List of left-wing rebel groups

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This is a list of left-wing rebel groups around the world. These groups are seeking change through armed conflict or illegal protest in opposition to an established government. This list does not contain those legal armed forces in communist states.

List of active groups

All groups still engaging in armed struggle today.

Country Group Strength Official Ideology
International Animal Liberation Front Unknown Animal rights
Earth Liberation Front Environmentalism
Antifa movements Unknown Militant anti-fascism, anarcho-communism
 Afghanistan Afghanistan Liberation Organization Maoism
Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
 Bangladesh Maoist Bolshevik Reorganisation Movement of the Purba Banglar Sarbahara Party Unknown Maoism
Purbo Banglar Communist Party Unknown Maoism
Purba Banglar Sarbahara Party Unknown Communism
 Bhutan Bhutan Communist Party (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist) 600–1,000 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
 Bolivia People's Revolutionary Front (Marxist−Leninist−Maoist) Unknown Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
 Canada Résistance internationaliste Unknown Anarchism
 China Maoist Communist Party of China Unknown Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
 Colombia National Liberation Army 1,380–3,000 Marxism
Popular Liberation Army 1,000 Hoxhaism
Indigenous Revolutionary Armed Forces of the Pacific 80 Indigenous rights
 Ecuador Communist Party of Ecuador–Red Sun Unknown Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Group of Popular Combatants Hoxhaism
 Ethiopia Oromo Liberation Front 60,000 (1991), 5,000 (currently; OLF claim) Self-determination
Ogaden National Liberation Front 2,000–3,000 (ONLF claim) Self-determination
Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity Front Self-determination
 Eritrea Democratic Front for Eritrean Unity Self-determination
Red Sea Afar Democratic Organisation Self-determination
 France ETA 50 Revolutionary socialism
 Germany Revolutionary Actioncells Communism
 Greece Anti-State Justice Unknown Anarchism
Black Star Unknown Anarchism
Conspiracy of Fire Nuclei Unknown Anarchism
Revolutionary Nuclei Unknown Far-left politics
Revolutionary Struggle Unknown Anarchist communism
Sect of Revolutionaries Unknown Far-left politics
Thieves in Black Unknown Anarchism
 India Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta Samaj Unknown Maoism
Communist Party of India (Maoist) People's Liberation Guerrilla Army: 8,000–9,000 (September 2013)
People's Militia: 38,000 (armed with bows, arrows, and machetes)
Maoist Communist Party of Manipur
  • New People's Militia
Unknown Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
People's Liberation Army of Manipur 3,800 (2008) Maoism
United National Liberation Front of Western South East Asia National Socialist Council of Nagaland: ~4,500 Socialism
 Iran Communist Party of Iran (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist) Unknown Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan Unknown Democratic socialism
Komala Party of Iranian Kurdistan 800–900 Revolutionary socialism
Kurdistan Free Life Party Unknown Democratic confederalism
People's Mujahedin of Iran Unknown Islamic socialism
Worker-communist Party of Iran – Hekmatist Unknown Workerism
 Iraq Al-Awda Unknown Ba'athism
General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries: 75,000[1]
Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order: 5,000+[2]
Jeish Muhammad Unknown Ba'athism
Sinjar Alliance Sinjar Resistance Units: 1,500[3] Democratic confederalism
Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation 1,000+ Ba'athism
 Italy Informal Anarchist Federation Unknown Insurrectionary anarchism
 Japan Japan Revolutionary Communist League (Revolutionary Marxist Faction) Trotskyism
 Lebanon Popular Nasserist Organization Unknown Nasserism
As-Sa'iqa Unknown Ba'athism
Lebanese Communist Party Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Libya Green Resistance Unknown Islamic socialism
Brigade 93 Unknown Islamic socialism
 Mexico Popular Revolutionary Army Unknown Maoism
Zapatista Army of National Liberation Unknown Neozapatismo
 Myanmar Kachin Independence Army 8,000 Communism
Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army 2,000[4]–4,000[5] Communism
 Palestine Abu Nidal Organization Unknown Arab socialism
Fatah al-Intifada Unknown Socialism
Palestine Liberation Organization Unknown Socialism
 Paraguay Paraguayan People's Army 50–80 Communism
 Peru Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path)
  • People's Guerilla Army
4,200 Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
 Philippines Communist Party of the Philippines 83 guerilla front all over the country Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Moro National Liberation Front Unknown Egalitarianism
Revolutionary Workers' Party Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Workers Party – Mindanao[6] Unknown Trotskyism
 Russia New Revolutionary Alternative Unknown Insurrectionary anarchism
 Syria Democratic Union Party 50,000[7] Democratic confederalism
International Freedom Battalion Unknown Revolutionary socialism
Ba'ath Brigades 7,000 claimed[8] Ba'athism
Syrian Resistance 2,000[9] Marxism–Leninism
 Turkey Civil Protection Units
  • Civil Protection Units-Women
1,000 Democratic confederalism
Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist (Maoist Party Centre) Unknown Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Peoples' United Revolutionary Movement Kurdistan Workers' Party: Over 32,800 active fighters (2015 Turkish claim)[10] Revolutionary socialism
Revolutionary People's Liberation Party/Front Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Ukraine Borotba Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 United Kingdom Continuity Irish Republican Army 50 or less "hard-core" operatives[11] and fewer than 200 members in total[12] Irish republican socialism
Irish Republican Liberation Army Unknown Irish republicanism
Óglaigh na hÉireann 50 members[13] Irish republicanism
Real Irish Republican Army 250–300[14] Irish republicanism
 United States Black Guerrilla Family 100-300 full members with 50,000 associates Marxism–Leninism[15]
 Western Sahara Polisario Front 6–7,000 active soldiers Islamic socialism
 Yemen Southern Movement Unknown Socialism

