List of legislatures by country

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This is a list of legislatures by country. A "legislature" is the generic name for the national parliaments and congresses that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives and that have the power to legislate. All entities included in the list of sovereign states are included in this list.

Names of legislatures

The legislatures are listed with their names in English and the name in the (most-used) native language of the country (or the official name in the second-most used native language in cases where English is the majority "native" language)

List of legislatures

Supranational legislatures

Organisation Name of house(s) House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat GDP per seat (million USD)
 European Union European Parliament[1] Lower 5 Open and closed list proportional representation, and single transferable vote (in Ireland) 751 667,761 20,983
Council of the European Union[citation needed] Upper N/A indirect (members of national governments) ~ ~ ~
 African Union Pan-African Parliament Unicameral 5 indirect (appointed by 47 of 53 national legislatures) 265 3,974,098.11 14.180
Central American Integration System Central American Parliament Unicameral Depends per country. direct, proportional 120 426,274.46 2,651.175
 Mercosur Mercosur Parliament Unicameral 5 direct, indirect (depends per country) proportional 122 1,588,889 16.228
Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Latin American Parliament Unicameral 5 direct 276 ~ ~
 Arab League Arab Parliament Unicameral 68 ~ ~

Legislatures of sovereign states (Member and observer states of the United Nations)

UN member or observer state Overall name of legislature Name of house(s) House level Term (years) Electoral system Seats Population per seat
 Afghanistan National Assembly[note 1] House of the People (ولسي جرګه Wolesi Jirga) Lower 5 Single non-transferable vote[2] 249 122,168
House of Elders (مشرانوجرګه Meshrano Jirga) Upper 3, 4 and 5 Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president 102 298,234
 Albania Parliament (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by county with a 3% threshold 140 20,226
 Algeria Parliament[note 1] People's National Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani) Lower 6 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by province 462 80,303
Council of the Nation (Majlis al-Umma) Upper 5 Elected by popular wilaya assemblies and communal people's assemblies, and appointed by the President 144 257,638
 Andorra General Council (Consell General de les Valls) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method nationwide and block vote by parish 28 2,789
 Angola National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and by province 220 84,081
 Antigua and Barbuda Parliament[note 2] House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 17 4,305
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 19 4,811
 Argentina National Congress of Argentina (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación) Lower 4 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 3% threshold 257 156,097
Senate of the Nation (Senado de la Nación) Upper 6 Partial block voting by province 72 557,181
 Armenia National Assembly (Ազգային Ժողով Azgayin Zhoghov) Unicameral 5 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 105 24,902
 Australia Parliament of Australia[note 2] House of Representatives Lower 3 Instant-runoff voting 151 162,914
Senate Upper 6 Single transferable vote by state/territory 76 323,684
 Austria Austrian Parliament National Council (Nationalrat) Lower 5 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 4% threshold 183 43,895
Federal Council (Bundesrat) Upper 5 and 6 Elected by state legislatures 61 129,563
 Azerbaijan National Assembly (Milli Məclis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 125 73,320
The Bahamas Bahamas, The Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post 39 9,326
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 16 22,103
 Bahrain National Assembly[note 1] Council of Representatives (Majlis an-nuwab) Lower 4 Two-round system 40 30,864
Consultative Council (Majlis al-shura) Upper 4 Appointed by the king 40 30,864
 Bangladesh National Parliament
(জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiya Sangsad)
Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 350 466,909
 Barbados Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post 30 9,486
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 21 13,551
 Belarus National Assembly (Нацыянальны сход Nacyjanaĺny schod) House of Representatives (Палата прадстаўнікоў Palata pradstaŭnikoŭ) Lower 4 Two-round system 110 85,997
Council of the Republic (Савет Рэспублікі Saviet Respubliki) Upper 4 Elected by regional councils, and appointed by the President 64 147,773
 Belgium Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement fédéral / Föderales Parlament) Chamber of Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants / Abgeordnetenkammer)
Lower 5 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province with a 5% threshold 150 74,000
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat) Upper 5 Elected by community and regional parliaments 60 185,000
 Belize National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 31 10,748
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 12 27,766
 Benin National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies 83 115,648
 Bhutan Parliament of Bhutan[note 3] National Assembly (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ། Gyelyong Tshogdu) Lower 5 First-past-the-post 47 15,072
National Council (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་སྡེ། Gyelyong Tshogde) Upper 4 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the king 25 28,337
 Bolivia Plurinational Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 Closed list mixed-member proportional representation: Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department and first-past-the-post 130 83,905
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by department 36 302,993
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliamentary Assembly (Parlamentarna skupština / Парламентарна скупштина) House of Representatives (Predstavnički dom / Zastupnički dom / Представнички дом) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies 42 91,422
House of Peoples (Dom naroda / Дом народa) Upper 4 Serbs elected by the National Assembly (Republika Srpska) for the Republic of Srpska, and Bosniaks and Croats elected by the House of Peoples of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 255,982
 Botswana Parliament of Botswana National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 63 32,211
 Brazil National Congress (Congresso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by state 513 371,798
Federal Senate (Senado Federal) Upper 8 Partial block voting by state 81 2,354,724
 Brunei Legislative Council (Majlis Mesyuarat Negara) Unicameral no timeframe Appointed by the Sultan 36 11,355
 Bulgaria National Assembly (Народно събрание Narodno sabranie) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency with a 4% threshold 240 30,685
 Burkina Faso National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 5 Proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide and in constituencies 127 126,281
 Burundi Parliament[note 1] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold 121 74,570
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by the communal councils 43 179,577
 Cambodia Parliament

(សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា)

National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea) Lower 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province 123 108,852
Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា; Protsaphea) Upper 6[3] Appointed by the monarch, elected by the National Assembly and commune councils 61 219,490
 Cameroon Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post and Block vote: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the one with the highest number of votes is allocated half of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists through proportional representation 180 97,021
Senate Upper 5 Elected by municipal councils, and appointed by the president 100 174,638
 Canada Parliament (Parlement) House of Commons (Chambre des communes) Lower 4 years, unless elections are called earlier First-past-the-post voting 338 104,571
Senate (Sénat) Upper Until age 75, or resigns. Appointed by the governor general on the advice of the Prime Minister 105 318,825
 Cape Verde National Assembly (Asembleia Nacional) Unicameral 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies 72 4,990
 Central African Republic National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 Two-round system 131 38,951
 Chad National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 4 Block voting: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the seats are allocated through proportional representation 188 66,640
 Chile National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 Binomial voting system (To become open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies by the next election) 155 145,021
Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) Upper 8 Binomial voting system 38 457,963
 China National People's Congress (全国人民代表大会 Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì)[note 4] Unicameral 5 Elected by municipal, regional and provincial congresses, and People's Liberation Army 2,987 448,518
 Colombia Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method by state 166 279,556
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 Open or closed list proportional representation (depending on the political party) with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold 102 454,964
 Comoros Assembly of the Union (Assemblée de la Union) Unicameral 5 Two-round system, and elected by the local assemblies 33 24,181
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of the Parliament[note 1] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Parallel voting: Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method in constituencies and first-past-the-post voting 500 143,425
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by the provincial assemblies 108 664,008
Republic of the Congo Congo, Republic of the Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Two-round system 153 28,537
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by district, local, and regional councils 52 83,966
 Costa Rica Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by province 57 75,468
 Croatia Croatian Assembly[note 3] (Hrvatski sabor) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold 151 28,414
 Cuba National Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular) Unicameral 5 Popular vote and approval by special candidacy commissions 612 18,308
 Cyprus House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων Vouli Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi)[note 5] Unicameral 5 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by constituency 59 18,632
 Czech Republic Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky) Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by region with a 5% threshold 200 52,811
Senate (Senát) Upper 6 Two-round system (staggered elections) 81 130,397
 Denmark Parliament[note 3] (Folketing) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 2% threshold 179 30,969
 Djibouti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 Block vote and closed list proportional representation by constituencies: The list obtaining an absolute or relative majority of votes is allocated 80% of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists which obtained at least 10% of the valid votes through proportional representation; if no other list obtains 10% of the valid votes, the remaining seats will be allocated to the party which won the majority or relative majority of the valid votes 65 12,587
 Dominica House of Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 21 3,394
 Dominican Republic National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by province and nationwide with a 1% threshold for the nationwide seats 183 51,520
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 First-past-the-post 32 293,088
 East Timor National Parliament (Parlamento Nacional) Unicameral 5 Closed list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 3% threshold 65 16,408
 Ecuador National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency and first-past-the-post 137 116,802
 Egypt Parliament[note 1] House of Representatives (مجلس النواب Majilis Al-Nuwab) Unicameral 5 Parallel voting: First-past-the-post, block vote, and appointed by the President 596 150,983
