List of floods

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This is a list of major floods.

Floods by occurrences

List of floods

14th century

15th century

16th century

17th century

  • The Burchardi Flood was a storm tide that struck the North Sea coast of North Frisia and Dithmarschen on the night between 11 and 12 October 1634. Overrunning dikes, it shattered the coastline and caused thousands of deaths (8,000 to 15,000 people drowned).

18th century floods

19th century

  • The Great Flood of 1862 struck the west coast of North America in December 1861 and January 1862. An atmospheric river from the tropics brought 43 days of rain to the U.S. states of California, Utah and Oregon as well as the Mexican state of Sonora. It was the worst disaster ever to strike California; the state's California was effectively an inland sea for months afterwards. State government temporarily moved to San Francisco because the capital, Sacramento, was under 10 feet (3.3 m) of water; the damage and the ensuing shortfall in tax revenues nearly bankrupted the state.
  • The 1872 Baltic Sea flood was a storm surge that affected the Baltic Sea coast from Denmark to Pomerania on the night of 12/13 November 1872. The flood cost the lives of at least 271 people on the Baltic Sea coast; 2,850 houses were destroyed or at least badly damaged and 15,160 people left homeless as a result.
  • In 1889, the South Fork Dam broke, causing the massive Johnstown Flood that took 2,209 lives in Johnstown, Pennsylvania.

20th century

  • On September 8, 1900, in Galveston, TX, the storm made landfall, leaving about 7,000 to 12,000 dead. It remains to the present day the deadliest single day event in US history.[1]
  • In 1910, large areas of Paris were flooded when the river burst its banks.
  • In 1910, The Great Flood of Tokyo, when 3700 houses, were swept away, 2200, partially destroyed and nearly 400,000 damaged.
  • The Great Flood of 1913, which included the Great Dayton Flood, killed 650 people and destroyed 20,000 homes in the United States. It also damaged historic photographic plates belonging to Wilbur and Orville Wright. It ended canal transportation in Ohio.
  • The 1916 Clermont, Queensland flood was the worst flood in Clermont history.
  • The Hatfield Flood of San Diego, United States, of 1916 destroyed the Lower Otay Dam,[2] damaged the Sweetwater Dam,[3] and caused 22 deaths and $4.5 million in damages.
  • The 1931 Yellow River flood caused between 800,000 and 4,000,000 deaths in China, one of a series of disastrous floods on the Yellow River. It was one of the worst floods in history.
  • The Ohio River flood of 1937 occurred in late January and February 1937, causing damage along the Ohio River and several smaller tributaries from Pittsburgh, Illinois, to Cairo, Illinois. This flood left close to one million people homeless, 385 dead, and $50,000,000 worth of damage.
  • The Los Angeles flood of 1938 occurred from late February to early March 1938, causing the Los Angeles River and the Santa Ana River to overflow, causing $40,000,000 worth of damage and causing 115 lives to be lost.
  • The Great Hanshin flood of 1938 occurred in July 1938 in Kobe area in Japan, causing 925 lost lives as exceptionally heavy seasonal raining caused landsides at Rokko mountains.
  • On the night of 9 June 1972 the people of Rapid City, South Dakota in the United States were struck by a deadly flood that lasted two days. It took 238 lives and caused millions of dollars in damage.
  • In 1974, the dying cyclone Wanda triggered major flooding in Brisbane, Australia killing 6 people and leaving hundreds homeless.
  • In 2 July 1975, many areas of Romanian Cuverture Charpatinas (e.g. Buzau, Prahova County), were struck by major flooding.
  • In August 1975, the Banqiao Dam in China breaks apart under excess rainfall and damage from Typhoon Nina, drowning about 26,000 and caused the lives of another 140,000 in resulting epidemics.
  • During the 1980s, the Great Salt Lake reached record high water levels due to a large amount of rain and its lack of an outlet. Places such as Saltair were inundated.
  • The South African town of Laingsburg was basically destroyed on 25 January 1981, when 104 of its 900 inhabitants died during a flood that swept through the town and left only about 25 houses standing
  • In 1982, the river Jucar in Spain breaks the Tous Reservoir, flooding the surrounding land in a deluge of 16,000 m3/s of water, and killing 30 people.
  • In the winter of 1983, the Pacific Northwest of the United States saw one of the worst floods on record for that region, and some states recorded their wettest winter ever. Damage estimates are as high as $1.1 billion.
  • January 1992 saw severe floods in South America, most notably Brazil.
  • In Alaska, United States, from May to September 1992 it was unusually wet, causing the 100 year flood. Snow melt only made the floods worse.
  • The Great Flood of 1993 was one of the most destructive floods in United States history.
  • March 1993 the "No Name" storm, silently brought major flooding to Citrus County, Florida.
  • The summer of 1993 was unusually wet for the United States, causing flooding in the southwest.
  • 1994 South Georgina floods
  • On 8 May 1995, severe floods caused extensive damage in Louisiana, United States.
  • A dying typhoon hit Kyushu, Japan, in September 1996, causing severe floods in that region.
  • July 1996 saw severe floods in Central Honshū, Japan.
  • In August 1996, 86 people died due to a flood in Las Nieves camping, in Biescas, Spain.[5][6]
  • 1997 Central European flood, the worst flood in Polish history hits the country in July 1997, killing 65 and causing extensive damage to Wroclaw and Opole.
  • The Red River Flood of 1997 (also called the Red River of the North Flood of 1997 in the United States) occurred in April and May 1997 along the Red River of the North in North Dakota, Minnesota (United States) and Manitoba. It was the most severe flooding of the river since 1826, causing so much water or camping down water or not draining it all.
  • Bangladesh was flooded in 1998, with millions of people affected and hundreds killed.
  • The 1998 Yangtze River Floods left 14 million people homeless, killed hundreds, and left billions of pounds' worth of damage.
  • The 1999 Pentecost flood (German: Pfingsthochwasser) was a 100-year flood around the Pentecost season in 1999 that mostly affected Bavaria, Vorarlberg and Tirol. It was caused by heavy rainfall coinciding with the regular Alpine meltwater. These were caused because of the low-lying area and they are replacing concrete with soil which affects the flow of water and can cause flash flooding.

