List of current Canadian first ministers

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Canada is a federation that comprises ten provinces and three territories. Its government is structured as a parliamentary democracy, with a Prime Minister as its head of government; and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its sovereign. Each of the country's provinces and territories has a head of government, called premier by anglophones and premier ministre - the same term used for the federal leader - by francophones. Collectively, the federal Prime Minister and provincial and territorial premiers are referred to as first ministers.

Of the fourteen current first ministers, two (Rachel Notley and Kathleen Wynne) are women, two (Bob McLeod and Paul Quassa) are indigenous, and none are from a visible minority[note 1]. The longest-serving first minister is Bob McLeod of the Northwest Territories, who has held the position since October 27, 2011; the newest first minister is Scott Moe of Saskatchewan, who assumed office on February 2, 2018. The oldest first minister, Paul Quassa of Nunavut, was born in 1952, while the youngest, Brian Gallant of New Brunswick, was born in 1982. Of the current first ministers, eight are from a Liberal Party, two are from a New Democratic Party, one is from a Progressive Conservative Party, one is from the Saskatchewan Party, and two are non-partisan. Provincial parties are not, however, necessarily affiliated with or politically analogous to their federal counterparts.

Current Canadian first ministers

Premiers are listed in accordance with the provincial order of precedence: provinces before territories, and by order of joining confederation within those categories; where multiple jurisdictions joined confederation in the same year, they are ordered by population at the time of joining. Incumbency is current as of April 18, 2018.

First minister Jurisdiction Order Party Incumbency First mandate began Current mandate began Parlia-
Federation – Prime Minister of Canada
TrudeauJustin Trudeau APEC 2015 (cropped).jpg Trudeau, JustinJustin Trudeau Canada 23rd Liberal CanadaLiberal Party of Canada 2 years, 165 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 42nd [1]
Provinces – Provincial Premiers
WynneKathleen Wynne March 2015.jpg Wynne, KathleenKathleen Wynne Ontario 25th Liberal OntarioOntario Liberal Party 5 years, 66 days 2013 Designation 2014 Election 41st [2]
CouillardPhilippe Couillard 2014-11-11 E.jpg Couillard, PhilippePhilippe Couillard Quebec 31st Liberal QuebecQuebec Liberal Party 3 years, 360 days 2014 Election 2014 Election 41st [3]
McneilStephen McNeil color-balanced.jpg McNeil, StephenStephen McNeil Nova Scotia 28th Liberal Nova ScotiaNova Scotia Liberal Party 4 years, 178 days 2013 Election 2017 Election 63rd [4]
GallantPremier Brian Gallant.jpg Gallant, BrianBrian Gallant New Brunswick 33rd Liberal New BrunswickNew Brunswick Liberal Association 3 years, 193 days 2014 Election 2014 Election 58th [5]
PallisterBrian Pallister - 2017 (37090344135) (cropped).jpg Pallister, BrianBrian Pallister Manitoba 22nd Progressive Conservative ManitobaProgressive Conservative Party of Manitoba 1 year, 350 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 41st [6]
HorganJohn Horgan 2015.jpg Horgan, JohnJohn Horgan British Columbia 36th New Democratic British ColumbiaBritish Columbia New Democratic Party 274 days 2017 Designation 2017 Designation 41st [7]
MaclauchlanWade MacLauchlan in DC (cropped).jpg MacLauchlan, WadeWade MacLauchlan Prince Edward Island 32nd Liberal Prince Edward IslandPrince Edward Island Liberal Party 3 years, 54 days 2015 Designation 2015 Election 65th [8]
MoeScott Moe (cropped).jpg Moe, ScottScott Moe Saskatchewan 15th SaskatchewanSaskatchewan Party 75 days 2018 Designation 2018 Designation 28th [9]
NotleyRachel Notley crop.jpg Notley, RachelRachel Notley Alberta 17th New Democratic AlbertaAlberta New Democratic Party 2 years, 329 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 29th [10]
BallDwightBall (brightened, cropped).jpg Ball, DwightDwight Ball Newfoundland and Labrador 13th Liberal Newfoundland and LabradorLiberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador 2 years, 125 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 48th [11]
Territories – Territorial Premiers
McleodBob McLeod.jpg McLeod, BobBob McLeod Northwest Territories 12th NaN/A (consensus government) 6 years, 173 days 2011 Election 2015 Election 18th [12]
Silver20170607-OSEC-LSC-093 (34351769463) (cropped).jpg Silver, SandySandy Silver Yukon 9th Liberal YukonYukon Liberal Party 1 year, 136 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 34th [13]
QuassaNo image.svg Quassa, PaulPaul Quassa Nunavut 4th NaN/A (consensus government) 148 days 2017 Election 2017 Election 5th [14]

See also


  1. ^ The most recently-serving first minister from a visible minority was Robert Ghiz of Prince Edward Island, who left office on February 23, 2015.


  1. ^ "Prime Minister of Canada". Government of Canada. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Ontario. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Biography of the Premier". Government of Quebec. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Honourable Stephen McNeil". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Premier Gallant". Government of New Brunswick. October 7, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved May 11, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved July 18, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Office of the Premier of Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 
  9. ^ "SCOTT MOE SWORN IN AS PREMIER OF SASKATCHEWAN, APPOINTS FIRST CABINET". Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Premier". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 24, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Premier Bob McLeod – Biography". Government of the Northwest Territories. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Yukon. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  14. ^ "Longtime politician Paul Quassa chosen new premier of Nunavut". CTV News, November 17, 2017.

External links

  • Prime Minister of Canada
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