List of islands of Indonesia

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Map of Indonesia

The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands. According to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, of 17,504 officially listed islands within the territory of the Republic of Indonesia, 16,056 island names have been verified by the United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) as of July 2017.[1]

History

The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional (Bakorsurtanal), the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, Indonesia has 13,466 islands.[2] However, according to earlier survey in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the Indonesian archipelago has 18,307 islands, and according to the CIA World Factbook, there are 17,508 islands.[3] The discrepancy of the numbers of Indonesian islands was because that the earlier surveys include "tidal islands"; sandy cays and rocky reefs that appear during low tide and are submerged during high tide.[4] 8,844 islands have been named according to estimates made by the government of Indonesia, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[5]

Modern Wawasan Nusantara the Indonesian archipelagic baselines pursuant to article 47, paragraph 9, of the UNCLOS

Major islands

List of islands

The following islands are listed by province:

Java

Banten

Central Java

Special Capital Region of Jakarta

East Java

West Java

  • Pulau Biawak (Monitor Lizard Island), Indramayu

Sumatra

Aceh

199 islands

North Sumatra

479 islands

West Sumatra

Bengkulu

Lampung

Riau

Riau Islands

about 3,200 islands

Bangka-Belitung Islands

Kalimantan

Central Kalimantan

  • Damar
  • Palau Baning
  • Palau Buaya
  • Palau Burung

East Kalimantan

North Kalimantan

South Kalimantan

West Kalimantan

Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi

North Sulawesi

South Sulawesi

Southeast Sulawesi

Lesser Sunda Islands

Bali

East Nusa Tenggara

[6]

West Nusa Tenggara

Maluku Islands

Maluku

North Maluku

New Guinea

islands near the Indonesian half of New Guinea island

West Papua

610 islands, 35 inhabited

Papua

See also

References

  1. ^ (in Indonesian) Dari 17.504 Pulau di Indonesia, 16.056 telah diverifikasi PBB - Eko Prasetya - Merdeka - 19 Agustus 2017.
  2. ^ "Hanya ada 13.466 Pulau di Indonesia". National Geographic Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 February 2012. 
  3. ^ CIA World Factbook
  4. ^ Cite error: The named reference Papua-Indonesia-Island was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Based on "Seminar Nasional Penetapan Nama Pulau-pulau Kecil Dalam Presektif Sejarah" or "National Seminary of Name For Little Islands From History Side", 16 to 18 July 2008 at Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  6. ^ Galapagos islands
  1. "Indonesia counts its islands before it's too late". Antara. 17 May 2007. 
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