world at the Dalian Natural History Museum,[65] and the larger individual is now on the Zhejiang Museum of Natural History.[66] reaching around 16–17.1m, and were later made to be specimens for exhibition at several locations.[67] Many of these captured individuals were rather large individuals as reaching around 16m, and were later made to be specimens for exhibition at several locations.[68] There have also been unknown quantity of modern catches exist on Taiwan as well.[69] At least two whales were taken off Haiyang in the Yellow Sea in by Japanese whalers in 1944. There have been none of confirmed records along Chinese coasts targeting right whales since after the last catch (or a sighting) in 1977.[70] For the catches in the Yellow Sea, P Wang, the same researcher who reported the catch in December 1977 off Haiyang Island in the Yellow Sea mentioned that it was possibly the same record as one in 1944 by Japanese whalers.[71]
    • The first confirmed record of the species happened in February, Namhae,[72] 41 years after the last record in 1974[73][74] (an illegal catch).[75][76][77]
    • This case was an entanglement and joint releasing effort by the governmental team and Busan aquarium was taken place,[78][79] although the whale disappeared during the night after the efforts, the actual consequences of disappearance[80] and the fate of whale is unclear due to failure of monitoring thereafter.
  • I: EN Endangered
  • CA: Endangered
Northeast Pacific subpopulation
  • I: CR Critically endangered
Bowhead whale

Balaena mysticetus
(북극고래|북극고래)

Balaena mysticetus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Coastal and frozen waters Sea of Okhotsk
  • Not officially confirmed vicinity to Korean Peninsula, but historical catch (es) or sighting (s) off an area near Ulsan and Yangsan although this record(s) might or might not be of right whale (s).[81]
  • I: LC Least Concern
  • CA: Endangered
Sea of Okhotsk subpopulation[82]
  • I: ENEndangered
Family Eschrichtiidae: gray whales
Gray whale

Eschrichtius robustus
(귀신고래)

Eschrichtius robustus
(Lilljeborg, 1861)
Migratory through coastal waters Sea of Japan, Korea Strait, Yellow Sea, East China Sea (wiped out by Japanese whalers)
  • Gray Whale Migration Site[83] was listed as South Korea's the 126th national monument in 1962,[84] and national protection of higher priorities was situated although illegal hunts had been taken place thereafter,[85] and there have been no recent sightings of the species in Korean waters.
  • There had been at least 24 records of gray whales in Chinese waters since in 1933 including sighting, stranding, and bycatches.[86] DNA analysis of 2011 specimen indicate that this female might not originate in the western population.
    • Last record in Korean waters was of the sighting of a pair off Bangeojin, Ulsan in 1977.[87]
  • Historically, possibly year-round residential happened in Chinese waters[88] hence residential or semi-residential occurrences around Korean Peninsula could have been feasible as well.
*I: LC Endangered
  • CA: Threatened/special concern[89]
    • BC: Blue List
    • QC: Listing candidate
Family Balaenopteridae: rorquals
Humpback whale

Megaptera novaeangliae
(흑고래)

Megaptera novaeangliae
(Borowski, 1781)
Coastal waters, often penetrates estuaries Very small numbers in East Sea and Korea Strait and Yellow Sea, seasonally residents in East China Sea
  • I: LC Least concern
  • CA: Threatened/not at risk[90]
    • BC: Blue List
Minke whale

Balaenoptera acutorostrata
(밍크고래)

Balaenoptera acutorostrata
(Lacépède, 1804)
Widespread Yellow Sea,[91] East China Sea, East Sea
  • Sea of Japan resident group is endangered, critically endangered semi-resident population exists in Yellow Sea.
  • Illegal catches had become objects of public concern among the world.[85]
Blue whale

Balaenoptera musculus
(대왕고래)

Balaenoptera musculus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Widespread but less common in Mediterranean seas (smaller numbers historically migrated into both sides of Korean Peninsula)[93] Regarded as being almost/already extinct in east Asian waters[94]
  • Being wiped out by Japanese whalers. Of the populations that once existed off coastal Japan, the last recorded confirmed stranding was in the 1950s.[95]
  • During cetacean sighting visual surveys in Tsushima Strait conducted by Japanese Coast Guard, several gigantic whales measuring over 20m in length have been observed in recent years, however their exact identities are unclear.[96]
Fin whale

Balaenoptera physalus
(긴수염고래)

Balaenoptera physalus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Coastal waters Coastal groups in northeast Asian waters, along with many other baleen species, were likely driven into serious perils or functional extinctions by industrial catches by Japan covering wide ranges of China and Korean EEZ within very short period in 20th century.[98]
  • After the functional extinction in Pacific side of Japanese waters between the 1910s and 1930s,[54] Japanese whalers cornered other Asian populations into serious peril (functional extinction might have been possible for some groups like the one in East China Sea)[99] After the cease of exploiting Asian stocks, Japan kept mass commercial and illegal hunts until 1975, and parts of Korean populations might have been damaged as several thousand individuals were hunted from various stations mainly along coasts of Hokaido, Sanriku, and the Gotō Islands.[100]
  • Very small number of residents in Sea of Japan, Korea Strait today, being almost extinct in Yellow Sea and East China Sea.[101]
  • Recent sightings of large whales exceeding 20 m in length, likely to be fin whales, as blue whales in coastal northeast Asia are considered to be extinct,[102] indicate that remnants of the Sea of Japan or the Yellow– ohai Sea groups still pass through the Tsushima Strait[103] where all the larger cetaceans are under threats of being struck by high-speed vessels.[104]
  • There had been congregation areas among Sea of Japan to Yellow Sea such as in East Korea Bay, along eastern coasts of Korean Peninsula, and Ulleungdo,[105] although recent occurrences into these locations are of unclear due to locational disorders.
  • Fin whales in Yellow Sea could have been a unique form from outer Pacific populations due to their smaller size of around 20m or more at near maximum,[106] and breeding season in these regions was mainly in winter.
Bryde's whale and Eden's whale[110]

