List of ethnic origins of New Zealanders

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New Zealand has an ethnically diverse population. In the most recent New Zealand census in 2013, 74 percent of the population identified as European and 14.9 percent as Māori. Other major pan-ethnic groups include Asians (11.8 percent) and Pacific peoples (7.4 percent). Middle Eastern, Latin American and African ethnicities constitute a very small remainder (1.20 percent) of the population. When completing the census people could select more than one ethnic group and this list includes all of the stated ethnic groups if more than one is chosen.[1]

New Zealand's ethnic diversity can be attributed to the its history and location. For example, the country's colonisation by Britain is a significant reason for the majority of its population being of European descent.

Terminology

The New Zealand census invites respondents to identify with an ethnic group; in practice "ethnicity" is often conflated with race and ancestry.[2]

Statistics New Zealand maintains the national classification standard for ethnicity. At the top level, there are six major ethnic groupings:[3]

  • European New Zealanders (Pākehā) are is a pan-ethnic group deriving from various nations in Europe. It includes New Zealanders of European descent, European peoples (e.g. British, Dutch, German, Russian), and other white people of indirect European descent (e.g. white Americans, Canadians, South Africans and Australians).
  • Māori are the indigenous people of New Zealand.
  • Pacific peoples (Pasifika) originate from other islands in the Pacific, including from the Cook Islands, Niue, and Tokelau, all of which are dependent states of New Zealand.[4]
  • Asian New Zealanders are a pan-ethnic group deriving from various nations in Asia, such as Chinese, Indians or Filipinos, or their descendants.
  • Middle Eastern, Latin American and African (MELAA) ethnicities constitute a very small remainder of the population.
  • "Other" is a grouping of ethnic groups which do not fit into the other five top-level ethnic groups.

Many respondents identify with multiple ancestries.[1]

Ethnicities

Ethnicities (self-identified) recorded in the 2006 and 2013 New Zealand censuses. Only ethnicities with 1,000 or more responses at the 2013 census are included individually:

Ethnicity Ethnic group Responses
2001 2006[5] 2013[6]
New Zealand European European 2,696,724 2,381,076 2,727,009
Māori Māori 526,281 565,329 598,605
Chinese nfd Asian 100,680 139,731 163,101
Samoan Pacific 115,017 131,103 144,138
Indian nfd Asian 60,213 97,443 143,520
New Zealander Other N/A 429,429 65,973
Cook Islands Maori nfd Pacific 51,486 56,895 61,077
Tongan Pacific 40,716 50,481 60,333
Filipino Asian 11,091 16,938 40,350
English European 35,082 44,202 38,916
British nfd European 16,572 27,192 36,024
Korean Asian 19,026 30,792 30,171
South African nec European 14,913 21,609 28,656
Dutch European 27,507 28,644 28,503
European nfd European 23,598 21,855 26,472
Niuean Pacific 20,148 22,476 23,883
Australian European 20,784 26,355 22,467
Fijian Pacific 7,041 9,864 14,445
Scottish European 20,784 26,355 22,467
Irish European 11,706 12,651 14,193
Japanese Asian 10,026 11,910 14,118
German European 9,057 10,917 12,810
American European 8,472 10,806 12,339
Fijian Indian Asian 1,983 5,616 10,929
Sri Lankan nfd Asian 6,042 7,041 9,561
Cambodian Asian 5,268 6,915 8,601
Thai Asian 4,554 6,057 8,052
Tokelauan Pacific 6,204 6,819 7,173
African nfd MELAA 2,013 4,053 6,822
Vietnamese Asian 3,462 4,770 6,660
Russian European 3,141 4,836 5,979
Canadian European 4,392 5,604 5,871
Taiwanese Asian 3,768 5,448 5,715
Latin American nfd MELAA 1,044 2,253 5,622
Malay Asian 2,052 3,537 4,797
Asian nfd Asian 3,927 2,160 4,623
French European 3,513 3,816 4,593
Middle Eastern nfd MELAA 867 1,659 4,380
Indonesian Asian 2,073 3,261 4,137
Italian European 2,955 3,117 3,798
Welsh European 3,414 3,774 3,708
Tuvaluan Pacific 1,968 2,625 3,537
Afghani Asian 807 2,538 3,417
Pakistani Asian 1,017 2,052 3,261
Iranian/Persian MELAA 2,160 2,895 3,198
Arab MELAA 2,856 2,607 2,919
Brazilian MELAA 582 1,473 2,868
Croatian European 2,505 2,550 2,673
European nec European 477 942 2,637
Iraqi MELAA 2,145 3,222 2,583
Greek European 2,280 2,355 2,478
Swiss European 2,346 2,313 2,388
Burmese Asian 573 726 2,187
Polish European 1,956 1,965 2,163
Kiribati Pacific 645 1,116 2,115
Spanish European 1,731 1,857 2,043
Danish European 1,995 1,932 1,986
Malaysian Chinese Asian 486 1,353 1,848
Chilean MELAA 588 1,053 1,686
Bangladeshi Asian 1,140 1,488 1,623
Somali MELAA 1,971 2,319 1,617
Zimbabwean European N/A 2,556 1,617
Nepalese Asian 387 654 1,590
Assyrian MELAA 1,176 1,683 1,497
Romanian European 522 1,554 1,452
Tahitian Pacific 1,200 1,329 1,407
Swedish European 1,119 1,254 1,401
Laotian Asian 1,401 1,344 1,374
Eurasian Asian N/A 1,614 1,365
Hungarian European 894 1,212 1,365
Israeli/Jewish MELAA 1,599 1,599 1,353
Southeast Asian nfd Asian 216 471 1,272
Ethiopian MELAA N/A 1,032 1,242
Asian nec Asian 195 399 1,236
Afrikaner European N/A 1,341 1,197
African nec MELAA 1,902 1,029 1,158
Egyptian MELAA 942 1,173 1,110
Czech European 600 756 1,083
Serbian European 753 1,029 1,056
Lebanese MELAA 1,017 999 1,044
Austrian European 891 993 1,029
Pacific Peoples nfd Pacific 678 789 1,026
Sinhalese Asian 615 792 1,017
Other European European 9,906 9,669 9,207
Other MELAA MELAA 4,053 6,210 8,391
Other Asian Asian 1,872 3,435 4,935
Other Pacific Peoples Pacific 4,218 4,311 4,866
Other ethnicity Other 801 1,494 1,788
Not specifieda 150,702 167,784 230,646
  • nfd - Not Further Defined (insufficient data to classify the response further)
  • nec - Not Elsewhere Classified (when no category exists for the response)
  • a - Includes Don't Know, Refused to Answer, Response Unidentifiable, Response Outside Scope and Not Stated
  • MELAA - Middle Eastern, Latin American and African

