List of countries without an airport

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This is a list of countries (sovereign states) and territories without an airport.

Sovereign states

Of the world's independent states,[1] only five of the six European microstates have no airport within their boundaries, though all have at least one heliport. All apart from Monaco are landlocked. (Liechtenstein is doubly landlocked.)

Country Notes
 Andorra Andorra has no airport,[2] but has three private heliports, one of which is a hospital helipad. A "National Heliport" is planned to be built, but the process is currently stalled.[3] By both population and land area, it is the largest country not to have an airport. The nearest airports in Spain are Andorra–La Seu d'Urgell Airport (12 km away), Lleida-Alguaire Airport, Barcelona-El Prat Airport, and Girona-Costa Brava Airport. The nearest airports in France are Carcassonne Airport, Perpignan–Rivesaltes Airport and Toulouse-Blagnac Airport.[4]
 Liechtenstein Liechtenstein has no airport, but has a heliport in the southern town of Balzers.[5][6] The nearest international airports are St. Gallen-Altenrhein Airport in Switzerland and Friedrichshafen Airport in Germany, which have few scheduled flights. The nearest major airport is Zurich Airport in Switzerland, which has rail services to Buchs and Sargans.[7] From these towns, one can catch a postal bus[7] or a train to Liechtenstein.
 Monaco Monaco has no airport, but has Monaco Heliport in the district of Fontvieille.[8] The nearest airport is Nice Côte d'Azur Airport in France.[9]
 San Marino San Marino has no airport,[10] but has one heliport in Borgo Maggiore and a small airfield in Torraccia with a 680-metre (2,230-foot) grass runway. The nearest airport is Rimini's Federico Fellini Airport in Italy.
  Vatican City Vatican City has no airport, but has Vatican City Heliport in the western corner, which is used by visiting heads and Vatican officials.[11] It would be physically impossible to fit an airport into the 0.44 km2 (0.17 sq mi) land area of the Holy See.[12] The nearest airport is Rome Ciampino Airport in Italy.

States with limited recognition

Country Notes
 Palestine State of Palestine. While there are four airports within the Palestinian territories, none have been operational since 2004.
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara)

De facto sovereign states with little or no international recognition

Non-self-governing territories

Of the world's 17 non-self-governing territories, two have no airport within their boundaries: Tokelau and the Pitcairn Islands. Both are remote island groups, so a fairly long boat trip is the only way to get there.

Territory Sovereign state Notes
 Tokelau  New Zealand Tokelau[note 1] does not have an airport, so boats are the only means of travel and transport.[13]
 Pitcairn Islands  United Kingdom The Pitcairn Islands[note 2] do not have an airport or seaport; the islanders rely on longboats to ferry people and goods between ship and shore through Bounty Bay.[14]


  1. ^ Tokelau is a territory of New Zealand in the southern Pacific Ocean consisting of the atolls of Atafu, Nukunonu, and Fakaofo. A referendum held in 2006 and 2007 to change the status of the islands to one of free association with New Zealand did not meet the needed threshold for approval.
  2. ^ Pitcairn Islands is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Pacific Ocean consisting of four islands: Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno.


  1. ^ "The Number of Countries in the World – Number of Countries Worldwide". Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  2. ^ Andorra. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
  3. ^ "L'heliport, en dubte". Diari d'Andorra. 2018-05-12. Retrieved 2018-07-28.
  4. ^ "Andorra flight information and best airport for Andorra flights". 2008-10-05. Retrieved 2010-04-18.
  5. ^ Thomas Schmid. "Heliport Balzers FL LSXB". Retrieved 2010-04-18.
  6. ^ Matthias Vogt. "Heliport Balzers LSXB". Archived from the original on 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2010-04-18.
  7. ^ a b Liechtenstein Archived 2015-09-08 at the Wayback Machine. Europe for Visitors.
  8. ^ "Fontvieille Heliport Airport (MCM) Details – Monaco". Retrieved 2010-04-18.
  9. ^ "Getting To Monaco". Archived from the original on 2010-03-24. Retrieved 2010-04-18.
  10. ^ San Marino. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
  11. ^ Vatican City Archived 2005-12-22 at the Wayback Machine. Tiscali. Retrieved 2006-11-27.
  12. ^ Holy See (Vatican City). CIA World Factbook.
  13. ^ Tokelau. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2014-07-12.
  14. ^ Pitcairn. CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 2014-07-13.
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