List of successful groups

All groups who no longer exist because they have met their goals, some are now the established government in their respective region.

Country Group Strength Official Ideology
 Algeria National Liberation Front 300,000 Arab socialism
Algerian Communist Party Communism
 Albania National Liberation Movement 70,000 Marxism–Leninism
 Angola MPLA Unknown Left-wing nationalism
 Belgium Front de l'Indépendance Broadly Socialist-Communist[16]
Milices Patriotiques 22,006 Communism
Österreichische Freiheitsfront 75+ Communism
Partisans Armés 13,246 Communism
 Bangladesh Mukti Bahini 150,000 Socialism, Bengali nationalism
 Bulgaria Fatherland Front Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Cambodia Khmer Rouge Maoism
Khmer Việt Minh 3,000–5,000 Communism
Kampuchean United Front for National Salvation Marxism–Leninism
Khmer Issarak Communism
 China Communist Party of China 2,285,000 active and 510,000 reserve (as government army) Marxism–Leninism
 Cuba 26th of July Movement Unknown Revolutionary socialism
 Eritrea Eritrean People's Liberation Front Marxism–Leninism
 Ethiopia All-Ethiopia Socialist Movement Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front Unknown Marxism
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Afar Liberation Front Unknown Self-determination
 Greece National Liberation Front Communism
National Republican Greek League ca.12,000 (October 1944) Socialism
 Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde 10,000 Marxism
 Hungary Hungarian Social Democratic Party Unknown Social democracy
 Italy Italian resistance movement Mainly various forms of Communism, Socialism,
Anarchism and Republicanism
 Laos Pathet Lao Marxism–Leninism
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Mozambique FRELIMO 10,000–15,000 Marxism–Leninism
 Namibia SWANU Unknown Democratic socialism
SWAPO Unknown Democratic socialism
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front Sandinismo
 Poland Gwardia Ludowa Communism
 Russia Bolsheviks Unknown Leninism
 South Africa African National Congress Unknown Left-wing nationalism
Azanian People's Organisation Unknown Socialism
Pan Africanist Congress of Azania Unknown African socialism
 South Vietnam Viet Cong Marxism–Leninism
 South Yemen National Liberation Front Unknown Marxism
 Yugoslavia Yugoslav Partisans Communism
 Vietnam Việt Minh 80,000 – 800,000 Communism
 Zimbabwe Zimbabwe African National Union Democratic socialism
Zimbabwe African People's Union 20,000 in 1979 Left-wing nationalism

List of failed groups

All groups that have failed at their end goal or have dissolved, and no longer exist.

