List of heads of state of the Comoros

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President of the
Union of the Comoros
Seal of the Comoros.svg
Azali Assoumani 2018.jpg
Incumbent
Azali Assoumani

since 26 May 2016
Term length 5 years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Ali Soilih
Formation 27 October 1977
Salary 117,060 USD annually[1]
Seal of the Comoros.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Comoros

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


The following is a list of heads of state of the Comoros, since the country gained independence from France in 1975.

List of officeholders

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Title Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office
/ComorosState of the Comoros (État Comorien)
1
Ahmed Abdallah
Ahmed Abdallah
(1937–1989)
President of the Government
(until 7 July 1975)
Head of State
6 July 1975 3 August 1975 28 days UDC
2
Said Mohamed Jaffar
Said Mohamed Jaffar
(1918–1993)
Chairman of the National Council of the Revolution
(until 10 August 1975)
Chairman of the National Executive Council
3 August 1975 3 January 1976 153 days RDPC
3
Ali Soilih
Ali Soilih
(1937–1978)
Head of State
(until 28 October 1977)
President
3 January 1976 13 May 1978 2 years, 130 days RDPC
4
Said Atthoumani
Said Atthoumani Chairman of the Politico-Military Directorate 13 May 1978 23 May 1978 10 days Independent
Comoros/Comoros/ComorosFederal and Islamic Republic of the Comoros
(République fédérale islamique des Comores) (Jumhuriyat al-Qumur al-Itthadiyah al-Islamiyah)
Ahmed Abdallah .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}& Mohamed Ahmed
Ahmed Abdallah & Mohamed Ahmed
(1937–1989) (1917–1984)
Co-Chairmen of the Politico-Military Directorate
(until 22 July 1978)
Co-Chairmen of the Directorate
23 May 1978 3 October 1978 133 days UDC
(1)
Ahmed Abdallah
Ahmed Abdallah
(1937–1989)
Chairman of the Directorate
(until 25 October 1978)
President
3 October 1978 26 November 1989 † 11 years, 54 days UDC
Said Mohamed Djohar
Said Mohamed Djohar
(1919–2006)
Acting
Acting President 27 November 1989 20 March 1990 113 days UDC
5
Said Mohamed Djohar
Said Mohamed Djohar
(1919–2006)
President 20 March 1990 29 September 1995 5 years, 193 days UCP
6
Combo Ayouba
Combo Ayouba
(c.1952–2010)
Coordinator of the Transitional Military Committee 29 September 1995 2 October 1995 3 days Military
Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}& Said Ali Kemal
Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim & Said Ali Kemal
Acting
(1936–1998) (?–?)
Acting President 2 October 1995 5 October 1995 3 days UND
CHUMA
Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed
Caabi El-Yachroutu Mohamed
(born 1949)
Acting
Interim President 5 October 1995 26 January 1996 113 days RDR
(5)
Said Mohamed Djohar
Said Mohamed Djohar
(1919–2006)
President 26 January 1996 25 March 1996 59 days RDR
6
Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim
Mohamed Taki Abdoulkarim
(1936–1998)
President 25 March 1996 6 November 1998 † 2 years, 226 days RDR
Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde
Tadjidine Ben Said Massounde
(1933–2004)
Acting
Interim President 6 November 1998 30 April 1999 175 days Independent
7
Azali Assoumani
Azali Assoumani
(born 1959)
Chief of Staff of the National Development Army
(until 6 May 1999)
Head of State
30 April 1999 23 December 2001 2 years, 237 days Military
ComorosUnion of the Comoros
(Union des Comores) / الاتحاد القمر (dzima wa Komori)
(7)
Azali Assoumani
Azali Assoumani
(born 1959)
Head of State 23 December 2001 21 January 2002 29 days Military
Hamada Madi
Hamada Madi
(born 1965)
Acting
[2]
Interim President 21 January 2002 26 May 2002 125 days Republican
(7)
Azali Assoumani
Azali Assoumani
(born 1959)
President 26 May 2002 26 May 2006 4 years, 0 days CRC
8
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi
(born 1958)
President 26 May 2006 26 May 2011 5 years, 0 days FNJ
9
Ikililou Dhoinine
Ikililou Dhoinine
(born 1962)
President 26 May 2011 26 May 2016 5 years, 0 days FNJ
(7)
Azali Assoumani
Azali Assoumani
(born 1959)
President 26 May 2016 3 February 2019 2 years, 253 days CRC
Moustadroine Abdou
Moustadroine Abdou
(born 1969)
Acting
Interim President 3 February 2019 26 May 2019 112 days CRC
(7)
Azali Assoumani
Azali Assoumani
(born 1959)
President 26 May 2019 Incumbent 306 days CRC

Succession

Article 58[3] of the Comorian Constitution states that "in case of absolute absence of a President" the following should happen:

  • If the absence (death, resignation, etc.) should occur in the first 900 days of the term, the cabinet ministers select among themselves a minister to serve as Interim President. Elections must also be calles in no more than 60 days after the absence of the President occurs; the person who wins those elections will be President for the remainder of the original five-year presidential term.
  • If the absence should occur beyond the first 900 days of the term, then the Governor of the island which is next in line for the presidency will assume the presidency until the end of the original five-year presidential term, at which point regular elections are held.

Latest election

See also

References

  1. ^ "The highest and lowest paid African presidents - Business Daily". Business Daily.
  2. ^ "Chiefs of State and Cabinet members of foreign governments / National Foreign Assessment Center. May 2002". HathiTrust.
  3. ^ "L'intégralité du projet de révision de la constitution de l'Union des Comores". Al-watwan - Le premier journal des Comores.

External links

  • World Statesmen – Comoros
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