 El Salvador Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 3 Open list proportional representation with the largest remainder method by department and nationwide 84 68,382
 Equatorial Guinea Parliament of Equatorial Guinea Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de los Diputados) Lower 5 Closed list proportional representation in constituencies with a 10% threshold 100 16,220
Senate Upper Closed list proportional representation with a 10% threshold, and appointed by the President 70 23,171
 Eritrea National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito) Unicameral 5 Popular vote 104 50,878
 Estonia State Assembly[note 3] (Riigikogu) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 5% threshold 101 12,814
 Eswatini Parliament (Liblanda) House of Assembly[note 1] Lower 5 majority 55 22,181
Senate[note 1] Upper appointed by the King 30 40,666
 Ethiopia Parliament[note 1] House of Peoples' Representatives (Yehizbtewekayoch Mekir Bet) Lower 5 First-past-the-post 547 135,134
House of Federation (Yefedereshn Mekir Bet) Upper 5 Elected by State Councils 112 659,986
 Federated States of Micronesia Congress Unicameral 4 First-past-the-post 14 7,642
 Fiji Parliament Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method nationwide with a 5% threshold 50 16,745
 Finland Parliament (Eduskunta)[note 6] Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies, and first-past-the-post for Åland's lone seat 200 25,900
 France Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Two-round system 577 113,258
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 Elected indirectly by officials including regional councilors, department councilors, mayors, city councilors, and members of the National Assembly 348 187,787
 Gabon Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 121 12,190
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 Indirectly elected by local and départemental councillors 102 14,460
 Gambia National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 58 25,673
 Georgia Parliament of Georgia (საქართველოს პარლამენტი Sak'art'velos Parlamenti) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 150 29,794
 Germany Federal Diet[note 3] (Bundestag) N/A (unofficially Lower house) 4 Closed list mixed-member proportional representation with the D'Hondt method by state with a 5% threshold, and first-past-the-post 709 128,500
Federal Council[note 3] (Bundesrat) N/A (unofficially Upper house) dependant on individual state elections Delegated from state governments 69 1,185,501
 Ghana Parliament Unicameral 4 First-past-the-post 228 106,286
 Greece Hellenic Parliament[note 3] (Βουλή των Ελλήνων Vouli ton Ellinon) Unicameral 4 Open list reinforced proportional representation with the D'Hondt method in constituencies with a 3% threshold 300 35,958
 Grenada Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 15 7,333
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the government and by the leader of opposition 13 8,461
 Guatemala Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 158 80,557
 Guinea National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 proportional closed list 114 88,227
 Guinea-Bissau National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 13,454
 Guyana National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 65 11,583
 Haiti Haitian Parliament (Parlement Haïtien) Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) Lower 4 proportional 119 98,181
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 30 323,997
 Honduras National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 128 58,823
 Hungary National Assembly (Országgyűlés) Unicameral 4 proportional open list
and Scorporo
199 25,860
 Iceland Assembly of All[note 3] (Alþingi) Unicameral 4 proportional 63 5,080
 India Parliament (संसद Sansad) House of the People[note 3] (लोक सभा Lok Sabha) Lower 5 First-past-the-post (543 members are elected by popular election, 2 members are nominated by the President) 545 2,192,379
Council of States[note 3] (राज्य सभा Rajya Sabha) Upper 6 Single transferable vote (233 members are elected by the legislative assemblies of the States/Union territories, 12 members are nominated by the President) 245 4,847,900
 Indonesia People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) Lower 5 proportional open list 560 423,972
Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) Upper 5 Single non-transferable vote 132 1,798,669
 Iran Islamic Consultative Assembly[note 3] (مجلس شورای اسلامی Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī) Unicameral 4 popular vote 290 259,136
 Iraq Council of Representatives of Iraq[note 3] (مجلس النواب العراقي Majlis Al-Niwab Al-Iraqi) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 329 95,782
Republic of Ireland Ireland Parliament[note 3] (Oireachtas) President of Ireland President-in-Parliament 7 Single Transferable Vote N/A N/A
House of Representatives of Ireland (Dáil Éireann)[note 3] Lower 5 Proportional Representation Single Transferable Vote 158 27,640
Senate of Ireland[note 3] (Seanad Éireann) Upper 5 appointed by the prime minister and elected by universities 60 76,470
