List of local nature reserves in Greater London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

London is one of the largest urban areas in Europe, with an area of 1,572 km2 (607 sq mi).[1] Its boundaries were set in 1965 when Greater London, which covers the 32 London boroughs and the City of London, was created. Almost two-thirds of it is green space and wetlands.[2] Its population according to the 2011 census was 8.17 million.[3]

Local nature reserve (LNR) is a statutory designation by local authorities which gives protection to wildlife habitats and natural features. It allows local authorities to apply local bye-laws to manage and protect sites.[4] The local authority must have a legal interest in the site, by owning or leasing it or having a nature reserve agreement with the owner.[5] As of January 2016, Natural England gives details of 144 local nature reserves declared by local authorities in Greater London, which are listed below.[6]

The largest site, at 97.31 hectares (240.5 acres), is Brent Reservoir, most of which is a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its breeding wetland birds, especially great crested grebes, and for its marsh plant life.[7] The smallest is Burnt Ash Pond at 0.13 hectares (0.32 acres), an old farm pond in the middle of a residential area.[8] The longest is Parkland Walk, a linear site of 7.2 kilometres (4.5 mi) along the route of an old railway line.[9] Perivale Wood is one of the oldest nature reserves in Britain. It has been managed by the Selborne Society since 1902, and was designated an LNR in 1974.[10] The newest LNRs are Coldfall Wood, Alexandra Palace and Park and Masons Field, all declared in 2013.[11][12][13] Several sites, including Camley Street Natural Park in Kings Cross and Frays Valley, are managed by the London Wildlife Trust.[14]

Key

Sites

Site Photograph Area[a] Location[b] Map[c] Details[d] Other classifications Access Description
Abney Park Cemetery Abney Park Cemetery 12.54 hectares (31.0 acres) Hackney
51°33′50″N 0°04′37″W / 51.564°N 0.077°W / 51.564; -0.077 (Abney Park Cemetery)
TQ 334 868
Map Details YES This is one of London's Magnificent Seven cemeteries. It was closed to burials in 1978 and is now managed as a nature reserve.[15]
Ackroyd Drive Greenlink Ackroyd Drive Greenlink 0.87 hectares (2.1 acres) Tower Hamlets
51°31′08″N 0°01′23″W / 51.519°N 0.023°W / 51.519; -0.023 (Ackroyd Drive Greenlink)
TQ 368 818
Map Details YES The Greenlink is a green corridor between Tower Hamlets Cemetery and Mile End Park.[16]
Adelaide Adelaide Nature Reserve 0.90 hectares (2.2 acres)[17][e] Camden
51°32′35″N 0°09′40″W / 51.543°N 0.161°W / 51.543; -0.161 (Adelaide)
TQ 276 843
Map[e] Details PL This nature reserve slopes down to a railway line. It is mainly neutral grassland, with areas of scrub and woodland.[19]
Ainslie Wood Path in Ainslie Wood 2.06 hectares (5.1 acres) Waltham Forest
51°36′40″N 0°00′40″W / 51.611°N 0.011°W / 51.611; -0.011 (Ainslie Wood)
TQ 378 921
Map Details YES This is ancient woodland which has mature oaks and wild service trees. It is known locally as Bluebell Wood on account of its spring display.[20]
Alexandra Palace and Park Alexandra Park 62.66 hectares (154.8 acres) Haringey
51°35′38″N 0°07′48″W / 51.594°N 0.130°W / 51.594; -0.130 (Alexandra Palace and Park)
TQ 296 900
Map Details YES The park has a wide range of habitats for an urban area, and is particularly noted for its varied bird species.[12]
Anton Crescent Wetland Anton Crescent Wetland 1.04 hectares (2.6 acres) Sutton
51°22′19″N 0°12′11″W / 51.372°N 0.203°W / 51.372; -0.203 (Anton Crescent Wetland)
TQ 252 652
Map Details NO The wetland is used as a flood storage area by the Environment Agency. It has open water, reed beds and willow trees.[21]
Barnes Common Cytisus scoparius Broom (shrub) on Barnes Common 41.68 hectares (103.0 acres) Richmond
51°28′12″N 0°14′17″W / 51.470°N 0.238°W / 51.470; -0.238 (Barnes Common)
TQ 225 760
Map Details YES The common is mainly wooded, with areas of grassland. Plane, lime and horse chestnut trees were planted in the late nineteenth century[22]
Barnsbury Wood Barnsbury Wood 0.32 hectares (0.79 acres) Islington
51°32′31″N 0°06′54″W / 51.542°N 0.115°W / 51.542; -0.115 (Barnsbury Wood)
TQ 308 842
Map Details PL The wood was the garden of a vicarage. It is mainly sycamore, ash and lime.[23]
Battersea Park Nature Areas Nature area in Battersea Park 2.90 hectares (7.2 acres) Wandsworth
51°28′48″N 0°09′04″W / 51.480°N 0.151°W / 51.480; -0.151 (Battersea Park Nature Areas)
TQ 285 773
51°28′52″N 0°08′56″W / 51.481°N 0.149°W / 51.481; -0.149 (Battersea Park Nature Areas)
TQ 286 774
Map Details YES The nature areas have mixed woodland and scrub, four glades and a pond. There are twenty species of butterflies.[24]
Beam Valley River Beam in Beam Valley Country Park 39.29 hectares (97.1 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°32′17″N 0°10′23″E / 51.538°N 0.173°E / 51.538; 0.173 (Beam Valley)
TQ 508 844
Map Details YES A park on the bank the River Beam. Historic features include tanks traps and pillboxes.[25]
Beam Valley (Environment Agency) Beam Valley 11.86 hectares (29.3 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°32′17″N 0°10′23″E / 51.538°N 0.173°E / 51.538; 0.173 (Beam Valley (Environment Agency))
TQ 508 844
Map Details YES Part of Beam Valley is owned by the Environment Agency, and it has been designated a separate LNR.[26]
Beckenham Place Park Beckenham Place Park 95.14 hectares (235.1 acres) Lewisham
51°25′05″N 0°00′43″W / 51.418°N 0.012°W / 51.418; -0.012 (Beckenham Place Park)
TQ 383 707
Map Details YES The park has extensive ancient woodland, diverse acid grassland, a natural stretch of river and an old pond.[27]
Bedfont Lakes Country Park Bedfont Lakes Country Park lake 31.59 hectares (78.1 acres) Hounslow
51°26′35″N 0°26′56″W / 51.443°N 0.449°W / 51.443; -0.449 (Bedfont Lakes Country Park)
TQ 079 727
Map Details YES The park has lakes created from a former landfill site, together with areas of grass and woodland.[28]
Bedfords Park Sunset over the pond at Bedfords Park 106.35 hectares (262.8 acres)[29][e] Havering
51°36′29″N 0°11′31″E / 51.608°N 0.192°E / 51.608; 0.192 (Bedfords Park)
TQ 519 922
Map[e] Details EWT[30] YES This site has wildflower meadows, diverse woodland, several ponds and a lake, as well as a herd of red deer.[31]
Belmont Pastures Belmont Pastures 1.26 hectares (3.1 acres) Sutton
51°20′46″N 0°11′56″W / 51.346°N 0.199°W / 51.346; -0.199 (Belmont Pastures)
TQ 255 623
Map Details YES The pastures are grassland and scrub, and they have a wide variety of crickets, butterflies and grasshoppers.[32]
Belsize Wood Path in Belsize Wood 0.27 hectares (0.67 acres) Camden
51°33′11″N 0°09′50″W / 51.553°N 0.164°W / 51.553; -0.164 (Belsize Wood)
TQ 274 854
Map Details PP This is a sloping wooded site with mature oak trees. It has a wide variety of insect species.[33][34]