Balaenoptera brydei
(밍크고래)

Balaenoptera brydei
Balaenoptera edeni
Widespread in both coastal and pelagic waters Yellow Sea (possibly), East China Sea, Sea of Japan
  • Dozens of illegal catches were taken place at least until in 1970s.[85][111]
Omura's whale

Balaenoptera omurai
(오무라고래)

Balaenoptera omurai
Widespread in both coastal and pelagic waters East China Sea, Sea of Japan
  • Not officially confirmed in Korean EEZ, but the specimen led to listing of the species as a valid was found on Tsunoshima in 1998 near Tsushima Strait)
Sei whale

Balaenoptera borealis
(밍크고래)

Balaenoptera borealis
Widespread Yellow Sea,[112] East China Sea, Sea of Japan
Suborder Odontoceti: toothed whales
Family Delphinidae: oceanic dolphins
Short-beaked common dolphin

Delphinus delphis
(짧은부리참돌고래)

Delphinus delphis
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Warmer coastal waters Throughout
Common bottlenose dolphin

Tursiops truncatus
(큰돌고래)

Tursiops truncatus
Warmer coastal and open waters Throughout
Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin

Tursiops aduncus
(남방큰돌고래)

Tursiops aduncus
Warmer coastal waters Endangered, resident at Jeju Island
Striped dolphin

Stenella coeruleoalba
(줄무늬돌고래)

Stenella coeruleoalba
Warmer coastal and open waters
  • I: LR/cd.
Fraser's dolphin

Lagenodelphis hosei
(사라와크돌고래)

Lagenodelphis hosei
Warmer coastal waters Vagrant
Pacific white-sided dolphin

Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
(낫돌고래)

Lagenorhynchus obliquidens
(Gill, 1865)
Warmer coastal waters Sea of Japan[114]
Risso's dolphin

Grampus griseus
(큰코돌고래)

Grampus griseus
Coastal and open seas Sea of Japan, Korea Strait, East China Sea
Family Globicephala: pilot whales
Short-finned pilot whale

Globicephala macrorhynchus
(들쇠고래)

Globicephala macrorhynchus
Open seas Sea of Japan, Korea Strait, East China Sea
  • I:LR/cd
False killer whale

Pseudorca crassidens
(흑범고래)

Pseudorca crassidens
Coastal and open seas Sea of Japan, Korea Strait, East China Sea
  • I:LR/lc
Pygmy killer whale

Feresa attenuata
(들고양이고래)

Feresa attenuata
Coastal and open seas Korea Strait, East China Sea
Killer whale

Orcinus orca
(범고래)

Orcinus orca
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Coastal waters Throughout (reduced by Japanese whalers)
Beluga

Delphinapterus leucas
(흰돌고래)

Delphinapterus leucas
(Pallas, 1776)
Coastal waters Vagrant from the Sea of Okhotsk[117]
Family Phocoenidae: porpoises
Dall's porpoise

Phocoenoides dalli
(까치돌고래)

Phocoenoides dalli


(True, 1885)

Colder ocean waters North of the 35th parallel in the Sea of Japan
Harbour porpoise

Phocoena phocoena
(쇠돌고래)

Phocoena phocoena
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Colder ocean waters Sea of Japan
Finless porpoise


(상괭이)

Neophocaena phocaenoides
(Cuvier, 1829)
Coastal waters Yellow Sea (such as at Baengnyeongdo), Korea Strait, southern Sea of Japan
Family Physeteridae: sperm whales
Sperm whale

Physeter macrocephalus
(향고래)

Physeter macrocephalus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Deep oceans Korea Strait, East China Sea, Sea of Japan (in small numbers)
Family Ziphiidae: beaked whales
Giant beaked whale

Berardius bairdii
(큰부리고래)

Berardius bairdii
(Stejneger, 1883)
Open seas Sea of Japan (reduced by Japanese whalers)
Cuvier's beaked whale

Ziphius cavirostris
(민부리고래)

Ziphius cavirostris
Open seas Sea of Japan, East China Sea
Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale

Mesoplodon ginkgodens
(은행이빨부리고래)

Mesoplodon ginkgodens
Open seas Sea of Japan, Jeju,[125] East China Sea, Yellow Sea[126]

Order Erinaceomorpha: hedgehogs

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Erinaceidae: hedgehogs
Amur hedgehog

Erinaceus amurensis
(고슴도치)

Erinaceus amurensis
(Schrenk, 1859)
Deciduous and mixed forests[127] Throughout mainland

Order Soricomorpha: shrews and moles

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Talpidae: moles
Japanese mole

Mogera wogura
(두더지)