 Israel Assembly[note 3] (כנסת Knesset) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 120 61,768
 Italy Parliament (Parlamento) Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) Lower 5 parallel voting: proportional representation (398 seats) and first past the post (232 seats) 630 94,556
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) Upper 5 parallel voting (199 seats by proportional representation and 116 seats by first past the post) and appointed by the President 315 189,112
 Ivory Coast Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 majority 255 294,529
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president and appointed by the President 120 197,837
 Jamaica Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 63 45,860
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor General 21 137,580
 Japan Diet (国会 Kokkai) House of Representatives (衆議院 Shūgiin) Lower 4 proportional and majority 475 266,783
House of Councillors (参議院 Sangiin) Upper 6 proportional 242 529,157
 Jordan Parliament (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab) Lower 4 Single non-transferable vote 150 46,760
Senate (مجلس الأعيان Majlis al-Aayan) Upper 6 appointed by the monarch 75 93,520
 Kazakhstan Parliament (Parlament) Assembly[note 3] (Mazhilis) Lower 5 107 207,854
Senate Upper 6 appointed by the President and elected by local assemblies 47 340,527
 Kenya Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 parallel 349 126,182
Senate Upper 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 67 657,278
 Kiribati House of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by Rabi Council of Leaders 46 2,239
North Korea Korea, North Supreme People's Assembly (최고인민회의/最高人民會議 Ch'oe-go In-min Hoe-ŭi) Unicameral 5 popular vote 687 36,390
South Korea Korea, South National Assembly (국회/國會 Gukhoe) Unicameral 4 majority and proportional 300 166,691
 Kuwait National Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by the prime minister 50 71,328
 Kyrgyzstan Supreme Council (Joghorku Keneš) Unicameral 5 popular vote 120 44,690
 Laos National Assembly (Sapha Heng Xat) Unicameral 5 one-party state closed list 115 48,148
 Latvia Parliament[note 3] (Saeima) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 20,703
 Lebanon Parliament
(Parlement)
Chamber of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)[note 7] Unicameral 4 proportional/party list 128 33,000
 Lesotho Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 popular vote and proportional 120 16,927
Senate Upper 5 appointed by principal chiefs and by the ruling party 33 61,556
 Liberia Legislature House of Representatives Lower 6 majority 73 47,624
Senate Upper 9 majority 30 115,896
 Libya House of Representatives ( مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab) Unicameral 200 28,353
 Liechtenstein Diet[note 3] (Landtag) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 25 1,451
 Lithuania Parliament[note 3] (Seimas) Unicameral 4 proportional 141 21,658
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (D'Chamber)[note 8] Unicameral 5 popular vote 60 8,484
 Madagascar Parliament[note 1] National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena)[note 9] Lower 5 160 137,078
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 33 664,430
 Malawi National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting 193 76,809
 Malaysia Parliament (Parlimen) House of Representatives[note 10] (Dewan Rakyat) Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 222 127,631
Senate[note 11] (Dewan Negara) Upper 3 26 appointed by the State Legislative Assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the Federal Territories. 70 404,773
 Maldives Assembly[note 3] (Majlis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting 85 4,266
 Mali National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 4 147 elected in single or multi-member constituencies, using a runoff system. 13 elected by overseas Malians. 160 90,732
 Malta Parliament of Malta President of Malta President-in-Parliament 5 Appointed by the House of Representatives N/A N/A
House of Representatives (Kamra tad-Deputati) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 69 5,950
 Marshall Islands Legislature (Nitijela) Unicameral 4 Single and multi-member constituencies 33 2,060
 Mauritania Parliament (Barlamene) National Assembly (Al Jamiya al-Wataniyah) Unicameral 5 Runoff election 146 37,888
 Mauritius National Assembly Unicameral 5 65 17,614
 Mexico Congress of the Union (Congreso de la Unión) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 3 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) (200 seats) / FPTP (300 seats) 500 227,821
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 6 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) 128 889,926
 Moldova Parliament (Parlamentul) Unicameral 4 101 33,498
 Monaco National Council (Conseil National) Unicameral 5 24 1,473
 Mongolia State Great Assembly[note 12] (Улсын Их Хурал Ulsyn Ich-Chural) Unicameral 4 76 36,245
 Montenegro Assembly (Skupština / Скупштина) Unicameral 4 81 7,719
 Morocco Parliament[note 1] House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwab) Lower 5 395 100,444
House of Councillors (Majlis al-Mustasharin) Upper 9 270 120,905
