List of current Canadian first ministers

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Canada is a country that occupies most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. A federation that comprises ten provinces and three territories, Canada is a parliamentary democracy, with a prime minister as its head of government; and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its sovereign. Each of the country's provinces and territories has a head of government, called the premier by English speakers, to avoid confusion with the federal prime minister.[1] However, premiers are referred to in French as premiers ministres, the same term used for the federal leader.

Of the fourteen current first ministers, three (Christy Clark, Rachel Notley, and Kathleen Wynne) are women. Two (Bob McLeod and Peter Taptuna) are indigenous. The longest-serving first minister is Brad Wall of Saskatchewan, who has held the position since November 21, 2007; the newest first minister is Sandy Silver of Yukon, who assumed office on December 3, 2016. The oldest first minister, Bob McLeod of the Northwest Territories, was born in 1952, while the youngest, Brian Gallant of New Brunswick, was born in 1982. Of the current first ministers, nine are from a Liberal Party, one is from a New Democratic Party, one is from a Progressive Conservative Party, one is from the Saskatchewan Party, and two are non-partisan. Provincial parties are not, however, necessarily affiliated with or politically analogous to their federal counterparts.

Current Canadian first ministers

Premiers are listed in accordance with the provincial order of precedence: provinces before territories, and by order of joining confederation within those categories; where multiple jurisdictions joined confederation in the same year, they are ordered by population at the time of joining. Incumbency is current as of April 23, 2017.

First minister Jurisdiction Order Party Incumbency First mandate began Current mandate began Parlia-
Federation – Prime Minister
TrudeauJustin Trudeau APEC 2015 (cropped).jpg Trudeau, JustinJustin Trudeau Canada 23rd Liberal Party of Canada 1 year, 170 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 42nd [2]
Provinces – Provincial Premiers
WynneKathleen Wynne March 2015.jpg Wynne, KathleenKathleen Wynne Ontario 25th Ontario Liberal Party 4 years, 71 days 2013 Designation 2014 Election 41st [3]
CouillardPhilippe Couillard 2014-11-11 E.jpg Couillard, PhilippePhilippe Couillard Quebec 31st Quebec Liberal Party 3 years, 0 days 2014 Election 2014 Election 41st [4]
Mcneil Stephen McNeil color-balanced.jpg McNeil, StephenStephen McNeil Nova Scotia 27th Nova Scotia Liberal Party 3 years, 183 days 2013 Election 2013 Election 62nd [5]
GallantBrian Gallant, New Brunswick, Canada's Liberal leader.png Gallant, BrianBrian Gallant New Brunswick 33rd New Brunswick Liberal Association 2 years, 198 days 2014 Election 2014 Election 58th [6]
PallisterBrian Pallister 2014.jpg Pallister, BrianBrian Pallister Manitoba 22nd Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba 355 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 41st [7]
ClarkChristy Clark by Kris Krug 01 (cropped).jpg Clark, ChristyChristy Clark British Columbia 35th British Columbia Liberal Party 6 years, 40 days 2011 Designation 2013 Election 40th [8]
MaclauchlanNo image.svg MacLauchlan, WadeWade MacLauchlan Prince Edward Island 32nd Prince Edward Island Liberal Party 2 years, 59 days 2015 Designation 2015 Election 65th [9]
WallBrad Wall - Saskatchewan Party leader.jpg Wall, BradBrad Wall Saskatchewan 14th Saskatchewan Party 9 years, 153 days 2007 Election 2016 Election 28th [10]
NotleyRachel Notley crop.jpg Notley, RachelRachel Notley Alberta 17th Alberta New Democratic Party 1 year, 334 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 29th [11]
BallDwightBall (brightened, cropped).jpg Ball, DwightDwight Ball Newfoundland and Labrador 13th Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador 1 year, 130 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 48th [12]
Territories – Territorial Premiers
McleodNo image.svg McLeod, BobBob McLeod Northwest Territories 12th N/A (consensus government) 5 years, 179 days 2011 Election 2015 Election 18th [13]
SilverSandy Silver.jpg Silver, SandySandy Silver Yukon 9th Yukon Liberal Party 141 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 34th [14]
TaptunaPeter Taptuna 2014-01-29 (01).jpg Taptuna, PeterPeter Taptuna Nunavut 3rd N/A (consensus government) 3 years, 159 days 2013 Election 2013 Election 4th [15]

See also


  1. ^ "Glossary". Library and Archives Canada. May 10, 2001. Retrieved November 20, 2008. 
  2. ^ "Prime Minister of Canada". Government of Canada. Retrieved November 14, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Ontario. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Biography of the Premier". Government of Quebec. Retrieved April 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Honourable Stephen McNeil". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Premier Gallant". Government of New Brunswick. October 7, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved May 11, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Office of the Premier of Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved February 23, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Premier Brad Wall". Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Premier". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 24, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved December 15, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Premier Bob McLeod – Biography". Government of the Northwest Territories. Retrieved February 11, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Yukon. Retrieved December 14, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Government of Nunavut". Government of Nunavut. Retrieved February 25, 2015. 

External links

  • Prime Minister of Canada
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