List of headgear

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This is an incomplete list of headgear (that is, anything worn on the head), both modern and historical.

Herakles wearing a hat. Ancient Greek Attic black-figure olpe, 550–530 BC. Louvre Museum, Paris.


Worn in the past, or rarely worn today

Shapes and styles of beaver hats 1776–1825


Ancient coins showing possible Persian tiara on Autophradates and Phrygian cap on Orontes I



The traditional bonnet of the Kilwinning Archers of Scotland.


Caps worn by men in the past, or rarely worn today

Caps worn by women in the past

Caps worn on ceremonial occasions


Bonnets for women

Old woman in sunbonnet (c. 1930). Photograph by Doris Ulmann
  • Cabriolet
  • Capote – soft crown, rigid brim, 19th century
  • Chip bonnet
  • Gypsy bonnet – shallow to flat crown, saucer shaped, and worn by tying it on with either a scarf or sash, under the chin, or at the nape of the neck – 19th Century
  • Kiss-me-quick
  • Leghorn bonnet
  • Mourning bonnet
  • Poke bonnet – Early 19th Century, "Christmas Carol" style, with a cylindrical crown and broad funnel brim
  • Ugly – a kind of retractable visor that could be attached to bonnets for extra protection from the sun, 19th century

Bonnets for men


See Types of helmet


Capirote during procession, exist in various colours

Headbands, headscarves, wimples

An Iraqi girl wearing a headscarf in downtown Baghdad (April 2005).

Masks, veils and headgear that covers the face

Oladipo jumping up for a shot
Victor Oladipo wearing some protective headgear

Other headdress



  • Arab headdress
    • A white cap or skullcap: * taqiya, also tagiyah, gahfiah
    • covered by the flowing scarf: ghutrah, also gutra, smagh, shmagh, kaffiyeh, kufiyyeh, keffiyeh, keffiyah, kaffiye, keffiya
    • Kept in place by a band around the cap and scarf: igal, also egal, agal, aqal, ogal
  • Bandana, also bandanna
  • Do-rag
  • Stocking cap
  • Topor – Bengali men's wedding headgear
  • Visor


Ming Dynasty queen's headdress with cloisonné, pearls, gems, and gold


Headgear organised by function





Rajput (Jodhpur) (8411728143).jpg


  • Havalim (חֲבָליִם) ropes that are referenced in Kings I 20:31. Used as a sign of mourning.
  • Kashket
  • Kippah or yarmulke
  • Kolpik
  • Migba'at was likely a cone-shaped Turban. This turban was likely only worn in the context of the priesthood and is cited in Exodus 27:20–30.
  • Mitznefet was most likely a classic circular turban. This is derived from the fact that Hebrew word Mitznefet comes from the root "to wrap." This turban was likely only worn in the context of the priesthood and is cited in Exodus 27:20–30.
  • Pe’er mentioned in Ezekiel 24: 17;23. In verse 17, Ezekiel commands the Israelites to “wrap their” Pe’ers around their heads. In verse 23, Ezekiel tells the Israelite that their Pe’er's "shall remain on your heads.” ("Pe'er" (which translates into "splendor") is usually used to refer to phylacteries (tefillin))
  • Sheitel is a wig worn by some married women in order to maintain marital modesty in public
  • Shtreimel
  • Spodik
  • Sudra (סודרא) is a headdress, similar to the keffiyah worn by Jewish men in the ancient near-east.



Military and police

Officials and civil workers

China (historical)

Other specialist headgear

National dress; association with a country, people and religion

Afghan boys wearing traditional headgear. Kunduz, Afghanistan (June 2003).
A young Albanian wearing Qeleshe (also called Plis).
Ti'i langga, a Rote islander attempt to copy the 16th-century European headgear.

See also


  1. ^ Chico, Beverly (2013). Hats and Headwear around the World: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO LLC. pp. 211–12. ISBN 9781610690621. Retrieved 13 November 2014.
  2. ^ Lewandowski, Elizabeth J. (2011). The complete costume dictionary. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 243. ISBN 9780810840041.
  3. ^ The Concise Scots Dictionary. Aberdeen University Press. 1987. p. 296. ISBN 0-08-028492-2.

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