List of countries by intentional homicide rate

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List of countries by UNODC homicide rate per year per 100,000 inhabitants.[1][note 1] The reliability of underlying national murder rate data may vary.[2] Only UNODC data is used in the main table below.[1] In some cases it is not as up to date as other sources. See farther down as to why its data is used over other sources.

Research suggests that intentional homicide demographics are affected by changes in trauma care, leading to changed lethality of violent assaults, so the intentional homicide rate may not necessarily indicate the overall level of societal violence.[3] They may also be under-reported for political reasons.[4][5][page needed]

A study undertaken by the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development estimated that there were approximately 490,000 intentional homicides in 2004. The study estimated that the global rate was 7.6 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants for 2004.[6] UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) reported a global average intentional homicide rate of 6.2 per 100,000 population for 2012 (in their report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013").[7][8] UNODC calculated a rate of 6.9 in 2010.[9]

Definition

The class of violent deaths documented in this article is intentional killing of others outside of war. Deaths occurring during situations of civil unrest are a grey area.

Intentional homicide is defined by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its Global Study on Homicide report:[10]

Within the broad range of violent deaths, the core element of intentional homicide is the complete liability of the direct perpetrator, which thus excludes killings directly related to war or conflicts, self-inflicted death (suicide), killings due to legal interventions or justifiable killings (such as self-defence), and those deaths caused when the perpetrator was reckless or negligent but did not intend to take a human life (non-intentional homicide).

Though some discrepancies exist in how specific categories of intentional killings are classified, the definitions used by countries to record data are generally close to the UNODC definition, making the homicide rates highly comparable at the international level.[11] UNODC uses the homicide rate as a proxy for overall violence, as this type of crime is one of the most accurately reported and internationally comparable indicators.[12]

Figures from the Global Study on Homicide are based on the UNODC Homicide Statistics dataset, which is derived from the criminal justice or public health systems of a variety of countries and territories.[13] The homicide rates derived from criminal justice data (typically recorded by police authorities) and the public health system data (recorded when the cause of death is established) may diverge substantially for some countries.[14] The two sources usually match in the Americas, Europe and Oceania, but there are large discrepancies for the three African countries reporting both sources.[15] For the 70 countries in which neither source was made available, figures were derived from WHO statistical models.[14]

Deaths resulting from an armed conflict between states are never included in the count.[16] Killings caused by a non-international armed conflict may or may not be included, depending on the intensity of hostilities and whether it is classified as 'civil unrest' or a clash between organized armed groups.[16]

UNODC's global study

All data in this section comes from the Statistics Online website of the Research and Analysis Branch of UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime).[17][18]

By region

United Nations geoscheme with region names used in table here.

Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.

UNODC murder rates, most recent year[1][note 2]
Region Rate Count
  Americas 16.3 157,000
  Africa 12.5 135,000
  World 6.2 437,000
  Europe 3.0 22,000
  Oceania 3.0 1,100
  Asia 2.9 122,000

By country

Highest murder rates graph.png

The regions and region names in the table are based on the United Nations geoscheme since the table sources are United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reports.[19][20]

There is a total yearly count of homicides for each country. Rates are calculated per 100,000 inhabitants.
Subregion names are based on the United Nations geoscheme.
Row numbers on the left are fixed.

Table

UNODC intentional homicide victims: intentional homicide victims per 100,000 inhabitants.[1][18]





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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Region Subregion Rate Count Year
listed
Source