Mogera wogura[128]
(Temminck, 1833)
High moist forest Throughout mainland; not found on Jeju or Ulleungdo
Family Soricidae: shrews
Dsinezumi shrew


(제주땃쥐)

Crocidura dsinezumi
(Temminck, 1842)
Damp forests and grasslands Found only on Jeju[129]
Ussuri white-toothed shrew


(땃쥐)

Crocidura lasiura
(Dobson, 1890)
Widespread Throughout mainland
Lesser white-toothed shrew

Crocidura suaveolens
(작은땃쥐)

Crocidura suaveolens
(Pallas, 1811)
Moist deciduous forests Throughout, including Ulleungdo[130]
Eurasian water shrew

Neomys fodiens
(갯첨서)

Neomys fodiens
(Pennant, 1771)
Riparian areas and mountain lakes[130] Northern North Korea.[131]
Laxmann's shrew


(뒤쥐)

Sorex caecutiens
(Laxmann, 1788)
Rugged mountains Northern and northeastern North Korea.[132]
Siberian large-toothed shrew


(백두산뒤쥐)

Sorex daphaenodon
(Thomas, 1907)
Boreal forests and alpine meadows Paektusan region.[133]
Slender shrew


(쇠뒤쥐)

Sorex gracillimus
(Thomas, 1907)
Coniferous forests and alpine regions Northeastern North Korea.[134]
Taiga shrew


(큰발뒤쥐)

Sorex isodon
(Turov, 1924)
Mountain forests Baekdudaegan mountains.[136]
Eurasian least shrew

Sorex minutissimus
(꼬마뒤쥐)

Sorex minutissimus
(Zimmermann, 1780)
Rugged mountains bove 1500 meters[137] Central and northern Korea.[138]
Ussuri shrew


(큰첨서)

Sorex mirabilis
(Ognev, 1937)
Moist ground above 1500 meters[137] Central and northern Korea
Long-clawed shrew

Sorex unguiculatus
(긴발톱첨서)

Sorex unguiculatus
(Dobson, 1890)
High moist areas Northeastern North Korea.[139]

Order Chiroptera: bats

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Rhinolophidae: horseshoe bats
Greater horseshoe bat

Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
(관박쥐)

Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
(Schreber, 1774)
Roosts in caves and abandoned mines Scattered throughout, including Jeju
Family Vespertilionidae: vesper bats
Kobayashi's bat


(고바야시박쥐)

Eptesicus koyabashii
(Mori, 1928)
West central Korea.[142]
Northern bat

Eptesicus nilssonii
(생박쥐)

Eptesicus nilssonii
(Keyserling et Blasius, 1839)
Found in Gyeonggi, northwestern South Korea, and North Hamgyong, northeastern North Korea
Serotine bat

Eptesicus serotinus
(문둥이박쥐)

Eptesicus serotinus
(Schreber, 1774)
Roosts in roofs and walls Most common in northwestern Korea
Savi's pipistrelle

Hypsugo savii
(큰집박쥐)

Hypsugo savii[145]
(Bonaparte, 1837)
Roosts in caves[146] Throughout
Common bent-wing bat

Miniopterus schreibersi
(긴날개박쥐)

Miniopterus schreibersi
(Kuhl, 1817)
Grasslands and forests in summer; caves in winter Scattered throughout
Little tube-nosed bat


(작은관코박쥐)

Murina aurata
(Milne-Edwards, 1872)
Unknown
Greater tube-nosed bat

Murina leucogaster
(관코박쥐)

Murina leucogaster
(Milne-Edwards, 1872)
Unknown.[149]
Far Eastern myotis


(흰배윗수염박쥐)

Myotis bombinus[150]
(Thomas, 1906)
Hibernates in caves Throughout, including Jeju
Daubenton's bat

Myotis daubentoni
(물윗수염박쥐)

Myotis daubentonii
(Kuhl, 1817)
Near water Throughout, including Jeju
Hodgson's bat

Myotis formosus
(오렌지윗수염박쥐)

Myotis formosus
(Hodgson, 1835)
Scattered throughout; not found on Jeju[152]
Fraternal myotis


(긴꼬리윗수염박쥐)

Myotis frater
(G.M. Allen, 1923)
Forests Northern Korea.[153]
Ikonnikov's bat


(작은윗수염박쥐)

Myotis ikonnikovi
(Ognev, 1912)
Scattered throughout, including Jeju
Eastern long-fingered bat


(큰발윗수염박쥐)

Myotis macrodactylus
(Temminck, 1840)
Local throughout, including Jeju
Whiskered bat

Myotis mystacinus
(윗수염박쥐)

Myotis mystacinus
(Kuhl, 1817)
Forests Scattered throughout, including Jeju and Ulleungdo[156]
Birdlike noctule


(멧박쥐)

Nyctalus aviator
(Thomas, 1911)
Scattered throughout
Java pipistrelle


(큰집박쥐)

Pipistrellus javanicus[158]


(Gray, 1838)

Scattered throughout
Brown long-eared bat

Plecotus auritus
(토끼박쥐)

Plecotus auritus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
High mountains The Taebaek Mountains and the Paektusan area in northern North Korea
Particoloured bat

Vespertilio murinus
(북방애기박쥐)