Bennett's Hole Bennett's Hole and River Wandle 1.22 hectares (3.0 acres) Merton
51°23′28″N 0°10′12″W / 51.391°N 0.170°W / 51.391; -0.170 (Bennett's Hole)
TQ 274 674
Map Details YES Diverse habitats including woodland, marsh and scrub. The north has a variety of tree species, and the south has mainly crack willows and oaks.[35]
Bentley Priory Summerhouse Lake in Bentley Priory LNR 59.25 hectares (146.4 acres) Harrow
51°37′16″N 0°19′55″W / 51.621°N 0.332°W / 51.621; -0.332 (Bentley Priory)
TQ 156 927
Map Details SSSI[36] YES This is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, principally for its meadows. It also has extensive woods and two ponds.[37]
Big Wood and Little Wood Path in Big Wood 8.29 hectares (20.5 acres) Barnet
51°34′59″N 0°11′24″W / 51.583°N 0.190°W / 51.583; -0.190 (Big Wood)
TQ 255 887
51°35′10″N 0°11′35″W / 51.586°N 0.193°W / 51.586; -0.193 (Little Wood)
TQ 253 890
Map Details YES These two small woods are the remnants of the forest which once covered north London. It has birds rarely seen in London, such as the green woodpecker.[38]
Blondin Park, Northfields Blondin Park 2.34 hectares (5.8 acres) Ealing
51°29′42″N 0°19′12″W / 51.495°N 0.320°W / 51.495; -0.320 (Blondin Park)
TQ 167 787
Map Details YES The nature area of this park has a pond, an orchard and a wildflower meadow.[39]
Bonesgate Open Space Bonesgate Open Space 5.07 hectares (12.5 acres) Kingston
51°21′40″N 0°17′28″W / 51.361°N 0.291°W / 51.361; -0.291 (Bonesgate Open Space)
TQ 191 638
Map Details YES This is a path along the bank of the Bonesgate Stream. It is parkland with areas of hazel, and has a wide variety of breeding birds.[40]
Bramley Bank Bramley Bank 10.30 hectares (25.5 acres) Croydon
51°21′14″N 0°03′29″W / 51.354°N 0.058°W / 51.354; -0.058 (Bramley Bank)
TQ 353 634
Map Details LWT[41] YES Bramley Bank has oak and ash woodland with a large pond, and areas of acidic grassland.[41]
Brent Reservoir/Welsh Harp The northern arm of the Brent Reservoir 97.31 hectares (240.5 acres) Barnet Brent
51°34′16″N 0°14′42″W / 51.571°N 0.245°W / 51.571; -0.245 (Brent Reservoir)
TQ 217 873
Map Details SSSI[42] YES Most of the site is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, especially for its large number of breeding birds, including the great crested grebe.[43]
Brockley Nature Reserve A pond in Camley Street Nature Park 4.2 hectares (10 acres) Lewisham
51°28′12″N 0°02′20″E / 51.470°N 0.039°E / 51.470; 0.039 (Brockley Nature Reserve)
TQ 405 733
Map Details LWT[44] NO This sloping railway cutting is mainly woodland with some areas of grassland, reeds and herbs. There are over 170 plant species, some unusual in the area.[44]
Brookmill Road Brookmill Road Local Nature Reserve 0.44 hectares (1.1 acres) Lewisham
51°28′05″N 0°01′12″W / 51.468°N 0.020°W / 51.468; -0.020 (Brookmill Road)
TQ 376 762
Map Details NO A steeply sloping disused railway embankment. It is woodland, with the main trees being hornbeam and hazel.[45]
Burnt Ash Pond Burnt Ash Pond 0.13 hectares (0.32 acres) Lewisham
51°26′28″N 0°01′12″E / 51.441°N 0.020°E / 51.441; 0.020 (Burnt Ash Pond)
TQ 405 733
Map Details NO A small pond in the middle of houses, which has an extensive variety of aquatic animals, including many breeding toads, and plants, including great and hoary willowherb.[8]
Camley Street Natural Park A pond in Camley Street Nature Park 0.84 hectares (2.1 acres) Camden
51°32′06″N 0°07′44″W / 51.535°N 0.129°W / 51.535; -0.129 (Camley Street Natural Park)
TQ 299 834
Map Details LWT[46] YES This nature reserve on the bank of Regents Canal in Kings Cross has ponds and areas of meadows and woodland, with birds such as reed warblers and kingfishers.[46]
Cannon Hill Common Cannon Hill Common 14.16 hectares (35.0 acres) Merton
51°24′00″N 0°13′19″W / 51.400°N 0.222°W / 51.400; -0.222 (Cannon Hill Common)
TQ 238 683
Map Details YES The common has meadows with plants such as meadow barley and meadow foxtail, and woodland dominated by ancient oak trees.[47]
Castle Hill Castle Hill 3.48 hectares (8.6 acres) Kingston
51°21′29″N 0°17′28″W / 51.358°N 0.291°W / 51.358; -0.291 (Castle Hill)
TQ 191 635
Map Details SM[48] YES This is the site of a medieval hunting lodge. It is woodland mainly of oak and hazel, with varied ground flora, including wood anemone and hairy St John's-wort.[40]
Chase - Barking, TheThe Chase - Barking River Rom in The Chase Nature Reserve 44.15 hectares (109.1 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°33′00″N 0°11′02″E / 51.550°N 0.184°E / 51.550; 0.184 (The Chase - Barking)
TQ 515 857
Map Details YES The Chase is a footpath along the River Rom. It has diverse habitats and wildlife includes water voles.[49]
Chase - Havering, TheThe Chase - Havering The Chase Nature Reserve 1.39 hectares (3.4 acres) Havering
51°33′29″N 0°11′02″E / 51.558°N 0.184°E / 51.558; 0.184 (The Chase - Havering)
TQ 515 866
Map Details YES This is a continuation of The Chase in Barking. It has black poplar trees.[50]
Cherry Wood Cherry Wood 1.76 hectares (4.3 acres) Merton
51°23′49″N 0°12′54″W / 51.397°N 0.215°W / 51.397; -0.215 (Cherry Wood)
TQ 243 680
Map Details YES The main trees are pedunculate oak, ash and horse chestnut. There are over twenty-five species of birds.[51]
Chiswick Eyot Chiswick Eyot channel at low tide 0.83 hectares (2.1 acres) Hounslow
51°29′13″N 0°14′46″W / 51.487°N 0.246°W / 51.487; -0.246 (Chiswick Eyot)
TQ 219 779
Map Details NO This is a small wooded island in the Thames. The main trees are willows, and the island is surrounded by reed beds.[52]
Coldfall Wood Coldfall Wood 13.43 hectares (33.2 acres) Haringey
51°35′49″N 0°09′43″W / 51.597°N 0.162°W / 51.597; -0.162 (Coldfall Wood)
TQ 274 903
Map Details YES This is ancient woodland, mainly of hornbeam, oak, birch and sycamore. There are a number of ground plants which are rare in London, such as pale sedge, trailing St John's wort and lady-fern.[53]
Coombe Hill Wood Coombe Hill Wood 2.19 hectares (5.4 acres) Kingston
51°25′08″N 0°15′04″W / 51.419°N 0.251°W / 51.419; -0.251 (Coombe Hill Wood)
TQ 217 703
Map Details YES This wood is mainly oak, with an understorey of hazel coppice.[54]
Coppett's Wood and Glebelands Coppett's Wood 20.00 hectares (49.4 acres) Barnet
51°36′32″N 0°09′32″W / 51.609°N 0.159°W / 51.609; -0.159 (Coppett's Wood)
TQ 276 916
51°36′14″N 0°10′12″W / 51.604°N 0.170°W / 51.604; -0.170 (Glebelands)
TQ 268 910
Map Details YES Coppett's Wood is mainly oak and hornbeam, and has a number of rare insects.[55] Glebelands is a remnant of Finchley Common, and has woodland and ponds.[56]
Covert Way Path in Covert Way 6.77 hectares (16.7 acres) Enfield
51°39′36″N 0°10′23″W / 51.660°N 0.173°W / 51.660; -0.173 (Covert Way)
TQ 265 973
Map Details YES Covert Way is deciduous woodland. Animals include muntjac deer, green and greater spotted woodpeckers, and white-letter and purple hair-streak butterflies.[57]