 Burundi Africa Eastern Africa 6.02 635 2016 CTS/SDG
 Comoros Africa Eastern Africa 7.70 60 2015 WHO Estimate
 Djibouti Africa Eastern Africa 6.48 60 2015 WHO Estimate
 Eritrea Africa Eastern Africa 8.04 390 2015 WHO Estimate
 Ethiopia Africa Eastern Africa 7.56 7,552 2015 WHO Estimate
 Kenya Africa Eastern Africa 5.00 2,466 2017 CTS
 Madagascar Africa Eastern Africa 7.69 1,863 2015 WHO Estimate
 Malawi Africa Eastern Africa 1.73 279 2012 NP
 Mauritius Africa Eastern Africa 1.82 23 2016 UNSDC/CTS/NSO
 Mayotte Africa Eastern Africa 5.93 12 2009 NP
 Mozambique Africa Eastern Africa 3.40 849 2011 WHO/SDG
 Réunion Africa Eastern Africa 1.82 15 2009 NP
 Rwanda Africa Eastern Africa 2.52 293 2015 NSO
 Seychelles Africa Eastern Africa 12.74 12 2016 INTP/NSO
 Somalia Africa Eastern Africa 4.31 599 2015 WHO Estimate
 South Sudan Africa Eastern Africa 13.90 1,504 2012 NP
 Uganda Africa Eastern Africa 11.00 4,735 2017 CTS/NP
 Tanzania Africa Eastern Africa 6.95 3,746 2015 INTP/CTS
 Zambia Africa Eastern Africa 5.30 853 2015 UNSDC/WHO/NP
 Zimbabwe Africa Eastern Africa 6.67 981 2012 WHO
 Angola Africa Middle Africa 4.85 1,217 2012 NSO
 Cameroon Africa Middle Africa 1.40 341 2017 NSO/SDG
 Central African Republic Africa Middle Africa 19.76 913 2016 CTS
 Chad Africa Middle Africa 9.04 1,266 2015 WHO Estimate
 Congo Africa Middle Africa 9.32 466 2015 WHO Estimate
 D. R. Congo Africa Middle Africa 13.55 10,322 2015 WHO Estimate
 Equatorial Guinea Africa Middle Africa 2.31 27 2015 WHO Estimate
 Gabon Africa Middle Africa 8.04 155 2015 WHO Estimate
 São Tomé and Príncipe Africa Middle Africa 3.36 6 2011 CTS
 Algeria Africa Northern Africa 1.36 542 2015 CTS
 Egypt Africa Northern Africa 2.51 2,207 2012 CTS
 Libya Africa Northern Africa 2.50 156 2015 WHO Estimate
 Morocco Africa Northern Africa 2.10 761 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Sudan Africa Northern Africa 5.16 1,702 2008 CTS
 Tunisia Africa Northern Africa 3.05 332 2012 WHO
 Botswana Africa Southern Africa 15.04 303 2010 WHO
 Eswatini Africa Southern Africa 9.50 130 2017 WHO
 Lesotho Africa Southern Africa 41.25 897 2015 CTS/NSO
 Namibia Africa Southern Africa 17.14 388 2012 NP/INTP
 South Africa Africa Southern Africa 35.90 20,336 2017 NP
 Benin Africa Western Africa 1.10 126 2017 WHO Estimate
 Burkina Faso Africa Western Africa 1.30 240 2017 NSO
 Cape Verde Africa Western Africa 11.49 62 2016 NP/CTS
 Ivory Coast Africa Western Africa 11.63 2,688 2015 WHO Estimate
 Gambia Africa Western Africa 9.13 181 2015 WHO Estimate
 Ghana Africa Western Africa 2.10 609 2017 WHO
 Guinea Africa Western Africa 8.82 1,067 2015 WHO Estimate
 Guinea-Bissau Africa Western Africa 1.10 21 2017 WHO Estimate
 Liberia Africa Western Africa 3.23 135 2012 UNMIL
 Mali Africa Western Africa 10.90 1,905 2015 WHO Estimate
 Mauritania Africa Western Africa 9.94 416 2015 WHO Estimate
 Niger Africa Western Africa 4.44 788 2012 WHO
 Nigeria Africa Western Africa 9.85 17,843 2015 WHO Estimate
 Saint Helena Africa Western Africa 0.00 0 2009 NSO
 Senegal Africa Western Africa 7.38 1,105 2015 WHO Estimate
 Sierra Leone Africa Western Africa 1.71 124 2015 UNSDC/NP/SDG
 Togo Africa Western Africa 9.00 668 2015 WHO Estimate
 Anguilla Americas Caribbean 27.66 4 2014 NSO/SDG/PAHO