21st century

  • Korea (both North Korea and South Korea) saw one of its worst floods ever in May 2006.
  • The Mid-Atlantic States flood of 2006 in the eastern United States is considered to be the worst in that region since the flooding caused by Hurricane David in 1979.
  • Ethiopia saw one of its worst floods ever in August 2006.
  • Surat a 5 million populated city of India witnessed huge flood in its history during 4 to 10 August 2006. 10 lac cusec water discharge for 30 hours from Ukai dam flooded city. 1 Lac evacuated on first day, many human and animal lost their lives.
  • Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, and Sabah suffered floods between December 2006 and January 2007. It killed hundreds and forced 100,000 people to be evacuated in Johor alone. Floods hit the country's capital Kuala Lumpur in January 2007, killing 80. It was the worst flood in Malaysia for over 100 years.
  • The 2007 Hunter Floods inundated large areas of the cities of Maitland and Newcastle in Australia in June 2007, claimed 11 lives and forced the evacuation of 4,000 people in Central Maitland.
  • Between late May 2007 and early August 2007, severe flash floods hit most of the United Kingdom, with the most affected area in the country being Yorkshire. The city of Sheffield (in Yorkshire) was the worst affected city in the country, a month's worth of rain fell on the city in just 18 hours on 25 June 2007, bursting the banks of the River Don in that city. There were also fears that the Ulley Reservoir in Sheffield would fail, if it did it would have killed hundreds. 6 people were killed across the country.
  • The 2007 Africa Floods was one of the worst and most destructive floods in recorded history on the continent of Africa with 14 countries affected.
  • In November 2007, Cyclone Guba, a slow moving storm caused deadly flooding in Papua New Guinea.
  • The 2008 Indian floods affected several states in India between July 2008 and September 2008 during an unusually wet monsoon season. The floods caused severe damage, and killed an estimated 2404 people.
  • In July 2012, heavy torrential rains caused floods in Kyushu, Japan, leaving 32 people dead or missing.
  • In 2012 Great Britain and Ireland floods caused many floods in the United Kingdom, in April floods and gales hit most of England causing flooding and power outages, on the 28 June 2012 there were two severe supercell thunderstorms which traveled across the West Midlands causing flash flooding, on 6 July 2012 heavy rainfall brought floods to the South West of England with the Met Office issuing red rain warnings, flooding later returned to the UK on 21 November 2012, as heavy persistent rainfall fell in South West England which caused rivers to burst their banks, the rain later pushed into the Midlands overnight causing more flooding, on 24 November 2012 another band of rain pushed into South West England, The Environment Agency issued three severe flood warnings for the South West England and 90 flood warnings, the following day the Environment Agency issued 110 flood warning for the Midlands, most of which were for the River Avon and the River Severn.

