List of heads of state of Albania

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Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

This is a list of heads of state of Albania who have served since the Declaration of Independence of 1912.

Since the collapse of the communist regime in 1991, the head of state of Albania is the President of the Republic (Albanian: Presidenti i Republikës). The President is indirectly elected to a five-year term and is limited to a maximum of two terms, as specified by the Constitution. As in most parliamentary systems, the President is now by-and-large a ceremonial office, with the Prime Minister de facto heading the executive branch.[1]

Heads of State

Monarchs

No. Portrait Name Reign Royal House
Flag of Albania (1914–1920).svg Principality of Albania (1914–1925)
1 WilhelmPrinceAlbania.jpg Wilhelm of Wied
(1876–1945)
7 March 1914 3 September 1914 Wied-Neuwied
Flag of Albania (1934–1939).svg Albanian Kingdom (1928–1939)
2 Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg Zog I
(1895–1961)
1 September 1928 7 April 1939 Zogu
Flag of Albania (1939–1943).svg Italian Occupation (1939–1943)
3 Vitorioemanuel.jpg Vittorio Emanuele III
(1869–1947)
16 April 1939 8 September 1943 Savoy

Chairmen of the Presidium

No. Portrait Name Term in office Party
Flag of Albania (1946–1992).svg Communist Albania (1944–1991)
1 Omer Nishani
(1887–1954)
12 January 1946 31 July 1953 Communist Party
renamed in 1948 to
Party of Labour
2 Haxhi Lleshi 1943.jpg Haxhi Lleshi
(1913–1998)
1 August 1953 21 November 1982 Party of Labour
3 Ramiz Alia
(1925–2011)
22 November 1982 3 April 1992 Party of Labour

Presidents

No. Portrait Name Term in office Nominated by
Flag of Albania (1926–1928).svg Albanian Republic (1925–1928)
1 Ahmet-Zogu-1895---1961.jpg Ahmet Zogu
(1895–1961)
1 February 1925 1 September 1928 Conservative Party
Flag of Albania.svg Republic of Albania (1991–present)
2 Ramiz Alia
(1925–2011)
30 April 1991 3 April 1992 Party of Labour
3 Sali Berisha, October 2008.jpg Sali Berisha
(born 1944)
9 April 1992 24 July 1997 Democratic Party
4 Rexhep Meidani.jpg Rexhep Meidani
(born 1944)
24 July 1997 24 July 2002 Socialist Party
5 Alfred Moisiu June06.jpg Alfred Moisiu
(born 1929)
24 July 2002 24 July 2007 Consensual
6 Bamir Topi 2.jpg Bamir Topi
(born 1957)
24 July 2007 24 July 2012 Democratic Party
7 Bujar Nishani at meeting with Michael Spindelegger.jpg Bujar Nishani
(born 1964)
24 July 2012 24 July 2017 Democratic Party
8 Ilir meta.jpg Ilir Meta
(born 1969)
24 July 2017 Incumbent Socialist Movement for Integration

Acting Heads of State

No. Portrait Name Term in office Title
Flag of Albanian Provisional Government (1912-1914).svg Independent Albania (1912–1914)
1 Ismail Qemalii.jpeg Ismail Qemali
(1844–1919)
28 November 1912 22 January 1914 Chairman of the Provisional Government
2 Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg Esat Toptani
(1863–1920)
12 October 1913 12 February 1914 Chairman of the Opposition Council of the Elders of Central Albania
3 Fejzi Alizoti
(1874–1945)
22 January 1914 7 March 1914 Chairman of the Central Government
Flag of Albania (1914–1920).svg Principality of Albania (1914–1925)
4 Qamil Feza
(????–????)
3 September 1914 6 September 1914 Chairman of the Administrative Commission
5 Mustafa Ndroqi
(????–????)
23 September 1914 5 October 1914 Chairman of the General Council
6 Essad Pasha Toptani.jpg Esat Toptani
(1863–1920)
5 October 1914 24 February 1916 Chairman of the Provisional Government
Austro-Hungarian Command (24 February 1916 – 28 December 1918)
7 Turhan Përmeti
(1839–1927)
28 December 1918 28 January 1920 Chairman of the Provisional Government
8 SulejmanDelvina.jpg Sulejman Delvina
(1884–1933)
28 January 1920 30 January 1920 Acting Chairman of the Provisional Government
9 High Council
(1920–1925)
30 January 1920 31 January 1925 Supervised by: Aqif Biçaku, Luigj Bumçi, Abdi Toptani, Mihal Turtulli, Omer Vrioni, Ndoc Pistulli, Sotir Peçi, Refik Toptani, Xhafer Ypi, Gjon Çoba.
10 Fan Stilian Noli.jpg Fan Noli
(1882–1965)
2 July 1924 24 December 1924 Acted in place of the High Council
Flag of Albania (1939–1943).svg Italian Occupation (1939–1943)
11 Xhafer Ypi
(1880–1940)
9 April 1939 12 April 1939 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
12 Shefqet Verlaci.jpg Shefqet Vërlaci
(1877–1946)
12 April 1939 16 April 1939 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
Flag of Albania (1943–1944).svg German Occupation (1943–1944)
13 Ibrahim Bicakciu.jpg Ibrahim Biçaku
(1905–1977)
14 September 1943 20 October 1943 Chairman of the Provisional Executive Committee
14 MehdiFrasheri.jpg Mehdi Frashëri
(1872–1963)
20 October 1943 25 October 1944 Chairman of the Provisional Administration Committee
Flag of Albania.svg Republic of Albania (1991–present)
15 Kastriot Islami
(born 1952)
3 April 1992 6 April 1992 Speaker of the Parliament
16 Pjetër Arbnori
(1935–2006)
6 April 1992 9 April 1992 Speaker of the Parliament
17 Skënder Gjinushi
(born 1949)
24 July 1997 24 July 1997 Speaker of the Parliament

See also

References

  1. ^ "Albania Heads of State" (PDF).

External links

  • A brief history of the institution
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