 Antigua and Barbuda Americas Caribbean 10.33 10 2012 OAS
 Aruba Americas Caribbean 1.93 2 2014 MD
 Bahamas Americas Caribbean 30.90 122 2017 OAS/CTS/NP
 Barbados Americas Caribbean 10.50 30 2017 OAS/CTS
 British Virgin Islands Americas Caribbean 8.37 2 2006 MD
 Cayman Islands Americas Caribbean 8.45 5 2014 MD/WHO/NSO
 Cuba Americas Caribbean 4.99 572 2016 MD/MOH
 Curaçao Americas Caribbean 19.19 26 2007 PAHO
 Dominica Americas Caribbean 25.70 19 2017 UNSDC/OAS
 Dominican Republic Americas Caribbean 11.30 1,216 2017 NGO/SES/CTS/RIC
 Grenada Americas Caribbean 11.10 12 2017 OAS/CTS
 Guadeloupe Americas Caribbean 8.01 36 2009 NP
 Haiti Americas Caribbean 10.04 1,033 2012 OAS
 Jamaica Americas Caribbean 57.00 1,647 2017 OAS/CTS
 Martinique Americas Caribbean 2.78 11 2009 NP
 Montserrat Americas Caribbean 19.88 1 2012 PAHO/WHO/MD
 Puerto Rico Americas Caribbean 18.50 679 2017 NP/NSO
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Americas Caribbean 34.23 18 2012 OAS/CTS
 Saint Lucia Americas Caribbean 29.60 53 2017 OAS/MD
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Americas Caribbean 36.46 40 2016 OAS/CTS
 Trinidad and Tobago Americas Caribbean 30.88 420 2015 OAS/CTS
 Turks and Caicos Islands Americas Caribbean 5.93 2 2014 PAHO/MD
 Virgin Islands Americas Caribbean 49.26 52 2012 MD
 Belize Americas Central America 37.90 142 2017 OAS/CTS
 Costa Rica Americas Central America 12.30 603 2017 UNSDC/MOJ/CTS
 El Salvador Americas Central America 61.80 3,942 2017 OAS/CTS/RSC
 Guatemala Americas Central America 26.10 4,410 2017 UNSDC/NP/CTS
 Honduras Americas Central America 41.70 3,864 2017 OCAVI/NSO/CTS
 Mexico Americas Central America 24.8 32,079 2017 NSO
 Nicaragua Americas Central America 7.37 453 2016 NP
 Panama Americas Central America 9.70 397 2017 NSO/CTS
 Bermuda Americas Northern America 8.20 5 2017 NP/CTS
 Canada Americas Northern America 1.80 660 2017 OAS/CTS/SDG
 Greenland Americas Northern America 5.31 3 2016 NSO
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Americas Northern America 15.93 1 2009 NP
 United States Americas Northern America 5.30 17,284 2017 NP/UNSDC/CTS
 Argentina Americas South America 5.10 2,279 2017 CTS
 Bolivia Americas South America 6.30 686 2016 CTS
 Brazil Americas South America 30.50 63,895 2017 MD Adjusted/NGO
 Chile Americas South America 4.30 779 2017 CTS/OAS
 Colombia Americas South America 24.90 12,237 2017 UNSDC/OAS/CTS
 Ecuador Americas South America 5.80 972 2017 OAS/CTS
 French Guiana Americas South America 13.15 30 2009 NP
 Guyana Americas South America 14.80 115 2017 OAS/CTS/NSO
 Paraguay Americas South America 9.29 617 2015 OAS/CTS
 Peru Americas South America 7.70 2,487 2017 CTS
 Suriname Americas South America 5.50 31 2017 OAS
 Uruguay Americas South America 8.20 284 2017 MOI/CTS
 Venezuela Americas South America 56.33 17,778 2016 UNSDC/NGO/OAS/AG
 Kazakhstan Asia Central Asia 5.00 915 2017 TSMNEE/CTS
 Kyrgyzstan Asia Central Asia 4.20 256 2017 UNECE/CTS
 Tajikistan Asia Central Asia 1.61 126 2011 TSMNEE/CTS
 Turkmenistan Asia Central Asia 4.22 203 2006 TSMNEE
 Uzbekistan Asia Central Asia 1.10 363 2017 TSMNEE/NSO
 China Asia Eastern Asia 0.60 7,990 2017 NSO Adjusted/NSO
 Hong Kong Asia Eastern Asia 0.30 24 2017 UNSDC/NP/CTS
 Japan Asia Eastern Asia 0.20 306 2017 SDG/CTS