2018 kerala tremendous floods

Floods by region



East Asia

Fighting the 1954 Yangtze Flood, as depicted on a monument in Wuhan
Hong Kong
Picture show at heavy rain, following flood in Shira River, Kumamoto, Kyushu, July 2012
  • In July 2012, heavy torrential rains caused floods in Kyushu, Japan, leaving 32 people dead or missing. Later in August incessant rains and storm caused floods in Kinki region, causing one casualty.
  • In July 1996 a flood hit Central Honshū and 48 people died.
  • On 21 September 1996, a typhoon hit Kyushu causing flooding along the coasts as huge waves crashed onshore and flooding onshore when the typhoon dumped lots of rain on the area.
  • In 1953, the 1953 North Kyushu Flood killed 759 people and the killed and missing amounted to 1,001 in the northern area of Kyushu of Japan.
  • The Great Hanshin flood of 1938 occurred in July 1938 in Kobe area in Japan, causing 925 lost lives as exceptionally heavy torrential raining caused landsides at Rokko mountain.
  • 2018 Japan floods
North Korea
  • North Korea saw one of its worst floods ever in May 2006.
South Korea
  • South Korea was also flooded at the same time but its floods continued through to the end of June 2006.

South Asia

  • Bangladesh has been victim of numerous floods throughout the years, the major ones being in 1954, 1955, 1970, 1985, 1988, 1998, 2004, 2007 and 2012.
  • Assam has been suffering floods regularly since 1998.
  • Flooding in Mumbai in July 2005 left over 700 dead. Some areas went under 5 m of water.
  • The 2008 Indian floods affected most of India throughout 2008.
  • In October 2009, flooding occurred across many parts of South India. It was one of the worst flood in the area in the last 100 years, killing at least 299 people and making 500,000 homeless.
  • The Leh floods occurred on 6 August 2010 in Leh, the largest town in Ladakh, a region of the northernmost Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. At least 193 people are reported to have died,[1][2] five of whom were foreign tourists,[3] after a cloudburst and heavy overnight rains triggered flash floods and mudslides.[4] A further 200 people were reported missing[1][2][3] and thousands more were rendered homeless after the flooding caused extensive damage to property and infrastructure.
  • The 2013 North India floods in Uttarakhand which destroyed many things and landslides caused by heavy rainfall.
  • The 2014 South India floods in Visakhapatnam which destroyed many things and landslides caused by heavy rainfall and thousands more were rendered homeless after the flooding caused extensive damage to property and infrastructure[clarification needed].
  • The floods that occurred in Chennai due to the heavy rain fall of northeast monsoons in 2015 is considered one of the major disasters in the state of Tamil Nadu.It occurred from November end till the mid of second week of December.
  • 2017 Gujarat flood
  • August 2017 Nepal and Darshan India floods
  • The flood occurred in kerala in 2018 late august caused tremendous damage of equipments .More than 448 deaths of people,more than 4 billion lose. It was a death horrifying experience for the people in kerala.
  • In 2003, Sindh province was badly affected due to monsoon rains causing damages in billions.
  • In 2007, Cyclone Yemyin submerged lower part of Balochistan Province in sea water killing 380 people. Before that it killed 213 people in Karachi on its way to Balochistan.
  • In 2009, Karachi was flooded. (see 2009 Karachi floods)
  • In 2010, from Mid-July till Mid-August – Pakistan's four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Southern Punjab and Sindh) were badly affected during the monsoon rains when dams, rivers and lakes overflowed, killing at least 1,750 people, injuring 2,500 and affecting 23 million people. The flood is considered the worst in Pakistan's history, affecting people of all four provinces and Asad Jamu and Kashmir Region of Pakistan.[44] (see 2010 Pakistan floods)
  • The 2013 Afghanistan–Pakistan floods.