Vespertilio murinus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
High forests and grasslands in the summer North Hamgyong, North Korea
Asian particolored bat


(안주애기박쥐)

Vespertilio superans
(Thomas, 1899)
West central Korea.[159]

Order Lagomorpha: lagomorphs

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Leporidae: leporids
Korean hare


(멧토끼)

Lepus coreanus
(Thomas, 1892)
Widespread at low altitudes.[160] Throughout mainland.[161]
Manchurian hare


(북방토끼)

Lepus mandschuricus
(Radde, 1861)
High rocky forests Northern Korea
Family Ochotonidae: pikas
Northern pika

Ochotona hyperborea
(우는토끼)

Ochotona hyperborea
(Pallas, 1811)
Alpine meadows, 1000–2500 m. Northern Korea

Order Primates: prosimians and simians

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Hominidae: great apes
Human

Homo sapiens
(사람)

Homo sapiens
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Widespread Throughout

Order Rodentia: rodents

Common name

(Korean name)

Species

(authority)

Preferred habitat Range Status[1]
Family Muridae: murids
Striped field mouse

Apodemus agrarius
(등줄쥐)

Apodemus agrarius
(Pallas, 1771)
Widespread Throughout, including Jeju[163]
Jeju striped field mouse


(제주등줄쥐)

Apodemus chejuensis[165]
(Jones et Johnson, 1965)
Widespread Found only on Jeju
Korean field mouse


(흰넓적다리붉은쥐)

Apodemus peninsulae
(Thomas, 1907)
Forest verges and brushland Throughout mainland
Eurasian harvest mouse

Micromys minutus
(멧밭쥐)

Micromys minutus
(Pallas, 1771)
Low grasslands and fields Throughout; not found on Ulleungdo
House mouse

Mus musculus
(생쥐)

Mus musculus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Human dwellings Throughout
Brown rat

Rattus norvegicus
(집쥐)

Rattus norvegicus
(Berkenhout, 1769)
Urban and cultivated areas Throughout
Black rat

Rattus rattus
(애급쥐)

Rattus rattus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Urban areas Central and southern Korea
Family Cricetidae: cricetids
Northern red-backed vole

Myodes rutilus
(숲들쥐)

Myodes rutilus
(Pallas, 1779)
High, dense mixed forest Far northeastern Korea
Grey red-backed vole

Myodes rufocanus
(대륙밭쥐)

Myodes rufocanus[171]
(Sundevall, 1846)
Boreal forest Northern Korea
Chinese striped hamster

Cricetulus barbarensis
(비단털등줄쥐)

Cricetulus barabensis
(Pallas, 1773)
Fields Sinuiju and Cholsan, North Korea
Royal vole


(비단털들쥐)

Eothenomys regulus
(Thomas, 1907)
Widespread; avoids deep forests Southern, central and northwestern Korea
Mandarin vole


(쇠갈밭쥐)

Lasiopodomys mandarinus[176]
(Milne-Edwards, 1871)
Grassy wetlands Southwestern Korea
Reed vole


(갈밭쥐)

Microtus fortis
(Buchner, 1889)
High fields and forest verges Western and northern Korea
Muskrat

Ondatra zibethicus
(사향쥐)

Ondatra zibethicus
(Linnaeus, 1766)
Marshes and lakes Tumen River basin, North Korea.[177]
Greater long-tailed hamster


(비단털쥐)

Tscherskia triton
(de Winton, 1899)
Widespread Throughout, including Jeju[174]
Family Myocastoridae: coypu
Coypu

Myocastor coypus
(뉴트리아)

Myocastor coypus


(Molina, 1782)

Wetlands South Korea's Yeongnam region (Introduced for farming in the 1990s)
Family Sciuridae: squirrels
Siberian flying squirrel

Pteromys volans


(하늘다람쥐)

Pteromys volans
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Boreal forest Far northeast and Taebaek Mountains
Red squirrel

Sciurus vulgaris
(청설모)

Sciurus vulgaris
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Forests Throughout mainland[181]
Siberian chipmunk

Tamias sibiricus
(다람쥐)

Tamias sibiricus
(Laxmann, 1769)
Forests Inland throughout
name unknown

no image [black or dark brown, with tufted ears, white v-shaped band across chest] [in pine forests of far south mountains and coastal areas] [status: unknown, but sometimes seen in season] [[182]]

Family Dipodidae: jumping mice
Long-tailed birch mouse


(긴꼬리꼬마쥐)

