List of costliest Atlantic hurricanes

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of costliest Atlantic hurricanes. Hurricanes, as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), are tropical cyclones—a warm-core, non-frontal synoptic-scale cyclone, originating over tropical or subtropical waters with organized deep convection and a closed surface wind circulation about a well-defined center—in the Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, or eastern Pacific, in which the maximum 1-minute sustained surface wind exceeds 64 knots (74 mph; 119 km/h) or greater. The hurricanes on the list below depict the severity of the damage the system has caused. Typically, if a hurricane has caused significant damage to a particular location, its name is retired so that it will not be re-used as a name for any future hurricanes. The costliest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic was Hurricane Katrina, which struck the coastlines of Mississippi and Louisiana after brushing the tip of Florida, in August 2005, causing $108 billion (2005 USD) in property damage.[1] The official costliest season on record was 2005, with $158.9 billion in damages. Unofficially, 2017 is the costliest season with $188 billion.

A majority of the costliest Atlantic hurricanes in recorded history have peaked as major hurricanes. However, weaker tropical cyclones can still cause widespread damage. Both tropical storms Allison in 2001 and Lee in 2011 have caused over a billion in damage; the former of which accounted for a higher damage total. Due to their excessive damage, the names of tropical cyclones accruing at least $1 billion in damage are often retired by the World Meteorological Organization. However, this is not always the case. Hurricane Juan in 1985 was the first hurricane to cause at least a billion in damage and not be retired; its name was retired on a later usage in 2003 that did not cause over a billion in damage. Since Juan, seven tropical cyclones that caused at least a billion in damage were not retired, the most recent of which being Hurricane Isaac in 2012. All other 47 Atlantic hurricanes to have caused as much damage have had their names retired, excluding recent hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Nate, and Ophelia of the 2017 season.

The first hurricane to cause at least $1 billion in damage was Hurricane Betsy in 1965, which caused much of its damage in southeastern Louisiana. Between two and four years later, Hurricanes Beulah and Camille both caused at least $1 billion in damage. After the 1960s, each decade saw an increase in tropical cyclones causing at least a billion in damage over the last, due to increasing urban development and population. In the 1970s, four hurricanes caused at least a billion in damage; the costliest of which was Hurricane Frederic, which caused $2.3 billion in damage, particularly in Mississippi and Alabama. The following decade featured seven hurricanes causing at least a billion in damage. In the 1989 season, Hurricane Hugo was the first storm to hit $10 billion U.S. dollars in cost. In the 1990s, nine tropical cyclones accrued at least a billion in damage. Hurricane Andrew in 1992 greatly exceeded the damage figure of any preceding tropical cyclone after causing $26.5 billion in damage, mostly in South Florida. Seventeen tropical cyclones in the 2000s caused at least $1 billion in damage. The 2005 season had six billion-dollar hurricanes, the most of any season on record. Hurricane Ivan caused at least $1 billion in damage in four separate countries, and according to estimates, Hurricane Irma caused at least $1 billion in damage in five separate countries. Thus far in the 2010s, eleven storms have caused at least $1 billion in damage, with the costliest so far being Hurricane Sandy which caused $75 billion in damage.

Overall costliest

High water marker in Portsmouth, North Carolina listing water levels for flooding caused by hurricanes: Isabel, Gloria, Alex, Dennis, Ophelia, Gustav, Emily, and several unnamed storms.

This list ranks tropical cyclones within the Atlantic that have accrued at least US$1 billion in damage, based on their nominal USD damage totals. Because these numbers have not been adjusted for inflation, nor adjusted for changes in population and wealth in coastal counties, the costliness of recent hurricanes is artificially inflated compared to hurricanes of the past. This makes it hard to accurately compare the damage inflicted by hurricanes across time.

Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, Maria, Nate, and Ophelia are not included in this list yet as final damage costs are not determined yet. Preliminary total and non-official estimate costs for Harvey range from $70[2] to $190 billion,[3] thus unofficially making it either the third most expensive hurricane, surpassing Ike, or the most expensive hurricane, surpassing Katrina and Sandy. Preliminary estimates for Irma place the cost of the storm between $50 and $112 billion.[4][5][6][7][8][9] Preliminary estimates for Maria put the cost of the storm at $15.9 billion to $95 billion.[10] Preliminary estimates for Ophelia put the cost of the storm at $2.1 billion.[11]

