List of flags of the Philippines

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This is the list of all the flags used and being used in the Philippines.

National flag

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Philippines.svg 1898–present National flag of the Philippines A horizontal bicolor of equal bands of blue and red, with a white equilateral chevron spanning the width of the hoist. Within the chevron are three five-pointed stars (fixed on each of the vertices), and a sun with eight major rays (set in the center), all in yellow.

Governmental flags

Flag Date Use Description
Executive Branch
Flag of the President of the Philippines.svg 2004–present Flag of the President of the Philippines The Seal of the President of the Philippines against a blue field. The number of stars correspond to the number of provinces.
Presidential Standard of the Philippines (1946-1948).svg 1946–1948 Flag of the President of the Philippines The coat of arms of the Philippines against a blue field with four golden stars on each corner.
Flag of the President of the Philippines (1948-1951).svg 1948–1951 Flag of the President of the Philippines The Presidential Arms (minus the circle of stars) against a blue field with four golden stars on each corner.
Flag of the President of the Philippines (1951-1965).svg 1951-1965 Flag of the President of the Philippines The 1948 design, with the four golden stars replaced by a ring of golden stars. The number of stars theoretically changed as the number of provinces changed.[1]
Flag of the President of the Philippines (1981-1986).svg 1981–1986 Flag of the President of the Philippines The flag's shade became a lighter blue, and the red triangle was inverted. The sea-lion was replaced by a golden eagle, bearing three branches and arrows, and the ring of stars were changed to white.
Flag of the President of the Philippines (1986-2004).svg 1986–2004 Flag of the President of the Philippines The coat of arms of the President of the Philippines with white as the color of the stars against a light blue field.
Flag of the Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines.svg 2004 Flag of the Vice President of the Philippines The Presidential Arms against a white field.
Legislative Branch
Flag of the Senate President of the Philippines.svg 1987 Flag of the Senate President The Seal of the Senate against a red field.
Flag of the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines.svg 1987 Flag of the Speaker of the House The Seal of the House of Representatives against a red field.
Judicial Branch
Flag of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.svg 1946 Flag of the Supreme Court
Sandiganbayan FLAG.png 1978 Flag of the Sandiganbayan
Flag of the Court of Appeals.png 1946 Flag of the Court of Appeals
Court of Tax Appeals FLAG.png Flag of the Court of Tax Appeals
Other government offices
Philippine Customs Flag.svg Customs Ensign Navy blue and white vertical bands with a white canton bearing a gold sea-lion bearing a sword.
Flag of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA).svg Flag of the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority Seal of the MMDA on a white field.

Military flags

Flag Date Use Description
War Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg
(1936–1998)
War Flag of the Philippines.svg
(1998–present)
Only during a state of war State and War flag The national flag, hoisted with red and blue fields inverted, unique among the national flags.
Naval Jack of the Philippines.svg Naval Jack of the Philippines The "Three Stars and a Sun" against a royal blue field.
Flag of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.svg 2005–present Flag of the Philippine Armed Forces
Flag of the Philippine Navy.png 2002–present Flag of the Philippine Navy Seal of the Philippine Navy on a dark blue field.
Flag of the Philippine Marine Corps.png 2004–present Flag of the Philippine Marine Corps Coat of arms of the Philippine Marine Corps on a blue field, flanked by ribbons bearing the organization's name in English and motto in Tagalog.
Flag of the Philippine Army.svg 2005–present Flag of the Philippine Army Seal of the Philippine Army on a dark green field.
Flag of the Philippine Air Force.svg 2005–present Flag of the Philippine Air Force Seal of the Philippine Air Force on a blue field.

Civil flags

Flag Date Use Description
Philippine Coastwise emblem.svg 1903–present Coastwise Emblem of the Philippines White flag with a blue and red star on the horizontal median line.