Sicista caudata
(Thomas, 1907)
Riparian zones and wetlands Northeastern Korea[183]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The following abbreviations are used:
  2. ^ Given as Nemorhaedus goral in Won (2004). The Korean population is generally referred to N. c. raddeanus Heude.
  3. ^ Won (2004), p. 273; Won & Smith (1999), p. 21. It was once widespread across the Taebaek and Rangrim ranges, but the population had fallen to around 40 by 1990.
  4. ^ Caprinae Specialist Group (1996). "Naemorhedus caudatus ssp. raddeanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w Won & Smith (1999), p. 7.
  6. ^ The goral of Tanchon is designated North Korean natural monument 293. [1]
  7. ^ Designated South Korean natural monument #217 on November 20, 1968. "산양". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  8. ^ Deer Specialist Group (1996). "Capreolus pygargus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2006. 
  9. ^ Won & Smith (1999), p. 21.
  10. ^ Deer Specialist Group (1996). "Cervus elaphus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 December 2006. 
  11. ^ The Samjiyon population is designated as natural monument #354."삼지연큰사슴". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  12. ^ Won (2004), p. 264
  13. ^ Deer Specialist Group (1996). "Cervus nippon". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 December 2006. 
  14. ^ The Samjiyon population has been designated Natural Monument 349, and the Paegam population Natural Monument 362. "삼지연사슴". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  15. ^ Deer Specialist Group (1996). "Hydropotes inermis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2006. 
  16. ^ a b c Won & Smith (1999), p. 7. One of only 3 mammal species legally hunted in South Korea.
  17. ^ Pigs & Peccaries Specialist Group (1996). "Sus scrofa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 December 2006. 
  18. ^ Deer Specialist Group (1996). "Moschus moschiferus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 5 October 2006. 
  19. ^ The musk deer of Rogya ri, in Undok, North Hamgyong, has been designated natural monument #331."록야리 사향노루". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-12-01.  The population in the Mayafgdfgsertewrtwrtwertwertwerng workers' district of Musan is designated #380, while the population in Taehung county is designated #401. [2]
  20. ^ Designated natural monument #216 on October 20, 1968. "사향노루". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-12-01. 
  21. ^ Wolf Working Group (2004). "Canis lupus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  22. ^ Won (2004), p. 147.
  23. ^ Commonly referred to C. a. alpinus. Won & Smith (1999), p. 16.
  24. ^ Dhole Working Group (2004). "Cuon alpinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-10-21. 
  25. ^ Sillero-Zubiri, C. & Hoffmann, M. (2004). "Nyctereutes procyonoides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  26. ^ a b c d e Won & Smith (1999), p. 14.
  27. ^ Macdonald, D.W. & Reynolds, J.C. (2004). "Vulpes vulpes". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  28. ^ Won (2004, p. 151); Won & Smith (1999), p. 7.
  29. ^ Given as Felis bengalensis in older sources and in Won (2004).
  30. ^ Cat Specialist Group (2002). "Prionailurus bengalensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  31. ^ a b Won & Smith (1999), p. 18.
  32. ^ a b [3]"The DMZ After Kim: What Change in North Korea Could Mean for One of the World's Richest Wildlife Refuges" Science.time.com by Bryan Walsh, December 19, 2011
  33. ^ Cat Specialist Group (2002). "Lynx lynx". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  34. ^ Cat Specialist Group (1996). "Panthera pardus ssp. orientalis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  35. ^ Cat Specialist Group (1996). "Panthera tigris ssp. altaica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  36. ^ Designated as such in 1982. Won & Smith 1999, pp. 7, 18.
  37. ^ The Poptong population is designated Natural Monument #249, and population in Yonsa's Sinyang workers' district is designated #331. "법동수달". 남북한의 천연기념물. Retrieved 2006-12-06.  [4]
  38. ^ Designated as Natural Monument #330."Natural Monuments No. 330". Cultural Heritage Administration website. Retrieved 2006-10-01. 
  39. ^ The Paegam population is designated Natural Monument #366. "백암누른돈". 남북한의 천연기념물. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  40. ^ The Paegam population is designated North Korean Natural Monument #331. "백암검은돈". 남북한의 천연기념물. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  41. ^ a b c d Won & Smith (1999), p. 19.
  42. ^ The variety of M. sibirica found on Jeju Island is sometimes regarded as a separate subspecies, the "Jeju weasel" or Mustela sibirica quelpartis Thomas 1906.
  43. ^ Given in many sources as Selenarctos thibetanus
  44. ^ Bear Specialist Group (1996). "Ursus thibetanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  45. ^ Designated as South Korean natural monument 329 on November 4, 1982. Cultural Heritage Administration. "Natural Monuments 329". Exploring of Cultural Heritage. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  46. ^ Bear Specialist Group (1996). "Ursus arctos". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-06. 
  47. ^ Due to heavy hunting Won & Smith (1999), p. 17.
  48. ^ The Ryongrim population was designated natural monument #124 on January 1, 1980. "룡림큰곰". 남북한희 천연기념물. Retrieved 2006-12-06.  The Yonsa population has been designated natural monument #330.[5]
