List of crew-served weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces

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This list contains weapons that are classified as crew-serve or crew service, often mislabeled as crew-served, as the term is used in the United States military.

While the general understanding is that crew-serve weapons, unlike individual service weapons, require more than one person to operate them, there are important exceptions in the case of both squad automatic weapons (SAW) and special application rifles (SAR). Within the Table of Organization and Equipment for both the United States Army and the U.S. Marine Corps, these two classes of weapons are understood to be crew-serve, as the operator of the weapon (identified as a marksman or as a SAW gunner) has an assistant, who carries additional ammunition and associated equipment, acts as a spotter, and is also fully qualified in the operation of the weapon.

Contents

Light and medium machine guns

In active service

Light machine guns

General purpose machine guns

In active service (some branches, secondary or limited roles)

Light machine guns

General purpose machine guns

Out of service

Experimental

Marksman, sniper and anti-materiel rifles

In active service (some branches, secondary or limited roles)

Designated marksman rifle

Bolt action sniper rifle

Semi-automatic sniper rifle

Anti-materiel rifle

Out of service

Designated marksman rifles

Semi-automatic sniper rifles

Bolt action sniper rifles

Anti-materiel rifle

  • M82A1/A1A (Semi-Automatic Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)
  • M82A2 (Semi-Automatic Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)
  • Robar RC-50 (Bolt-Action Anti-Materiel Rifle) (.50 BMG)

Random

Experimental

Machine guns, automatic grenade launchers, and automatic cannons

In active service

Light machine guns

Medium machine guns

Heavy machine guns

Automatic cannons

Automatic grenade launchers

Out of service

Light machine guns

  • XM214 (Rotary-Barreled Machine Gun) (5.56×45mm NATO)

Medium machine guns

Heavy machine guns

  • M85/M85C (Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG)
  • XM312 (Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG)
  • XM806 (Lightweight Heavy Machine Gun) (.50 BMG) (US Army)

Automatic cannons

  • M1/AN/M2/M3/M24 (Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN)
  • Mk 16 Mod 4/5 (Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN; deck mount versions of the M3 and M24)
  • M39A1/A2/A3 (Automatic Cannon, 20×102mm; based on the Mauser MG 213C Cannon)
  • Mk 11 Mod 0/5 (Twin-Barrel Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN)
  • Mk 12 Mod 0 (Automatic Cannon, 20×110mm USN)
  • M195 (Rotary-Barreled Automatic Cannon, 20×102mm)
  • M140/E3/E5 (Automatic Cannon, 30×100mm)
  • M188/E1 (Automatic Cannon, 30×113mm)
  • Marlin machine gun

Automatic grenade launchers

  • XM307 (Grenade machine gun, 25 mm HV Airburst)
  • M75/M129 (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×53mm)
  • M174 grenade launcher (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×46mm)
  • M175 grenade launcher (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×53mm)
  • Mk 18 Mod 0 grenade launcher (Manually Operated, Belt-Fed Grenade Launcher, 40×46mm)
  • Mk 20 Mod 0 (Automatic Grenade Launcher, 40×46mm)

Experimental

Missile launchers

In active service

In active service (some branches, secondary or limited roles)

Out of service

Recoilless rifles

In active service

Out of service

Mortars

In active service

Out of service

Experimental

  • Dragon Fire 120 mm automated mortar
  • MFSS 120 mm mortar

Artillery

In active service

  • M119 (105 mm Towed Howitzer)
  • M777 (155 mm Towed Howitzer)

In active service (some branches, secondary or limited roles)

  • M102 (105 mm Towed Howitzer) (used on USAF AC-130 gunships)

Out of service

Munitions systems

In active service

Experimental

Mine dispenser

In active service

Out of service

Mine-clearing systems

In active service

References

  1. ^ M249 series Archived 2009-03-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b M240 series
  3. ^ Mk 46 Mod 1
  4. ^ M60D
  5. ^ M60E3 & Mk43 Mod 0
  6. ^ M60E4/M43 Mod 1 Archived 2011-01-01 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ Mk 48 Mod 1
  8. ^ Browning Automatic Rifle
  9. ^ Modern Firearms - Johnson M1941 and M1944 light machine gun
  10. ^ First World War.com - Encyclopedia - Lewis Gun
  11. ^ First World War.com - Encyclopedia - Chauchat Gun
  12. ^ Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Hotchkiss M1909 Benet-Mercie machine gun
  13. ^ M14SE Crazy Horse and MK14 SEI Rifles: Smith Enterprise, Inc.

See also

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