 Macau Asia Eastern Asia 0.3 2 2017 NP/CTS
 Mongolia Asia Eastern Asia 6.20 191 2017 CTS
 North Korea Asia Eastern Asia 4.40 1,110 2015 WHO Estimate
 South Korea Asia Eastern Asia 0.60 301 2017 UNSDC/NP/CTS
 Taiwan Asia Eastern Asia 0.82 192 2015 SDG
 Brunei Asia South-Eastern Asia 0.49 2 2013 WHO/MD
 Cambodia Asia South-Eastern Asia 1.84 268 2011 JP/WHO
 Indonesia Asia South-Eastern Asia 0.40 1,150 2017 UNSDC/INTP/CTS
 Laos Asia South-Eastern Asia 7.01 467 2015 WHO Estimate
 Malaysia Asia South-Eastern Asia 2.11 627 2013 UNSDC/WHO/NP
 Myanmar Asia South-Eastern Asia 2.27 1,198 2016 NSO/CTS
 Philippines Asia South-Eastern Asia 8.40 8,826 2017 UNSDC/CTS/NSO
 Singapore Asia South-Eastern Asia 0.20 11 2017 UNSDC/NP/CTS
 Thailand Asia South-Eastern Asia 3.24 2,229 2016 NP/CTS
 East Timor Asia South-Eastern Asia 3.95 49 2015 UNMIT/NSO
 Vietnam Asia South-Eastern Asia 1.52 1,358 2011 WHO
 Afghanistan Asia Southern Asia 7.10 2,515 2017 NSO
 Bangladesh Asia Southern Asia 2.20 3,549 2017 NP
 Bhutan Asia Southern Asia 1.60 13 2017 NSO/CTS
 India Asia Southern Asia 3.22 42,678 2016 MOI
 Iran Asia Southern Asia 2.47 1,936 2014 CTS/NSO/MD
 Maldives Asia Southern Asia 0.75 3 2013 UNSDC/CTS
   Nepal Asia Southern Asia 2.16 627 2016 NSO/CTS
 Pakistan Asia Southern Asia 4.20 8,235 2017 NSO
 Sri Lanka Asia Southern Asia 2.30 486 2017 CTS/NP
 Armenia Asia Western Asia 2.40 70 2017 TSMNEE/CTS
 Azerbaijan Asia Western Asia 2.00 201 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Bahrain Asia Western Asia 0.52 7 2014 UNSDC/CTS/NP/MD
 Cyprus Asia Western Asia 0.60 7 2017 EUR/UNSDC/CTS
 Georgia Asia Western Asia 0.99 39 2016 UNSDC/TSMNEE/CTS
 Iraq Asia Western Asia 9.85 3,339 2013 CTS
 Central Iraq Asia Western Asia 10.08 3,029 2014 CTS
 Kurdistan Region (Iraq) Asia Western Asia 2.20 111 2013 CTS
 Israel Asia Western Asia 1.36 110 2015 NSO/CTS/SDG
 Jordan Asia Western Asia 1.40 133 2017 CTS/SDG/NP
 Kuwait Asia Western Asia 1.80 61 2012 UNSDC/NP/CTS
 Lebanon Asia Western Asia 3.99 235 2016 CTS
 Oman Asia Western Asia 0.50 24 2017 NSO
 Qatar Asia Western Asia 0.38 9 2014 UNSDC/MD
 Saudi Arabia Asia Western Asia 1.30 419 2017 NSO/CTS
 Palestine Asia Western Asia 0.69 33 2016 CTS/SDG
 Syria Asia Western Asia 2.20 463 2010 NSO
 Turkey Asia Western Asia 4.31 3,216 2012 CTS
 United Arab Emirates Asia Western Asia 0.50 44 2017 CTS
 Yemen Asia Western Asia 6.66 1,703 2013 UNSDC/NSO/CTS
 Belarus Europe Eastern Europe 3.58 340 2014 UNSDC/CTS
 Bulgaria Europe Eastern Europe 1.50 103 2017 UNSDC/EUR/CTS
 Czech Republic Europe Eastern Europe 0.60 66 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Hungary Europe Eastern Europe 2.50 242 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Poland Europe Eastern Europe 0.80 287 2017 EUR/UNSDC/CTS
 Moldova Europe Eastern Europe 3.19 130 2014 UNSDC/CTS
 Romania Europe Eastern Europe 1.50 286 2017 SDG/UNSDC/CTS
 Russia Europe Eastern Europe 9.20 13,293 2017 NSO/CTS
 Slovakia Europe Eastern Europe 1.50 80 2017 SDG
 Ukraine Europe Eastern Europe 6.20 2,751 2017 UNSDC/TSMNEE/CTS/DMDB
Channel Islands Europe Northern Europe 0.00 0 2010 NP
 Denmark Europe Northern Europe 1.20 71 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Estonia Europe Northern Europe 2.20 29 2017 UNSDC/EUR/CTS