Crane Park Island Crane Park Island 2.67 hectares (6.6 acres) Richmond
51°26′31″N 0°22′44″W / 51.442°N 0.379°W / 51.442; -0.379 (Crane Park Island)
TQ 128 727
Map Details LWT[58] YES This is an island in the River Crane. It has wet woodland, grassland and reed beds and fauna include kingfishers and water voles.[59]
Cranebank, Hatton Cranebank meadow 6.69 hectares (16.5 acres) Hounslow
51°28′34″N 0°24′58″W / 51.476°N 0.416°W / 51.476; -0.416 (Cranebank, Hatton)
TQ 101 764
Map Details YES Cranebank is flood meadows by the River Crane, which are under water in winter. There are twenty-six species of butterflies and twelve of damselflies and dragonflies.[60]
Cranham Brickfields Pond in Cranham Brickfields 8.69 hectares (21.5 acres) Havering
51°33′50″N 0°16′41″E / 51.564°N 0.278°E / 51.564; 0.278 (Cranham Brickfields)
TQ 580 875
Map Details YES Cranham Brickfields has pasture, a pond, scrub and woodland. Invertebrates include the great crested newt and slow worm, and plants dyer's greenweed.[61]
Cranham Marsh Cranham Marsh 12.97 hectares (32.0 acres) Havering
51°32′49″N 0°15′47″E / 51.547°N 0.263°E / 51.547; 0.263 (Cranham Marsh)
TQ 570 855
Map Details EWT[62] YES This site's habitats include marshes, ponds and ancient woodland, and a tributary of the River Markyke runs through the site.[63]
Cranmer Green Cranmer Green 3.22 hectares (8.0 acres) Merton
51°23′53″N 0°09′47″W / 51.398°N 0.163°W / 51.398; -0.163 (Cranmer Green)
TQ 279 681
Map Details YES The green has a pond, woodland and grassland.[35] The pond is probably late eighteenth century in origin.[64]
Crossness Crossness Nature Reserve 25.50 hectares (63.0 acres) Bexley
51°30′04″N 0°08′53″E / 51.501°N 0.148°E / 51.501; 0.148 (Crossness)
TQ 492 802
Map Details PP This is a network of open water and ditches, with areas of rough grassland. There are over one hundred and thirty species of birds.[65]
Cuddington Meadows Cuddington Meadows 1.39 hectares (3.4 acres) Sutton
51°20′02″N 0°12′50″W / 51.334°N 0.214°W / 51.334; -0.214 (Cuddington Meadows)
TQ 245 610
Map Details YES Cuddington Meadows is chalk grassland, and its most important feature is the variety of flowering plants. Sixteen butterfly species have been recorded.[66]
Dacres Wood Dacres Wood Local Nature Reserve 0.70 hectares (1.7 acres) Lewisham
51°25′55″N 0°03′07″W / 51.432°N 0.052°W / 51.432; -0.052 (Dacres Wood)
TQ 355 721
Map Details PL The wood has some massive turkey oaks, and ornamental shrubs which are probably inherited from a time when it was a Victorian garden. There are also marshes and a pond.[67]
Dagenham Village Churchyard Dagenham Village Churchyard 0.87 hectares (2.1 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°32′20″N 0°09′43″E / 51.539°N 0.162°E / 51.539; 0.162 (Dagenham Village Churchyard)
TQ 500 845
Map Details YES The old gravestones and walls in the churchyard provide a habitat for lichens and mosses, and woodpeckers feed in an avenue of lime trees.[68]
Danson Park Bog Garden, Welling Footbridge in Danson Park 1.07 hectares (2.6 acres) Bexley
51°27′14″N 0°06′50″E / 51.454°N 0.114°E / 51.454; 0.114 (Danson Park Bog Garden)
TQ 470 749
Map Details YES Danson Park has a large lake, and a marshy area at its western end has been converted into a nature reserve.[69]
Denham Country Park The River Colne in Denham Country Park 19.82 hectares (49.0 acres) Hillingdon Buckinghamshire
51°34′26″N 0°29′06″W / 51.574°N 0.485°W / 51.574; -0.485 (Denham Country Park)
TQ 051 872
Map Details YES Three rivers go through the park, the Colne, the Misbourne and the Frays. Birds include herons and kingfishers.[70]
Derwent Floodwash Derwent Floodwash 1.83 hectares (4.5 acres) Merton
51°23′31″N 0°13′34″W / 51.392°N 0.226°W / 51.392; -0.226 (Derwent Floodwash)
TQ 235 674
Map Details YES This is designed to store water during flooding of Pyl Brook, to prevent flooding downstream. It is wet grassland with a number of uncommon plant species.[71]
Devonshire Avenue Nature Area Devonshire Avenue Nature Area 0.42 hectares (1.0 acre) Sutton
51°21′14″N 0°11′20″W / 51.354°N 0.189°W / 51.354; -0.189 (Devonshire Avenue Nature Area)
TQ 262 632
Map Details YES This is mainly chalk grassland. It has the locally rare small blue butterfly, and the butterfly's food plant, kidney vetch.[72]
Downham Woodland Walk Downham Woodland Walk 2.82 hectares (7.0 acres) Lewisham
51°25′48″N 0°00′07″E / 51.430°N 0.002°E / 51.430; 0.002 (Downham Woodland Walk)
TQ 393 720
Map Details YES The walk is ancient woodland. Trees include pedunculate oaks, hornbeams and field maples, and there are invertebrates such as stag and fungus beetles.[73]
Duke's Hollow Duke's Hollow 0.27 hectares (0.67 acres) Hounslow
51°28′23″N 0°15′22″W / 51.473°N 0.256°W / 51.473; -0.256 (Duke's Hollow)
TQ 212 763
Map Details YES Duke's Hollow slopes steeply down towards the Thames. It is woodland mainly of willow.[74]
Dulwich Upper Wood Dulwich Upper Wood 1.74 hectares (4.3 acres) Southwark
51°25′26″N 0°04′41″W / 51.424°N 0.078°W / 51.424; -0.078 (Dulwich Upper Wood)
TQ 337 712
Map Details YES This is a remnant of the Great North Wood. It is mainly oak, and animals include stag beetles and bats.[75]
Eastbrookend Country Park Bardag Lake in Eastbrookend Country Park 67.39 hectares (166.5 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°33′07″N 0°10′37″E / 51.552°N 0.177°E / 51.552; 0.177 (Eastbrookend Country Park)
TQ 510 860
Map Details YES The park is former derelict land planted with 50,000 small trees, and with grass and flower seeds suitable for poor soil.[76]
Edith Gardens Entrance to Edith Gardens 0.44 hectares (1.1 acres) Kingston
51°23′20″N 0°17′02″W / 51.389°N 0.284°W / 51.389; -0.284 (Edith Gardens)
TQ 195 669
Map Details NO The site is abandoned allotments next to Tolworth Brook. Most of it is low diversity grassland, and there is also a thicket of young elms areas of brambles and some large mature trees.[77]
Elmbridge Open Space[f] Elmbridge Open Space 9.35 hectares (23.1 acres) Kingston
51°23′31″N 0°16′26″W / 51.392°N 0.274°W / 51.392; -0.274 (Elmbridge Open Space)
TQ 202 673
Map Details YES This is a green walk along the bank of the Hogsmill River. There are willow trees by the river bank and plants such as meadowsweet and comfrey.[79]
Fishpond Wood and Beverley Meads Fishpond Wood 5.92 hectares (14.6 acres) Merton
51°25′19″N 0°14′53″W / 51.422°N 0.248°W / 51.422; -0.248 (Fishpond Wood and Beverley Meads)
TQ 219 707
Map Details LWT.[80] YES Fishpond Wood has wetlands and oak and hazel woodlands, while Beverley Meads is a mosaic of woods and pastures.[81]
Foots Cray Meadows River Cray in Foots Cray Meadows 30.32 hectares (74.9 acres) Bexley
51°25′30″N 0°07′26″E / 51.425°N 0.124°E / 51.425; 0.124 (Foots Cray Meadows)
TQ 478 717
Map Details YES The River Cray runs through the meadows. They have a diverse landscape, including ancient woodlands and wildflower meadows.[82]