  Was the costliest Atlantic hurricane at the time it dissipated
Costliest Atlantic hurricanes
Name Damage
(Billions USD)
Season Storm classification
at peak intensity
Areas affected References
Katrina $108.0 2005 Category 5 hurricane [1]
Sandy $75.0 2012 Category 3 hurricane [12][13][14]
Ike $37.5 2008 Category 4 hurricane [15][16][17]
Wilma $29.4 2005 Category 5 hurricane [18][19][20][21]
Andrew $26.5 1992 Category 5 hurricane
  • The Bahamas
  • Florida
  • United States Gulf Coast
[15][22]
Ivan $23.3 2004 Category 5 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Venezuela
  • United States Gulf Coast
[15][23][24]
Irene $16.6 2011 Category 3 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • United States East Coast
  • Eastern Canada
[25][26][27]
Charley $16.3 2004 Category 4 hurricane [28]
Matthew $15.09 2016 Category 5 hurricane
[29][30]
Rita $12.0 2005 Category 5 hurricane
  • Cuba
  • United States Gulf Coast
[31]
Hugo $10.0 1989 Category 5 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • United States East Coast
[15][32]
Frances $9.8 2004 Category 4 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Eastern United States
  • Ontario
[15][23][33][34]
Georges $9.72 1998 Category 4 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • United States Gulf Coast
[15][35][36][37][38][39]
Allison $9.0 2001 Tropical storm
[15][40]
Jeanne $7.66 2004 Category 3 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Eastern United States
[15][23][41][42]
Gilbert $7.1 1988 Category 5 hurricane
[43]
Floyd $6.9 1999 Category 4 hurricane
[15][44]
Gustav $6.61 2008 Category 4 hurricane [15][16]
Mitch $6.2 1998 Category 5 hurricane [45][46][47]
Isabel $5.37 2003 Category 5 hurricane
  • Greater Antilles
  • The Bahamas
  • Eastern United States
  • Ontario
[15][48]
Opal $5.1 1995 Category 4 hurricane
  • Guatemala
  • Yucatán Peninsula
  • Eastern United States
[15][49]
Stan $3.96 2005 Category 1 hurricane
  • Mexico
  • Central America
[41][50]
Karl $3.9 2010 Category 3 hurricane
  • Mexico
  • Central America
[51]
Dennis $3.71 2005 Category 4 hurricane
[15][18][52]
Fran $3.2 1996 Category 3 hurricane
  • Eastern United States
  • Ontario
[15]
Luis $3.0 1995 Category 4 hurricane [49]
Marilyn $2.5 1995 Category 3 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Bermuda
[15][49]
Lee $2.5 2011 Tropical storm
  • United States East Coast
[53]
Isaac $2.39 2012 Category 1 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Eastern United States
[54]
Frederic $2.3 1979 Category 4 hurricane [55]
Agnes $2.1 1972 Category 1 hurricane
  • Mexico
  • Cuba
  • Eastern United States
[15][56]
Joan $2.0 1988 Category 4 hurricane
  • Lesser Antilles
  • Colombia
  • Venezuela
  • Central America
[43]
Michelle $2.0 2001 Category 4 hurricane
  • Central America
  • Jamaica
  • Cuba
  • The Bahamas
[37][40]
Alex $1.885 2010 Category 2 hurricane
  • Central America
  • Greater Antilles
  • Texas
[57][58][59][60]
Fifi $1.8 1974 Category 2 hurricane
  • Jamaica
  • Central America
  • Mexico
[61][62]
Dean $1.78 2007 Category 5 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Central America
[41][63]
Alicia $1.7 1983 Category 3 hurricane
[64]
David $1.54 1979 Category 5 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • United States East Coast
[41][55]
Juan $1.5 1985 Category 1 hurricane
  • United States Gulf Coast
[15]
Bob $1.5 1991 Category 3 hurricane
  • United States East Coast
  • Canada
[65]
Roxanne $1.5 1995 Category 3 hurricane
  • Mexico
[49]
Ingrid $1.5 2013 Category 1 hurricane
  • Mexico
[15]
Betsy $1.45 1965 Category 4 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Southeastern United States
[15]
Camille $1.42 1969 Category 5 hurricane
  • Cuba
  • United States Gulf Coast
[15]
Dolly $1.35 2008 Category 2 hurricane
[16]
Elena $1.3 1985 Category 3 hurricane
  • Cuba
  • United States Gulf Coast
[66]
Isidore $1.3 2002 Category 3 hurricane
[67][68]
Allen $1.24 1980 Category 5 hurricane
[41][69][70]
Emily $1.014 2005 Category 5 hurricane
[citation needed]
Beulah $1.0 1967 Category 5 hurricane
  • The Caribbean
  • Mexico
  • Texas
[71]
Alberto $1.0 1994 Tropical storm
  • Southeastern United States
[53]

See also

References

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