Southeast Asia

  • Jakarta suffered floods that killed 80 people in January 2007.[45]
  • The 2010 Thailand floods.
  • 2011 Thailand floods started from July 2011 until January 2012 resulted in a total of 815 deaths, 13.6 million people affected, 65 provinces were declared flood disaster zones, over 20,000 square kilometers of farmland was damaged and 7 industrial estates was temporarily shut down causing over US$45.7 billion (1.4 trillion Baht) of over all damage.[46]


Czech Republic


  • One of France's worst floods of the 20th century occurred in 1910. The end of 1909 and early 1910 saw a period of heavy rain and snow fall over a period of 3 months. The level of the Seine began to rise rapidly from January 18 to 20, rising to a maximum of 8.62 meters above normal on the 28th. Some 4 billion cubic meters of river water, contaminated with river sediment and municipal sewage, flooded over 5 square kilometers of Paris. There were over 150,000 casualties and over 20,000 buildings flooded.[49]





  • In February 2010, severe floods and mudslides hit the Portuguese island of Madeira, killing at least 50.[51]


  • 13–14 October 1957, in Valencia, torrential rain results in a devastating flood, at least 81 people lose their lives.[52]
  • In 1982, the river Jucar (Valencia, Spain) broke the Tous Reservoir causing a flood that killed 30 people.[53]

United Kingdom

  • 2002 Glasgow floods – 200 people immediately evacuated, but the water supply of 140 thousand people was affected.
  • December 2015 – Flooding of Conwy River.
Llanrwst from the air during December 2015 flooding.

North America


United States



On the left is a photo taken during the 1998 floods in Swifts Creek in Australia. On the right is the same location 8 years later


New Zealand

  • The 1858 Hutt River flood kills 14 people
  • The 1878 of the Clutha River
  • The 1897 flooding at Clive in Hawke's Bay kills 12 people
  • Severe flooding badly affected the city of Dunedin in 1929
  • In 1938, a flash-flood at a railway workers' camp at Kopuawhara kills 21 people
  • The 1978 flood of the Clutha River, known as the "Hundred years flood" hit one day before the 100th anniversary of the great flood of 1878
  • The 1984 Southland flood
  • In 1988, extensive flooding is caused in several parts of the North Island due to Cyclone Bola
  • The 2004 Manawatu flood inundated the town of Feilding

