List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

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Countries by 2018 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  <$1,000

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2018)[3] World Bank (2018)[4] United Nations (2017)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg 114,234
2   Switzerland 82,950
 Macau 82,388
3  Norway 81,695
4  Ireland 76,099
5  Iceland 74,278
6  Qatar 70,780
7  Singapore 64,041
8  United States 62,606
9  Denmark 60,692
10  Australia 56,352
11  Sweden 53,873
12  Netherlands 53,106
13  Austria 51,509
14  Finland 49,845
15  San Marino 48,946
 Hong Kong 48,517
16  Germany 48,264
17  Belgium 46,724
18  Canada 46,261
19  France 42,878
20  United Kingdom 42,558
21  Israel 41,644
22  New Zealand 41,267
23  United Arab Emirates 40,711
24  Japan 39,306
25  Italy 34,260
26  Bahamas, The 34,003
27  Brunei 32,414
 Puerto Rico 31,939
28  Korea, South 31,346
29  Malta 31,058
30  Kuwait 30,839
31  Spain 30,697
32  Cyprus 28,340
33  Slovenia 26,243
34  Bahrain 25,851
 Aruba 25,466
 Taiwan 24,971
35  Saudi Arabia 23,566
36  Portugal 23,186
37  Estonia 22,990
38  Czech Republic 22,850
39  Greece 20,408
40  Slovakia 19,582
41  Oman 19,302
42  Lithuania 19,143
43  Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,203
44  Latvia 18,032
45  Barbados 17,961
46  Antigua and Barbuda 17,636
47  Uruguay 17,165
48  Seychelles 16,472
49  Trinidad and Tobago 16,223
50  Palau 16,091
51  Chile 16,079
52  Hungary 15,924
53  Panama 15,679
54  Poland 15,431
55  Croatia 14,816
56  Maldives 14,501
57  Romania 12,285
58  Costa Rica 11,744
59  Argentina 11,627
World 11,355
60  Russia 11,327
61  Mauritius 11,281
62  Grenada 11,042
63  Malaysia 10,942
64  Saint Lucia 10,610
65  Equatorial Guinea 10,453
66  Mexico 9,807
67  China 9,608
68  Turkey 9,346
69  Bulgaria 9,267
70  Lebanon 9,257
71  Kazakhstan 9,237
72  Nauru 9,037
73  Brazil 8,968
74  Montenegro 8,652
75  Gabon 8,297
76  Botswana 8,137
77  Dominican Republic 7,881
78  Turkmenistan 7,646
79  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,491
80  Serbia 7,243
81  Thailand 7,187
82  Peru 7,002
83  Dominica 6,977
84  Libya 6,692
85  Colombia 6,684
86  South Africa 6,377
87  Ecuador 6,316
88  Belarus 6,306
89  North Macedonia 6,100
90  Iraq 5,930
91  Paraguay 5,899
92  Suriname 5,799
93  Fiji 5,752
94  Namibia 5,727
95  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,674
96  Iran 5,491
97  Jamaica 5,392
98  Albania 5,289
99  Belize 4,862
100  Tonga 4,666
101  Guyana 4,649
102  Guatemala 4,575
103  Azerbaijan 4,569
 Kosovo 4,403
104  Georgia 4,400
105  Samoa 4,318
106  Jordan 4,278
107  Eswatini 4,250
108  Algeria 4,238
109  Armenia 4,169
110  Tuvalu 4,096
111  Sri Lanka 4,068
112  Mongolia 4,026
113  El Salvador 3,924
114  Indonesia 3,871
115  Marshall Islands 3,831
116  Bolivia 3,682
117  Angola 3,669
118  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,656
119  Cape Verde 3,563
120  Tunisia 3,423
121  Venezuela 3,374
122  Morocco 3,359
123  Vanuatu 3,254
124  Moldova 3,218
125  Bhutan 3,215
126  Philippines 3,104
127  Ukraine 2,963
128  Laos 2,720
129  Egypt 2,573
130  Vietnam 2,551
131  Papua New Guinea 2,530
132  Honduras 2,521
133  Congo, Republic of the 2,511
134  East Timor 2,435
135  Solomon Islands 2,271
136  Ghana 2,206
137  Nicaragua 2,108
138  Djibouti 2,085
139  São Tomé and Príncipe 2,063
140  Nigeria 2,049
141  India 2,036
142  Kenya 1,857
143  Bangladesh 1,745
144  Zimbabwe 1,712