 Mozambique Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral 5 proportional party list 250 85,588
 Myanmar (Burma) Assembly of the Union (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw) House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw) Lower 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 440 137,000
House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw) Upper 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 224 269,107
 Namibia Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 104 26,923
National Council Upper 6 26 80,769
 Nauru Parliament Unicameral 3 18 521
   Nepal Federal Parliament (Sansad) House of Representatives (प्रतिनिधि सभा; Pratinidi Sabha) Lower 5 Mixed member majoritarian (165 members elected through First-past-the-post voting and 110 elected through proportional representation voting method 275 105,392
National Assembly (राष्ट्रिय सभा; Rastriya Sabha) Upper 6 Indirect single transferable vote 59 491,233
 Netherlands States General (Staten-Generaal) House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer, Second Chamber) Lower 4 Party-list proportional representation 150 111,533
Senate (Eerste Kamer, First Chamber) Upper 4 Indirect party-list proportional (by members of the States-Provincial and the Caribbean Electoral colleges for the Senate) 75 223,066
 New Zealand Parliament House of Representatives Unicameral 3 mixed-member proportional representation 120 33,566
 Nicaragua National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 92 64,034
 Niger National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 171 139,210
 Nigeria National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 4 360 388,898
Senate Upper 4 109 1,284,436
 North Macedonia Assembly (Собрание Sobranie) Unicameral 4 123 16,736
 Norway Great Assembly[note 3] (Storting) Unicameral 4 proportional mixed 169 29,785
 Oman Council of Oman Consultative Assembly (Majlis al-Shura) Lower 4 84 33,017
Assembly of State (Majlis al-Dawla)[4] Upper 4 85 32,628
 Pakistan Parliament of Pakistan (پارلیمنٹ) National Assembly (ایوان زیریں پاکستان) Lower 5 342 537,023
Senate (ایوانِ بالا)[note 13] Upper 6 104 1,735,000
 Palau National Congress (Olbiil era Kelulau) House of Delegates[note 1] Lower 4 majority 16 1,309
Senate[note 1] Upper 4 majority 9 2,328
State of Palestine State of Palestine Legislative Council (Palestinian National Authority) Unicameral 132 32,277
 Panama National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 71 47,969
 Papua New Guinea National Parliament Unicameral 5 109 56,766
 Paraguay Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 80 80,681
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 45 143,434
 Peru Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 5 130 217,082
 Philippines Congress (Kongreso) House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan / Mababang Kapulungan / Cámara de Representantes) Lower 3 closed list and First-past-the-post voting 292 355,393
Senate (Senado / Mataas na Kapulungan) Upper 6 bloc voting 24 4,323,958
 Poland Parliament of Poland
National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe[note 14])
Sejm[note 3] (Sejm) Lower 4 proportional open list 460 83,697
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 majority 100 385,010
 Portugal Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral 4 proportional party list 230 45,920
 Qatar Consultative Assembly[note 15] (Majlis ash-Shura) Unicameral 35 52,958
 Romania Parliament (Parlamentul) Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) Lower 4 329 58,416
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 137 139,005
 Russia Federal Assembly (Федеральное Собрание Federalnoye Sobraniye) State Duma[note 3] (Государственная Дума Gosudarstvennaya Duma) Lower 5 parallel (First-past-the-post voting for 225 members and proportional party list for 225 members) 450 318,000
Federation Council (Совет Федерации Sovet Federatsii) Upper dependant on individual elections in the federal subjects (4 or 5) senators are delegated from the executive and legislative bodies of the federal subjects 170 862,048
 Rwanda Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko) Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite) Lower 5 80 146,121
Senate (Umutwe wa Sena) Upper 8 26 449,603
 Saint Kitts and Nevis National Assembly Unicameral 5 15 3,686
 Saint Lucia Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 17 10,221
Senate Upper 11 15,796
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines House of Assembly Unicameral 5 21 5,714
 Samoa Legislative Assembly[note 3] (Fono) Unicameral 5 49 3,965
 San Marino Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale) Unicameral 5 60 536
 São Tomé and Príncipe National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 4 55 3,330
 Saudi Arabia Council of Ministers (مجلس الوزراء Majlis al-Wuzarā’ )[5] non-parliamentary 4 Appointed by the King 30 1,100,000
Consultative Assembly (مجلس الشورى Majlis Ash-Shura)[6] non-parliamentary 4 Appointed by the King 150 220,000
 Senegal Parliament National Assembly Unicameral 5 150 85,701
 Serbia National Assembly (Народна скупштина / Narodna Skupština) Unicameral 4 250 28,482