Solomon Islands

Papua New Guinea

South America





See also


  1. ^ Moellman, Mark (June 29, 2017). "Seven Worst Floods in US History". 
  2. ^ Fetzer, Leland (2005). San Diego County Place Names A to Z. San Diego: Sunbelt Publications. p. 107. Lower Otay Dam washed out completely in the 1916 Hatfield flood. 
  3. ^ Fetzer, Leland (2005). San Diego County Place Names A to Z. San Diego: Sunbelt Publications. p. 144. Sweetwater Dam was damaged in the 1916 Hatfield Flood but did not fail. 
  4. ^ Canada
  5. ^ Un experto asegura en el juicio que la tragedia era "previsible" Archived 28 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in Spanish)
  6. ^ La tragedia de Biescas, el infierno que cayó del cielo on YouTube (in Spanish)
  7. ^ a b "Cumbria: Year in Review 2005". BBC News. 31 December 2005. 
  8. ^ a b Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Cougar Creek Bursts Its Banks in Canmore". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "High Water Floods Out High River". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Franklin, Michael; Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Floods Force Residents Out of Southern Alberta Communities". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  11. ^ a b Franklin, Michael (20 June 2013). "Storms Knock Out Power in Many Alberta Communities". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  12. ^ Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Road and Highway Closures Due to Flooding". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  13. ^ a b Leung, Marlene (20 June 2013). "Calgary Communities Evacuated as Flooding Prompts State of Emergency". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  14. ^ a b "Sardinia hit by deadly Cyclone Cleopatra and floods". BBC News. 19 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "UK storms: Mapping the floods". 14 February 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2018 – via 
  16. ^ "Bosnia, Serbia hit by worst flooding in 120 years; three die". Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Afghanistan flash flood kills dozens in Baghlan province". BBC. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Alberta Flooding 2014 In Photos". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "News – msn". Archived from the original on 13 August 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "News – msn". Archived from the original on 14 August 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  21. ^ a b Yoni Bashan (14 August 2014). "Record-Breaking Rain Floods Long Island, New York Region – WSJ". WSJ. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  22. ^ a b "New York suburbs hit by flash floods after record rainfall". Reuters. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  23. ^ a b Doyle Rice, USA TODAY (13 August 2014). "Wet Wednesday: Flooding rain swamps Northeast". Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "Strong Storms Shatter Records on Long Island, Cars Nearly Submerged – NBC News". NBC News. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "'Storm Of Historic Proportions' Dumps 13 Inches Of Rain In Some Spots Of LI « CBS New York". Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "One dead, several drivers rescued from stranded cars on flooded Long Island roads after record-setting rainstorm". NY Daily News. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  27. ^ a b CNN, Joe Sutton, Madison Park and Mayra Cuevas -. "Seven dead after record-setting floods in Texas, Kansas". Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  28. ^ a b "Texas and Oklahoma Set All-Time Record Wet Month; Other May Rain Records Shattered in Arkansas, Nebraska". Retrieved 3 June 2016. 
  29. ^ "2 Maryland Flood Victims Identified; 'Total Devastation' in Ellicott City - The Weather Channel". Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  30. ^ "Flash flood kills 2, devastates Maryland city's historic downtown". Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  31. ^ "38 dead, over 92,000 left homeless by Niger floods". The New Indian Express. 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  32. ^ "PressTV-Niger floods kill 38, displace thousands". 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  33. ^ "38 dead, 92,000 left homeless by Niger floods". 2016-09-07. Retrieved 2016-12-16. 
  34. ^ "Nigerian Newspapers Headlines Today |". 3 December 2016. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  35. ^ a b
  36. ^ a b News, ABC. "ABC News". ABC News. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  37. ^ "Death toll in Thailand floods rises to 36, more rain on the way". 12 January 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  38. ^ "You are being redirected..." Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  39. ^ "Thailand: Floods - Dec 2016". Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  40. ^ a b "Flooding, Mudslides Strike Peru, Killing 72; Thousands Homeless - The Weather Channel". Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  41. ^ a b "Death toll rises to 72 in Peru rains, flooding, mudslides". 18 March 2017. Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  42. ^ "57 Dead in China Floods, Including 2 Kids on Overloaded Bus". The New York Times. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  43. ^ "China Floods Kill Dozens". Wall Street Journal. Associated Press. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2015. 
  44. ^ Archived 3 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  45. ^ Media Indonesia Online[permanent dead link]
  46. ^ "The World Bank Supports Thailand's Post-Floods Recovery Effort". World Bank. 13 December 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  47. ^ a b c "Nynější povodně jsou třetí nejtragičtější v historii ČR" [Current floods are third most tragic in the history of the Czech Republic]. (in Czech). 2 July 2009. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  48. ^ "Déšť ustal, hladiny řek zvolna klesají" [Rain has stopped, river levels slowly decreasing]. (in Czech). 19 May 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  49. ^ Olivier's Site – L'inondation de Paris – Flood in Paris 1910 Archived 14 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  50. ^ "WebGIS of flooding and exceptional rainfall in Metapontino". 
  51. ^ "Kashmiri flash flooding kills 50". New Civil Engineer. Retrieved 2016-04-19. 
  52. ^ Hasta aquí llegó la riada, ABC, 13 August 2007
  53. ^ Diluvio en el País Valenciano, La Vanguardia, 21 October 1982, p1
  54. ^ Staff (2 December 2010). "Flooding Events in Canada – Quebec". Environment Canada. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  55. ^ Schmidt, Colleen (20 June 2013). "Road and Highway Closures Due to Flooding". CTV News. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  56. ^ "Vermont's Greatest Natural Disaster". Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  57. ^ "The Flood of 1927". 1 August 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  58. ^ Persky, R.M. Slade, Jr. and Kristie. "Floods in the Guadalupe and San Antonio River Basins in Texas". Retrieved 31 March 2018. 
  59. ^ "Flood a 1000-Year Event". Knoxville News Sentinel. Retrieved 6 May 2010. 
  60. ^ "Weekend Rainfall Totals". National Weather Service. Retrieved 3 May 2010. 

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