145  Côte d'Ivoire 1,680
146  Kiribati 1,641
147  Pakistan 1,555
148  Cameroon 1,548
149  Cambodia 1,509
150  Senegal 1,474
151  Zambia 1,417
152  Lesotho 1,358
153  Myanmar 1,298
154  Kyrgyzstan 1,268
155  Uzbekistan 1,263
156  Mauritania 1,143
157  Tanzania 1,134
158  Eritrea 1,112
159    Nepal 972
160  Mali 927
161  Benin 915
162  Guinea 883
163  Chad 874
164  Comoros 873
165  Yemen 872
166  Haiti 857
167  Ethiopia 853
168  Guinea-Bissau 840
169  Tajikistan 826
170  Sudan 808
171  Rwanda 791
172  Gambia, The 745
173  Burkina Faso 729
174  Liberia 728
175  Uganda 724
176  Togo 670
177  Afghanistan 544
178  Sierra Leone 516
179  Niger 477
180  Mozambique 476
181  Madagascar 459
182  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 449
183  Central African Republic 430
184  Malawi 351
185  Burundi 307
186  South Sudan 303
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg 114,341
 Macau 86,365
2   Switzerland 82,839
3  Norway 81,807
4  Ireland 77,450
5  Iceland 73,191
6  Qatar 69,027
7  Singapore 64,582
8  United States 62,641
9  Denmark 60,596
10  Australia 57,305
11  Sweden 54,112
12  Netherlands 52,978
13  Austria 51,513
14  Finland 49,960
 Hong Kong 48,717
15  Germany 48,196
16  Belgium 46,556
17  Canada 46,125
18  United Arab Emirates 43,005
19  United Kingdom 42,491
20  Andorra 42,030
21  New Zealand 41,966
22  Israel 41,614
23  France 41,464
24  Japan 39,287
 European Union 36,532
25  Italy 34,318
26  Kuwait 34,244
 Puerto Rico 31,651
27  Brunei 31,628
28  Korea, South 31,363
29  Spain 30,524
30  Malta 30,075
31  Cyprus 28,159
 Turks and Caicos Islands 27,142
32  Slovenia 26,234
33  Bahrain 24,051
34  Saudi Arabia 23,219
35  Portugal 23,146
36  Czech Republic 22,973
37  Estonia 22,928
38  Greece 20,324
39  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,829
40  Slovakia 19,547
41  Lithuania 19,090
42  Latvia 18,089
43  Palau 17,318
44  Uruguay 17,278
45  Antigua and Barbuda 16,864
46  Trinidad and Tobago 16,844
47  Seychelles 16,434
48  Oman 16,419
49  Hungary 15,939
50  Chile 15,923
51  Panama 15,575
52  Poland 15,424
53  Croatia 14,869
54  Romania 12,301
55  Costa Rica 12,027
56  Argentina 11,653
World 11,297
57  Russia 11,289
58  Malaysia 11,239
59  Mauritius 11,238
60  Grenada 10,834
61  Saint Lucia 10,315
62  Maldives 10,224
63  Equatorial Guinea 10,174
64  China 9,771
65  Mexico 9,698
66  Kazakhstan 9,331
67  Turkey 9,311
68  Bulgaria 9,273
69  Nauru 9,030
70  Brazil 8,921
71  Montenegro 8,761
72  Lebanon 8,270
73  Botswana 8,259
74  Gabon 8,030
75  Dominican Republic 7,650
76  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,378
77  Thailand 7,274
78  Libya 7,235
79  Serbia 7,234
80  Dominica 7,032
81  Turkmenistan 6,967
82  Peru 6,947
83  Colombia 6,651
84  Ecuador 6,345
85  South Africa 6,340
86  Belarus 6,290
87  Fiji 6,202
88  North Macedonia 6,084
89  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,951
90  Suriname 5,950
91  Namibia 5,932
92  Iraq 5,878
93  Paraguay 5,872
94  Jamaica 5,356
95  Albania 5,254
96  Belize 5,025
97  Azerbaijan 4,721
98  Guyana 4,635
99  Guatemala 4,549
100  Samoa 4,393
101  Tonga 4,364
102  Georgia 4,345
 Kosovo 4,281
103  Algeria 4,279
104  Jordan 4,248
105  Armenia 4,212
106  Eswatini 4,140
107  Mongolia 4,104
108  Sri Lanka 4,103
109  El Salvador 4,058
110  Indonesia 3,894
111  Tuvalu 3,701
112  Cape Verde 3,654
113  Marshall Islands 3,621
114  Bolivia 3,549
115  Tunisia 3,447
116  Angola 3,432
117  Bhutan 3,361
118  Morocco 3,238
 Palestine 3,199
119  Moldova 3,189