Ethnic groups by region

Ethnic groups by regional council area, 2013 census
Region European Maori Pacific Asian MELAA Other
Num. % Num. % Num. % Num. % Num. % Num. %
Northland 105,060 75.7 44,931 32.4 4,461 3.2 3,927 2.8 555 0.4 2,565 1.8
Auckland 789,306 59.3 142,767 10.7 194,958 14.6 307,233 23.1 24,945 1.9 15,639 1.2
Waikato 296,097 77.4 83,742 21.9 14,700 3.8 26,382 6.9 3,561 0.9 6,660 1.7
Bay of Plenty 189,597 75.7 68,940 27.5 7,728 3.1 12,963 5.2 1,266 0.5 4,407 1.8
Gisborne 24,504 60.8 19,683 48.9 1,542 3.8 975 2.4 159 0.4 624 1.5
Hawke's Bay 110,940 77.7 34,659 24.3 6,270 4.4 5,115 3.6 663 0.5 2,766 1.9
Taranaki 89,802 86.2 18,150 17.4 1,701 1.6 3,594 3.5 444 0.4 2,112 2.0
Manawatu-Whanganui 172,101 81.3 43,596 20.6 7,341 3.5 10,863 5.1 1,335 0.6 4,422 2.1
Wellington 345,180 77.0 58,335 13.0 36,105 8.0 47,235 10.5 6,576 1.5 8,202 1.8
North Island 2,122,587 69.6 514,803 16.9 274,806 9.0 418,287 13.7 39,504 1.3 47,397 1.6
Tasman 42,189 93.1 3,441 7.6 480 1.1 882 1.9 138 0.3 1,083 2.4
Nelson 39,720 89.3 4,167 9.4 798 1.8 1,953 4.4 213 0.5 945 2.1
Marlborough 37,041 89.2 4,776 11.5 969 2.3 1,182 2.8 246 0.6 1,044 2.5
West Coast 27,441 91.2 3,171 10.5 315 1.0 678 2.3 120 0.4 837 2.8
Canterbury 448,650 86.9 41,910 8.1 12,723 2.5 35,847 6.9 4,374 0.8 10,236 2.0
Otago 171,615 89.1 14,388 7.5 3,933 2.0 10,038 5.2 2,043 1.1 4,164 2.2
Southland 79,731 89.0 11,607 13.0 1,917 2.1 2,841 3.2 315 0.4 2,031 2.3
South Island 846,387 88.2 83,460 8.7 21,135 2.2 53,421 5.6 7,449 0.8 20,340 2.1

See also

Citations

  1. ^ a b "Cultural diversity". 2013 Census QuickStats about national highlights. Statistics New Zealand. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  2. ^ Rocha, Zarine L. (2015). "Mixed Race" Identities in Asia and the Pacific: Experiences from Singapore and New Zealand. Routledge. p. 27. ISBN 9781317390787. Retrieved 10 December 2017. 
  3. ^ "Classifications and related statistical standards – Ethnicity". Statistics New Zealand. June 2005. Retrieved 13 November 2016. 
  4. ^ Fraenkel, Jon (20 June 2012). "Pacific Islands and New Zealand – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "2006 Census Data - QuickStats About Culture and Identity" (PDF). Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 Nov 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ethnic group profiles". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 18 August 2017. 

References

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