Fox Wood Fox Wood 2.25 hectares (5.6 acres) Ealing
51°31′34″N 0°17′56″W / 51.526°N 0.299°W / 51.526; -0.299 (Fox Wood)
TQ 181 822
Map Details YES Fox Wood was a reservoir which was drained in World War II to stop it being used as a navigational aid by German bombers. It is now sloping woodland.[83]
Foxley Wood Foxley Wood 11.36 hectares (28.1 acres) Croydon
51°19′41″N 0°06′50″W / 51.328°N 0.114°W / 51.328; -0.114 (Foxley Wood)
TQ 315 605
Map Details YES Foxley Wood has chalk grassland and woods. There are badgers and roe deer, and over forty species of birds have been observed.[84]
Frays Valley Frays River in Frays Farm Meadows 71.87 hectares (177.6 acres) Hillingdon
51°34′05″N 0°28′44″W / 51.568°N 0.479°W / 51.568; -0.479 (Frays Valley)
TQ 055 865
Map Details LWT,[85] SSSI[86] YES The Frays River goes through the wildlife rich valley. Flora include kingcups and ragged robin, and there are mammals such as harvest mice and water voles.[87]
Fryent Country Park Barn Hill Pond in Fryent Country Park 106.97 hectares (264.3 acres) Brent
51°34′26″N 0°16′37″W / 51.574°N 0.277°W / 51.574; -0.277 (Fryent Country Park)
TQ 195 875
Map Details YES The park has a varied landscape, including lakes, woodland and meadows. Over 800 species have been recorded, including 80 birds and 21 butterflies.[88]
Gillespie Park Gillespie Park pond 3.03 hectares (7.5 acres) Islington
51°33′32″N 0°06′25″W / 51.559°N 0.107°W / 51.559; -0.107 (Gillespie Park)
TQ 313 862
Map Details YES Gillespie Park has an ecology centre, and it is mainly grassland. Bird species include reed bunting and song thrush, and there are also ponds with many invertebrates.[89]
Grove Farm Grove Farm, Ealing 8.07 hectares (19.9 acres) Ealing
51°33′14″N 0°20′28″W / 51.554°N 0.341°W / 51.554; -0.341 (Grove Farm)
TQ 151 852
Map Details YES Grove Farm has ancient woodland with wild service trees and a variety of wild flowers.[90]
Gunnersbury Triangle Pond dipping at Gunnersbury Triangle 2.57 hectares (6.4 acres) Hounslow Ealing
51°29′38″N 0°16′16″W / 51.494°N 0.271°W / 51.494; -0.271 (Gunnersbury Triangle)
TQ 201 786
Map Details LWT[91] YES This has a varied habitat, including woodland and marshes. It has amphibians such as toads, newts and frogs.[91]
Hainault Lodge Hainault Lodge 5.60 hectares (13.8 acres) Redbridge
51°36′25″N 0°07′48″E / 51.607°N 0.130°E / 51.607; 0.130 (Hainault Lodge)
TQ 476 919
Map Details NO Hainault Lodge is ancient woodland and pasture. Butterflies include orange tips and speckled woods, and birds long-tailed tits, robins.[92]
Ham Common Latchmere Stream in Ham Common 40.27 hectares (99.5 acres) Richmond
51°25′55″N 0°17′53″W / 51.432°N 0.298°W / 51.432; -0.298 (Ham Common)
TQ 184 718
Map Details YES The main trees in Ham Common are birch and oak, and there are also areas of acid grassland.[93]
Ham Lands Ham Lands 60.01 hectares (148.3 acres) Richmond
51°26′06″N 0°19′30″W / 51.435°N 0.325°W / 51.435; -0.325 (Ham Lands)
TQ 165 720
Map Details YES This is a former gravel quarry filled with soil types from across London, thus creating an unusual mosaic of habitats.[94]
High Elms Cuckoo Wood in High Elms 102.33 hectares (252.9 acres) Bromley
51°20′46″N 0°04′19″E / 51.346°N 0.072°E / 51.346; 0.072 (High Elms)
TQ 444 628
Map Details SSSI[95] YES Most of this country park is secondary woodland, but it retains much of the original ground flora with some rare species.[95]
Hogsmill River Park[f] Hogsmill River Park 22.26 hectares (55.0 acres)[f] Kingston
51°23′53″N 0°16′34″W / 51.398°N 0.276°W / 51.398; -0.276 (Hogsmill River Park)
TQ 200 680
51°22′59″N 0°15′50″W / 51.383°N 0.264°W / 51.383; -0.264 (Hogsmill River Park)
TQ 209 663
Map
Map[f]
Details YES This is a linear park along the Hogsmill River. The landscape is varied, with pasture and mature willow and oak woodland.[96]
Hounslow Heath Hounslow Heath 83.14 hectares (205.4 acres) Hounslow
51°27′25″N 0°23′06″W / 51.457°N 0.385°W / 51.457; -0.385 (Hounslow Heath)
TQ 123 743
Map Details YES The heath has extensive acid grassland with some hay meadows, marsh and woodland.[97]
Hutchinson's Bank Hutchinson's Bank 21.77 hectares (53.8 acres) Croydon
51°20′13″N 0°01′08″W / 51.337°N 0.019°W / 51.337; -0.019 (Hutchinson's Bank)
TQ 381 616
Map Details LWT[98] YES Hutchinson's Bank is a sloping meadow bank, with a diverse ecology including pyramidal and common spotted orchids and the rare greater yellow-rattle.[98]
Ingrebourne Valley Ingrebourne Valley 146.62 hectares (362.3 acres) Havering
51°32′06″N 0°12′25″E / 51.535°N 0.207°E / 51.535; 0.207 (Ingrebourne Valley)
TQ 532 841
51°31′26″N 0°11′49″E / 51.524°N 0.197°E / 51.524; 0.197 (Ingrebourne Valley)
TQ 525 828
Map Details EWT,[99] SSSI[100] YES The site has a wide range of habitats, rough grassland, woodland, marshes, river, reedbeds and wet grazing. There are fauna such as great crested newts, slow worms and harvest mice.[100]
Isleworth Ait Isleworth Ait 3.49 hectares (8.6 acres) Hounslow
51°28′05″N 0°19′12″W / 51.468°N 0.320°W / 51.468; -0.320 (Isleworth Ait)
TQ 168 757
Map Details LWT[101] NO This is an island in the Thames. It has poplar and willow woodland on land which is often flooded. Rare species include the two-lipped door snail and the German hairy snail.[101]
Islip Manor Meadows Islip Manor Meadows 23.75 hectares (58.7 acres) Ealing
51°32′53″N 0°23′17″W / 51.548°N 0.388°W / 51.548; -0.388 (Islip Manor Meadows)
TQ 119 845
Map Details YES This is a diverse wet meadow site with over twenty grass and ten leguminous species. There are ponds with the protected great crested newt.[102]
Jubilee Country Park Path in Jubilee Country Park 28.67 hectares (70.8 acres) Bromley
51°23′35″N 0°03′47″E / 51.393°N 0.063°E / 51.393; 0.063 (Jubilee Country Park)
TQ 436 680
Map Details YES The park has chalk grassland and woods with oaks, hawthorns and field maples. Some species are rare in London.[103]
Jubilee Wood Jubilee Wood 2.24 hectares (5.5 acres) Kingston
51°20′35″N 0°19′37″W / 51.343°N 0.327°W / 51.343; -0.327 (Jubilee Wood)
TQ 166 618
Map[g] Details YES Trees in this wood include birch, pedunculate oak, field maple, goat willow and wych elm.[105]
Kempton Kempton Nature Reserve 22.80 hectares (56.3 acres) Hounslow
51°25′26″N 0°23′35″W / 51.424°N 0.393°W / 51.424; -0.393 (Kempton)
TQ 118 707
Map Details SSSI[106] NO This site is disused reservoirs which has many bird species. It is of national importance for wintering gadwall. It also has feeding bats and mammals include water voles.[107]
Lavender Pond Lavender Pond 0.70 hectares (1.7 acres) Southwark
51°30′18″N 0°02′17″W / 51.505°N 0.038°W / 51.505; -0.038 (Lavender Pond)
TQ 363 803
Map Details PP This used to be part of the Surrey Commercial Docks, now converted to a small wildlife pond.[108]
Lesnes Abbey Woods Lesnes Abbey Woods 73.13 hectares (180.7 acres) Bexley
51°29′10″N 0°07′55″E / 51.486°N 0.132°E / 51.486; 0.132 (Lesnes Abbey Woods)
TQ 481 785