 Finland Europe Northern Europe 1.20 69 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Iceland Europe Northern Europe 0.90 3 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Ireland Europe Northern Europe 0.90 41 2017 NP/NSO/CTS
 Isle of Man Europe Northern Europe 0.00 0 2016 NP
 Latvia Europe Northern Europe 4.20 81 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Lithuania Europe Northern Europe 4.50 129 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Norway Europe Northern Europe 0.50 28 2017 SDG/EUR/CTS
 Sweden Europe Northern Europe 1.10 113 2017 NCCP/CTS
England and Wales Europe Northern Europe 1.20 726 2017 UNSDC/SDG/CTS
 Northern Ireland Europe Northern Europe 1.30 24 2017 SDG/CTS
 Scotland Europe Northern Europe 1.10 59 2017 SDG/CTS
 United Kingdom Europe Northern Europe 1.20 803 2017 CTS
 Albania Europe Southern Europe 2.30 68 2017 MD/CTS
 Andorra Europe Southern Europe 0.00 0 2015 INTP/CTS
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Southern Europe 1.20 42 2017 UNECE/INTP/CTS
 Croatia Europe Southern Europe 1.10 46 2017 MOI/CTS
 Gibraltar Europe Southern Europe 3.01 1 2010 NP
 Greece Europe Southern Europe 0.70 82 2017 EUR/CTS
  Vatican City Europe Southern Europe 0.00 0 2015 CTS
 Italy Europe Southern Europe 0.67 400 2016 UNSDC/CTS
 Kosovo Europe Southern Europe 1.60 29 2016 CTS
 Malta Europe Southern Europe 0.94 4 2015 EUR/UNSDC/CTS
 Montenegro Europe Southern Europe 2.40 15 2017 EUR/CTS
 Portugal Europe Southern Europe 0.70 76 2017 EUR/CTS/SDG
 San Marino Europe Southern Europe 0.00 0 2011 WHO
 Serbia Europe Southern Europe 1.10 94 2017 EUR/CTS
 Slovenia Europe Southern Europe 0.90 19 2017 UNSDC/CTS/SDG
 Spain Europe Southern Europe 0.70 307 2017 EUR/CTS
 North Macedonia Europe Southern Europe 1.50 31 2017 UNSDC/EUR/CTS
 Austria Europe Western Europe 0.66 57 2016 EUR/UNSDC/CTS
 Belgium Europe Western Europe 1.70 193 2017 EUR/CTS
 France Europe Western Europe 1.30 824 2017 UNSDC/EUR/CTS
 Germany Europe Western Europe 1.00 813 2017 UNSDC/CTS
 Liechtenstein Europe Western Europe 0.00 0 2016 EUR/CTS
 Luxembourg Europe Western Europe 0.30 2 2017 EUR/UNECE/CTS
 Monaco Europe Western Europe 0.00 0 2015 UNSDC/CTS
 Netherlands Europe Western Europe 0.80 132 2017 NSO/CTS
  Switzerland Europe Western Europe 0.50 45 2017 UNSDC/EUR/CTS
 Australia Oceania Australia and N.Z. 0.80 203 2017 EUR/CTS/UNSDC
 New Zealand Oceania Australia and N.Z. 0.70 35 2017 NP/CTS
 Fiji Oceania Melanesia 2.26 20 2014 INTP/NSO
 New Caledonia Oceania Melanesia 3.23 8 2009 NP
 Papua New Guinea Oceania Melanesia 7.85 520 2007 UNSDC/NP
 Solomon Islands Oceania Melanesia 3.77 19 2008 CTS
 Vanuatu Oceania Melanesia 2.13 6 2015 WHO Estimate
 Guam Oceania Micronesia 2.51 4 2011 NP
 Kiribati Oceania Micronesia 7.50 8 2012 MD/WHO
 Federated States of Micronesia Oceania Micronesia 4.67 5 2015 WHO Estimate
 Nauru Oceania Micronesia 0.00 0 2012 WHO Estimate
 Palau Oceania Micronesia 3.11 1 2012 WHO Estimate
 American Samoa Oceania Polynesia 5.40 3 2016 NSO/SDG
 Cook Islands Oceania Polynesia 3.49 1 2012 SDG
 French Polynesia Oceania Polynesia 0.38 1 2009 NP
 Niue Oceania Polynesia 0.00 0 2012 WHO Estimate
 Samoa Oceania Polynesia 3.15 6 2013 WHO
 Tonga Oceania Polynesia 0.95 1 2012 NP
 Tuvalu Oceania Polynesia 18.65 2 2012 WHO