 Seychelles National Assembly Unicameral 5 31 2,709
 Sierra Leone Parliament Unicameral 5 124 40,136
 Singapore Parliament Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting (MP) (in single member constituencies), Party block voting (in group representation constituencies), and appointed by the President (NMP) 99 52,360
 Slovakia National Council (Národná rada) Unicameral 4 150 35,980
 Slovenia Parliament (Državni zbor Republike Slovenije) National Assembly (Državni zbor) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation with a 4% election threshold 90 22,779
National Council (Državni svet)[7] Upper 5 First-past-the-post indirect elections held within 'functional' interest organisations and 'local' interest communities by electoral bodies (electors). 40 51,254
 Solomon Islands National Parliament Unicameral 4 50 10,460
 Somalia Federal Parliament[note 1] House of the People Lower 4 Appointed by president 275 36,675
Senate Upper 4 majority 54 180,100
 South Africa Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 400 126,466
National Council of Provinces Upper 90 562,075
 South Sudan National Legislature National Legislature Assembly Lower 170 48,591
Council of States Upper Appointed by President 50 165,210
 Spain General Courts[note 3] (Cortes Generales) Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) Lower 4, unless elections are called earlier. proportional closed list 350 131,894
Senate (Senado) Upper 4, unless elections are called earlier. 212 are appointed through general election and 58 when regional legislatures are renewed, which not always happens at the same date 266 173,545
 Sri Lanka Parliament
(Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව/Tamil: இலங்கை பாராளுமன்றம்)[note 1]
Unicameral 5 225 90,122
 Sudan National Legislature National Assembly (Majlis Watani) Lower 6 426 68,653
Council of States (Majlis Welayat) Upper 6 50 617,880
 Suriname National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée) Unicameral 5 51 10,470
 Sweden Riksdag Unicameral 4 proportional 349 27,286
 Syria People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'ab) Unicameral 4 250 86,964
  Switzerland Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale, Assamblea federala) National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil national, Consiglio nazionale, Cussegl naziunal) Lower 4 200 40,000
Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des États, Consiglio degli Stati, Cussegl dals chantuns) Upper 4 46 173,913
 Tajikistan Supreme Assembly (Majlisi Oli) Assembly of Representatives (Majlisi Mamoyandogan) Lower 5 63 123,809
National Assembly (Majlisi Milliy) Upper 5 33 236,363
 Tanzania National Assembly (Bunge) Unicameral 5 384 120,974
 Thailand National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 4 mixed-member proportional representation ,350 are first-past-the-post 150 is party-list 500 140,997
Senate Upper 5 elected by coup d'état government 250 -
 Togo National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 81 76,434
 Tonga Legislative Assembly Unicameral 26 3,962
 Trinidad and Tobago Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 41 32,139
Senate Upper 31 42,506
 Tunisia Assembly of the Representatives of the People (مجلس نواب الشعب Majless Noweb al Shaab) Unicameral 5 217 49,188
 Turkey Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) Unicameral 5 600 134,684
 Turkmenistan Assembly (Mejlis) Unicameral 5 125 41,360
 Tuvalu Parliament (Palamene) Unicameral 4 15 666
 Uganda Parliament Unicameral 5 426 87,839
 Ukraine Supreme Council (Верховна Рада Verkhovna Rada) Unicameral 5 450 101,248
 United Arab Emirates Federal National Assembly (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي Majlis Watani Ittihad) Unicameral 40 206,601
 United Kingdom Parliament House of Commons Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting. Sinn Féin members abstained. 650 95,787
House of Lords Upper Life Life peers appointed by the Sovereign on advice of Prime Minister. 92 elected by and from hereditary peers using preferential voting. 26 Lords Spiritual are bishops of the Church of England. 808 81,388
 United States Congress House of Representatives Lower 2 First-past-the-post voting 435 722,636
Senate Upper 6 First-past-the-post voting 100 3,143,467
 Uruguay General Assembly (Asamblea General) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 5 99 33,195
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 30 109,543
 Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) Legislative Chamber[note 1] Lower 5 150 194,156
Senate[note 1] Upper 5 100 291,234
 Vanuatu Parliament (Parlement) Unicameral 4 52 4319
  Vatican City Pontifical Commission (Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano) Unicameral 5 7 114
 Venezuela National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 167 175,430
 Vietnam National Assembly (Quốc hội) Unicameral 5 498 176,385
 Yemen Parliament of Yemen House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab) Lower 6 301 81,485
Shura Council (Majlis al-Shura)[8] Upper Life 111 220,963
 Zambia National Assembly Unicameral 5 166 87,284
 Zimbabwe Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 210 61,971
Senate Upper 5 40 325,350