Map Details SSSI[109] YES This site has ancient woodland, parkland, heath, wetland and hedgerows. A survey found 906 invertebrate species, 46 birds, 12 mammals, 59 fungi and 292 plants.[110]
Litten Litten Local Nature Reserve 10.7 hectares (26 acres) Ealing
51°31′55″N 0°21′04″W / 51.532°N 0.351°W / 51.532; -0.351 (Litten)
TQ 145 827
Map Details YES Litten has a pond, woodland and a wildflower meadow.[111]
Long Wood Long Wood 1.20 hectares (3.0 acres) Ealing
51°29′49″N 0°20′17″W / 51.497°N 0.338°W / 51.497; -0.338 (Long Wood)
TQ 155 789
Map Details YES This is ancient woodland which has varied tree and wildlife species.[112]
Lonsdale Road Reservoir (Leg of Mutton Reservoir) Lonsdale Road Reservoir 8.19 hectares (20.2 acres) Richmond
51°28′55″N 0°14′49″W / 51.482°N 0.247°W / 51.482; -0.247 (Lonsdale Road Reservoir)
TQ 218 774
Map Details YES This disused reservoir has a wide variety of water birds, including tufted ducks and widgeons.[113]
Lower Wandle Lower Wandle River 2.52 hectares (6.2 acres) Merton
51°25′59″N 0°11′31″W / 51.433°N 0.192°W / 51.433; -0.192 (Lower Wandle)
TQ 258 720
Map Details YES This is a stretch of the River Wandle, which is lined with mature trees, grassland and patches of herbs.[114]
Manor, TheThe Manor Dagnam Park in The Manor Nature Reserve 67.96 hectares (167.9 acres) Havering
51°36′50″N 0°14′13″E / 51.614°N 0.237°E / 51.614; 0.237 (The Manor) TQ 550 930 51°36′29″N 0°14′38″E / 51.608°N 0.244°E / 51.608; 0.244 (The Manor) TQ 555 923
Map Details YES The Manor comprises several parks and diverse habitats. Plants include the common spotted-orchid and square stemmed St John's wort.[115]
Maryon Wilson Park and Gilbert's Pit (including Maryon Park) Maryon Park 17.52 hectares (43.3 acres) Greenwich
51°29′13″N 0°02′31″E / 51.487°N 0.042°E / 51.487; 0.042 (Maryon Wilson Park)
TQ 419 784
Map Details SSSI[116] YES Gilbert's Pit is a geological SSSI. Maryon Wilson Park is a hilly wooded site, which has a stream with rare plants. Maryon Park is acid grassland, scrub and secondary woodland.[117]
Masons Field Masons Field 2.87 hectares (7.1 acres) Brent
51°35′00″N 0°16′25″W / 51.5833°N 0.27367240°W / 51.5833; -0.27367240 (Masons Field)
TQ 197 886
Map Details YES This is a former London Underground sports ground next to Fryent Country Park, which has been converted to a wildflower meadow.[118]
Mayesbrook Park South Mayesbrook Park lake 7.55 hectares (18.7 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°32′24″N 0°06′29″E / 51.540°N 0.108°E / 51.540; 0.108 (Mayesbrook Park)
TQ 463 844
Map Details YES The park has a nature reserve with two large lakes, rough grassland and woodland.[119]
Merton Park Green Walks Merton Park Green Walks 1.49 hectares (3.7 acres) Merton
51°24′43″N 0°12′00″W / 51.412°N 0.200°W / 51.412; -0.200 (Merton Park)
TQ 253 697
Map Details YES This site has a variety of habitats, including grassland and an inaccessible area of elm scrub and brambles.[120]
Morden Park Morden Park 28.19 hectares (69.7 acres) Merton
51°23′35″N 0°12′43″W / 51.393°N 0.212°W / 51.393; -0.212 (Morden Park)
TQ 245 675
Map Details YES This park has woodland with 300-year-old oak trees. Birds include coal tits and spotted flycatchers.[121]
Mudchute Park and Farm Mudchute Park Farm 13.31 hectares (32.9 acres) Tower Hamlets
51°29′31″N 0°00′43″W / 51.492°N 0.012°W / 51.492; -0.012 (Mudchute Park and Farm)
TQ 381 789
Map Details YES This is a city farm and nature reserve, with varied habitats including wetlands. There are invertebrates such as smooth newts and slow worms.[122]
Myrna Close Myrna Close 0.75 hectares (1.9 acres) Merton
51°24′58″N 0°10′26″W / 51.416°N 0.174°W / 51.416; -0.174 (Myrna Close)
TQ 271 701
Map Details YES This is a linear park on the route of a former railway. It has a small stream and two ponds, and wetland plants include brooklime.[123]
Northolt Manor Northolt Manor House moat 1.79 hectares (4.4 acres) Ealing
51°32′38″N 0°22′08″W / 51.544°N 0.369°W / 51.544; -0.369 (Northolt Manor)
TQ 132 841
Map Details SM[124] YES This was a fourteenth century moated manor. It has wetland, scrub, woodland and grassland. The wetland has a wide range of species, such as thread-leaved water-crowfoot and narrow-fruited water-cress.[125]
Nunhead Cemetery Nunhead cemetery 20.23 hectares (50.0 acres) Southwark
51°27′43″N 0°03′07″W / 51.462°N 0.052°W / 51.462; -0.052 (Nunhead Cemetery)
TQ 354 755
Map Details YES This is one of London's Magnificent Seven cemeteries.[126] It has a wide range of plants, and sixteen species of butterflies have been recorded.[127]
Oak Avenue, Hampton Oak Avenue Local Nature Reserve 1.85 hectares (4.6 acres) Richmond
51°25′41″N 0°23′17″W / 51.428°N 0.388°W / 51.428; -0.388 (Oak Avenue, Hampton)
TQ 122 711
Map Details YES This is former wasteland, where some new habitats have been created, including meadows and a pond, and others have grown up naturally.[128]
Oak Hill Wood Oak Hill Wood meadow with Oak Hill Park in the distance 9.88 hectares (24.4 acres) Barnet
51°38′24″N 0°09′04″W / 51.640°N 0.151°W / 51.640; -0.151 (Oak Hill Wood)
TQ 280 951
Map Details LWT[129] YES This medieval oak wood has wild service trees, woodland flowers such as wood anemones and yellow archangels, and pipistrelle and brown long-eared bats.[129]
Oakleigh Way Oakleigh Way 0.64 hectares (1.6 acres) Merton
51°24′43″N 0°08′56″W / 51.412°N 0.149°W / 51.412; -0.149 (Oakleigh Way)
TQ 288 698
Map Details YES Oakleigh Way is a former railway depot converted to a nature reserve, which has birch woodland and wildflower meadows.[130]
One Tree Hill The Oak of Honour on One Tree Hill 6.95 hectares (17.2 acres) Southwark
51°27′04″N 0°03′04″W / 51.451°N 0.051°W / 51.451; -0.051 (One Tree Hill)
TQ 355 743
Map Details YES Queen Elizabeth I is said to have picnicked under an oak at the top of the hill. It has many ancient trees.[131]
Oxleas/Shooters Hill Woodlands Path in Oxleas Wood 119.60 hectares (295.5 acres) Greenwich
51°28′08″N 0°03′25″E / 51.469°N 0.057°E / 51.469; 0.057 (Oxleas/Shooters Hill Woodlands) TQ 430 764 51°27′36″N 0°04′23″E / 51.460°N 0.073°E / 51.460; 0.073 (Oxleas/Shooters Hill Woodlands) TQ 441 755
Map Details SSSI[132] YES The woods have a wide variety of fungi and invertebrates, including the rare palmate newt. Oxleas Wood is over 8,000 years old.[133]
Parkland Walk Parkland Walk 14.31 hectares (35.4 acres) Haringey Islington
51°34′26″N 0°07′16″W / 51.574°N 0.121°W / 51.574; -0.121 (Parkland Walk)
TQ 303 878
Map Details YES This is a 4.5 mile walk along the route of a former railway line.[9] It has an area of acidic grassland with rare plants and insects.[134]
Parsloes Park Squatts Parsloes Park Squatts 4.28 hectares (10.6 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°32′42″N 0°07′48″E / 51.545°N 0.130°E / 51.545; 0.130 (Parsloes Park Squatts)
TQ 478 851
Map Details YES This is an area of neutral and acidic grassland in the park which has been set aside as a nature reserve. It has ancient hedgerows.[135]