Sources

Code Source
ABSP Anuario Brasileiro de Seguranca Publica
AG Attorney General
CTS United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)
DMDB European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB)
EUR Eurostat
GEN User Generated
GEO Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean
GHD Estimate Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx, IHME)
GOV Government
IHME Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
INTP International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO; Interpol)
JP Judicial police
MD World Health Organization Mortality Database
MNS Ministry of National Security
MNTH United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
MOH Ministry of Health
MOI Ministry of Interior
MOJ Ministry of Justice
MSCO United Nations Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo (MONUSCO)
NBHW National Board of Health and Welfare
NCCP National Council for Crime Prevention
NGO Non-governmental Organization
NIFM National Institute of Forensic Medicine
NP National Police
NSO National Statistical Organization
OAS Organization of American States (OAS)
OCAVI Observatorio Centroamericano sobre Violencia (OCAVI)
PAHO Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
PPR Public Prosecution
RIC Regional System of Standardized Indicators in Peaceful Coexistence and Citizen Security (IDB)
RSC Research Center
SDG Sustainable Development Goals
SES Sistema Regional de Indicadores Estandarizados en Convivencia y Seguridad Ciudadana (SES)
SO Statistical Organization
TSMNEE Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity (TransMonEE)
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
UNMIT United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)
UNMIL United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNSDC UNODC Special Data Collection
VAL Validated
WHO World Health Organization (WHO)
WPP World Population Prospects 2017
Adjusted Obtained based on an adjusted value from an external source
Attempt Indicates that the data may include attempted homicides
_N Indicates data obtained in the 2017 search for external sources
CTS_N Indicates that the disaggregation was partially or completely updated with data from the CTS 2017

Country subdivisions

The following is a list of rates. Click the "show" links next to the country names at the top left of each chart. The references are linked from the sources column.