Legislatures of autonomous regions, dependencies and other territories

Region or territory Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat
 Åland Islands Legislative Assembly[note 3] (Lagtinget) Unicameral 4 30 945
 Alderney States (États) Unicameral 4 10 240
 American Samoa Legislative Assembly[note 3] (Fono) House of Representatives Lower 2 21 2,643
Senate Upper 4 18 3,084
 Anguilla House of Assembly Unicameral 5 11 1,222
 Aosta Valley Regional Council
(Consiglio regionale/Conseil)
Unicameral 5 35 3,597
 Aruba Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 21 4,832
 Azores Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 57 4,311
Bangsamoro Parliament Unicameral 3 Parallel voting 80
 Basque Country Parliament Unicameral 4 Closed party lists in three 25-seat constituencies, with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method 75 29,194
 Bermuda Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 36 1,784
Senate Upper 11 5,839
 British Virgin Islands House of Assembly Unicameral 4 15 1,969
 Canary Islands Parliament (Parlamento de Canarias) Unicameral 4 60 35,000
 Catalonia Parliament (Parlament de Catalunya) Unicameral 4 135 55,723
 Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral 4 18 3,080
 Cook Islands Parliament Unicameral 4 24 875
 Corsica Corsican Assembly (Assemblea di Corsica / Assemblée de Corse) Unicameral 6 63 5,238
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Supreme Council (Верховна Рада / Верховный Совет / Yuqarı Radası) Unicameral 100 22,840
 Curaçao Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 21 7,571
 Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral 4 11 272
 Faroe Islands Law Assembly[note 3] (Løgtingið) Unicameral 4 33 1,467
 French Polynesia Assembly (Assemblée de la Polynésie française) Unicameral 5 57 4,859
 Galicia Parliament (Parlamento da Galiza/Galicia) Unicameral 4 75 36,649
 Gibraltar Parliament Unicameral 4 17 1,750
 Greenland Parliament (Inatsisartut)[note 16] Unicameral 4 31 1,830
 Guam Legislature (Liheslaturan Guåhan) Unicameral 4 15 10,623
 Guernsey States (États) Unicameral 4 45 1,387
 Hong Kong Legislative Council (立法會) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation using the Hare quota and the largest remainder method for the geographical constituencies and functional constituencies elected by their respective electorates 70 101,481
 Isle of Man Tynwald (Tinvaal) House of Keys (Kiare as Feed) Lower 5 Plurality (2 members from each constituency) 24 3,520
Legislative Council (Yn Choonceil Slattyssagh) Upper 5 Most members indirectly elected by the House of Keys 11 7,681
 Jersey States (États) Unicameral 4 39 2,509
 Kurdistan Region Parliament (پەرلەمانی) Unicameral 5 111 53,109
 Macau Legislative Assembly (立法會, Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation, functional constituencies and appointed by the Chief Executive 29 19,610
 Madeira Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 47 5,698
 Montserrat Legislative Council Unicameral 5 9 546
 Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic Supreme Assembly (Ali Məclisi) Unicameral 5 45 10,063
 New Caledonia Congress (Congrès Territorial) Unicameral 5 54 4,547
 Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 90[9] 16,767
 Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature House of Representatives Lower 2 20 2,694
Senate Upper 2 10 5,388
 Niue Assembly Unicameral 3 20 69
 Pitcairn Islands Island Council Unicameral 3 10 6
 Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 First-past-the-post voting 51 93,145
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 Majority 27 465,427
 Saint Barthélemy Territorial Council Unicameral 5 19 488
 Saint Helena Legislative Council Unicameral 4 21 1,266
 Saint Martin Territorial Council [fr] (conseil territorial) Unicameral 23 1,578
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Council Unicameral 6 19 320
 Sardinia Regional Council
(Consiglio regionale)
Unicameral 5 60 27,470
 Sark Chief Pleas Unicameral 12 50
 Scotland Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba, Scots Pairliament) Unicameral 5 Additional Member System 129 40,734
 Sicily Regional Assembly
(Assemblea Regionale)
Unicameral 5 70 71,675
 Sint Maarten Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 15 2,495
 South Tyrol Landtag Unicameral 5 35 14,621
 Tokelau Parliament Unicameral 3 20 70
 Trentino Council
(Consiglio)
Unicameral 5 35 15,405
 Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly Unicameral 4 21 1,498
 U.S. Virgin Islands Legislature Unicameral 2 15 7,093
 Vojvodina Assembly (Скупштина / Skupština / Képviselőháza / Adunarea / Zhromaždenie) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation in a single constituency with a 5% threshold and seats being allocated using d'Hondt method 120 16,098
 Wales National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) or Senedd Unicameral 5 Additional Member System 60 51,066
 Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly (Assemblée Territoriale) Unicameral 5 20 650