Perivale Wood Perivale Wood 8.02 hectares (19.8 acres) Ealing
51°32′24″N 0°19′44″W / 51.540°N 0.329°W / 51.540; -0.329 (Perivale Wood)
TQ 160 837
Map Details NO Perivale Wood is ancient woodland of oak and ash. It also has rough grassland, and ponds and streams.[136]
Pevensey Road Pevensey Road Nature Reserve 10.21 hectares (25.2 acres) Hounslow
51°26′53″N 0°23′24″W / 51.448°N 0.390°W / 51.448; -0.390 (Pevensey Road)
TQ 120 733
Map Details YES This is an area of scrub, woodland and wetland next to the River Crane.[137]
Pyl Brook Pyl Brook 1.31 hectares (3.2 acres) Merton
51°23′13″N 0°12′07″W / 51.387°N 0.202°W / 51.387; -0.202 (Pyl Brook)
TQ 252 669
Map Details YES This is a stretch of Pyl Brook and adjacent land. It is mainly mature hawthorn and elm scrub.[138]
Queen's Wood Queen's Wood 21.07 hectares (52.1 acres) Haringey
51°34′52″N 0°08′31″W / 51.581°N 0.142°W / 51.581; -0.142 (Queen's Wood)
TQ 288 885
Map Details YES The wood is mainly oak and hornbeam. Over a hundred species of spider have been recorded.[139]
Raeburn Open Space Raeburn Open Space 5.00 hectares (12.4 acres) Kingston
51°23′35″N 0°16′48″W / 51.393°N 0.280°W / 51.393; -0.280 (Raeburn Open Space)
TQ 198 674
Map Details YES The Tolworth Brook flows through this site, which has young woodland, old hedgerows and rough grassland.[140]
Railway Fields Pond in Railway Fields 0.87 hectares (2.1 acres) Haringey
51°34′34″N 0°06′04″W / 51.576°N 0.101°W / 51.576; -0.101 (Railway Fields)
TQ 317 881
Map Details YES Railway Fields has varied habitats, including a pond, marshland, a meadow and woodland. Over 200 species of wild flowers have been recorded.[141]
Rainham Marshes Cows graze in Rainham Marshes 79.19 hectares (195.7 acres) Havering
51°29′28″N 0°13′26″E / 51.491°N 0.224°E / 51.491; 0.224 (Rainham Marshes)
TQ 545 792
Map Details RSPB,[142] SSSI[143] YES The grasslands on this site have rare plants, insects and birds, and a large population of water voles.[144]
Ravensbury Park Ravensbury Park 7.04 hectares (17.4 acres) Merton
51°23′49″N 0°10′48″W / 51.397°N 0.180°W / 51.397; -0.180 (Ravensbury Park)
TQ 267 680
Map Details YES The park is next to the River Wandle and it has wetland bird species such as kingfishers and grey wagtails, together with woodland areas.[145]
Ripple Nature Reserve Ripple Nature Reserve 3.68 hectares (9.1 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°31′16″N 0°06′54″E / 51.521°N 0.115°E / 51.521; 0.115 (Ripple Nature Reserve)
TQ 468 824
Map Details YES Much of the Ripple is damp grassland, while drier areas have rare species such as yellow vetchling. There are a number of scarce insect species including the emerald damselfly.[146]
Rose Walk Rose Walk 2.69 hectares (6.6 acres) Kingston
51°23′53″N 0°16′41″W / 51.398°N 0.278°W / 51.398; -0.278 (Rose Walk)
TQ 199 680
Map Details YES Rose Walk is unmanaged grassland with wild flowers. The main grasses are oat grass, tall fescue and rye-grass.[147]
Roundshaw Downs Roundshaw Downs 19.61 hectares (48.5 acres) Sutton
51°21′04″N 0°07′26″W / 51.351°N 0.124°W / 51.351; -0.124 (Roundshaw Downs)
TQ 307 630
Map Details YES Roundshaw Downs is chalk downland and woodland which has a wide variety of bird species, including great spotted woodpeckers.[148]
Rowley Green Common Rowley Green Common 5.82 hectares (14.4 acres) Barnet
51°39′04″N 0°14′38″W / 51.651°N 0.244°W / 51.651; -0.244 (Rowley Green Common)
TQ 216 961
Map Details YES The common is mainly oak and birch woodland, with some grassland, but it also has a sphagnum bog, which is rare in south-east England.[149]
Ruffett and Big Woods Big Wood, Sutton 7.01 hectares (17.3 acres) Sutton
51°19′34″N 0°09′40″W / 51.326°N 0.161°W / 51.326; -0.161 (Ruffett and Big Woods)
TQ 282 602
Map Details YES Ruffett Wood has many sycamores and some old wild cherries, while Big Wood is dominated by sycamores. The ground flora is diverse.[150]
Ruislip Local Nature Reserve Ruislip Local Nature Reserve 4.42 hectares (10.9 acres)[h] Hillingdon
51°35′49″N 0°25′41″W / 51.597°N 0.428°W / 51.597; -0.428 (Ruislip Local Nature Reserve)
TQ 090 899
Map[h] Details NNR,[152] SSSI[153] NO The woods have a diverse mixture of woodland, willow carr and open heath.[154]
Scadbury Park Scadbury Park 117.02 hectares (289.2 acres) Bromley
51°24′40″N 0°05′38″E / 51.411°N 0.094°E / 51.411; 0.094 (Scadbury Park)
TQ 457 701
Map Details YES Scadbury Park has extensive ancient woodland, neutral grassland, and pasture which is let to a tenant farmer.[155]
Scratchwood and Moat Mount Open Space Scratchwood pond 55.16 hectares (136.3 acres) Barnet
51°38′10″N 0°15′36″W / 51.636°N 0.260°W / 51.636; -0.260 (Scratchwood and Moat Mount)
TQ 205 945
Map Details YES Scratchwood has areas of ancient oak and hornbeam woodland. Moat Mount has open pasture and woodland.[156]
Scrattons Ecopark and extension Scrattons Eco Park 1.92 hectares (4.7 acres) Barking and Dagenham
51°31′44″N 0°08′02″E / 51.529°N 0.134°E / 51.529; 0.134 (Scrattons Ecopark)
TQ 481 833
Map Details PP This is former allotments converted to an ecopark to provide a range of habitats for plants and animals.[157]
Selsdon Wood Selsdon Wood 78.96 hectares (195.1 acres) Croydon
51°20′17″N 0°02′35″W / 51.338°N 0.043°W / 51.338; -0.043 (Selsdon Wood)
TQ 364 617
Map Details YES Selsdon Wood is a former shooting estate, which is now open pasture and woodland with a Memorial Pond.[158]
Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Wood Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Wood and Beverley Brook 1.66 hectares (4.1 acres) Merton
51°23′24″N 0°14′24″W / 51.390°N 0.240°W / 51.390; -0.240 (Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Wood)
TQ 226 671
Map Details YES The wood has a varied range of birds and tree species.[159]
South Norwood Country Park Lake in South Norwood Country Park 43.55 hectares (107.6 acres) Croydon
51°23′53″N 0°03′25″W / 51.398°N 0.057°W / 51.398; -0.057 (South Norwood Country Park)
TQ 353 683
Map Details YES The park has a lake and meadows. Over a hundred bird species have been recorded.[160]
Southwood Open Space[f] Southwood Open Space 12.91 hectares (31.9 acres) Kingston
51°23′06″N 0°16′12″W / 51.385°N 0.270°W / 51.385; -0.270 (Southwood Open Space)
TQ 205 665
Map Details YES This is a linear park along the Hogsmill River. It is mainly meadow with elm scrub.[79]
Spencer Road Wetlands Spencer Road Wetlands 1.05 hectares (2.6 acres) Sutton
51°23′06″N 0°09′47″W / 51.385°N 0.163°W / 51.385; -0.163 (Spencer Road Wetlands)
TQ 279 667
Map Details LWT[161] NO The wetland is next to the River Wandle. Habitats include reed swamp, willow Carr, a sedge bed and a pond.[161]
Spinney, Carshalton, TheThe Spinney, Carshalton The Spinney, Carshalton 0.40 hectares (0.99 acres) Sutton
51°22′30″N 0°09′43″W / 51.375°N 0.162°W / 51.375; -0.162 (The Spinney, Carshalton)
TQ 280 656