Australia

Brazil

Canada

Mexico

United States

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The 2013 PDF full report (Global Study on Homicide) has a methodological annex (pages 109ff) and a statistical annex (pages 121ff). The statistical annex has detailed charts for homicide counts and rates by country with data from 2000–2012. Map 7.2 on page 112 is a world map showing the homicide count for each country or territory. Page 21 states estimated total homicides of 437,000 worldwide. Figures 1.1 and 1.2 (pages 21 and 22) have exact rates and counts by regions. Figure 1.3 on page 23 is a bar chart of homicide rates for the subregions. Figure 1.16 on page 34 shows timeline graphs by subregion.
  2. ^ The UNODC report has bar charts and timeline graphs of homicide rates for subregions. But the report does not list exact rate numbers. Subregion counts are not found in the report, but may be calculated by manually totaling the counts for each country in a subregion.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "UNODC Statistics Online". United Nations Office On Drugs and Crime. Retrieved 12 May 2018.".
  2. ^ Richards, Patsy (27 May 1999). "Homicide statistics, research paper 99/56" (PDF). London, UK: House of Commons of the United Kingdom library, Social and general statistics section. See page 7 for section called "Definition of the offence of homicide". See page 29 for table of nations and homicide rates for the years 1994–97. It also has further info on how homicide is defined across countries.
  3. ^ Harris, Anthony R.; Stephen H. Thomas; Gene A. Fisher; David J. Hirsch (May 2002). "Murder and medicine: the lethality of criminal assault 1960–1999" (fee required). Homicide Studies. 6 (2): 128–166. doi:10.1177/1088767902006002003. In three analyses of lethality trends, over time, by type of weapon and across counties, we have garnered considerable support for the hypothesis that advances in emergency medical care have greatly and increasingly reduced the lethality of violent assaults, with observed annual drops in such lethality ranging from 2.5% to 4.5%. This finding is thoroughly consistent with general medical findings on trauma that, while rigorously controlling for severity of injury, find annual drops in trauma mortality ranging from 3% to more than 16%...
  4. ^ Fry, Don. (1985). Believing the news. ISBN 978-0-935742-11-4.
  5. ^ Vizzard, William J. (2000). Shots in the dark. ISBN 978-0-8476-9560-7.
  6. ^ Global Burden of Armed Violence Report (PDF) (report). Geneva, Switzerland: Geneva Declaration Secretariat. September 2008. pp. 67ff. ISBN 978-2-8288-0101-4. data from 2004-2007. The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.
  7. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 12.
  8. ^ Intentional homicide count and rate per 100,000 population, by country/territory (2000–2012). Data (in spreadsheet format) for UNODC report titled "Global Study on Homicide 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Linked from Global Study on Homicide – Data: UNODC Homicide Statistics 2013
  9. ^ 2011 Global Study on Homicide: Trends, Contexts, Data. "data from 2010 or latest available year". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Vienna, Austria.
  10. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 10.
  11. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 102–103.
  12. ^ "Note of clarification about the Global Study on Homicide 2013". UNODC. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Global Study on Homicide 2013: Executive Summary" (PDF). UNODC. p. 19. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  14. ^ a b UNODC 2014, p. 99.
  15. ^ UNODC 2014, p. 101.
  16. ^ a b UNODC 2014, p. 104.
  17. ^ "Intentional homicide victims | Statistics and Data". dataunodc.un.org. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  18. ^ a b "Global Study on Homicide - Statistics and Data". dataunodc.un.org. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  19. ^ UNODC 2014, pp. 7–8.
  20. ^ "Intentional Homicide Victims". UNODC. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h Dearden, Jack; Jones, Warwick. Homicide in Australia: 2006–07 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. p. 113. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-16. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h Homicide Statistics: 2011 Australian Government report (Report). Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology. Archived from the original on 2012-10-29. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h Recorded Crime-Victims (PDF) (Report). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  24. ^ "Lista de unidades federativas do Brasil por taxa de homicídios", Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre (in Portuguese), 2018-08-13, retrieved 2018-09-28
  25. ^ "Homicide in Canada, 2017". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-27.
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Crime rates per 100,000 ihnabitants 1997–2017" (PDF) (in Spanish). Executive Secretariat of the National System for Public Security. 20 January 2018. p. 3. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af
    • "Mexico's Population Projections 2010–2050" (PDF) (in Spanish). Consejo Nacional de Población. Retrieved 28 March 2019. [reference population: 2020]
    • "Incidencia Delictiva del Fuero Común 2018" (PDF) (in Spanish). Secretariado Ejecutivo. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay "State-by-state and National Crime Estimates by Year(s)". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  29. ^ "UNODC Homicide Statistics". Universidad de Puerto Rico.
  30. ^ "Homicide Trends 2003–2008". UNODC. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
  • Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Contexts, Data (PDF). Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. March 2014. ISBN 9789210542050. Retrieved 9 May 2018.

External links

  • Media related to Homicide rates at Wikimedia Commons
  • The Homicide Monitor map. Made by Brazil-based think tank, The Igarapé Institute.
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