  49. ^ According to Won (2004, p. 188ff), seals are protected from hunting under South Korean law.
  50. ^ Seal Specialist Group (1996). "Callorhinus ursinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  51. ^ Pop. estimated at 1.3 million in Won (2004), p. 191.
  52. ^ Sometimes treated as a subspecies of the California sea lion, Zalophus californianus japonicus.
  53. ^ Designated Natural Monument #331 on November 4, 1982. Won (2004), p. 194.
  54. ^ a b Miyazaki N.; Nakayama K. (1989). "Records of Cetaceans in the Waters of the Amami Island" (PDF). 国立科学博物館専報 22, 235–249, 1989. National Museum of Nature and Science, Museum of History and Folklore in Kasari. p. CiNii. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  55. ^ The Amami Shinbun. 2014. 奄美大島沖にセミクジラ. Retrieved October 19, 2014
  56. ^ Amami whale and dolphin association. 2014. Retrieved October 19. 2014
  57. ^ Marine Mammal Stranding DB_record_detail. Svrsh2.kahaku.go.jp. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
  58. ^ Miyazaki N.; Nakayama K. (1989). "Records of Cetaceansin the Watersof the Amami Island" (PDF). 国立科学博物館専報 22, 235–249, 1989. National Museum of Nature and Science, Museum of History and Folklore in Kasari: CiNii. Retrieved January 12, 2015. 
  59. ^ Oki K. (2014). 1/29 セミクジラ再発見ならず・・・. Retrieved October 19. 2014
  60. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HsPpdaQvhWg
  61. ^ JPG image. bp.kumanichi.com
  62. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6xBzzLf4OG4
  63. ^ http://svrsh2.kahaku.go.jp/pictorial_book/FMPro?-db=rec2000web.fp5&-lay=hp&-format=/drift/e/detail.htm&rec_id=19970412EX-029&-find
  64. ^ Wang Pei Lei (王丕烈) (1984). 中国近海鲸类的分布. 辽宁省海洋水产研究所 (Liaoning Ocean and Fisheries Science Research Institute). 中国知网 (the CNKI.NET). Retrieved November 24. 2014
  65. ^ 施友仁. 王秀玉. 1978. 黄海北部稀见鲸种——黑露脊鲸. 中文科技期刊数据库. 《水产科技情报》1978年 第4期 12–13页 共2页. the Chongqing VIP Information Company. Retrieved November 24. 2014
  66. ^ 兰国英. 刘云. 李龙胜. 2011. 17.1米长的黑露脊鲸骨骼标本 今天起在浙江自然博物馆展出. 都市快报. 杭州网(杭州网络传媒有限公司). Retrieved November 24. 2014
  67. ^ 成小珍. 2013. 亲,周六逛商场看巨鲸标本. Retrieved November 24. 2014
  68. ^ 成小珍. 2013. 亲,周六逛商场看巨鲸标本. 信息时报|信息时报 (the Channel News Info Times). 广州市交互式信息网络有限公司(大洋网). Retrieved November 24. 2014
  69. ^ "濒危物种数据库 - 鳀露脊鲸 Eubalaena japonica (Lacépède, 1818)". 中华人民共和国濒危物种科学委员会. p. the CITES. Archived from the original on 2014-12-25. Retrieved 2015-01-06. 
  70. ^ Brownell RL Jr.; Clapham PJ; Miyashita T & Kasuya T (2001). "Conservation status of North Pacific right whales". J. Cetacean Res. Management (special issue 2): 269–286. 
  71. ^ Scarff E.J. (1991). "Historic Distribution and Abundance of the Right Whale (Eubalaena glacialis) in the North Pacific, Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk and Sea of Japan from the Maury Whale Charts". Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 41 1991 (PDF). pp. 467–489. Retrieved October 15, 2013. 
  72. ^ TheBusanilbo 'Btube (2015). "세계 희귀종`긴수염고래' 위험에서 가까스로 탈출". p. YouTube. Retrieved January 15, 2016. 
  73. ^ http://www.kyeongin.com/main/view.php?key=943006
  74. ^ http://www.tynews.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=letters&wr_id=865&sca=%EC%82%AC%ED%9A%8C%2F%EA%B2%BD%EC%A0%9C&page=3
  75. ^ Korean Pirate Whaling Expose (1985). Earthtrust.org. Retrieved January 6, 2012.
  76. ^ 울산MBC – 고래세상 ** 고래와 함께하는 세상. Whalelove.com. Retrieved January 6, 2012.
  77. ^ 포경관련 사진 :: 네이버 블로그. Blog.naver.com (October 15, 2011). Retrieved January 6, 2012.
  78. ^ https://www.sydneyaquarium.com.au/media/157053/slt_sea-change-mag-2015-web.pdf
  79. ^ http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/bulletin/2015/02/12/0200000000AKR20150212059701052.HTML
  80. ^ http://m.blog.daum.net/_blog/_m/articleView.do?blogid=0NKhI&articleno=613
  81. ^ http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0034905#pone-0034905-g002
  82. ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/2469/0
  83. ^ "- 문화재검색결과 상세보기 - 문화재검색". Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  84. ^ http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_1_1_1.jsp?cid=1751673
  85. ^ a b c http://www.greenpeace.org/eastasia/Global/eastasia/publications/reports/oceans/Disappearing%20Whales%20-%20South%20Korea.PDF
  86. ^ http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281442497_Short_Note_Insights_from_a_Gray_Whale_%28Eschrichtius_robustus%29_Bycaught_in_the_Taiwan_Strait_Off_China_in_2011
  87. ^ Kim W.H., Sohn H.; An Y-R.; Park J.K.; Kim N.D.; Doo Hae An H.D. (2013). "Report of Gray Whale Sighting Survey off Korean waters from 2003 to 2011". Cetacean Research Institute, National Fisheries Research & Development Institute. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  88. ^ http://www.researchgate.net/publication/275960466_A_Gray_Area_On_the_Matter_of_Gray_Whales_in_the_Western_North_Pacific
  89. ^ COSEWIC ranks the Pacific population as threatened and the Atlantic one as special concern.
  90. ^ COSEWIC ranks the Pacific population as threatened and the Atlantic one as not at risk.
  91. ^ http://ocean.kisti.re.kr/downfile/volume/kofis/KSSHBC/2012/v45n5/KSSHBC_2012_v45n5_486.pdf