Map Details NO This is mainly sycamore and London plane. Breeding birds include dunnocks and wrens.[162]
Springfield Park Springfield Park lake 13.59 hectares (33.6 acres) Hackney
51°34′12″N 0°03′32″W / 51.570°N 0.059°W / 51.570; -0.059 (Springfield Park)
TQ 346 875
Map Details YES The park is a Regionally Important Geological Site. It has diverse habitats and fifty-six species of birds.[163]
St. John's Wood Church Grounds St John's Wood Churchyard wildlife area 1.99 hectares (4.9 acres) Westminster
51°31′55″N 0°10′08″W / 51.532°N 0.169°W / 51.532; -0.169 (St. John's Wood Church Grounds)
TQ 271 830
Map Details YES This closed cemetery has a wildlife area, trees and a formal garden.[164]
Stanmore Common Stanmore Common 49.2 hectares (122 acres) Harrow
51°37′55″N 0°19′41″W / 51.632°N 0.328°W / 51.632; -0.328 (Stanmore Common)
TQ 158 939
Map Details YES The common has heathland and woodland. It also has two former village ponds, one of which still has a pump.[165]
Stanmore Country Park Stanmore Country Park 30.73 hectares (75.9 acres) Harrow
51°37′19″N 0°18′25″W / 51.622°N 0.307°W / 51.622; -0.307 (Stanmore Country Park)
TQ 173 928
Map Details YES The park has large areas of acidic grassland, mainly common bent and Yorkshire fog. It also has woodland which is relatively young.[166]
Streatham Common Streatham Common 13.77 hectares (34.0 acres) Lambeth
51°25′19″N 0°07′08″W / 51.422°N 0.119°W / 51.422; -0.119 (Streatham Common)
TQ 309 709
Map Details YES The common has woodland mainly of oak, with other trees such as sycamore and beech. A damp area has rare plants.[167]
Sue Godfrey Nature Park Sue Godfrey Nature Park 0.60 hectares (1.5 acres) Lewisham
51°28′44″N 0°01′23″W / 51.479°N 0.023°W / 51.479; -0.023 (Sue Godfrey Nature Park)
TQ 374 774
Map Details YES This site became a nature park in 1984 after a campaign by local residents. It has over two hundred species of flowers, trees and shrubs.[168]
Sutcliffe Park Sutcliffe Park lake 5.86 hectares (14.5 acres) Greenwich
51°27′18″N 0°01′44″E / 51.455°N 0.029°E / 51.455; 0.029 (Sutcliffe Park)
TQ 411 748
Map Details YES The River Quaggy flows through this park, which also has wetlands and a lake with extensive reed beds.[169]
Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds 1.33 hectares (3.3 acres) Sutton
51°21′58″N 0°09′58″W / 51.366°N 0.166°W / 51.366; -0.166 (Sutton Ecology Centre Grounds)
TQ 278 646
Map Details YES The centre has a plane tree which is listed as one of the Great Trees of London. A pond has damselflies and dragonflies.[170]
Sydenham Hill Wood and Fern Bank Folly in Sydenham Hill Wood 28.17 hectares (69.6 acres) Southwark
51°26′06″N 0°04′26″W / 51.435°N 0.074°W / 51.435; -0.074 (Sydenham Hill Wood and Fern Bank)
TQ 340 724
Map Details YES This is a mixture of ancient and modern woodland, and Victorian garden plants including a monkey puzzle tree.[171]
Ten Acre Wood Burning Brash at Ten Acre Wood, Hillingdon N/Av[i] Hillingdon
51°32′31″N 0°25′12″W / 51.542°N 0.420°W / 51.542; -0.420 (Ten Acre Wood)
TQ 097 838
Map[i] Details LWT[172] YES This is an oak plantation, with some hawthorns and blackthorns which provide a source of berries for birds.[172]
Tolworth Court Farm Fields Tolworth Court Farm Fields 43.31 hectares (107.0 acres)[173] Kingston
51°22′23″N 0°16′44″W / 51.373°N 0.279°W / 51.373; -0.279 (Tolworth Court Farm Fields)
TQ 199 651
N/Av[j] Details YES The site has been farmed since Domesday, and is currently managed as neutral hay meadows. The damp northern field has plants typical of periodically waterlogged fields, such as creeping bent and marsh foxtail.[174]
Totteridge Fields Totteridge Fields 6.92 hectares (17.1 acres) Barnet
51°37′55″N 0°14′02″W / 51.632°N 0.234°W / 51.632; -0.234 (Totteridge Fields)
TQ 223 940
Map Details LWT[175] YES The fields are ancient hay meadows with hawthorn and blackthorn hedgerows, which provide nesting sites for birds.[175]
Tower Hamlets Cemetery Park Tower Hamlets Cemetery Park 11.60 hectares (28.7 acres) Tower Hamlets
51°31′23″N 0°01′48″W / 51.523°N 0.030°W / 51.523; -0.030 (Tower Hamlets Cemetery Park)
TQ 368 823
Map Details YES This closed nineteenth century cemetery has ancient woodland and pastures sown with wild flowers.[176]
Wandle Meadow Nature Park Wandle Meadow Nature Park 3.44 hectares (8.5 acres) Merton
51°25′26″N 0°10′59″W / 51.424°N 0.183°W / 51.424; -0.183 (Wandle Meadow Nature Park)
TQ 264 710
Map Details YES This site has woodland, wet grassland and temporary ponds. Breeding birds include bullfinches, whitethroats and reed buntings.[177]
Wandle Valley Wetland Wandle Valley Wetland 0.63 hectares (1.6 acres) Sutton
51°23′02″N 0°09′54″W / 51.384°N 0.165°W / 51.384; -0.165 (Wandle Valley Wetland)
TQ 278 666
Map Details NO The wetland has frogs, toads and newts, and brown hawker dragonflies.[178]
Westbere Copse Westbere Copse 0.39 hectares (0.96 acres) Camden
51°33′11″N 0°12′25″W / 51.553°N 0.207°W / 51.553; -0.207 (Westbere Copse)
TQ 244 853
Map Details PL The main trees in Westbere Copse are sycamore, oak, ash and aspen, with an understorey including snowberry, elder and elm.[179]
Wilderness Island Wilderness Island 2.73 hectares (6.7 acres) Sutton
51°22′19″N 0°09′36″W / 51.372°N 0.160°W / 51.372; -0.160 (Wilderness Island)
TQ 282 653
Map Details LWT[180] YES This is an island in the River Wandle. It has diverse habitats, with woods, ponds, wild flower meadows and wetlands.[180]
Wood and Richard Jefferies Bird Sanctuary, TheThe Wood and Richard Jefferies Bird Sanctuary The Wood, Surbiton 1.46 hectares (3.6 acres) Kingston
51°23′24″N 0°18′11″W / 51.390°N 0.303°W / 51.390; -0.303 (The Wood and Richard Jefferies Bird Sanctuary)
TQ 182 670
Map Details PP This used to be the garden of a large Victorian house. It has ancient woodland, and insects including stag beetles.[181]
Wormwood Scrubs Martin Bell's Wood in Wormwood Scrubs Park 13.40 hectares (33.1 acres) Hammersmith & Fulham
51°31′16″N 0°14′13″W / 51.521°N 0.237°W / 51.521; -0.237 (Wormwood Scrubs)
TQ 223 817
Map Details YES The nature area in the park has a wide variety of trees, including pedunculate oak and silver birch. Rare birds include marsh harrier and whinchat. There are also meadows with a large population of butterflies.[182]
Yeading Brook Meadows Yeading Brook in Yeading Brook Meadows 17.00 hectares (42.0 acres)[k] Ealing Hillingdon
51°31′44″N 0°24′40″W / 51.529°N 0.411°W / 51.529; -0.411 (Yeading Brook Meadows)
TQ 103 823
Map[k] Details YES This is a meadow site along the Yeading Brook managed by the London Wildlife Trust. Invertebrates include Roesel's bush-crickets and shield bugs.[183]
Yeading Woods (Gutteridge Wood and Meadows) Gutteridge Wood and Meadows Not available[l] Hillingdon
51°32′42″N 0°25′37″W / 51.545°N 0.427°W / 51.545; -0.427 (Yeading Woods)
TQ 092 841
Map[l] Details LWT[185] YES This site has ancient oak and hazel woodland and wildflower meadows.[185]

Map of London boroughs