Historical national flags

Flag Date Use Description
The Spanish East Indies (1565–1898)
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg 1565–1730 Flag used when the Philippine Islands were a part of New Spain. The Cross of Burgundy: a red saltire resembling two crossed, roughly-pruned branches, on a white field.
Bandera de España 1701-1760.svg 1730–1761 Used during Spanish East Indies period. Flag of Spain under the reign of King Philip V
Bandera de España 1760-1785.svg 1761–1785 Used during Spanish East Indies period. Flag of Spain under the reign of King Philip V's grandson, King Carlos III
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg 1762–1764 Flag during the British occupation of the Philippines, as used in occupied Manila and Cavite. The flag of the British East India Company before 1810: A flag with red and white stripes with the Kingdom of Great Britain's Union Flag as a canton. The Union flag bears red cross on a white field, commonly called St George's Cross, superimposed on a white saltire on a blue field, known as St Andrew's Cross. Also known as the "King's Colours".
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg 1785–1873 Used during Spanish East Indies period. Three horizontal stripes of red, weld-yellow and red, the centre stripe being twice as wide as each red stripe with arms in the first third of the weld-yellow stripe. The arms are crowned and vertically divided, the left red field with a tower representing Castille, the right white field with a lion representing León.
Flag of the First Spanish Republic.svg 1873–1874 Used by the Spanish East Indies under the First Spanish Republic. Three horizontal stripes: red, weld-yellow and red, the yellow strip being twice as wide as each red stripe with arms in the first third of the yellow stripe. Royal crown removed from arms.
Flag of Spain (1785–1873, 1875–1931).svg 1874–1898 Used during Spanish East Indies after the restoration of the Spanish monarchy. The flag of the Kingdom of Spain used prior to the First Spanish Republic was reinstated.
Philippine Revolution – First Philippine Republic
Flag of the Tagalog people.svg 1897–1898 First official flag of the Philippine republic and used during the Philippine Revolution. The flag was created in Naic, Cavite and first displayed in 1897. It features an eight-rayed white sun with a mythical face on a field of red.
Philippines Aguinaldo flag (obverse).svg

Philippines Flag Original.svg
1898–1901 The Three Stars and a Sun design was conceived by President Emilio Aguinaldo. The exact shade of blue is debated; three variants were used by subsequent governments. Sewn by Doña Marcela Marino de Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in Hong Kong and first flown in battle on May 28, 1898. It was formally unfurled during the Proclamation of Philippine Independence and the flag of the First Philippine Republic, on June 12, 1898 by President Aguinaldo. It contains a mythical sun (with a face) similar to the Sun of May in other former Spanish colonies; the triangle of Freemasonry; the eight rays representing eight rebellious provinces of the Philippines first placed under martial law by the Governor-General.[a] The flag was initially unfurled with the blue stripe above, but was flown with the red stripe above at the outbreak of the Philippine–American War in 1899. The flag has the words Fuerzas Expeditionarias del Norte de Luzon on its obverse and Libertad Justicia e Ygualdad on its reverse.
American and Commonwealth Period (1898–1946)
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg 1898–1908 Used while under direct administration from the United States of America. The Philippine Commission, passed Act No. 1697 or the Flag Law of 1907, which outlawed the display of the Philippine flag and replaced the country’s flag to the stars and stripes of the United States of America. The same law prohibited the playing of the national anthem. Thirteen horizontal stripes of alternating red and white representing the original Thirteen Colonies; in the canton, white stars on a blue field, the number of stars increased as the United States expanded its territory.
Flag of the United States (1908-1912).svg 1908–1912 Variant after Oklahoma became a state
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg 1912–1919 Variant after Arizona and New Mexico achieved statehood
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg

Flag of the Philippines (1919-1936).svg
1919–1936 From October 30, 1919,[2] two flags were flown in the Philippines, the American flag and the flag conceived by Emilio Aguinaldo which was made the national flag of the Philippines with the repealing of Act No. 1697.[3] The American flag remained unchanged since 1919. For the Philippine flag, the design conceived by Emilio Aguinaldo remained but the shades of blue and red were adopted from the American flag. The sun's face was removed, but its stylised rays were retained. It should be noted that there existed many versions of the flag as no official design had been codified.
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg

Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg
1936–1946 Specifications codified; Defined under Executive Order No. 23, s. 1936. The shade of blue used was navy blue, following suit from the American Flag. The triangle was made equilateral and the sun's rays were also further simplified, achieving its present form. Also used by the Commonwealth government-in-exile from 1942–1945.
Japanese Period (1942–1945)
Flag of Japan (1870–1999).svg 1942–1943 Used during the Japanese Occupation. The Japanese flag as it appeared until 1999: a red sun-disc, shifted 1% left of centre, on a white field.
Flag of the Philippines (1943-1945).svg October 14, 1943 Used during the inauguration of the Second Republic. Emilio Aguinaldo's flag was hoisted upon proclamation of the Second Republic. However, the design as used by the Commonwealth remained.
Sovereignty (1946–present)
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1946–1985 Following independence, the 1936 design specifications codified by Manuel Quezon remains but the shades of blue and red varied through the years. In 1998, the flag gained its present definitive shades. Defined under Executive Order No. 23, s. 1936 dated March 25, 1936. The shade of blue used here is Navy Blue, following suit from the American Flag.
Flag of the Philippines (light blue).svg 1985–1986 Altered by Executive Order No. 1010, s. 1985 signed in February 25, 1985. The shade of blue was changed from Navy Blue to Light Blue, amidst debate on the shade used in the original flag. A pale Sky Blue was the actual colour used since it was more available at that time and not due to any specific historical precedent.
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1986–1998 1936 version of the flag restored after the 1986 People Power Revolution. President Corazon C. Aquino restored the pre-martial law specifications of the National flag through Executive Order No. 292, s. 1987 which was signed in July 25, 1986.
Flag of the Philippines.svg 1998–present The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines specifies the colours for the blue field Cable No. 80173; the white field, Cable No. 80001; the red field, Cable No. 80108; and the golden-yellow Stars and Sun, Cable No. 80068.[4][5] Colours introduced for the Centennial celebrations.[citation needed]

Regional flags

Among the country's 17 regions, only the Cordillera Administrative Region and the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao has their own regional flags.

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (original version).png 1992–present Regional flag of the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao A horizontal tricolor of equal blue (top), white (middle) and red (bottom) stripes. Top stripe bears one yellow five-pointed star; the middle stripe, a green circle filled with yellow elements — a tilted crescent moon nearly enclosing four smaller five-pointed stars; the bottom stripe, a silver kris.[6] The number of smaller stars, meant to represent the number of the region's constituent provinces, has de facto varied from four (1992–2001), to five (2001–2006), to six (2006–2008) to five again (2006–present), but because the flag specifications contained within the 1992 law (Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act No. 12) have not been amended the original flag remains the de jure official design.[7]
Flag of the Cordillera Administrative Region.gif 1988–1995 Former regional flag of Cordillera Administrative Region A horizontal bicolor of green (top) and yellow (bottom), centered on which is a charge consisting of a Cordillera warrior shield bearing the pre-Kalinga-Apayao-division logo originally adopted by the CAR Regional Development Council (RDC) in 1988.[citation needed]

Under the final version of the Bangsamoro Basic Law to be reconciled by the Bicameral Committee in July 2018, the proposed Bangsamoro autonomous region is given the right to have its own flag and anthem.[8]

Provincial flags

Municipal flags

Like the flags of most Philippine provinces, flags of municipalities usually just bear the seal of the municipality on a single color field but there are some municipality flags that differs from the standard