Country Group Strength Official Ideology
 Argentina Montoneros Peronism
People's Revolutionary Army Guevarism
 Austria Republikanischer Schutzbund 80,000 Social democracy
 Bahrain Popular Front for the Liberation of Bahrain Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Belgium Partisans Armés Communism
 Bolivia Ñancahuazú Guerrilla 29 Bolivians 25 Cubans 3 Peruvians 1 Argentine-Cuban (Che) 1 Argentine-German (Tania) Revolutionary socialism
 Brazil Ação Libertadora Nacional Marxism–Leninism
Marx, Mao, Marighella, and Guevara Communism
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Communist Party Marxism–Leninism
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union Agrarianism
Anarchists Anarchism
 Canada FLQ Left-wing nationalism
 Chile Lautaro Youth Movement 2,000 - 2,500 Revolutionary socialism
 China East Turkestan People's Revolutionary Party 60,000 (claimed)[17] Marxism–Leninism
United Revolutionary Front of East Turkestan Marxism–Leninism
 Colombia Workers Revolutionary Party of Colombia 200[18] Communism
19th of April Movement 1,500–2,000 Revolutionary socialism, Left-wing nationalism
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army 7,000–10,000 Marxism–Leninism
Peasant Student Workers Movement Socialism
Movimiento Armado Quintin Lame 130 Indigenismo
Ernesto Rojas Commandos 25 Marxism–Leninism
Guevarista Revolutionary Army 45 Guevarism
 Eritrea Eritrean Liberation Front Marxism–Leninism
 Estonia Soviet Republic of Naissaar Revolutionary socialism
 Finland Red Guards Revolutionary socialism
 France Action directe Libertarian socialism
Paris Commune On paper, 200,000; in reality, probably between 25,000 and 50,000 actual combatants Revolutionary socialism
 Germany Alsace Soviet Republic 14 Soviet republicanism
Anti-Imperialist Cell 2 Anti-imperialism
Bavarian Council Republic Unknown Socialism
Communist Party of Germany 360,000 in 1932 Marxism
Das K.O.M.I.T.E.E. Unknown Autonomism
European Union Socialism
Free Workers' Union of Germany Unknown Anarcho-syndicalism
German Cheka Unknown Communism
Militante gruppe (mg) Unknown Communism
Revolutionary Cells New Left
Spartacus League Unknown Luxemburgism
Central Council of the roving Hashrebels Unknown Far-left politics
 Iran Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas 3,000 (estimate) Marxism–Leninism
Organization of Iranian People's Fedai Guerrillas (Minority) Marxism–Leninism
Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) Maoism
 Italy Armed Proletarians for Communism Communism
Autonomia Operaia Autonomism
Lotta Continua Communism
October 22 Group Marxism–Leninism
Political-Military Communist Party Communism
Potere Operaio Workerism
Prima Linea Marxism–Leninism
Red Brigades Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Lebanon Arab Communist Organization Unknown Communism
Front of Patriotic and National Parties Unknown Left-wing nationalism
Lebanese National Movement 18,700 in 1976 Arab socialism
Lebanese National Resistance Front 1,000–2,000 Arab socialism
 Mexico Liga Comunista 23 de Septiembre Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Party of the Poor Unknown Socialism
 North Yemen National Democratic Front Unknown Socialism
 Oman Dhofar Liberation Front Unknown Marxism
Popular Front for the Liberation of Oman Unknown Marxism
Popular Front for the Liberation of the Occupied Arabian Gulf Unknown Marxism
 Palestine Arab Palestine Organization Unknown Nasserism
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – Special Command Unknown Marxism–Leninism
 Peru National Liberation Army Guevarism
Puka Llacta Maoism
Revolutionary Left Movement Marxism
Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement Guevarism
 Russia Black Guards Unknown Anarchist communism
Green armies Unknown Vague Leftism
Kronstadt rebels 17,961 at highest Leftist Anti-Leninism
Left Socialist Revolutionaries Unknown Socialism
Mensheviks Unknown Orthodox Marxism
Socialist Revolutionary Party Unknown Agrarian socialism
 Saudi Arabia Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula Unknown Nasserism
Arabian Peninsula People's Union Unknown Nasserism
 Slovakia Slovak Soviet Republic Unknown Socialism
 Spain Andecha Obrera Marxism–Leninism
Canary Islands Independence Movement Left-wing nationalism
Catalan Liberation Front Marxism–Leninism
Catalan Red Liberation Army Marxism–Leninism
Communist Party of Spain (international) (1975) Communism
Exército Guerrilheiro do Povo Galego Ceive Revolutionary socialism
First of May Group Left anarchism
Iberian Liberation Movement Council communism
Liga Armada Galega Marxism–Leninism
Loita Armada Revolucionaria Marxism–Leninism
Los Solidarios About 11 Anarcho-syndicalism
Organización Obreira 100+[19] Marxism–Leninism
Popular Liberation Front New Left
Revolutionary Antifascist Patriotic Front Marxism–Leninism
Segi Socialism
Spanish National Liberation Front Marxism–Leninism
Terra Lliure Marxism
Workers' Front of Catalonia Socialism
 Turkey Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist–Leninist – Hareketi Hoxhaism
People's Liberation Army of Turkey Marxism–Leninism
People's Liberation Party-Front of Turkey Marxism–Leninism
 Ukraine Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic Unknown Revolutionary socialism
Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine 103,000 (December 1919) Anarchist communism
Odessa Soviet Republic Unknown Revolutionary socialism
 United Kingdom Irish People's Liberation Organisation Unknown Irish republican socialism
Irish Republican Army 14,500 (at maximum) 1,000 (at minimum) Marxism (later)
King Mob Unknown Situationism
Official Irish Republican Army Unknown Marxism
Saor Éire Unknown Irish republican socialism
Saor Uladh Unknown Irish republicanism
The Angry Brigade Unknown Left anarchism
 United States Black Liberation Army Unknown Socialism
Black Panther Party Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Black Revolutionary Assault Team Unknown African-American leftism
Boricua Popular Army 1,100 - 5,700 Left-wing Nationalism
Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña Marxism-Leninism
George Jackson Brigade 5 at highest Communism
John Brown Anti-Klan Committee Unknown Radical left
May 19th Communist Organization Unknown Communism
MOVE Most famous the "MOVE 9" Anarcho-primitivism
National Black Antiwar Antidraft Union African-American leftism
Seattle Liberation Front Most famous the "Seattle Seven". New Left
Symbionese Liberation Army 16 in total Communism
The Camden 28 28 Christian left
United Freedom Front Known as the "Ohio 7" Marxism
Weather Underground Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Up Against the Wall Motherfuckers Left anarchism
White Panther Party Unknown Revolutionary socialism
 West Germany 2 June Movement 14 Left anarchism
Red Army Faction Marxism–Leninism
Rote Zora New Left
Tupamaros München Unknown Marxism
Tupamaros West-Berlin Unknown Marxism
 Venezuela Revolutionary Left Movement Unknown Marxism
 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party Arab socialism, Social democracy Factions: Marxism, Democratic socialism
 Zimbabwe Front for the Liberation of Zimbabwe Communism