  92. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Balaenoptera acutorostrata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  93. ^ Mr.Z., Charlie (2008). "我国的渤海里有没有鲸鱼". p. Sogou – Wenwen. Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  94. ^ Thomas, Peter; Reeves, Randall R; Brownell Jr, Robert L (2015). "Status of the world's baleen whales". Marine Mammal Science. doi:10.1111/mms.12281. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  95. ^ Yamada T.; Watanabe Y. "Marine Mammals Stranding DataBase – Blue Whale". The National Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  96. ^ "Maritime Information and Communication System – 福岡海上保安部 – 海洋生物目撃情報". Japanese Coast Guard. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  97. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Balaenoptera musculus ssp. musculus (North Pacific stock)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  98. ^ Ishikawa H.; Watanabe T. (2014). "A catalogue of whales and dolphins recorded in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan" (PDF). 下関鯨類研究室報告 No.2 (2014). Whale Laboratory of Shimonoseki. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  99. ^ Ishikawa H.; Watanabe T. (2014). "A catalogue of whales and dolphins recorded in Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan" (PDF). 下関鯨類研究室報告 No.2 (2014). Whale Laboratory of Shimonoseki. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  100. ^ "海域自然環境保全基礎調査 – 海棲動物調査報告書, (2)- 19. シャチ Orcinus orca (Limaeus,1758)マイルカ科" (PDF). 自然環境保全基礎調査. Nature Conservation Bureau of Ministry of the Environment (Japan): 54. 1998. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  101. ^ Mizroch A.S.; Rice W.D.; Zwiefelhofer D.; Waite J.; Perryman L.W. (2009). "Distribution and movements of fin whales in the North Pacific Ocean". p. The Wiley Online Library. Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  102. ^ "第 2 章 こうちの生きもの Faunas of Kouchi Prefecture" (PDF). 生物多様性×こうち戦略. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  103. ^ "Maritime Information and Communication System – 福岡海上保安部 – 海洋生物目撃情報". Japanese Coast Guard. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  104. ^ Tsuji K.; Kagami R.; Shakata K.; Kato H. (2013). "日本沿岸域における超高速船航路上の鯨類出現状況分析" (PDF). 第129回講演会(2013年11月8日,9日) 日本航海学会講演予稿集 1巻2号 2013年10月3日. Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Nippon Kaiji Kyokai, Shinkawa Electric Co., Ltd. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  105. ^ Chang K.; Zhang C.; Park C.; Kang; Ju S.; Lee; Wimbush M., eds. (2015). "Oceanography of the East Sea (Japan Sea)". Springer International Publishing. p. 380. Retrieved 2015-09-08. 
  106. ^ Peilie W. (1978). "Studies on the baleen whales in the Yellow Sea". Acta Zoologica Sinica, 1978–03. Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Liaoning Province Fujian Natural History Museum. p. CNKI – The China National Knowledge Infrastructure. Retrieved 2015-09-07. 
  107. ^ a b c d Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Balaenoptera physalus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  108. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Eschrichtius robustus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  109. ^ Its feeding grounds have been designated South Korean natural monument 126.
  110. ^ http://www.whalelove.com/whale04.html
  111. ^ "Marine Life - On the whales". Exposea.com. p. 23. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  112. ^ http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/cetaceans/about/sei_whale/
  113. ^ Won (2004), p. 244.
  114. ^ The Sea of Japan population is estimated at 80,000–100,000. Won (2004), p. 245.
  115. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Orcinus orca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  116. ^ Won (2004), p. 238.
  117. ^ http://www.whalelove.com/whale2_02.html
  118. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Phocoenoides dalli". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  119. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Phocoena phocoena". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  120. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Neophocaena phocaenoides". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  121. ^ Nam (2004), p. 254.
  122. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Physeter macrocephalus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  123. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Berardius bairdii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  124. ^ Cetacean Specialist Group (1996). "Ziphius cavirostris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  125. ^ http://news.jtbc.joins.com/article/article.aspx?news_id=NB10969856
  126. ^ Shi YaXW (1984) On the ginkgo-toothed beaked whale found in the northern part of the Yellow Sea. Transactions of Liaoning Zoological Society 5: 111–116. retrieved on 09-05-2014
  127. ^ Won & Smith (1999), p. 6.
  128. ^ Sometimes considered two species, Mogera robusta and Mogera wogura
  129. ^ a b Formerly common on Jeju, but has not been reported there since the 1970s. Won & Smith (1999), p. 8.
  130. ^ a b c d e Won & Smith (1999), p. 9.
  131. ^ There are also unverified reports from Seoraksan in South Korea. Won (2004), p. 29.
  132. ^ Also reported from Mungyeong, South Korea.
  133. ^ The first specimen was found there in 2001. Won (2004), p. 31.
  134. ^ There is also an unconfirmed 1983 report from Jirisan in South Korea. Won (2004), p. 32.
  135. ^ Won & Smith (1999), p. 10.