Legislatures of non-UN states (including unrecognized and disputed territories)

non-UN state Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat
 Abkhazia People's Assembly (Жәлар Реизара, Zhelar Reizara) Unicameral 5 35 6,877
Donetsk People's Republic Donetsk People's Republic People's Soviet Unicameral 4 Proportional representation 100
Luhansk People's Republic Lugansk People's Republic People's Soviet Unicameral 4 Proportional representation 50
 Taiwan Legislative Yuan (立法院 Lìfǎ Yùan) Unicameral 4 First past the post, closed party list proportional representation and indigenous seats with single non-transferable vote 113 208,754
 Kosovo Assembly of Kosovo (Albanian: Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian Cyrillic: Скупштина Косова) Unicameral 4 120 15,493
 Republic of Artsakh National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) Unicameral 5 33 4,284
 Northern Cyprus Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi) Unicameral 5 50 5,898
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi National Council (المجلس الوطني الصحراوي Al-Majlis al-Watani al-Sahrawi) Unicameral 2 53
 Somaliland Parliament (Baarlamaanka) House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada) Lower 5 82 42,682
House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) Upper 82 42,682
 South Ossetia Parliament Unicameral 5 34 2,117
Tibet Central Tibetan Administration (in exile) Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration Unicameral 5 first past the post 43 73,953[note 17]
 Transnistria Supreme Council[10] (Верховный Совет, Verhkovny Sovet) Unicameral 5 43 12,062

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Native name not available
  2. ^ a b The head of state is a constituent part of the parliament too.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac The native name is also used in English.
  4. ^ The PRC has also a Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì), which is a political advisory body but not a legislature.
  5. ^ Also: Temsilciler Meclisi
  6. ^ Also: Riksdag
  7. ^ Also: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale)
  8. ^ Also: Chambre des Députés
  9. ^ Also: Assemblée nationale
  10. ^ Literally, "People's Hall"
  11. ^ Literally, "Nation's Hall"
  12. ^ In English State Great Khural is used too.
  13. ^ Urdu: ایوانِ بالا
  14. ^ Name used only on those rare occasions when both houses sit together
  15. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative task.
  16. ^ Also: Landsting
  17. ^ Figures for Tibet Autonomous Region in the PRC

References

  1. ^ Article 7(3) Treaty of Lisbon: Protocol ON THE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SUBSIDIARITY AND PROPORTIONALITY
  2. ^ "IPU PARLINE database on national parliaments: Search". www.ipu.org.
  3. ^ http://www.senate.gov.kh/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=88&lang=km
  4. ^ "Majles Addawla (State Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 12 September 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  5. ^ "The Basic Law Of Government of 1992".
  6. ^ "Majlis Al-Shura (Consultative Council)". Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia in Washington, D.C.
  7. ^ Lakota, Igor (2006). Sistem nepopolne dvodomnosti v slovenskem parlamentu (diplomska naloga) [The system of incomplete bicameralism in the Slovenian Parliament (diploma thesis)] (PDF) (in Slovenian). Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. p. 62. Retrieved 16 December 2010. Opinions differ, however the majority of domestic experts agree that the National Council may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete.
  8. ^ "YEMEN. Majlis Alshoora (Consultative Council)". Inter-Parliamentary Union. 25 July 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  9. ^ Assembly Members (Reduction of Numbers) Act (Northern Ireland) 2016
  10. ^ "Официальный сайт Верховного Совета Приднестровской Молдавской Республики". www.vspmr.org.
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