City of London City of Westminster Kensington and Chelsea Hammersmith and Fulham Wandsworth Lambeth Southwark Tower Hamlets Hackney Islington Camden Brent Ealing Hounslow Richmond upon Thames Kingston Merton Sutton Croydon Bromley Lewisham Greenwich Bexley Havering Barking and Dagenham Redbridge Newham Waltham Forest Haringey Enfield Barnet Harrow HillingdonLondon-boroughs.svg
About this image
  1. City of London (not a London borough)
  2. City of Westminster
  3. Kensington and Chelsea
  4. Hammersmith and Fulham
  5. Wandsworth
  6. Lambeth
  7. Southwark
  8. Tower Hamlets
  9. Hackney
  10. Islington
  11. Camden
  12. Brent
  13. Ealing
  14. Hounslow
  15. Richmond upon Thames
  16. Kingston upon Thames
  17. Merton
  1. Sutton
  2. Croydon
  3. Bromley
  4. Lewisham
  5. Greenwich
  6. Bexley
  7. Havering
  8. Barking and Dagenham
  9. Redbridge
  10. Newham
  11. Waltham Forest
  12. Haringey
  13. Enfield
  14. Barnet
  15. Harrow
  16. Hillingdon

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Unless specified otherwise, the area is taken from the Natural England map of each site. (Click on the identify icon (i) in the "Feature Tools" and then click on the site.)[6]
  2. ^ The location is taken from the Natural England details page for the site
  3. ^ Unless specified otherwise, the maps are on the Natural England database of local nature reserves.
  4. ^ Details are on the pages on each site in the Natural England database of local nature reserves.[6]
  5. ^ a b c d Maps are missing for Adelaide and Bedfords Park. In these cases the area and map taken from the Greenspace Information for Greater London database.[18]
  6. ^ a b c d e The coordinates and description in the details page for Hogsmill River Park in the Natural England database put it in the same location as Elmbridge Open Space (the northern half of Hogsmill River Park) and Southwood Open Space (the southern half). The map for Hogsmill River Park wrongly shows a small closed wood called Hogsmill Wood.[78] The two maps in this table for Hogsmill River Park are those of Elmbridge and Southwood, and area shown for Hogsmill is the total area of its two halves.
  7. ^ Jubilee Wood is in two parts separated by an electricity substation. The Natural England map incorrectly shows the western wood as the LNR. Kingston Council's own map of LNRs[104] and a notice on the site shows the eastern wood as the LNR.
  8. ^ a b The Natural England details page gives the correct grid reference for Ruislip LNR, but the map wrongly shows Highgrove Wood. Ruislip Woods National Nature Reserve Management Plan gives the area and has maps of the site.[151]
  9. ^ a b Ten Acre Wood is described on the Natural England details page as part of Yeading Woods LNR, managed by the London Wildlife Trust. This page has a grid reference and map which is correct according to the LWT. However the separate Natural England map shows a different location, the southern half of Yeading Brook Meadows. The LWT gives a map but not the area for this site.
  10. ^ There is no map of Tolworth Court Farm Fields on Natural England's Magic Map. There is a map on a noticeboard on the site, but none which can be copied under Wikimedia rules.
  11. ^ a b The Natural England details page for Yeading Brook Meadows describes the site as located in Hillingdon and Ealing and managed by the London Wildlife Trust. However the Natural England map shows a small area in Ealing which is not part of the reserve according to the LWT. The map and area for this site are taken from the LWT.
  12. ^ a b This site is described on the Natural England details page as including Gutteridge Wood. The Ten Acre Wood details page has a map of the site showing it in two adjoining blocks, and states that it is part of Yeading Woods. The Natural England map of Yeading Woods shows Gutteridge Wood and part of Ten Acre Wood. The map in this table is an LWT one, but the LWT does not show the area.[184]

Coordinates: 51°30′N 0°5′W / 51.500°N 0.083°W / 51.500; -0.083 (_type:adm1st)

References

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  67. ^ "Dacres Wood Nature Reserve". London Parks and Gardens Trust. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
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  69. ^ "Danson Park Bog Garden, Welling". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  70. ^ "Denham Country Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  71. ^ "Derwent Road Flood Wash". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  72. ^ "Devonshire Avenue Nature Area". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  73. ^ "Downham Woodland Walk". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  74. ^ "Duke's Hollow". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  75. ^ "Dulwich Upper Wood". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
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  88. ^ "Fryent Country Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  89. ^ "Gillespie Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
  90. ^ "Greenford parks". London Borough of Ealing. Retrieved 1 June 2014. 
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  92. ^ "Hainault Lodge". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  93. ^ "Ham Common, Richmond". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  94. ^ "Ham Lands". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 5 March 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
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  155. ^ "Scadbury Park, St Paul's Cray Common, Pett's Wood & Hawkwood Estate". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
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  157. ^ "Scrattons Farm Eco Park". London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  158. ^ "Selsdon Wood Nature Reserve". London Parks and Gardens Trust. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  159. ^ "Sir Joseph Hood Memorial Wood". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
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  177. ^ "Wandle Meadow Nature Park and the Lower River Wandle". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  178. ^ "Wandle Valley Wetland LNR". London Borough of Sutton. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  179. ^ "West Hampstead Railsides, Medley Orchard and Westbere Copse". Greenspace Information for Greater London. 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
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  181. ^ "The Wood and Richard Jefferies Bird Sanctuary". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
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  185. ^ a b "Gutteridge Wood". London Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
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