  136. ^ The first specimen was taken on Odaesan in South Korea in 1999. Won (2004), p. 33; cites Han et al. (2000), "New records of two Sorex species (Soricidae) from South Korea", Mammal Study 25:2, 141–144.
  137. ^ a b Won (2004), p. 34.
  138. ^ Has been recorded only from Seoraksan and Odaesan. Won & Smith (1999), p. 10.
  139. ^ May also have been collected from Jirisan, but this has not been confirmed. Won (2004), p. 35.
  140. ^ Won & Smith (1999), p. 10–11.
  141. ^ a b c Won & Smith (1999), p. 11.
  142. ^ Kobayashi's bat has been reported from Pyongyang, Kaesong, and Seoul, according to Won (2004), p. 85.
  143. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). "Eptesicus kobayashii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  144. ^ a b c d Won & Smith (1999), p. 12.
  145. ^ Often given as Pipistrellus savii, or considered to be a separate species Pipistrellus coreensis. Won (2004), p. 72; Won & Smith (1999), p. 14.
  146. ^ Won (2004), p. 72.
  147. ^ a b c d Won & Smith (1999), p. 15.
  148. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). "Murina aurata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  149. ^ Won & Smith (1999), p. 15. Won & Smith suggest that its range probably includes east-central and northeastern Korea.
  150. ^ Formerly considered a subspecies of Myotis nattereri. Won & Smith (1999), p. 12.
  151. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). "Myotis bombinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  152. ^ Won (2004), p. 61.
  153. ^ Also reported from Masan, South Korea, according to Won (2004), p. 57.
  154. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). "Myotis frater". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  155. ^ a b c d Won & Smith (1999), p. 13.
  156. ^ Won (2004), p. 54.
  157. ^ Chiroptera Specialist Group (1996). "Nyctalus aviator". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  158. ^ Sometimes considered to belong to Pipistrellus abramus
  159. ^ There are records from the provinces of Gyeonggi, South Korea, and South Pyongan, North Korea. However, the only recent record is from Anju in North Korea.
  160. ^ Seldom seen at elevations above 500 meters, according to Ministry of Environment (2005). "멧토끼". 한국고유생물종도감 [Hanguk goyu saengmuljong dogam] [English title: Endemic species of Korea] (PDF). p. 6. 
  161. ^ a b c d Won & Smith (1999), p. 28.
  162. ^ Bergsten & Chʻoe (2003), p. vii.
  163. ^ a b c d e f Won & Smith (1999), p. 27.
  164. ^ Amori, G. (1996). "Apodemus agrarius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-07. 
  165. ^ Formerly considered a subspecies of Apodemus agrarius, but shown to be a separate species by mitochondrial studies in the 1990s. Won & Smith (1999), p. 27.
  166. ^ Amori, G. (1996). "Micromys minutus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  167. ^ Possibly the most abundant mammal on the Korean Peninsula, according to Won & Smith (1999), p. 28.
  168. ^ Introduced accidentally, according to Won & Smith (1999), p. 28.
  169. ^ Amori, G. (1996). "Clethrionomys rutilus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-07. 
  170. ^ a b c Won & Smith (1999), p. 25.
  171. ^ Sometimes given as Clethrionomys rufocanus
  172. ^ Amori, G. (1996). "Clethrionomys rufocanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-07. 
  173. ^ Baillie, J. (1996). "Clethrionomys rutilus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-07. 
  174. ^ a b c d Won & Smith (1999), p. 26.
  175. ^ Baillie, J. (1996). "Eothenomys regulus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-07. 
  176. ^ Sometimes called Microtus mandarinus
  177. ^ a b The muskrat was first recorded in the Tumen River basin in 1965; according to Won & Smith (1999), it had been introduced several decades earlier into the Russian Far East, and may have been present in Korea for some time before the first report.
  178. ^ Baillie, J. (1996). "Tscherskia triton". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-10. 
  179. ^ Won (2004), p. 141.
  180. ^ Amori, G. (1996). "Pteromys volans". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-12-13. 
  181. ^ Won (2004), p. 107.
  182. ^ anecdotal as a long time resident
  183. ^ Specimens have been collected from Pujŏn in South Hamgyong and Samjiyŏn in Ryanggang. Won (2004), p. 116. In addition, Smith & Won (1999) report it from Yanggang in Gangwon, South Korea.
  184. ^ Tchabovsky, A. (1996). "Sicista caudata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2006-10-05. 

References and further reading

  • Bergsten, C. Fred; In-bŏm Chʻoe (2003). The Korean Diaspora in the World Economy. Washington, DC: Peterson Institute. ISBN 0-88132-358-6. 
  • Han Sang-hun (한상훈) (1998). "사라져가는 한국의 야생 포유동물 [Sarajyeoganeun han-guk-ui yasaeng poyudongmul / Korea's vanishing wild mammals]". Retrieved 2006-09-29. 
  • Won, Pyong-Hooi (원병희) (1967). 한국동식물도감, 7권: 포유류 [Han-guk dongsingmul dogam 7gwon: poyuryu / Guide to Korea's plants and animals, vol. 7: Mammalia]. Seoul: Ministry of Culture and Education. 
  • 윤명희, 한상훈; 오홍식, 김장근; Won, Byeong-o (원병오) (2004). 한국의 포유동물 [Hangugui poyudongmul] [English title: The Mammals of Korea]. Seoul: Dongbang Media. ISBN 89-8457-310-8. 
  • Won, Changman; Kimberly G. Smith (1999). "History and current status of mammals of the Korean Peninsula". Mammal Review. Mammal Society. 29 (1): 3–36. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2907.1999.00034.x. 
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