List of heads of state of Cambodia

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Head of State of Cambodia
Coat of arms of Cambodia.svg
Royal Arms
Norodom Sihamoni (2007) (crop).jpg
Incumbent
Norodom Sihamoni
(as King of Cambodia)

since 14 October 2004
Style His Majesty
Residence Chaktomuk Serei Mongkol Palace
Appointer Royal Council of the Throne
Formation 19 October 1860
First holder Norodom (as King of Cambodia)
Coat of arms of Cambodia.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Cambodia
Foreign relations

This is a list of heads of state of Cambodia from the accession of King Norodom on 19 October 1860 to the present day. It lists various heads of state which served in the modern history of Cambodia, under several different regimes and with several different titles.

From 1860 onward, there have been 11 heads of state (acting heads of state are not counted).

The current head of state of Cambodia is King Norodom Sihamoni, since 14 October 2004.

Titles

  • 1860–1960: King of Cambodia (under French colonial rule in 1863–1953)
  • 1960: Chairman of the Regency Council
  • 1960–1970: Head of State of the Kingdom of Cambodia
  • 1970–1972: Head of State of the Khmer Republic
  • 1972–1975: President of the Khmer Republic
  • 1975: Chairman of the Supreme Committee
  • 1975–1979: Chairman of the State Presidium
  • 1979–1981: Chairman of the People's Revolutionary Council
  • 1981–1993: Chairman of the Council of State
  • 1993: Head of State of the State of Cambodia
  • 1993–present: King of Cambodia

Key

Political parties
Other factions
Status
  •   Denotes Acting Head of State

Kings of Cambodia under French colonial rule

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Colonial Cambodia (1863–1953)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Claim
Start End Duration
1 King Norodom.jpg Norodom
(1834–1904)
19 October 1860 24 April 1904 43 years, 188 days Norodom Son of Ang Duong
2 Prince Sisawat.jpg Sisowath
(1840–1927)
27 April 1904 9 August 1927 23 years, 104 days Sisowath Brother of Norodom
3 Preah Bat Sisowath Monivong.jpg Sisowath Monivong
(1875–1941)
9 August 1927 24 April 1941 13 years, 258 days Sisowath Son of Sisowath
4 Norodom Sihanouk 1941.jpg Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
24 April 1941 9 November 1953 12 years, 196 days Norodom Grandson of Sisowath Monivong

Heads of state of Cambodia

(Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office)

Kingdom of Cambodia (1953–70)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Political Party
Start End Duration Claim
(4) Norodom Sihanouk 1941.jpg Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
9 November 1953 2 March 1955 1 year, 113 days Norodom
Grandson of Sisowath Monivong
5 King Norodom Suramarit of Cambodia.JPG Norodom Suramarit
(1896–1960)
2 March 1955 3 April 1960 5 years, 32 days Norodom
Father of Norodom Sihanouk
Coat of arms of Cambodia (1935–70).svg Chuop Hell
(1909–c. 1975)
3 April 1960 6 April 1960 3 days Sangkum
Coat of arms of Cambodia (1935–70).svg Sisowath Monireth
(1909–1975)
6 April 1960 13 June 1960 68 days Sisowath Sangkum
Son of Sisowath Monivong
Coat of arms of Cambodia (1935–70).svg Chuop Hell
(1909–c. 1975)
13 June 1960 20 June 1960 7 days Sangkum
(4) Norodom Sihanouk official 1955 portrait.jpg Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
20 June 1960 18 March 1970 9 years, 271 days Norodom Sangkum
Son of Norodom Suramarit
0 Queen Sisowath Kossamak of Cambodia.JPG Sisowath Kossamak
(1904–1975)
[a]
20 June 1960 9 October 1970 10 years, 111 days Sisowath
Consort of Norodom Suramarit
Coat of arms of Cambodia (1935–70).svg Cheng Heng
(1916–1996)
21 March 1970 9 October 1970 202 days Independent

Khmer Republic (1970–75)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Elected Took Office Left Office Time in Office
6 Coat of arms of The Khmer Republic.svg Cheng Heng
(1916–1996)
9 October 1970 9 March 1972 1 year, 153 days Independent
7 LonNol.jpg Lon Nol
(1913–1985)
1972 10 March 1972 1 April 1975 3 years, 22 days Social Republican Party /
FANK (ANK)
General Saukham Khoy.jpg Saukam Khoy
(1915–2008)
1 April 1975 12 April 1975 11 days Social Republican Party /
FANK (ANK)
Coat of arms of The Khmer Republic.svg Sak Sutsakhan
(1928–1994)
12 April 1975 17 April 1975 5 days FANK (ANK)

Democratic Kampuchea (1975–79)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
(4) Norodom Sihanouk (1983).jpg Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
17 April 1975 11 April 1976 360 days National United Front of Kampuchea
8 Khieu Samphan 1978.jpg Khieu Samphan
(1931–)
11 April 1976 7 January 1979 2 years, 271 days Communist Party of Kampuchea

People's Republic of Kampuchea and State of Cambodia (1979–93)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party
Took Office Left Office Time in Office
9 Heng Samrin cropped.jpg Heng Samrin
(1934–)
7 January 1979 6 April 1992 13 years, 90 days Kampuchean People's Revolutionary Party
10 Chea Sim 3x4.jpg Chea Sim
(1932–2015)
6 April 1992 14 June 1993 1 year, 69 days Cambodian People's Party
(4) Norodom Sihanouk (1983).jpg Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
14 June 1993 24 September 1993 102 days Independent

Kingdom of Cambodia (1993–present)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Reign House Claim
Start End Duration
(4) Norodom Sihanouk (1983).jpg Norodom Sihanouk
(1922–2012)
24 September 1993 7 October 2004 11 years, 13 days Norodom Elected
(Son of Norodom Suramarit)
11 Norodom Sihamoni (2007) (crop).jpg Norodom Sihamoni
(1953–)
14 October 2004 Incumbent 13 years, 36 days Norodom Elected
(Son of Norodom Sihanouk)

Living former heads of state

See also

References

  1. ^ "CAMBODIA—The Varman Dynasty Genealogy". royalark.net. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  1. ^ Queen Sisowath Kossamak was not an official monarch, but a "symbol, incarnation, and representative" of the dynasty after the death of her husband, King Norodom Suramarit.[1] Prince Norodom Sihanouk was appointed Head of State whose powers equal that of a monarch.
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