List of countries by incarceration rate

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A map of incarceration rates by country[1]

This is a list of countries by incarceration rate.[1]

Incarceration rates

This list is initially sorted alphabetically. Click the sorting cell (with the Sort both.gif icon) below the incarceration rate header to sort by rate. (Requires JavaScript.) The table can be sorted in ascending or descending order. The row number column stays static, and does not sort.

There is no rate listed for the UK as a whole. In the list see Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England and Wales. South Korea is listed as Republic of (South) Korea. For info on North Korea, see notes below.

"Notes" column links to notes section below the chart.






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Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Incarceration
rate
(Prisoners per
100,000
population)
Notes

 Afghanistan 88
 Albania 193
 Algeria 146
 American Samoa (USA) 337
 Andorra 69
 Angola 93
 Anguilla (United Kingdom) 307
 Antigua and Barbuda 373
 Argentina 186
 Armenia 131
 Aruba (Netherlands) 165
 Australia 167
 Austria 98
 Azerbaijan 235
 Bahamas 438
 Bahrain 234
 Bangladesh 47
 Barbados 300
 Belarus 364
 Belgium 91
 Belize 356
 Benin 68
 Bermuda (United Kingdom) 319
 Bhutan 145
 Bolivia 156
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Federation 73
 Bosnia and Herzegovina: Republika Srpska 66
 Botswana 208
 Brazil 328
 British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom) 470
 Brunei 134
 Bulgaria 125
 Burkina Faso 41
 Burundi 84
 Cambodia 176
 Cameroon 121
 Canada 114
 Cape Verde 298
 Cayman Islands (United Kingdom) 359
 Central African Republic 16
 Chad 59
 Chile 225
 China 118 Notes
 Colombia 227
 Comoros 23
 Republic of the Congo 27
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 229
 Costa Rica 374
 Ivory Coast 66
 Croatia 78
 Cuba 510
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 236
 Cyprus 83
 Czech Republic 209
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 29
 Denmark 59
 Djibouti 66
 Dominica 289
 Dominican Republic 244
 Ecuador 222
 Egypt 116
 El Salvador 610
 England &  Wales (United Kingdom) 141 Notes
 Equatorial Guinea 63
 Estonia 202
 Ethiopia 127
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 12
 Fiji 158
 Finland 57
 France 102
 French Guiana (France) 281
 French Polynesia (France) 176
 Gabon 191
 Gambia 58
 Georgia 254
 Germany 78
 Ghana 50
 Gibraltar (United Kingdom) 165
 Greece 93
 Greenland (Denmark) 225
 Grenada 435
 Guadeloupe (France) 192
 Guam (USA) 404
 Guatemala 136
 Guernsey (United Kingdom) 138
 Guinea 25
 Guinea-Bissau 10
 Guyana 259
 Haiti 96
 Honduras 216
 Hong Kong (China) 111
 Hungary 184
 Iceland 38
 India 33
 Indonesia 94
 Iran 284
 Iraq 126
 Ireland 82
 Isle of Man (United Kingdom) 108
 Israel 236
 Italy 96
 Jamaica 138
 Japan 45
 Jersey (United Kingdom) 133
 Jordan 197
 Kazakhstan 194
 Kenya 111
 Kiribati 113
 Kosovo 106
 Kuwait 157
 Kyrgyzstan 171
 Laos 119
 Latvia 218
 Lebanon 126
 Lesotho 92
 Liberia 44
 Libya 99
 Liechtenstein 27
 Lithuania 235
 Luxembourg 115
 Macao 197
 Macedonia 156
 Madagascar 88
 Malawi 79
 Malaysia 167
 Maldives 514
 Mali 33
 Malta 133
 Marshall Islands 66
 Martinique (France) 217
 Mauritania 46
 Mauritius 195
 Mayotte (France) 119
 Mexico 165
 Federated States of Micronesia 127
 Moldova 215
 Monaco 85
 Mongolia 262
 Montenegro 174
 Morocco 232
 Mozambique 65
 Myanmar (formerly Burma) 145
 Namibia 295
 Nauru 140
   Nepal 65
 Netherlands 59
 New Caledonia (France) 198
 New Zealand 220
 Nicaragua 238
 Niger 53
 Nigeria 36
 Northern Mariana Islands (USA) 482
 Norway 74
 Northern Ireland (United Kingdom) 79 Notes
 Oman 36
 Pakistan 43
 Palau 345
 Panama 390
 Papua New Guinea 63
 Paraguay 199
 Peru 267
 Philippines 172
 Poland 198
 Portugal 129
 Puerto Rico (USA) 313
 Qatar 53
 Reunion (France) 115
 Romania 116
 Russia 411
 Rwanda 434
 Samoa 204
 São Tomé and Príncipe 85
 Saudi Arabia 197
 Scotland (United Kingdom) 137 Notes
 Senegal 76
 Serbia 152
 Seychelles 437
 Sierra Leone 64
 Singapore 201
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 347
 Slovakia 190
 Slovenia 64
 Solomon Islands 73
 South Africa 280
 South Korea 109
 South Sudan 52
 Spain 127
 Sri Lanka 94
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 393
 Saint Lucia 279
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 378
 Sudan 46
 Suriname 183
 Swaziland 282
 Sweden 57
  Switzerland 82
 Syria 60
 Taiwan 259
 Tajikistan 121
 Tanzania 58
 Thailand 497
 Timor-Leste 51
 Togo 62
 Tonga 166
 Trinidad and Tobago 270
 Tunisia 206
 Turkey 287
 Turkmenistan 583
 Tuvalu 110
 Uganda 129
 Ukraine 158
 United Arab Emirates 104
 United States Virgin Islands (USA) 542
 USA 655 Notes
 Uruguay 321
 Uzbekistan 150
 Vanuatu 71
 Venezuela 173
 Vietnam 122
 Yemen 53
 Zambia 146
 Zimbabwe 120