120  Philippines 3,103
121  Ukraine 3,095
122  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,058
123  Vanuatu 3,033
124  Papua New Guinea 2,723
125  Laos 2,568
126  Vietnam 2,564
127  Egypt 2,549
128  Honduras 2,483
129  Ghana 2,202
130  Solomon Islands 2,163
131  Congo, Republic of the 2,148
132  Zimbabwe 2,147
133  Djibouti 2,050
134  East Timor 2,036
135  Nicaragua 2,029
136  Nigeria 2,028
137  India 2,016
138  São Tomé and Príncipe 2,001
139  Côte d'Ivoire 1,716
140  Kenya 1,711
141  Bangladesh 1,698
142  Kiribati 1,625
143  Zambia 1,540
144  Uzbekistan 1,532
145  Cameroon 1,527
146  Senegal 1,522
147  Cambodia 1,512
148  Pakistan 1,473
149  Comoros 1,446
150  Myanmar 1,326
151  Lesotho 1,324
152  Kyrgyzstan 1,281
153  Mauritania 1,219
154  Tanzania 1,051
155    Nepal 1,026
156  Sudan 977
157  Yemen 944
158  Benin 902
159  Mali 901
160  Guinea 885
161  Haiti 868
162  Tajikistan 827
163  Guinea-Bissau 778
164  Rwanda 773
165  Ethiopia 772
166  Burkina Faso 731
167  Chad 730
168  Gambia, The 713
169  Liberia 674
170  Togo 672
171  Uganda 643
172  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 562
173  Sierra Leone 523
174  Afghanistan 521
175  Central African Republic 510
176  Somalia 499
177  Madagascar 461
178  Burundi 412
179  Niger 389
180  Malawi 275
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Liechtenstein 166,022
2  Monaco 165,421
3  Luxembourg 106,806
 Bermuda 102,192
 Macau 80,893
4   Switzerland 80,101
5  Norway 75,295
6  Iceland 73,060
7  Ireland 69,604
 Cayman Islands 65,472
8  Qatar 63,506
9  United States 60,055
10  Australia 57,613
11  Denmark 57,533
12  Singapore 56,737
13  Sweden 54,043
14  San Marino 50,588
 Greenland 49,398
15  Netherlands 48,754
16  Austria 47,718
 Hong Kong 46,390
17  Finland 45,670
18  Germany 44,976
19  Canada 44,974
20  Belgium 43,289
21  New Zealand 42,936
22  Israel 42,452
23  United Arab Emirates 40,699
24  United Kingdom 39,758
25  Andorra 39,153
26  France 38,415
27  Japan 38,220
 New Caledonia 35,815
28  Italy 32,747
 Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29  Korea, South 30,025
30  Bahamas, The 29,825
31  Malta 29,137
32  Kuwait 28,897
 Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
 Puerto Rico 28,451
33  Spain 28,354
34  Brunei 28,291
 Europe 27,222
Americas 26,748
35  Cyprus 25,790
 Aruba 25,655
36  Bahrain 23,688
37  Slovenia 23,296
38  Saudi Arabia 20,761
39  Czech Republic 20,326
 French Polynesia 19,807
40  Estonia 19,793
 Curaçao 19,586
41  Portugal 18,882
 Anguilla 18,861
42  Greece 18,198
 Cook Islands 17,798
43  Slovakia 17,552
44  Uruguay 17,120
45  Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46  Barbados 16,494
47  Lithuania 16,450
48  Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49  Seychelles 15,693
50  Latvia 15,625
51  Chile 15,347
52  Oman 15,267
53  Panama 15,088
54  Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55  Argentina 14,400
56  Hungary 14,376
57  Poland 13,786
58  Palau 13,417
59  Croatia 13,177
60  Costa Rica 11,734
 Montserrat 11,582
61  Maldives 11,151
62  Russia 10,956
63  Romania 10,763
World 10,665
64  Mauritius 10,565
65  Turkey 10,546
66  Grenada 10,451
67  Nauru 10,045
68  Malaysia 9,951
69  Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70  Brazil 9,821
71  Saint Lucia 9,607
 South America 9,393
72  Mexico 8,967
73  Lebanon 8,778
74  Kazakhstan 8,756
75  China 8,682
76  Cuba 8,433
77  Bulgaria 8,218
Central America 7,990
78  Venezuela 7,977
79  Botswana 7,596
80  Gabon 7,221