Flag Date Use Description
Balilihanflag.jpg Municipal flag of Balilihan, Bohol
Flag of Garcia Hernandez.png Municipal flag of Garcia Hernandez, Bohol
Flag of Kalilangan, Bukidnon.svg 2003–present Municipal flag of Kalilangan, Bukidnon Blue and green horizontal stripes with a white canton bearing a sun surrounded by 14 stars. Adopted on June 9, 2003 through Municipal Council Resolution No. 2003-315.[9]
Municipal flag of Maribojoc, Bohol Stripe of green, white, and blue with a sun in the middle bearing the silhouette of a church
Municipal flag of San Mateo, Rizal Light sky blue field with a white stripe on the center bearing an eight-pointed sun and a palm frond
Official Flag of Bustos, Bulacan.jpg Municipal Flag of Bustos, Bulacan
Flag of Cavite City.svg 1995-present Flag of Cavite City

Other historical flags

Flag Date Use Description
Long red right-pointing triangle.svg 1571-1575 A red pennant used by the Kingdom of Tondo especially during the reign of Lakandula. A plain crimson red triangular flag.
Flag of Maguindanao.svg Flag of the Sultanate of Maguindanao A plain yellow flag.
Ilocos Sur.svg 1762–1763 Flag of the Silang Revolt
18th Century Flag of Sulu.svg 18th Century Flag of the Sulu Sultanate Flag of Sulu Sultanate according to Pierre Sonnerat.
Flag of the Basi Revolt (First Variant).svg

Flag of the Basi Revolt.svg
1807 Flag of the Basi Revolt
Flag of Manila (1845-1886) (1886-1898).svg 1845–1898 Provincial Ensign of the Manila
Flag of Ilo-Ilo (1886-1898 ).svg 1886–1898 Provincial Ensign of Ilo-Ilo
Flag of the Cavite Mutiny.svg 1872 Flag of the Cavite Mutiny
Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg Late 19th Century Flag of the Sulu Sultanate
Negrense revolution banner.svg 1898 Flag of the Negros Revolution Banner used by Negrense revolutionaries during their revolution.
Flag of Negros Republic.svg 1898–1901 Flag of the Republic of Negros
Flag of the Katagalugan Republic.svg 1902–1906 Flag of the Tagalog Republic
Free Territory of Freedomland Flag.svg 1956–? Flag of the Free Territory of Freedomland The flag of Freedomland, a micronation founded by Tomas Cloma in the Spratly islands.

Flag proposals

Flag Date proposed Use Description
PH flag 9 Rays.svg 1998 National Flag Addition of a 9th ray as proposed in 1998 and 2009
Philippine Flag with 4 stars and 9 rays.svg 2014 National Flag Emmanuel L. Osorio's proposal. Addition of a ninth ray to represent the Muslim and indigenous people and a fourth star for Sabah.
Flag of the Philippines FVR proposal 1.svg
Flag of the Philippines FVR proposal 2.svg
1995 National Flag Flag proposals made in June 12, 1995 by former President Fidel V. Ramos. Proposal to add a crescent moon to represent the Muslim community.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference rays was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

References

  1. ^ http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/ph-pres.html
  2. ^ "Today in History". Presidential Museum and Library. 30 October 2013. Archived from the original on 10 May 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Act No. 1696, s. 1907". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Supreme Court Library. 23 August 1907. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Republic Act No. 8491". Government of the Philippines. February 12, 1998. (archived from the original Archived 2007-12-05 at the Wayback Machine. on 2007-12-05).
  5. ^ "The Philippine National Flag" (PDF). Monuments and Heraldry division, National Historical institute. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-27.
  6. ^ "Muslim Mindanao Autonomy Act No. 12 - An Act adopting an official regional emblem for the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and appropriating funds thereof" (PDF). ARMM Regional Legislative Assembly. 16 July 1992. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  7. ^ Villapando, J.A. (15 November 2017). "FLAG OF THE AUTONOMOUS REGION IN MUSLIM MINDANAO". Philippine Vexillological Association. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  8. ^ "House minority solons want provisions on flag, anthem out of BBL bill". BusinessWorld. 14 June 2018. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Municipality of Kalilangan Socie-Economic Profile 2010". Municipality of Kalilangan, Bukidnon. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
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