Notes

Return to top of table.

China

China. The rate of 118 is for sentenced prisoners in 2015 in Ministry of Justice prisons only. World Prison Brief: "1,649,804 [prisoners] at mid-2015 (via Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators - sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only, excluding pre-trial detainees and those held in administrative detention). The Deputy Procurator-General of the Supreme People's Procuratorate reported in 2009 that, in addition to the sentenced prisoners, more than 650,000 were held in detention centres In China. If this was still correct in mid-2015 the total prison population in China was at least 2,300,000. ... 118 [rate] based on an estimated national population of 1.4 billion at mid-2015 (from United Nations figures) – sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only. (A total prison population of 2,300,000 would raise the prison population rate to 164 per 100,000.)"[1][2] See also: Re-education through labor and Laogai.

North Korea

North Korea. Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimates 150,000 to 200,000 incarcerated based on testimony of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600-800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[3] For more info see Prisons in North Korea.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom. Main chart source only provides rates for the constituent parts of the UK.[1] In the above table see Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England and Wales. They are all listed separately.

United States

Juveniles in residential
placement, 1997–2015. US[4]
Year Male Female Total

1997 90,771 14,284 105,055
1999 92,985 14,508 107,493
2001 89,115 15,104 104,219
2003 81,975 14,556 96,531
2006 78,998 13,723 92,721
2007 75,017 11,797 86,814
2010 61,359 9,434 70,793
2011 53,079 8,344 61,423
2013 46,421 7,727 54,148
2015 40,750 7,293 48,043

United States. Incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities in the USA. It does not include inmates in the custody of correctional facilities operated by departments of corrections in U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) and U.S. commonwealths (Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico).[5][6]

In addition, there were 48,043 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2015.[4] For more juvenile detention information and numbers, see Youth incarceration in the United States.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief (WPB). Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in WPB tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed information for each country click on any country name in lists. See also the WPB main data page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 8 June 2018. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info. Please update the table here only from this WPB source. For a quick method to fully update the table see the relevant section ("conversion examples") of Commons:Convert tables and charts to wiki code or image files.
  2. ^ China. By World Prison Brief.
  3. ^ The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains", 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10, 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN 0615623670.
  4. ^ a b Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement". Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all the years. And here.
  5. ^ United States of America. By World Prison Brief.
  6. ^ Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 (NCJ 251211). Published April 2018 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Danielle Kaeble and Mary Cowhig, BJS statisticians. See PDF. Appendix table 1 on page 11 has rates and counts by state. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 4 on page 4 for a timeline of nationwide incarceration rates. See appendix table 3 on page 13, for "Persons held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000, 2010, and 2015–2016". That table also has incarceration rates. See appendix table 2 on page 12 for the number or persons incarcerated in territorial prisons, military facilities, and jails in Indian country.

External links

  • Core Publications of the World Prison Brief. Such as the World Prison Population List, and the World Female Imprisonment List.
  • Persons Detained Statistics of incarceration ("detained") from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
  • Prison population per capita. Edutube. World map. Move cursor over countries to see incarceration rates. Click the full-screen icon in the bottom-left of the map to launch it in a full-screen window. Then click anywhere on the map and use your mouse scroll wheel to zoom in or out. Drag the map to move it in any direction.
  • Data Analysis Tools – Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT) – Prisoners. United States Bureau of Justice Statistics.
  • Number of inmates in Ukraine rises for first time in 7 years. 26 March 2009. Kyiv Post.
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