81  Dominican Republic 7,052
82  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83  Montenegro 6,958
84  Suriname 6,757
85  Dominica 6,719
86  Thailand 6,595
87  Turkmenistan 6,585
88  Peru 6,572
89  Colombia 6,302
90  Ecuador 6,273
91  South Africa 6,151
92  Serbia 5,912
93  Belarus 5,750
94  Iran 5,680
95  North Macedonia 5,415
96  Fiji 5,382
97  Namibia 5,227
98  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99  Jamaica 5,130
100  Belize 5,077
101  Iraq 4,756
102  Guyana 4,555
103  Guatemala 4,471
104  Albania 4,450
105  Samoa 4,356
106  Paraguay 4,322
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,266
107  Angola 4,247
108  Jordan 4,196
109  Sri Lanka 4,184
110  Azerbaijan 4,146
 Kosovo 4,116
111  Algeria 4,055
112  Tonga 3,950
113  Libya 3,942
114  Armenia 3,937
115  Tuvalu 3,924
116  El Salvador 3,889
117  Georgia 3,875
118  Indonesia 3,847
119  Marshall Islands 3,753
120  Mongolia 3,620
121  Tunisia 3,475
122  Bolivia 3,394
123  Cape Verde 3,245
124  Eswatini 3,224
125  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,188
126  Vanuatu 3,128
127  Bhutan 3,173
128  Morocco 3,070
129  Philippines 2,989
130  Sudan 2,967
 Palestine 2,946
131  Papua New Guinea 2,667
132  Ukraine 2,536
133  Honduras 2,480
134  Laos 2,457
135  Vietnam 2,342
136  East Timor 2,279
137  Nicaragua 2,222
138  Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139  Ghana 2,046
140  Moldova 2,006
141  Egypt 2,000
142  Solomon Islands 1,982
143  Nigeria 1,969
144  Djibouti 1,928
145  India 1,923
146  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
Africa 1,766
147  Kiribati 1,694
148  Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149  Uzbekistan 1,557
150  Pakistan 1,534
151  Zambia 1,513
152  Kenya 1,508
153  Bangladesh 1,492
154  Cameroon 1,452
155  Cambodia 1,382
156  Senegal 1,333
157  Comoros 1,330
158  Myanmar 1,257
159  Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160  Lesotho 1,178
161  Eritrea 1,147
162  Mauritania 1,129
163  Zimbabwe 1,091
164  Yemen 990
165  Tanzania 934
166    Nepal 849
167  Syria 831
168  Benin 826
169  Mali 822
170  Guinea 803
171  Tajikistan 801
172  Haiti 776
173  Rwanda 748
174  Guinea-Bissau 724
175  Ethiopia 720
176  Chad 719
177  Gambia, The 709
178  Korea, North 685
179  Uganda 646
180  Burkina Faso 642
181  Afghanistan 619
182  Togo 614
183  Liberia 584
184  Madagascar 517
185  Sierra Leone 495
186  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187  South Sudan 453
188  Central African Republic 428
189  Mozambique 426
190  Niger 378
191  Malawi 340
192  Burundi 290

Other countries

The following are countries not included in the above three lists:

  •  Wales - In 2017 the GDP (nominal) per capita of Wales was $24,163[6] placing it 34th on the IMF list.
  •  Scotland - In 2018 the GDP (nominal) per capita of Scotland was $43,740[7] placing it 19th, just above France.

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[8]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  4. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2019.
  5. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  6. ^ ons.gov.uk; retrieved 25 October 2019.
  7. ^ www2.gov.scot; retrieved 25 October 2019.
  8. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External links

  • Chart of GDP per capita at current US$ prices by Google, World Bank data
  • World Map and Chart of GDP per capita at current prices by Lebanese-economy-forum, World Bank data
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