List of former groups

All groups that still exist today, but no longer engage in armed struggle as they did in the past.

Country Group Strength Official Ideology
 Chile Manuel Rodríguez Patriotic Front 1,000 - 1,500 Marxism–Leninism
Revolutionary Left Movement Unknown Marxism
 El Salvador Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front Marxism–Leninism
 Lebanon Al-Mourabitoun 1,000 regular fighters and 2,000 reservists Nasserism
Communist Action Organization in Lebanon Unknown Marxism–Leninism
Lebanese Communist Party 2,000 Marxism–Leninism
Nasserist Unionists Movement Unknown Nasserism
Popular Nasserist Organization Unknown Nasserism
Progressive Socialist Party 5,000 Socialism
Toilers League Unknown Nasserism
 Lesotho Basutoland Congress Party Left-wing nationalism
 Spain Communist Party of Spain Unknown Communism
Communist Party of Spain (Reconstituted) Marxism–Leninism
Confederación Nacional del Trabajo Unknown Anarcho-syndicalism
ETA 50 in the year 2011 Revolutionary socialism
 United Kingdom Cumann na mBan Irish republicanism
Irish National Liberation Army Marxism–Leninism
Provisional Irish Republican Army Irish republicanism
 Uruguay Tupamaros Communism
 Venezuela Communist Party of Venezuela Marxism–Leninism
Red Flag Party Marxism–Leninism

See also


  1. ^ Heras, Nicholas A. "The Tribal Component of Iraq's Sunni Rebellion: The General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries". The Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Colin Freeman (18 May 2013). "Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri: the King of Clubs is back, and he may yet prove to be Saddam Hussein's trump card". The Telegraph. 
  3. ^ "Yazidis Form Militia To Protect Sinjar Mountain". Aina. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  4. ^ Myanmar Peace Monitor - MNDAA
  5. ^ "47 Govt Troops Killed, Tens of Thousands Flee Heavy Fighting in Shan State". 
  6. ^ "International Viewpoint - online socialist magazine | The Revolutionary Workers' Party-Mindanao (RPM-M) and the Left in the Philippines". Retrieved 2015-12-02. 
  7. ^ Perry, Tom (15 August 2015). "Syrian Kurds now say they now control territory the size of Qatar and Kuwait combined". Business Insider. 
  8. ^ كتائب البعث» إلى شوارع دمشق» (in Arabic). Al Akhbar. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Albayrak, Aydin. "Mihraç Ural, a man with a long history of terrorism". Today's Zaman. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  10. ^ Sabah "The PKK In Numbers". , 28 December 2015
  11. ^ [1]. DoS.
  12. ^ [2]. START.
  13. ^ "Oglaigh na hEireann is now the main threat". 2 December 2010. Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  14. ^ "Tom Brady: Threat level remains severe after merger of terror groups". Irish Independent, 14 September 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  15. ^ Cummins, E. (1994). The Rise and Fall of California's Radical Prison Movement. Stanford University Press. p. 136. ISBN 9780804722322. Retrieved 2015-12-02. 
  16. ^ Conway, Martin. The sorrows of Belgium : liberation and political reconstruction, 1944-1947. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 20. ISBN 9780199694341. 
  17. ^ Rémi Castets, Opposition politique, nationalisme et islam chez les Ouïghours du Xinjiang, Les Études du CERI, October 2004. (in French)
  18. ^ Saludo del Presidente Uribe a los Desmovilizados. - Armada Nacional de Colombia
  19. ^ Manuel Anxo Fernández Baz, A formación do nacionalismo contemporáneo (1963–1984), Santiago, 2003
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